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Innovative Policy Measures to Maximise climate benefits during HCFC phase out in Maldives


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Innovative Policy Measures to Maximise climate benefits during HCFC phase out in Maldives

  1. 1. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd Innovative Policy Measures to Maximise climate benefits during HCFC phase out in Maldives Industry Round Table and Technology Bazaar on Zero and Low GWP HCFC alternatives in Maldives, 8-9 th May 2011
  2. 2. Energy Efficiency Services Ltd <ul><li>A Joint Venture Public Sector Company of 4 PSU’s and Ministry of Power for implementation and consultancy in Energy Efficiency . </li></ul><ul><li>Provide partial Main implementation arm of the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency – initial equity of USD 45 million. </li></ul>ESCO <ul><li>Implementation of EE in buildings, </li></ul><ul><li>municipality, </li></ul><ul><li>agriculture, </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs </li></ul>Consultancy Organization Resource Centre EESL <ul><li>CDM Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy to SDAs/ Govt . </li></ul><ul><li>International Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building of SDAs </li></ul><ul><li>Training of Energy Managers </li></ul><ul><li>3L Programmes </li></ul>Monitor/ Implement Govt.’s programs <ul><li>S&L Programme </li></ul><ul><li>National Examination </li></ul><ul><li>PAT scheme </li></ul><ul><li>PRGF/ VCFEE </li></ul>
  3. 3. Energy Scenario and Efficiency Potential in Maldives <ul><li>Maldives depends on imports for 100% of its oil requirements. </li></ul><ul><li>ADB Energy Statistics 2009 indicate increase in energy consumption at an average annual rate of 11.3%, from 46 thousand tons of oil equivalent (KTOE) in 1990 to 252 KTOE in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>The fastest growth in the transport/ tourism sector - share of the total consumption is 91.9% in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>The consumption of residential sector grew at 5.0%, from 1990 to 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to save 90,000 metric tonnes of oil import by 2012 and USD 60 million -GHG emissions reduction of 290,000 tonnes every years </li></ul>Source: UNSD.
  4. 4. <ul><li>High Energy Intensive Appliances in Residential and Commercial Sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism Sector – Hotels and Resorts for Energy Audits. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing and Food Processing Sector – Cold Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Transport Sector </li></ul><ul><li>SLP would focus on domestic AC and refrigeration equipment's and sectors in which they are used. FELHED would envisage EE in sectors and HCFC linkages. </li></ul>Energy Efficiency Potential Sectors
  5. 5. Energy Efficiency Potential in Appliances in Maldives <ul><li>Total expected units (both AC’s and Refrigerators ) to be imported into Maldives is expected to be approx 50,000 by 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency standards for end use equipments like ACs, Refrigerators have the potential of saving of electricity of 17,917 MWh annually in 2012 for ACs that will rise to 33,296 MWh annually by 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>For refrigerators, the energy savings will be 415 MWh annually in 2012 that will increase to an annual energy savings of 1418 MWh. </li></ul><ul><li>SLP (Standards and Labeling) is an initiative towards Informative labels to drive consumer demand – awareness campaign to start along with ODS targets to be integrated in EE standards </li></ul>
  6. 6. Energy Efficiency Potential in Buildings and Tourism Source: TERI-2009 and UNEP The GHG mitigation potential estimated by TERI is 7800 metric tonnes per annum. Simple extrapolation of this potential to cover all 90 resorts could result in annual savings of oil imports worth around USD 35 million and 170,000 metric tonnes of GHG mitigation. FELHED directs efforts towards market for energy efficiency through the Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) Resort/ island Annual saving potential, US$ (‘000) Cost of implementation, US$ (‘000) Payback period, years Kurumba 641 791 1.23 Huvafen Fushi 187 392 2.09 Velassaru 332 1054 3.17 Kuramathi 493 2299 4.71 Total 1653 4536 2.75
  7. 7. Roadmap of SLP and FELHED Maldives proposal by BEE/EESL <ul><li>Preliminary Assessment Study Required to understand the present gaps in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of National Regulation for Energy Conservation and Efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Development for Institutional Framework for Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up standards and protocols and mobilize stakeholders for SLP of EE and ODS targets . </li></ul><ul><li>Setting of Protocols for Governance and Monitoring and Evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of Potential Sectors under to leverage maximum benefits under FELHED. . </li></ul><ul><li>Roadmap for FELHED in Maldives. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity Building of the present man-power and organizational strengthening. </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange workshops for policy level intervention and capacity building on SLP and FELHED frameworks. </li></ul><ul><li>Media and information dissemination strategy development and survey. </li></ul><ul><li>The Framework to be established in 6 months . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Maldives Montreal Protocol Commitment <ul><li>Majority of the HCFC consumption is in the Domestic AC and refrigeration Sector . SLP and FELHED would drive energy efficiency and also provide market based platform towards accelerated HCFC phase out target achievements. </li></ul><ul><li>Maldives HCFC phase out Strategy : </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline: Average 2009-2010 consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Freeze at baseline level: 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>10 % reduction: 2013 </li></ul><ul><li>20% reduction: 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>35% reduction: 2016 </li></ul><ul><li>67.5 % reduction: 2018 </li></ul><ul><li>100 % reduction: 2020 except 2.5% for servicing use until: 2025 </li></ul>
  9. 9. SLP – A Market Driven Mechanism to Promote EE and reduce ODS in domestic AC’s and Refrigerators <ul><li>Salient Features of SLP :- </li></ul><ul><li>The information labels Facilitate Consumers to make informed purchases. This may have both energy efficiency and ODP index. </li></ul><ul><li>Such Labels are finalized are deciding the MEPS to be achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Create Market Differentiation towards High EE and zero OD . </li></ul><ul><li>DSM of high energy consuming products and reduce peak loads. </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Technology providers towards such market demand. </li></ul>Example of EE and ODS index in the same label
  10. 10. Framework for Efficient and Low HCFC Economic Development ( FELHED) <ul><li>FELHED will include promotion of market based instruments for accelerated replacement of existing ODS equipments as well as delivering energy efficiency through Energy Service Company (ESCO) delivery mechanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory programme for public procurement of higher “STAR” labelled equipment's is recommended to not only demonstrate the Government resolve but also to encourage manufacturers/ importers towards energy efficiency and low ODP based products. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Estimated Impacts of SLP and FELHED The standards and labeling program for AC and Refrigerators would try to phase out ODP based HCFC-22 would be phased out by 2015 , in the meanwhile the program would facilitate in market transformation towards energy efficient AC and smooth phase out HCFC-22 (odp based) based AC’s by 2015
  12. 12. Contact info: [email_address] Corporate Office:   CEO, Energy Efficiency Services Ltd. Hall no.2, 3rd Floor, NBCC Tower, 15 Bhikaji Cama Place, New Delhi 110066 Ph : 26173275-76, Fax: 26173277