Reduced emissions from MAC sector and Accelerated and climate-friendly HCFC phase-out


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Reduced emissions from MAC sector and Accelerated and climate-friendly HCFC phase-out

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Reduced emissions from MAC sector and Accelerated and climate-friendly HCFC phase-out

  1. 1. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Jumpstart HCFC and MAC project Reduced emissions from MAC sector and Accelerated and climate-friendly HCFC phase-out Etienne GONIN, Project Coordinating Consultant UNEP DTIE OzonAction, Paris New Delhi, 7-8 June 2010
  2. 2. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch The context: ozone-climate linkages OzonAction work:  HCFC Phase-out Management Plans (HPMPs)  Information, education, communication campaigns & products  Capacity building products  HCFC & MAC Jumpstart Project  HCFC Help Centre  SolarChill  Refrigerants Naturally
  3. 3. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch The ‘Jumpstart’ project on HCFC phaseout and MAC (2009-2010) Partner to the project: European Commission Two objectives: - 1. Accelerate HCFC phaseout in developing countries and maximise environmental benefits - Sectors: Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, insulating foams (blowing agents) - 2. Reducing car emissions in the Mobile Air Conditioning sector
  4. 4. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch 1. HCFC accelerated phaseout  Developing countries are currently adopting strategies for future HCFC phaseout (HPMPs)  Considering accelerated phaseout ahead of MP obligations can benefit:  The ozone layer  Climate, as HCFCs are GHGs  Opportunity for: • Selecting climate-friendly HCFC replacements • Energy efficiency gains
  5. 5. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Outcomes  Disseminate Information on latest technologies for HCFC replacements (environmental impacts, performance, conditions of availability), examples of policies, to encourage cooperation  Reduce the burden of 2013 freeze
  6. 6. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Why urgency? - The baseline period if 2009-2010 for HCFCs - Growth rate of HCFC use is still very important in the region - After 2009-2010, only two years to prepare for freeze and invert the growth rate - Situation is different from CFC freeze b/c of time constraints a Jumpstart is needed
  7. 7. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Means / Activities  Information compiled on the UNEP web site, the HCFC Help Centre:   References to Parties’ decisions, schedules, case studies, national law exemples, documents  Project page:
  8. 8. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Means / Activities  Two Workshops (in 2010):  Workshop on Refrigeration/AC in Colombia (April)  Workshop on foams in Rep. of Korea (May)  Case studies  Survey of obstacles to low-GWP technologies  Survey assessing potential risks related to illegal trade in HCFCs  Toolbox for national ozone units on HCFC phase- out
  9. 9. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch 2. Reducing MAC emissions  Sector with very rapid adoption of air conditioning  High emission rates over lifetime of equipment  Direct transition from CFCs (CFC12) to HFCs (HFC134a)  Current dominant technology: HFC134a  On the verge of new technology revolution - for next 10 years?
  10. 10. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Specific objectives (MAC)  Present the technological developments and potential environmental impacts  Present strategic orientations of main actors  Share with developing countries experience for ex. from the EU (legislation prompted technology evolution)  Identify and help disseminate best practices (servicing, containment, end of life,…)
  11. 11. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Expected results  Raised awareness of available MAC technology options and regulatory approaches  Exchanges of lessons learnt between countries, of potential for lower direct and indirect emissions of greenhouse gases, local pollution and other potential associated economic benefits.
  12. 12. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Feedback from Chinese Workshop (Nanjing, 3-4 June 2010)  Organised with CAAM, the Chinese automobile air conditioning society  Participants:  130 participants  High representation of industry  Research institutes and Government (FECO)  Refrigerants and components innovations for energy efficiency
  13. 13. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Feedback from Chinese Workshop (continued)  China: market growth still extremely rapid  Growth in China – 8,7% in 2009 and 9% in 2010  The share of exports is still very low  Mostly domestically-driven  Own solution?
  14. 14. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Feedback from Chinese Workshop (continued)  Interest in other countries’ choices  Noted that the solution which seems to be preferred by the industry at the moment is HFO  However still many question marks, including costs  Very high interest in compatibility with electric car technology (very high interest)
  15. 15. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Deliverables  Fact sheets on:  The global MAC legislative environment  How has the EU legislation been prepared and implemented  Servicing and Containment – examples and best practices  Alternatives to HFC134a: what is the industry proposing  Two policy workshops
  16. 16. UNEP DTIE OzonAction Branch Contact  UNEP DTIE OzonAction 15 rue de Milan 75009 PARIS Tel - 33 1 44 37 14 71 Fax - 33 1 44 37 14 74  UNEP Regional Offices