Carton packaging wikipedia


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In the carton packaging world, we mainly discuss the carton packaging issues in the packaging industry, there are multiple carton box template samples cited in the carton box design, we hope it is useful to you.

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Carton packaging wikipedia

  1. 1. [ Carton Packaging World·Classic ] Shared by Packmage CAD Team 1 / 93
  2. 2. Outline 1.Carton Packaging Word 2.Folding carton box template structure 3.Terms 4.Mathematics in the folding carton structure design 5. Folding carton functional structure design 6. Corrugated Carton 7. Paper bag 8.Cushion packaging 9.Loading and transportation 10.Carbon footprint 2 / 93
  3. 3. 1. Carton Packaging World Many people mistaked that carton packaging is the combination of the box template structural design and graphic design. In fact, the carton packaging is far more than that. In this chapter we will explain by two small examples : the carton packaging is a macrocosm, this industry is promising if you get involved. 3 / 93
  4. 4. Sample 1 《 Carton Packaging World1.1 The cost difference between two minor difference box templateswith specific cardboard size The client needs the packaging box structure shown above, the carton box size is 80*45*100(mm) , cardboard 4 / 93
  5. 5. Sample 1 《 Carton Packaging World1.1 The cost difference between two minor difference box templatesSelect carton box template A, draw the die line template according to the cartonbox size : 5 / 93
  6. 6. Sample 1 《 Carton Packaging World1.1 The cost difference between two minor difference box templateswith specific cardboard size It can step and repeat 12 boxes in the standard-sized sheet(Note : This sample havent take into account the loaded knife rationality factors ) 6 / 93
  7. 7. Sample 1 《 Carton Packaging World1.1 The cost difference between two minor difference box templateswith specific cardboard size We can switch to carton box template B, its shape is exactly the same with box template A. 7 / 93
  8. 8. Sample 1 《 Carton Packaging World1.1 The cost difference between two minor difference box templateswith specific cardboard size save paper more than 20%. 8 / 93
  9. 9. Sample 2 《 Carton Packaging World1.2 The carton packaging design impacts on transportation Because of the difference of the buffer design, cardboard material selection and structural design, the carton packaging design will have a significant impact on transportation. 9 / 93
  10. 10. Sample 2 《 Carton Packaging World1.2 The carton packaging design impacts on transportation Container size : 591cm*234cm Carton size : 89 pieces 50cm*30cm Carton size : 50cm*31cm 79 pieces The area increase 2%, while cost increase 11% 10 / 93
  11. 11. 2. Folding carton structure Folding carton Carton box Glued carton Carton packaging Corrugated box Paper bag 11
  12. 12. Folding carton classification Tubes Folding carton Trays Tubes and Trays 12 / 93
  13. 13. Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1 The definition of tubes It originally refers to the smallest box lid area amang, such as toothpaste boxes, such as toothpaste box. Now, it is generally defined from the molding characteristics: it refers to the carton box that need both the lid and bottom closure panel fixed or sealed during the molding process. 13 / 93
  14. 14. Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.1 The structure of the tubes 1 、 2 、 3 、 4- Panels 5-Closure panel 6-Dust flap 7-Glue flap 8-Closure panel 9-Tuck flap 14 / 93
  15. 15. Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2 The closure structure of Tubes Commonly closure structures : 1. Friction Tuck 2. Seal end 3. Locking tab 4. Push-in closure 5. Concave/Convex 6. Glued sealing 7. Snap lock bottom 8. Automatic lock bottom 15 / 93
  16. 16. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.1 Friction Tuck The sealing structure uses the friction between the tongue, dust flap and the panels to achieve and maintain sealing, the sealing strength and reliability is poor, suitable for small, lightweight daily necessities and pharmaceutical packaging. 16 / 93
  17. 17. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.4 Seal end The locking strength and reliability of the sealend structure is higher, but it is less convenient. 17 / 93
  18. 18. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.6 Push-in closure Each flap is part of the pattern, after plug-in the flaps composite a beautiful pattern. 18 / 93
  19. 19. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.5 Locking tab The locking tab structure combined the friction and lock end sealing structure. With high sealing strengt and reliability, it is suitable for heavier contents. 19 / 93
