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  2. 2. Republic of Turkey FLAGMustafa Kemal, "Atatürk" - Father of the Turks: "Peace at Home, Peace in the World.” SHIELD
  3. 3. The Republic of Turkey is anEurasian country that stretchesacross the Anatolian peninsula inwestern Asia and Thrace in theBalkan region of southeasternEurope.It is bordered by eight countries:Bulgaria to the northwest, Greeceto the west, Georgia to thenortheast, Armenia, Azerbaijan andIran to the east, and Iraq andSyria to the southeast. The capitalof Turkey is Ankara, but the mostpopulated is Istanbul
  4. 4. Boundaries Total: 2,648 km Border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 kmCoastline: 7200 kmClimate: Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior.Area : 780,580 km2
  5. 5. Total Population:74 724 269(estimated in 2011) Turkish(80%), Kurdish(19%), Others(1%;Arabs,Turkmen,Greek,Circassian,Zaza,Laz)→İstanbul:13 624 240→Ankara:4 890 893→İzmir:3 965 232
  6. 6. • Republican Parliamentary Democracy. • Was a republican in 1923. • The president established authoritarian. Millitary Interruptions • This lasted until 1950. • Few interruption from the military. • Current constitution was written in 1982. • One-house legislature called The Grand National Assembly. • 500 people elected every 5 years. The Grand National Assembly • Prime minister and the President share power. • Restrictions of Political Parties. • Five biggest Parties in Turkey. President Prime Minister
  7. 7. The Anatolian peninsula (also called Minor Asia), comprising most ofmodern Turkey, is one of the oldest continually inhabited regions inthe world due to its location at the intersection of Asia and Europe.Anatolia was under the control of:• Persia (V century BC)• Greece (fourth century BC)• Sparta (fourth century BC)• Rome (Emperor Constantine named the city of Istanbul as Constantinople) (II century BC to IV century AD) The Roman theatre in Aspendos. Aspendos or Aspendus (Greek Άζπεν δος) was an ancient Greco-Roman city in Antalya province of Turkey.
  8. 8. The Turks and the Ottoman Empire In the 10th century, the Seljuks started migrating from their ancestral homelands towards the eastern regions of Anatolia, which eventually became the new homeland of Oğuz Turkic tribes following the Battle of Manzikert (Malazgirt) in 1071. In the fifteenth century it was conquered by the Ottoman army (the capital city was renamed Istanbul) Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey
  9. 9. Turkey is in different time zones Turkey Spain Language: Turkish is the sole official language throughout Turkey.More than 150 million people speak Turkish in the world
  10. 10. Turkey is officially a secular Republic. The Turkish Constitution provides the freedom Blue Mosque of religion and conscience, but does not represent or promote a religion. The population of Turkey is predominantly Muslim (99%), the majority are Sunni (75%) and a large minority are Alevi (15-25%).The remainder of the population are mainly Christians (mostly Greek Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic) and Jews (96% Sephardi and 4% Ashkenazi). According to a nationwide survey in 2007, 96.8% of Turkish citizens have a religion, while 3.2% are irreligious and atheists. 56% of male Muslim citizens regularly attend Friday prayers.
  11. 11. →Estimated GDP in 2011 is$1.073 trillion and $14,517per capita.→16th biggest economy inthe world,6th in Europe.→Inflation rate is10.43%(February 2012)→Unemployment rate is8.8%(December 2011)
  12. 12. →Main industries are textile,food processing,autos,electronics,tourism,mining,steel,petroleum,construction, lumber,paper→Main export partners;Germany 9.6%,France6.1%,U.K 5.8%,Italy 5.8%,Iraq 5%→Main import partners;Russia 14%,Germany10%,China 9%,U.S 6.1%,Italy 5.4%,France 5%
  13. 13. →Literacy rate is 94.1%(2011)→Compulsary 8 years education,primary schoolbetween the ages of 7 and 15
  14. 14. →20% of Turkey’s population is Kurdish.→More than 35,000 people have died in the Kurdishconflict since the PKK turned to terrorism in 1984.→Abdullah Ocalan, leader of rebel terrorist group(PKK)
  15. 15. Mustafa Kemal AtatürkConquerer MehmetMagnificent Süleymanİbn-i SinaMevlana Celaleddin RumiNasreddin HodjaPiri ReisArchitecture Sinan