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Addressing HFCs Under the Montreal Protocol and  Indo-U.S. Task Force on HFCs <ul><li></li></ul>Dr. John E. Thompson Cindy...
Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Rationale for Action </li></ul><ul><li>Status of Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>2010-2011 No...
Projected HFC Growth: <ul><li></li></ul>PNAS,  2009, Velders, et al U.S. EPA, 2009 HFC growth linked to ODS phaseout, expa...
Many Substitutes Available  and More on the Way <ul><li>“ The ultimate choice of technology to phase-out HCFCs will be bas...
Relationship between ODS and  Other Greenhouse Gases Ozone Depleting Substances (Halogen Gases) Greenhouse Gases CFCs Halo...
Identifying Safer Alternatives <ul><li>USEPA evaluates & lists ODS substitutes that reduce  overall  risk to human health ...
<ul><li>United States: many refrigeration and air conditioning uses transitioned early  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved from O...
Information on Alternatives <ul><li></li></ul>
Taking Action for Sound ODS Phaseout <ul><li>HFC Growth is direct result of ODS phaseout </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal Protoc...
Indo-U.S. Workshop on HFCs <ul><li>February 18, 2011 in New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100 participants from Govern...
Workshop Conclusion <ul><li>Excellent dialog and exchange of views </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition that more discussion is n...
North American HFC Proposal <ul><li>Control HFC production and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Control by-product emissions ...
Trilateral Proposal Phasedown Schedule
2011 Trilateral Amendment Proposal <ul><li>HFC-23 Byproduct Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant HFC-23 emissions unc...
Substantial Climate Benefits Possible <ul><li>Trilateral Proposal global cumulative benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~2,700...
consumption reductions emission reductions emissions North American Proposal Benefits  MMTCO 2 eq
<ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
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Addressing HFCs Under the Montreal Protocol and Indo-US Task Force on HFCs

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Addressing HFCs Under the Montreal Protocol and Indo-US Task Force on HFCs

  1. 1. Addressing HFCs Under the Montreal Protocol and Indo-U.S. Task Force on HFCs <ul><li></li></ul>Dr. John E. Thompson Cindy Newberg Deputy Director Chief, Alternative and Emissions Office of Environmental Policy Reduction Branch U.S. Department of State US Environmental Protection Agency
  2. 2. Scope of Presentation <ul><li>Rationale for Action </li></ul><ul><li>Status of Alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>2010-2011 North American Amendment Proposal Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Indo-U.S. Task Force on HFCs </li></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
  3. 3. Projected HFC Growth: <ul><li></li></ul>PNAS, 2009, Velders, et al U.S. EPA, 2009 HFC growth linked to ODS phaseout, expanding availability of air conditioning & refrigeration
  4. 4. Many Substitutes Available and More on the Way <ul><li>“ The ultimate choice of technology to phase-out HCFCs will be based on ozone depletion and also climate impact, health, safety, affordability and availability, as Decision XIX/6 requires” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May 2010 TEAP XXI/9 Task Force Report </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment Of HCFCs and Environmentally Sound Alternatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>2011 TEAP Assessment Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low GWP substitutes for many sectors and sub-sectors available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional substitutes under development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global acceptance for alternatives strengthening </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Relationship between ODS and Other Greenhouse Gases Ozone Depleting Substances (Halogen Gases) Greenhouse Gases CFCs Halons HFCs HCFCs HFC-23 HFC-134a HFC-125 CO 2 CH 4 SF 6 PFCs N 2 O CFC-113 CFC-12 CFC-11 H-1211 H-1301 Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) Methyl Chloride (CH 3 Cl) Methyl Bromide (CH 3 Br) Methyl Chloroform (CH 3 CCl 3 )
  6. 6. Identifying Safer Alternatives <ul><li>USEPA evaluates & lists ODS substitutes that reduce overall risk to human health & environment </li></ul><ul><li>Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) reviews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ODP & GWP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flammability, toxicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributions to smog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquatic and ecosystem effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational health and safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>400+ substitutes reviewed for end uses in 8 sectors </li></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>United States: many refrigeration and air conditioning uses transitioned early </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved from ODS to HFCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now moving to lower GWP solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today SNAP’s evaluating substitutes offering significantly lower- or no-GWP choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparing to current list substitutes </li></ul></ul>Expanding SNAP Menu 4
  8. 8. Information on Alternatives <ul><li></li></ul>
  9. 9. Taking Action for Sound ODS Phaseout <ul><li>HFC Growth is direct result of ODS phaseout </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal Protocol experience and success on HFC-sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refrigeration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Conditioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerosols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solvents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Suppression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Montreal Protocol involved in addressing HFCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phaseout of HCFCs currently being implemented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilateral Fund incentivizes transition to climate-friendly alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many HPMPs approved at recent ExCom Meetings, more coming in 2011 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Indo-U.S. Workshop on HFCs <ul><li>February 18, 2011 in New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100 participants from Government and Industry in India, the United States, and Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Covered key sectors for HFC use and transition from HCFCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternatives for refrigeration, air conditioning, foams and MDIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production Sector </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Workshop Conclusion <ul><li>Excellent dialog and exchange of views </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition that more discussion is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to launch Task Force to report by August 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Report covering all sectors and international framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Members includes Government, Industry, and Experts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intention to hold regional meeting later in 2011 with other countries participating </li></ul>
  12. 12. North American HFC Proposal <ul><li>Control HFC production and consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Control by-product emissions of HFC-23 </li></ul><ul><li>Covers 20 HFCs, including 2 HFOs </li></ul><ul><li>Phase down , not Phase out of HFCs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Considering recent years HCFC and/or HFC consumption (allows some growth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternatives available or in pipeline in most but not all sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plateau 15% of Baseline, GWP-weighted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ways to Achieve Phasedown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition out of HFCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller Charge Sizes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move from High to Low GWP HFCs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leak Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
  13. 13. Trilateral Proposal Phasedown Schedule
  14. 14. 2011 Trilateral Amendment Proposal <ul><li>HFC-23 Byproduct Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant HFC-23 emissions uncontrolled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By-product emissions subject to control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obligation eligible for Multilateral Fund assistance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional benefits of 11,600 MMTCO2eq by 2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical and Financial Support – MLF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incremental cost model – has worked in these sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bigger problem if we wait </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complements but leaves unchanged UNFCCC obligations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports global efforts to reduce GHGs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave HFCs in UNFCCC basket – accounting and reporting </li></ul></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
  15. 15. Substantial Climate Benefits Possible <ul><li>Trilateral Proposal global cumulative benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~2,700 MtCO 2 eq* through 2020 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed country Parties = 2,700 MMTCO 2 eq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing country Parties = 14 MMTCO 2 eq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~87,000 MtCO 2 eq through 2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed country Parties = 42,600 MMTCO 2 eq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing country Parties = 44,500 MMTCO 2 eq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HFC-23 byproduct control through 2050 – 11,600 MMTCO 2 eq </li></ul></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
  16. 16. consumption reductions emission reductions emissions North American Proposal Benefits MMTCO 2 eq
  17. 17. <ul><ul><li>QUESTIONS? </li></ul></ul><ul><li></li></ul>

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