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Greenfreeze Technology & Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector

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Greenfreeze Technology & Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector

  1. 1. 06.06.11 Successful introduction of GREENFREEZE Technology & Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector Industry Roundtable Dharubaaruge 8 th May 2011 Markus Wypior, GIZ-Proklima Funded by
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>What is happening in the RAC Sector? </li></ul><ul><li>Successful introduction of Greenfreeze technology </li></ul><ul><li>Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector </li></ul>06.06.11
  3. 3. ODP & GWP of selected refrigerants 06.06.11 Refrigeration Air-conditioning Substance ODP GWP CFC-12 1 10,900 HFC-134a 0 1,430 HC 600a (Isobutane) 0 3 HCFC-22 0.055 1,810 HFC-32 0 675 HFC-407C 0 1,800 HFC 410A 0 2,100 HC-290 (Propane) 0 3
  4. 4. ODP & GWP of selected foam blowing agents 06.06.11 Substance ODP GWP CFC-11 1 4,680 HCFC-141b 0.11 713 HCFC-22 0.55 1,780 HFC 134a 0 1,410 HFC-152a 0 122 HFC-227ea 0 3,140 HFC-245fa 0 1,020 HFC-365mfc 0 780 n-pentane 0 <25 iso-pentane 0 <25 c-pentane 0 <25 CO2 0 1
  5. 5. GWP-weighted emission reductions through the Montreal Protocol
  6. 6. Estimated HFC emissions till 2050 Fig A: Predicted Growth of HFCs without constraint Fig B: HFC share of global GHG-emissions (compare HFC high vs. 450 ppm stabilization szenario –> blue dotted line) Source: Velders, Guus J.M. et.al., 2009
  7. 7. Worldwide HFC-emissions projection till 2050
  8. 8. <ul><li>CFC-, HCFC- and HFC-consumption </li></ul><ul><li>in developing countries: Business as Usual </li></ul>Source: UNEP and own projections
  9. 9. 06.06.11 Total emission reduction potential including banks Source: UN Dept. of Public Information, 2009
  10. 10. Content <ul><li>What is happening in the RAC Sector? </li></ul><ul><li>Successful introduction of Greenfreeze technology </li></ul><ul><li>Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector </li></ul>06.06.11
  11. 11. Success of Greenfreeze technology diffusion in China <ul><li>1995: Company Quingdao Haier introduced Greenfreeze Technology, supported by GIZ </li></ul><ul><li>1997: Company Kelon changed its production to Greenfreeze </li></ul><ul><li>2008: 75% of Chinese production uses Greenfreeze Technology </li></ul><ul><li>We did it once. </li></ul><ul><li>Can we do it again? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Success of Greenfreeze technology diffusion worldwide Now, even in USA, introduction of HCs in some domestics and trials in ice cream freezers and bottle coolers
  13. 13. RAC & Foam Sub-sectors with high emission reduction potential <ul><li>Household refrigerators (Isobutane HC-600a) </li></ul><ul><li>Room AC production (Propane HC-290) </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Airconditioning (HC-290/CO 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Production of XPS insulation sheets (CO 2 + Ethanol) </li></ul><ul><li>Chillers (HC 290/NH 3, /Solar Cooling) </li></ul><ul><li>Supermarket refrigeration (HC-290/NH 3 /CO 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Transport refrigeration (HC-290/CO 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings (District Cooling, Absorption cooling/trigeneration) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Climate impact & Cost efficiency (GIZ Proklima Projects only) 06.06.11
  15. 15. Content <ul><li>What is happening in the RAC Sector? </li></ul><ul><li>Successful introduction of Greenfreeze technology </li></ul><ul><li>Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector </li></ul>06.06.11
  16. 16. 06.06.11 Multilateral Fund -> HCFC phase out but funding constraints (CFCs/HCFCs not eligible for funding under Kyoto Protocol!) HFCs not (yet?) covered VERs -> CFCs/HCFCs/HFCs eligible for funding, but very low price CDM -> HFCs eligible, only 2 explicit methodologies for RAC sector,but not practicable, PoA? -> monitoring & verification difficult NAMAs -> Sectoral phase-out strategies could be an option (low hanging fruit due to huge emission reduction potential & high cost efficiency) Financing Options for HFC Phase-out in the RAC Sector
  17. 17. 06.06.11 Decision makers cannot estimate emission reduction potentials of climate friendly alternatives to HFCs Reliable data missing (no HCFC and HFC inventories available) Transparent information & know-how on alternative technologies still needs to be made available Institutional framework for NAMAs not yet fully established MRV methodologies still to be developed Barriers
  18. 18. <ul><li>Objective: establish tools and methodologies for NAMAs in refrigeration, air conditioning and foam sectors (incl. MRV) </li></ul><ul><li>Expected outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>-> Enable decision makers to identify and estimate emission reduction potentials of climate friendly alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>-> Guidelines for sector specific NAMA preparation </li></ul><ul><li>-> NAMAs ready to be submitted for funding; </li></ul><ul><li>Potential partner countries: India, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: Nov 2010 – Dec 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries: Decision makers in Government & Industry </li></ul>06.06.11 BMU – Int. Climate Initiative: NAMA studies Funded by
  19. 19. 06.06.11 Development of methodologies and instruments to inventorise HFC production & consumption and to identify potential emission reductions Data collection & - analysis Ranking of various options (taking under consideration technical feasibility & cost efficiency) Analysis of the existing regulatory framework and standards, outline of applicable policy instruments and incentive mechanisms Implementation
  20. 20. 06.06.11 <ul><li>Development of a methodology (so far not existent) and other instruments for NAMAs in the RAC & Foam sectors </li></ul><ul><li>For the first time a comprehensive concept for HFC phase-out will be available in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>First comprehensive data inventory of HFC emissions </li></ul><ul><li>The practical approach of the studies allows immediate planning and implementation of national strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent information on HFC-free technologies will be available to decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplier effect and good chances for upscaling </li></ul>Benefits
  21. 21. Thanks ! 06.06.11

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