  20. 20. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.7 Concave/Convex The Concave Convex structure with the own strength and stiffness of the cardboard, deformation of straight or curved creasing line on the box, depressed flaps to achieve sealing. 20 / 93
  21. 21. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.8 Glued sealing The glued sealing structure with the panels attached to the flap stick together. 21 / 93
  22. 22. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.9 Snap lock bottomSnap lock bottomalso called 1-2-3closure, thebottom structureis simple,aesthetic andeconomic withstrength andtightness, it is themost commonlyused lock bottomstructure andwidely used incosmetics, alcoholand foodpackaging. 22 / 93
  23. 23. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.9 Snap lock bottomWhen we drawingthe 1-2-3 bottomstructure, we usuallydraw first part of theclosure, there is nostrict limit to the sizeof A, generallyconsistent withproportions of thebox length. Thevertical distance ofthe recessed portionand the creasing lineof the length mustbe 1/2 of the width. 23 / 93
  24. 24. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.10 Automatic lock bottom The automatic lock bottom refers to the body and the bottom of the box can be folded into a flat plate shape, and the bottom of the box can be automatically restored to the sealing status when the box stretched.The structure is complex and the cost is higher than other boxes. 24 / 93
  25. 25. Closure 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.2.10 Automatic lock bottomFrom the automatic lock bottomstructure, we can see both theflap and width angle of the boxare 45 °, it is to avoid overlappwhen folding.Part A is the locking tab whichis located the intersection of 1/2length and 1/2 width of the box,it is to enhance the lockstrength.The shade area is the glued part, it is folded on the opposite direction. The larger size theglued part, the more firmly.The 2 ° slash on Part B is to facilitate waste remove from the slash after carton box die-cutting.The 3mm width in part C is to prevent the carton rupture after multilayer paper overlapped. 25 / 93
  26. 26. Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.3 Widely used tube folding carton box templateWidely used tube folding carton box template : 1. Reverse tuck 2. Straigt tuck 3. Airplane style 4. French reverse tuck 5. Snap lock bottom 6. Automatic lock bottom 26 / 93
  27. 27. Widely used tube box templates 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.3.1 Reverse tuck The reverse tuck also abbreviated as RTE, it is the most primitive box template. 27 / 93
  28. 28. Widely used tube box templates 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.3.2 Straight tuck The straight tuck also abbreviated as STE. Its drawback is that the two projections, when step and repeat it wastes paper material, but it is suitable used for the window style box. 28 / 93
  29. 29. Widely used tube box templates 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.3.3 Airplane style As the name suggested, the airplane style box template shape looks likethe aircraft, its basic function and purpose is the same with straight tuck. 29 / 93
  30. 30. Widely used tube box templates 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.3.4 French reverse tuck The French reverse tuck box template abbreviated as FRENCH STE. Its advantage is maintain the integrity of the display surface, the contents of the design can be extended to the lid of the box, it has became commonly used box template for cosmetics packaging. 30 / 93
  31. 31. Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4 10 principles of the folding carton structural design 10 principles of the folding carton structure design 31 / 93
  32. 32. 10 principles 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4.1 10 principles 1-2 ( 1 ) Whether the product has individual packaging • plain tuck flap : Individual packaging, do not need to consider pollution, scattered factors • slit-lock tuck flap : The tuck structure is more conducive to the production and operation compare to the glued structure ( 2 ) One time open or multiple times open during usage • slit-lock tuck flap:It offers more secure closure design than the one time open, mainly used on heavier content packaging. • plain tuck flap : It keeps the integrity of the folding carton with multiple times open. 32 / 93
  33. 33. 10 principles 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4.1 10 principles 3~5 ( 3 ) Heavy weight products • tuck and tongue lock : It provide a very secure cover design ( 4 ) Whether consumers expect to be able to see the product before buying? • Aperture or window : The product can be see clearly • Plain tuck flap : The customer could even touch the product. ( 5 ) Whether the products need to be leak-proof structure ? • double-glued end seals : The non-independent packaging product coated with glue on two dust flaps and the back cover, which is more effective to prevent leakage. 33 / 93
