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Anatomía del globo ocular

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Anatomía del globo ocular.
Anatomy of the ocular globe.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Anatomía del globo ocular

  1. 1. Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Medicina,Departamento de Anatomía, Primera Cátedra de Anatomía Anatomía del Globo Ocular Pablo A. Prado
  2. 2. ObjetivosAl finalizar la clase el alumno debe ser capaz de:-Describir la morfología del globo ocular.-Enumerar y describir las cubiertas o membranasdel ojo.--Describir la topografía del ojo, y reconocer suscompartimentos y cámaras.-Identificar y detallar las principales característicasde la pared interna del fondo del ojo.
  3. 3. Morfología del Globo Ocular-Esfera aplanada vertical ytransvesalmente (cuerpo Geoide)-Polo anterior prominente(Córnea, segmento de esfera)-Ejes: Anteroposterior: 25/6 mm Transversal: 23,5 mm Vertical: 23 mm Imagen n1
  4. 4. Cubiertas o Membranas del Ojo Túnica FibrosaExterna y fibrosa, compone la Esclerótica yen el polo anterior la Cónea. Túnica VascularTambién llamada úvea, tracto uveal omembrana iridocoroidea, compone laCoroides propiamente dicha, la Zónula oCuerpo Ciliar y el Iris Túnica NerviosaParte esencial en la funcionalidad del ojo,constituye la Retina en sus tres porciones:la retina propiamente dicha, la retina ciliary la retina irídea Imagen n2
  5. 5. División TopográficaSegmento Anterior Segmento Posterior Córnea 3 Túnicas Esclerótica Iris Coroides Cristalino y Regíon Retina Iridociliar Cuerpo Vítreo
  6. 6. Segmento Anterior Córnea Cámara Anterior Iris Zónula o Cuerpo Ciliar Cámara Posterior CristalinoLas Cámaras Anterior y Posteriorestán ocupadas por el Humor Acuoso Imagen n3
  7. 7. Segmento PosteriorEscleróticaCoroides RetinaCuerpo Vítreo Imagen n2
  8. 8. Fondo del OjoPapila Mácula Imagen n4 Imagen n5
  9. 9. Imagen n6 Imagen n7
  10. 10. Gracias por su atención… Bibliografía:BOUCHET, A. y CUILLERET J. Anatomía: Descriptiva, Topográfica y Funcional. Editorial Panamericana, BuenosAires. (Imágenes: n1, n4, n5 y n6)CROSSMAN, A. R. y NEARY, A. R. Neuroanatomía. 3ra Edición, Editorial Elsevier Masson, Barcelona, España,2007. (Imágenes n2 y n3)HAINES, D. Principios de Neurociencia. 2da Edición, Editorial Elsevier Science, Madrid, España, 2002.OJEDA, J. L. Neuroanatomía Humana Aspectos Clínicos y Funcionales. Editorial Masson, Barcelona, España,2004.LOAYZA VILLAR, F. Atlas de anatomía ocular. Instituto de Oftalmología, Ministerio de Salud, Lima, Peru, 2001.PERNKOPF, E. Atlas der Topographischen und Angewandien Anatomie des Mensche.PURVES, D. Neurociencia. 3ra Edición, Editorial Panamericana, Buenos Aires, 2008.SINELNIKOV, R. D. Atlas of Human Anatomy, Volumen III. Mir Publishers, Moscow, Rusia.TESTUT, L. y LATARJET, A. Tratado de Anatomía Human, Tomo III. 9na Edición, Salvat Editores, Barcelona,España, 1972.TESTUT, L. y JACOB O. Tratado de Anatomía Topográfica con Aplicaciones Medicoquirurgicas. 8va Edición,Salvat Editores, Barcelona, España, 1979.YOUNG, P. H. y P. A. YOUNG. Neuroanatomía Clínica Funcional. Editorial Masson – Williams & Wilkins.WILSON-POWELS, L. Pares Craneales en la Salud y la Enfermedad. 2da Edición, Editorial Panamericana,Buenos Aires, 2003.http://escuela.med.puc.cl/publ/AtlasOftalmologia (Imágen n7)
  11. 11. Arterias del OjoPERNKOPF, E. Atlas der Topographischen und Angewandien Anatomie des Mensche
  12. 12. Drenaje Venoso del Ojo BOUCHET, A. y CUILLERET J. Anatomía: Descriptiva, Topográfica y Funcional.SINELNIKOV, R. D. Atlas of Human Anatomy, Editorial Panamericana, Buenos Aires.Volumen III. Mir Publishers, Moscow, Rusia.
  13. 13. Irrigación del IrisBOUCHET, A. y CUILLERET J. Anatomía:Descriptiva, Topográfica y Funcional.Editorial Panamericana, Buenos Aires. SINELNIKOV, R. D. Atlas of Human Anatomy, Volumen III. Mir Publishers, Moscow, Rusia.
  14. 14. Región Iridociliar, Cristalino y Cuerpo Ciliar 1- Iris 2- Proceso Ciliar 3- Pupila OJEDA, J. L. Neuroanatomía HumanaSINELNIKOV, R. D. Atlas of Human Anatomy, Aspectos Clínicos y Funcionales. EditorialVolumen III. Mir Publishers, Moscow, Rusia. Masson, Barcelona, España, 2004.
  15. 15. Región Iridociliar, Cristalino yCuerpo Ciliar (continuacíón)OJEDA, J. L. Neuroanatomía HumanaAspectos Clínicos y Funcionales. EditorialMasson, Barcelona, España, 2004.

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