Health and wellness lab


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  • Well-nourished students tend to be better students, while poorly nourished children tend to have weaker academic performance and score lower on standardized achievement tests.
  • Inadequate nutrition deprives children of essential vitamins, minerals, fats, and proteins that are necessary for optimal cognitive function. For example, iron deficiency has been linked to shortened attention span, irritability, fatigue, and difficulty with concentration,18 while low protein intake has been associated with lower achievement scores.19 Hungry children and those at risk for being hungry were twice as likely to have impaired functioning and higher levels of hyperactivity, absenteeism, and tardiness among hungry/at-risk children than among their peers who were not hungry. Numerous studies have found that increased participation in School Breakfast Programs is associated with increases in academic test scores, daily attendance, and class participation, and it has also been linked to reductions in absences and tardiness.
  • Health and wellness lab

    1. 1. P20 Health & Wellness Lab <ul><li>Aaron Beighle 1 , Heather Erwin 1 , Melody Noland 1 , & Anita Courtney 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 University of Kentucky, Dept. of Kinesiology & Health Promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 Partnership for a Fit KY </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Foundation <ul><li>Next Generation Learners must be healthy to contribute to society </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy students become healthy adults </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy students are better learners </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy students are productive members of society throughout the lifespan </li></ul>
    3. 3. Schools and Health Promotion <ul><li>Schools as leaders in health promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts must assist schools with meeting their objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unobtrusive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User friendly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programs must be multifaceted </li></ul>
    4. 4. Health and Learning <ul><li>Healthier students are better learners </li></ul><ul><li>Educationally relevant health issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inattention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyperactivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical Inactivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul></ul>Basch, 2010
    5. 5. Health and Learning <ul><li>Health impacts learning through causal pathways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misbehavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drop out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attentiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. <ul><li>Research shows that schools with a systematic, coordinated, and integrated approach to student health have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>fewer incidences of behavioral problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improved school attendance rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhanced interpersonal relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher student achievement </li></ul></ul>Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Education Week , January, 2002.
    7. 8. Health Education <ul><li>Health education, when conducted properly, is effective in improving </li></ul><ul><li>--Students’ health knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>--Health skills </li></ul><ul><li>--Health practices </li></ul>Marx, Wooley, & Northrop, 1998 Health is Academic ; Kolbe, National Association of State Boards of Education, The State Education Standard , Autumn, 2002.
    8. 9. Nutrition and Academic Performance <ul><li>Well-nourished students tend to have higher academic performance and score higher on standardized achievement tests compared to poorly nourished students. </li></ul>
    9. 10. How nutrition affects learning <ul><li>Lack of certain nutrients impairs brain function </li></ul><ul><li>Hydration is key for brain function </li></ul><ul><li>Hunger reduces focus and retention and increases inappropriate behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Eating breakfast is associated with class participation and higher academic test scores </li></ul>
    10. 11. Physical Activity and Learning <ul><li>Improves cognition via blood flow to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases misbehavior </li></ul><ul><li>Increases attentiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Improves concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced memory </li></ul><ul><li>Improved math and reading skills </li></ul><ul><li>Improved comprehension </li></ul>
    11. 12. Comprehensive School-Based Physical Activity Program <ul><li>Quality Physical Education </li></ul><ul><li>Recess/Activity breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Out of school programs </li></ul><ul><li>School wide programs </li></ul><ul><li>Staff wellness </li></ul><ul><li>Community Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Parent/Family events </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom based physical activity </li></ul>
    12. 16. What principals have said (Anecdotal data) <ul><li>“ It’s a culture” </li></ul><ul><li>“ We want to be a part of that” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our teachers love it” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It has changed our school” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Parents say, ‘We didn’t do that when I was a kid’” </li></ul>
    13. 17. Physical Education <ul><li>Maximizing physical activity time </li></ul><ul><li>Quality instructional practices </li></ul><ul><li>Standard-based curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing motivational strategies </li></ul>
    14. 18. Classroom Activity <ul><li>Activity cards </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of academic content </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor recess </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul>
    15. 19. Recess <ul><li>Activity zones </li></ul><ul><li>Goal setting </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer physical education to recess </li></ul><ul><li>Active supervision </li></ul>
    16. 20. Afterschool <ul><li>Training afterschool staff </li></ul><ul><li>Developing policies, standards, and expectations for physical activity </li></ul><ul><li>Working with the physical education teacher </li></ul>
    17. 21. Staff Wellness <ul><li>Needs assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity programs </li></ul><ul><li>Stress management program </li></ul><ul><li>Staff who are interested in their own health are more likely to promote health among children. </li></ul>
    18. 22. Take Home Message <ul><li>Healthier students learn better </li></ul><ul><li>Health impacts student behavior, attention, and cognition </li></ul><ul><li>CSPAP can impact student health and learning simultaneously </li></ul>