  34. 34. 10 principles 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4.1 10 principles ~6 ( 6 ) Which process included in the carton packaging production? • Each process in carton packaging production can be completed by equipment or by hand, it should be equipped with a different design on manual, semi-automatic or automatic production. 34 / 93
  35. 35. 10 Principles 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4.1 10 Principles 7~8 ( 7 ) Whether the carton box need to prevent unexpected opening ? • double-glued end seals:The glued operation can prevent the folding carton with unexpected open, such as toothpaste box. ( 8 ) Which loading way the folding carton applied? • Vertical loading : Commonly loading way, it is easy for mechanized production; such as grain and powder. • Horizontal loading : The basic design is the same with vertical loading, only changes the open direction. Automation equipment is more complex. • Top loading : Some products require bigger diameter loading. This type of folding carton is often designed with KDF( knocked-down-flat) or flat sheets delivered. Dimensionally unstable products (such as clothing) tend to use the top loading design, as well as toys. 35 / 93
  36. 36. 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2 Trays The definition of Trays The tray is folded by a cardboard with right angles or diagonally angles. The tray folding carton is suitable for packing shoes, hats, clothing, food and gifts. The commonly tray structure and the name of each part listed in the photo. 36 / 93
  37. 37. 10 Principles 《 Tubes 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.1.4.1 10 Principles 9~10 ( 9 ) How to use the folding carton ? • The folding carton design need to consider how it could be storaged. On the dresser or drawers? Medicine cabinet or refrigerator? • Easy to open, accessible and tear lines and other auxiliary design should considered in the carton box design. ( 10 ) How to sale the product ? • Excellent folding carton design is helpful for the sales display • It need to provide a stable and attractive display way. 37 / 93
  38. 38. Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.1 Molding method Each panel of the tray folding carton need to be connected with certain structure, the concrete molding method include: ( 1 ) Fold assembly ( 2 ) Lock connection 38 / 93
  39. 39. Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.3 Top and Base a ) top lid b ) cap lid c)Buckle lid The lid, body of the box are mutually independent with open structure, the inner dimension of the lid is slightly larger than the outer size of the tray to ensure that the lid can be smoothly cover on the body. The top and base structure used for shoes, clothing and assembled goods. a) Top lid : The height of the lid equal to the height of the box so that it almost cover up all the box body. b) Cap lid : The height of the lid is less than the height of the body, generally only covering the upper opening portion of the body. c) Buckle lid : The body with matching edge to seam with the lid, the height of the box equal to the height of the lid and the height of the matching edge of the box body. 39 / 93
  40. 40. Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.2 Lock connection type Straight lock structure Bend lock structure Slant lock structure 40 / 93
  41. 41. Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.4 Typical lid structure a ) Body b ) Lid It also known as drawer lid. Lid is an independent piece, box body can be drawn within the lid forward. 41 / 93
  42. 42. Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.5 Commonly tray structure Commonly tray structure : 1. Double side wall 2. Foot lock 3. 4-spot glued 4. 6-spot guled 42 / 93
  43. 43. Commonly tray structure 《 Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.5.1 Double side wallAs the name suggested, the wallstructure of the tray has doubled, itis easy of production, various partsfolded completely, normally can bemade of top and base box.Since the glued part need to befolded to form the double side wall, its maximum value can notexceed the depth of the boxsubtracting the thickness of thepaper. 43 / 93
  44. 44. Commonly tray structure 《 Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.5. 2 Foot lockThe foot lock plays boththe foot and lock rule ofthe box.The size of the male lockis smaller than the size ofthe female lock in the boxlock structure, the malelock is drawn to the insidewith 15 ° angle, and thefemale lock is 15 ° angleto the outside. The fourfixed flaps folded can notaffect the lock, it is therelationship between Cand C-2B in the traystructure. 44 / 93
