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Political Participation and Advocacy


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Women's Federation for World Peace European 20th Anniversary Conference in Rome 2012, Presentation by Zhannat Kosmukhamedova

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Political Participation and Advocacy

  1. 1. Zhannat Kosmukhamedova Rome, 2012
  2. 2. “ I believe that societies arebetter off when women arepolitically and economicallyempowered, that values arepassed down, the healthsituation is better, education isbetter, there is greater economicprosperity.…is that there is a way, whenthere are more women at thetable, that theres an attempt todevelop some understanding”.Madeleine Albright
  3. 3. “If ever the world sees a time when women shall come together purely and simply for the benefit and good of mankind, it will be a power such as the world has never known”Helen Fisher
  4. 4. Aims of organizations that are dealing with women issues Development and capacity building of the womens community united by one goal Influence on current policy and practices that are not gender sensitive and do not reflect the needs of women Advocacy process to change the existing practices and strengthen the role of women in decision-making process
  5. 5. • Participation in development and decision making process at different levels of governmental and public management.• Protection of women rights (particularly those, who are victims of violence, stigmatised and discriminated);• Education and awareness among children and adults;• Social programmes and projects (emotional impact);• Protection of children rights;• Participation in decision making and changes promotion processes
  6. 6. Women____ Men• Ability to cooperate • Ability to compete• Ability to share the power • Ability to hold power in ones hand• Ability to express the  • Ability to hide feelings/emotions feeling/emotions • Ability to see people in connection • Ability to see people holistically with their job  • Rely on self‐sufficiency• Ability to inspire others • Resistance to differences• Accept and use the individual  • Values are not the priority. All is fair  differences  in love and war. • Actualization of values
  7. 7. «mother» – rather emotional support than business activity;«temptress» – sexual object with high ranking status;«toys, mascot» – not much as a leader but a women bringing luck;«iron lady» – non‐female stiffness, fear and distance
  8. 8. Role and impact of women‐leaders in  NGOs•Define problems and tasks that require interventions;•Consolidation of the target group;•Definition of the development directions;•Definition of advocacy tasks and spheres of influence;•Impact on decision making process thru:
  9. 9. Impact on decision making process thru : • Groups mobilisation; • Problems prioritization; • Knowledge on gender sensitivities; • Multi‐dimensional view of the problem/situation  (main factor in advocacy); • Economical feasibility; • Natural role of woman‐leader in NGO that is dealing  with women issues.
  10. 10. Take risks!If you want to have something that you never had before, you have to do something that you have never done. Coco Chanel
  11. 11. What is ADVOCACY? • ADVOCACY is a strategy that is used by NGOs, activists, and  even policy makers themselves, to influence policies.   • ADVOCACY is about creation or reform of policies, but also  about effective implementation and enforcement of policies. • A POLICY is a plan, course of action, or set of regulations  adopted by government,  business or an institution, designed  to influence and determine decisions or procedures.  • ADVOCACY is a means to an end and address the problems  that we aim to solve through other programming strategies. • ADVOCACY is the deliberate process of influencing those who  make policy decisions. 
  12. 12. ADVOCACY is about influencing:• does not have to be confrontational• Must be clear who you are trying to influence and what  policy you wish to change• keep in mind that policy makers are always human  beings, not institutions.  • Advocacy is used to influence the choices and actions  of those who make laws and regulations, and those  who distribute resources and make other decisions  that affect the well‐being of many people
  13. 13. Different activitiesConcept What does it change? Target group Focused on  Success Indicator  decision  makers?Advocacy Policy, its  Decision makers,  yes Policy, its  implementation,  leaders, influential  implementation, laws  laws and practices  people  and practices drive to  positive changes/ impactInformation,  Awareness and  Group of people  no Per cent of youth Education and behaviour (age, locality) participating, changed Communication behaviour Society  capacity to see and  Members of the  no Problem is solved, more mobilization solve the problem society people participate in the  meeting Networking and  Isolation  and  People and groups  no Network members or partnership duplication of  having similar  partners achieve more  activities activities together that separately  from each otherFundraising and  Resources available  Community, no People provide resources  for this activity local authority, resources; donors mobilization government, donors provides grants
  14. 14. PLANNING AN ADVOCACY INITATIVE 1a  Identify a policy issue STEP 1: Analyzing policies  1b  Identify key actors and institutions environment 1c  Analyze the policy 1d  Summarize policy findings 1e  Identify options for policy change STEP 2: Outlining an advocacy strategy  2a  Select a policy issue 2b  Select target audiences 2c  Set a policy goal 2d  Identify allies and opponents STEP 3: Finalizing an advocacy strategy  3a  Select roles 3b  Identify key messages 3c  Define advocacy activities STEP 4: Framing a plan  4a  Set a timeline 4b  Prepare a budget 4c  Prepare a logframe 4d  Plan for monitoring and evaluation
  16. 16. THANK YOU