Academic Writing Fundamentals  Preparation and Classroom Strategies   By Peter Bohan,  English Language Fellow http://www....
Don’t be intimidated! <ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><li>If you can talk about it, you can write an essay about it.   </li>...
Writing Topic <ul><li>In certain ways, recent technological advances have made our lives less stressful.  However, because...
Addressing Prompts <ul><li>“To what extent do you agree?” </li></ul><ul><li>“What are advantages/disadvantages..” </li></u...
Brainstorming Ideas <ul><li>* Quickly  generate   ideas   </li></ul><ul><li>* Get it down on paper </li></ul><ul><li>* Don...
Brainstorming Example <ul><li>Life's less stressful   </li></ul><ul><li>> easy to keep in contact anywhere,  anytime (mobi...
Outlining and Organizing  <ul><li>- Focus   and   organize  ideas  generated from brainstorming  </li></ul><ul><li>- Creat...
Outlining Example <ul><li>PARAGRAPH 1 : Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>PARAGRAPH 2 :  Life is less stressful because of te...
Paragraph Foundations <ul><li>1.  A  clear and focused topic sentence   ( main idea  of paragraph);  </li></ul><ul><li>2. ...
Connector Words  <ul><li>Showing contrast :  </li></ul><ul><li>On one hand..On the other hand,  but, although, however, ye...
Introductory Paragraphs “What should they include?”   <ul><li>> Tells reader what is coming in the </li></ul><ul><li>compo...
Concluding paragraphs  <ul><li>> summarize   important points   </li></ul><ul><li>made earlier in composition  </li></ul><...
Rubrics-- >a valuable assessment tool <ul><li>Helps  consistent  assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Helps with  accurate  assess...
Communicative Classrooms  <ul><li>Pair / group work  (responding to topics)  </li></ul><ul><li>speaking practice  </li></u...
Overview and Recap <ul><li>1. Writing is a process: </li></ul><ul><li>a.  brainstorm- > outline- > write- >(edit) </li></u...
How to assess student writing?  <ul><li>Will you have a  rubric? </li></ul><ul><li>What  feedback  will you give? </li></u...
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Acad Write2

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  • Pro and con
  • (http://rubistar.4teachers.org/)
  • As a relation to any writing process: Brainstorming and outlining in a communicative context an excellent strategy.
  • Acad Write2

    1. 1. Academic Writing Fundamentals Preparation and Classroom Strategies By Peter Bohan, English Language Fellow http://www.eslwriting.net
    2. 2. Don’t be intimidated! <ul><li>Concept </li></ul><ul><li>If you can talk about it, you can write an essay about it. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Writing Topic <ul><li>In certain ways, recent technological advances have made our lives less stressful. However, because we depend on technological devices so much in our daily lives, some people think that our lives have actually become more stressful than they were when we did not have them. </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent do you agree? Give specific examples to support your argument. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Addressing Prompts <ul><li>“To what extent do you agree?” </li></ul><ul><li>“What are advantages/disadvantages..” </li></ul><ul><li>“Do you think it is good or bad that..” </li></ul><ul><li>“What is your opinion regarding..?” </li></ul>
    5. 5. Brainstorming Ideas <ul><li>* Quickly generate ideas </li></ul><ul><li>* Get it down on paper </li></ul><ul><li>* Don’t worry about form </li></ul>
    6. 6. Brainstorming Example <ul><li>Life's less stressful </li></ul><ul><li>> easy to keep in contact anywhere, anytime (mobile phones, email,etc) </li></ul><ul><li>> computers/internet allow us to do research, find information easily/quickly, banking </li></ul><ul><li>Life's more stressful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> lots of time spent on internet each day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> texting, calling, emailing friends/facebook > less face to face time with friends/family </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Outlining and Organizing <ul><li>- Focus and organize ideas generated from brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>- Create a roadmap the reader can follow for the composition </li></ul>
    8. 8. Outlining Example <ul><li>PARAGRAPH 1 : Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>PARAGRAPH 2 : Life is less stressful because of technological advances . </li></ul><ul><li>(a) communicate with anyone/anywhere through email;(b) research information quickly on internet;(c) online banking. </li></ul><ul><li>PARAGRAPH 3 : Life is more stressful because of technological advances . </li></ul><ul><li>(a) We are always in contact with everyone at all times; (b) we try to complete too many tasks; (c) we socialize less face to face. </li></ul><ul><li>PARAGRAPH 4 : Conclusion </li></ul>
    9. 9. Paragraph Foundations <ul><li>1. A clear and focused topic sentence ( main idea of paragraph); </li></ul><ul><li>2. Specific examples </li></ul><ul><li>( develop topic sentence); </li></ul><ul><li>3. Connector Words </li></ul><ul><li>( connect ideas in paragraph). </li></ul>
    10. 10. Connector Words <ul><li>Showing contrast : </li></ul><ul><li>On one hand..On the other hand, but, although, however, yet ; </li></ul><ul><li>Giving an example : </li></ul><ul><li>For example, As an example, For instance, </li></ul><ul><li>To illustrate this point , </li></ul><ul><li>Additional points : </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, In addition, Also, Additionally, Moreover, </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion : </li></ul><ul><li>In conclusion, Finally, To summarize, In sum,.. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Introductory Paragraphs “What should they include?” <ul><li>> Tells reader what is coming in the </li></ul><ul><li>composition; becomes more </li></ul><ul><li>focused until thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>> Thesis statements tell reader the </li></ul><ul><li>viewpoint of writer regarding topic </li></ul><ul><li>(last sentence of paragraph) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Concluding paragraphs <ul><li>> summarize important points </li></ul><ul><li>made earlier in composition </li></ul><ul><li>(3-5 sentences total maximum) </li></ul><ul><li>> Paraphrase (don’t repeat) most important points to be made </li></ul>
    13. 13. Rubrics-- >a valuable assessment tool <ul><li>Helps consistent assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Helps with accurate assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Objective way to analyze &quot;quality” </li></ul><ul><li>Informs students what expected </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students revise /edit their work </li></ul>
    14. 14. Communicative Classrooms <ul><li>Pair / group work (responding to topics) </li></ul><ul><li>speaking practice </li></ul><ul><li>implementing the writing process </li></ul>
    15. 15. Overview and Recap <ul><li>1. Writing is a process: </li></ul><ul><li>a. brainstorm- > outline- > write- >(edit) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization is required </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraph requirements </li></ul><ul><li>a. Focused </li></ul><ul><li>b. Developed </li></ul><ul><li>c. Connector words </li></ul><ul><li>Communicative activities--->Pre-Writing </li></ul>
    16. 16. How to assess student writing? <ul><li>Will you have a rubric? </li></ul><ul><li>What feedback will you give? </li></ul><ul><li>How will you approach error correction ? </li></ul>

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