  45. 45. Commonly tray structure 《 Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.5.3 Four-spot glued tray Four-spot glued tray is one of the most simple and valuable box template, it also named Beers tray, mainly for packing shirts, sweaters, food and toys etc. The biggest characteristics of Four- spot glued box is the lid and the bottom of the tray can be completely the same size to match perfectly, unlike other trays, the lid must be bigger than the bottom. 45 / 93
  46. 46. Commonly tray structure 《 Trays 《 Folding carton structure analysis2.2.5.4 Six-spot glued trayThe change and design of the six-spot glued tray is on the basis offour-spot glued tray.It is widely usedin frozen food, fish, seafood,vegetables packaging fields.The width of the lid is 2 times biggerthan the width of the bottom. 46 / 93
  47. 47. 3.The characteristics of folding carton Outline : 1. The bearing characteristics 2. The influence of the two sides of the paper on structure design 3. The Offset 4. The texture direction 5. The texture direction design of Tubes 6. The texture direction design of Tubes with curved surface 7. The texture direction design of Trays 8. The texture direction design of regular polygon trays 47 / 93
  48. 48. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.1 The bearing characteristics As we all know but may not pay special attention to the phenomenon: the bearing force of flat sheet cardboard is small, once creasing and properly folded, it could bear great pressure. 48 / 93
  49. 49. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.2 The influence of the two sides of the paper on structure design No matter ordinary cardboard or corrugated board has two sides, ordinary cardboard has a surface layer and a bottom layer, corrugated cardboard has out layer paper and inner layer paper. It influences the molding when folding, which need to be taken into account in the structure design. ( a ) Inner fold 90° ( b ) Outer fold 90° ( c ) Inner fold ( d ) Outer fold 1-bottom layer 2-surface layer 3-bottom layer 4-surface layer 49 / 93
  50. 50. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.3 The influence of the two sides of the paper on structure design There is an example : Caliper 2mm, Length 40mm.The creasing line is on the middle of the cardboard. Then we start to fold. 50 / 93
  51. 51. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.4 The influence of the two sides of the paper on structure design Therere two concerns: 1. the length of the cardboard is 40 mm before folding, after folding the inner size isnt 40/2=20mm,it is 19mm because of the caliper. 2. The first statement is not entirely accurate,because of the two sides of the paper, when folding on the middle, the internal loss is different with different specifications of the cardboards, it need to be taken into account. 51 / 93
  52. 52. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.6 The Offset Because of the dust flap under the cover, to be strictly the panel connect with the cover should add a caliper, else the cover will be hindered by the dust flap when folding. The additional caliper is offset. 52 / 93
  53. 53. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.7 The texture direction During the folding carton manufacturing process, the creasing line can effectively control the cardboard deformation, its role can not be ignored.As the fiber orientation, so that the cardboard folding onthe creasing line, the force on the transverse indentation line (the line parallel to the creasing line) is bigger than the longitudinal creasing line (the line parallel to longitudinal creasing line), so the bounce of transverse creasing line is bigger, thus increasing tension of the cardboard surface and enhance the strength of the carton. As the fiber alignment, and the stiffness and binding force for the same kind of cardboard longitudinal fiber were greater than the transverse, which leads to the longitudinal stiffness greater than the transverse board; in addition, because most of the carton stacking flat folded for transportation and storage, so the carton need resistance to repeated folding to avoid the creasing line crack which might affect the appearance and strength of carton. Thus when design the texture direction of the folding cartion, it needs to consider the different of vertically and horizontally physical properties of the cardboard and the creasing line position. 53 / 93
  54. 54. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.8 The texture direction design of TubesGenerally, the longitudinal texture shouldbe vertical with the main creasing line(longer creasing line).Advantages :• It makes the 4 surfaces of the box body smooth, avoid ballooning phenomenon.• It is helpful to high speed gluer machine.• The creasing line is not easy to burst and break(especially on thick paper ).When the carton size is smaller andaccuracy requirement is not too high, itcould apply mixed step and repeat ignorethe texuture direction, thereby saving cost. 54 / 93
  55. 55. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.9 The texture direction design of Tubes with curved surface The bending resistance of the sheet transverse(parallel to the texture direction) is smaller than longitudinal,which means the cardboard transverse bending easier, with the curved surface, the texture direction of the folding carton should be perpendicular to the curved creasing line. We can clearly the horizontal of box a is easy to bend so that the box body is formed into a very smooth arch.While box b on the contrary, because the creasing line design of paperboard is unreasonable caused the box body distortion. 55 / 93
  56. 56. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.10 The texture direction design of Trays The length direction of the tray folding carton should be perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the cardboard.In this case it provides higher stiffness in a short span, facilitates the cartons strong and straight, and the transverse creasing line on the length direction gives the carton more strength. 56 / 93
  57. 57. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.11 The texture direction design of regular polygon trays The texture direction design of the regular polygon tray, one plan is the longitudinal cardboard parallel to one of the box bottom corner angle bisector, another is longitudinal cardboard vertical to one of the box bottom corner angle bisector.Both two kinds of texture design have deficiencies, both affected the carton folding. The hexagonal box also has the problem. With the increase of the number of polygon box bottom, gradually tend to circle,the circle has no direction, so the more sides the polygon tray has, the smaller difference of the two kinds of plans, but the best choice is texture direction design which the board longitudinal vertical to the bisector lines of the bottom angle. 57 / 93
  58. 58. 《 The characteristics of folding carton3.12 The texture direction design For irregular folding cartons, the texture direction design should obey the basic cardboard texture direction design rules, but the irregular box has uncertainty, we suggest make samples to test first then choose which one texture direction design is more reasonable. 58 / 93
  59. 59. 4. Mathematics in the folding carton structure design Mainly because of the mechanical and physical properties, the folding carton structure exist many mathematical relationships. 59 / 93
  60. 60. 《 Mathematics in the folding carton structure design4.1 How to decide the inner size of the carton box We often see some carton For example, if the product size is 10*10*15 packaging rupture, deformation cm, caliper is 1mm, the inner size of the carton during transportation,this kind of box should be 10.1*10.1*15.2cm. circumstance except the paper strength is not enough, collision, one big issue is packaging size relatively big than the product. Generally, the length and width of the inner size of the carton box should be one caliper larger than the product, the depth should be 2 times caliper larger than the product. 60 / 93
  61. 61. 《 Mathematics in the folding carton structure design4.2 The size relationship of the small middle reverse tuck folding carton The glue flap size 10~16mm     Width(mm) Tuck(mm) 16 ~ 20 10 20 ~ 24 13 24 ~ 38 16 38 ~ 57 20 57 ~ 108 22     Length(mm) Tuck(mm) 20 ~ 30 3 30 ~ 60 5 60 ~ 120 7 The dust flap size could be bigger or smaller than the value in the formula, but can not be more than     1/2 Length, else they will be overlapped. Female lock=Male lock+2mm 61 / 93
  62. 62. 《 Mathematics in the folding carton structure design4.3 Tube folding carton structure design 1. The straight line on the inserted cover for friction locking function, the size of the cover changed based on the carton size, generally it is 20mm, with two R angles; 2. Glue flaps 10-16mm ; 3. Compare to outter layer the inner layer sealing face should be smaller; 4. The angle of the dust flap should be less or equal than 15 °; 5. The dust flap size should be smaller than the width of the box; 6. The outter layer sealing face size less or equal to the width of the box; 7. The right side face size is slightly less than the width of the box 0.8mm; even for heavy cartons, should reduce the cardboard caliper because the glue flap and right side face are jointed together, there will be one more caliper on the right side face. 62 / 93
  63. 63. 《 Mathematics in the folding carton structure design 4.4 Tube folding carton structure design1. The tuck lock 0.8mm(generally 0.8mm or cardboard caliper);2. The tuck lock sealing design;3. Dust flap design ;4. The second angle of the dust flap is 15 °;5. The first angle of the dust flap is 45°;6. The top closure panel shoulder is 6mm ;7. The dust flap shoulder is 6mm ;8. The tuck lock on the small carton box generally is 10mm. 63 / 93
  64. 64. 5. Folding carton functional structure design Outline: 1. Handle design 2. Hanging hole design 3. Window design 4. Displays design 5. Easy to open design 6. Dispenser design 7. Lining design 8. Partition wall design 64 / 93
  65. 65. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.1 HandleThe handle structure is designed to facilitate consumers.1 ) Requirements• enough strength, safe and reliable;• the box body or local strength can not be weakened;• proper size and do not harm the hand;• decoration2 ) split structure and overall structure• The split structure is the handle and box body independent of each other• The overall structure is the handle or handle hole designed directly on the box body 30mm3 ) Size• The palm wide generally between 70-100mm, thickness around 20-40mm.The width of the handle is generally above 20mm, heavier goods the width should take larger values to ensure the strength. 100mm 65 / 93
  66. 66. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.2 Hanging hole Design the hanging holes on the carton box so that the goods can be displayed on the shelves. The hanging hole and the content gravity should on the same vertical line.Hanging hole is mainly in the form of round, rectangle, rounded triangle etc. 66 / 93
  67. 67. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.3 Window Open window on the carton box, glue transparent sheets of thin plastic or glass paper, so that the product inside could show in front of consumers. There has one window, double or three window structure, the location of window is to fully display the inner product. The window profile need to enhance the decoration, such as plum, heart shaped etc.The window position, size and shape should coordinate with the carton decoration patterns, text and box liner. 67 / 93
  68. 68. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.4 Easy to open structure ① Easy open structure is the local structure to facilitate consumer open the carton packaging more conveniently. a. Tear port : Open a gap near the cover or sealing location, tear the port when need to open the packaging. b. Half cutting line : Cutting line on the carton opening position, depth is half of the cardboard caliper, when the need to open the packaging, tear the half cutting line when need to open the packaging. ② c. Dentate line : On the carton opening port, with 1.5 × 1.5mm, 1.5 × 0.75mm, with corrugated dentate knife and other different types of dentate knife presse the dentate line, tear the dentate line when need to open the packaging. d. Zipper line : Add the cutting line on the carton opening port like a zipper, tear it when in use. ④ ③ 68 / 93
  69. 69. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.5 Dispenser The dispenser carton box can conveniently pour out the contents, reducing it scattered, it is suitable for powder, particle and liquid goods 。 69 / 93
  70. 70. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.6 PartitionThe partition structure The Integral partitionused to protect of the structure takesfragile commodity such advantages of theas ceramics, glass carton body panels orpackaging to prevent flaps extended thebreakage. It can be lining design.It savesdivided into integral the process, easy forpartition structure and processing and it issplit partition structure. environment friendly. 70 / 93
  71. 71. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.6 PartitionThe split partition structure is mutuallyindependent with the box body, it is theaccessory for the carton. It is relativelyeasy.when it inserted into the box, thecontents being partitioned and locatedin the holes. 71 / 93
  72. 72. 《 Folding carton functional structure design5.7 Displays The Displays shown the goods under certain support.The cover of the carton can be folded to the lower box body so that the box body display tiltly, it is very suitable for attracting consumers. 72 / 93
  73. 73. 6. Corrugated box The corrugated box can be divided into slot, set-up and folding carton three basic types according to the processing methods. a. Slot The slot box template with a cardboard through cutting, creasing and folding, The side flap need to be stapled or glued. It can be folded into a flat shape for storage and transportation. b. Set up Generally composed by two parts, the box body, cover and bottom seperated independently, when using they can be set up together. • Folding carton The box template through processing, folding and does not require any nails or glue.Such as 04 type box template. 73 / 93
  74. 74. 《 Corrugated box6.1 Slot ① Slot carton , It is the most commonly carton structure.It is mainly used for food packaging.Based on this box template there are many changes for special structure protection. 74 / 93
  75. 75. 《 Corrugated box6.2 Half slot carton ② Half slot carton , typical sample is the step up transport container and shelf packaging for fruit, vegetables. The structure include top and base box template and shallow box structure. 75 / 93
  76. 76. 《 Corrugated box6.4 FEFCO standard box template The international commonly box template and code: the box template code consists of four digits, top two on behalf of box template, last two on behalf of the different style. It ranges from 02 to 07 totally 6 types, 09 type is the accessory. • 02 type——Including 0201 、 0202 、 0203 、 0204 、 0205 6 styles.Each style the top and bottom with clousure panel size. • 03 type——Including 0310 and 0325 two styles,all are cover, bottom and open box set up structure. • 04 type——Only 0402 style , processing and folding with a cardbaord without any stamples and glue. • 09 type——Accessories, including partition, pad etc., totally 45 types, they are used for dividing, fixing,location and cushioning. 76 / 93
  77. 77. 《 Corrugated box6.3 Folding carton The carton box is compact and save the paperboard the most. 77 / 93
  78. 78. 《 Corrugated box6.5 FEFCO box template 78 / 93
  79. 79. 《 Corrugated box6.6 FEFCO box template 79 / 93
  80. 80. 《 Corrugated box6.7 Corrugated box design 1 ) Corrugated box design should firstly consider the relationship between the strength of the corrugated paperboard and the contents. The basic framework for the transport packaging : First class……Used for export product or expensive product transportation packaging; Second calss……domestic goods transport packaging; Third class……Cheap goods or short-distance transport packaging. 2 ) The ergonomics principle must take into account in the carton structure design. The unreasonable box size design might cause fatigue and injury. 80 / 93
  81. 81. 《 Corrugated box6.8 Various carton icons The icons should be put in the specified location to facilitate all the work in the whole transportation process. 81 / 93
  82. 82. 7. Paper bag The paper bag is the bag container with one end or two end sealing, generally made by kraft paper, coated paper, aluminized paper etc. The most common paper bag is the bag with flat bottom, it can be placed vertically and can be folded into a flat shape. The paper bag used for scattered goods packaging, also used for outer packaging, it has the direct effect on sales promotion. 82 / 93
  83. 83. 《 Paper bag7.1 Paper bag structure 83 / 93
  84. 84. 《 Paper bag7.2.1 Sealing end bag After the sealing end bag filling with goods, the opening sealing with adhesive or U nail.This bag mainly used for packing granular product. 84 / 93
  85. 85. 《 Paper bag7.2.2 Sealing valve bagThe bottom and the top ofthe bag sealing, theres avalve on the top bagcorner, it usually used forsmall particles productpackaging. 85 / 93
  86. 86. 《 Paper bag7.2.3 Glued bag The bottom of the bag sealed by folding and glue method, its structure similar to the sealing end bag. 86 / 93
  87. 87. 《 Paper bag7.2.4 Glued valve bag The bottom and the top of the bag with glued sealing, the valve used for filling. 87 / 93
  88. 88. 《 Paper bag7.2.5 Flat bottom open bag The the material on bottom end glued layer by layer, after filling the bag top sealed with glue. 88 / 93
  89. 89. 《 Paper bag7.2.6 Handle bag The paper bag used more and more frequently in the real life, especially the market competition is becoming increasingly intensified, the paper bag as advertising tool with rich and varied forms. 89 / 93
  90. 90. 8. Cushioning packaging It is estimated that billions of dollars lost on the packaging products destructive test, not to mention the lost because of the unreasonable cushioning packaging. At the same time the unreasonable design and large amount waste of resources phenomenon widely exists. So the cushioning packaging is a very important topic, and at present lack of theoretical research and professional talent. Subsequent versions of this document will go into the details of this chapter. 90 / 93
  91. 91. 9. Loading issue Many people may not realize transportation belongs to packaging category, as the example of cushioning packaging we mentioned before, a little change may bring a few percentage points even ten percent change on the container utilization. Subsequent versions of this document will go into the details of this chapter. 91 / 93
  92. 92. 10 Carbon footprint Subsequent versions of this document will go into the details of this chapter. 92 / 93
  93. 93. Information Update We will update the file irregularly and more valuble information will be updated in the future, please keep an eye on our twitter. Packmage CAD team 93 / 93