Garlands for Judy Special Issue: The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary (Judy Garland)

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The Judy Room's "Garlands for Judy" Webzine celebrates the 75th Anniversary of The Wizard of Oz with a special 361 page issue!

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Garlands for Judy Special Issue: The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary (Judy Garland)

  1. 1. “FOREVER DOROTHY” “THE MARVELOUS SETS OF OZ” “THE GIFTS OF OZ” “MARGARET HAMILTON, JUDY GARLAND & ME!” and much more! Celebrating 75 Years of Marvelous Movie Magic! Special Issue!!
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 2Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 2 This webzine is dedicated to the memory of Andy England, Steve Salgado, and Scott Schechter
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 3Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 3 Photoplay Magazine, September 1939
  4. 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 4 TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD .................................................... ARTICLES ........................................................ Forever Dorothy ............................................. The Marvelous Sets of Oz ............................... Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! ..... The Gifts of Oz .............................................. Judy on Oz .................................................... The Munchkin Brick ......................................... Oz Memories ............................................. HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS ............... Sheet Music ................................................... Decca Records ............................................... The Soundtrack Album .................................... Home Video .................................................. 50th Anniversary ........................................... The Ultimate Oz ............................................. 1999 Boxed Set ............................................. 2005 Deluxe Editions ..................................... 70th Anniversary ........................................... 75th Anniversary ........................................... The Digital Age ............................................. 2013 Warmer Bros. official website artwork Anytime you see this globe on a page, it’s a link to more information online. Enjoy! 6 11 12 18 66 72 78 87 88 89 91 93 95 111 113 120 124 127 136 159 176
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 5 FUN STUFF ................................................... Puzzles ....................................................... Fan Favorites .............................................. Print Media ................................................. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ................................. GALLERIES ................................................... Posters ....................................................... Lobby Cards ............................................... Photos ....................................................... 2013 Warmer Bros. official website artwork TABLE OF CONTENTS Anytime you see this globe on a page, it’s a link to more information online. Enjoy! 183 184 187 190 215 216 217 251 295
  6. 6. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 6 Foreword It all began on television. Like every other kid of my generation (and quite a few adults, too), I was first exposed to The Wizard of Oz via the annual airings of the film on network TV. I was born at exactly the right time, November 1960. 1959 brought the first of 39 years of annual network broadcasts. I was fortunate to have that as the big annual event every single year of my young life. And talk about an EVENT. I’m not alone when I say that all us kids anticipated those telecasts un- like any other event, save may- be Christmas or our birthdays. The only thing in my life that was comparable was our trip to Disneyland. And even that was different, although still magi- cal in its own way. OZ was in a class by itself, although I didn’t recognize that at the time. Us kids were excited for tons of reasons, not least of which was the fact that this was OUR film. We ruled the TV that night. It’s all we talked about at school for weeks prior. I will never forget one kid in our neighborhood took a big roll of brown butch- er’s paper and drew out the en- tire Land of Oz as he saw it. It was like some mystical scroll that showed the story from beginning to end. I was fascinated that he could remember so much and drew it all out. When he rolled it out on the lawn, it seemed to stretch forever. I’ve often wondered what happened to that kid and his scroll. Did he update it each year? Did he keep it when he got older? Who knows? But the fact that he went to that trouble is a great example of just how im- portant this film was to us kids. Iresponded to the special ef- fects early on. I loved the tor- nado sequence. I thought that was THE COOLEST thing ever. In my naiveté I hoped for a tor- nado to sweep in and take me to OZ. Oh, wouldn’t that have been great? I really thought it could happen. As I got a little older, I was amazed at how the filmmakers achieved such real- istic scenes. Some kids said it was done with a woman’s silk stocking. Others said it was a big piece of cloth. Thus began my personal search to find out all about the film. I sought out CONTINUED Image provided by Kurt Raymond
  7. 7. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 7 magazines and books that told how that marvelous ef- fect was achieved, as well as everything else about the film. For a while, there was a sort of strange duality. On the one hand I thought of OZ as a real place. On the other hand I knew it was a movie. The power of the film was such that it took a while realize that it was all fantasy film about an imaginary place, not a real place. I’m sure that was something that wasn’t easy for many kids out there to come to grips with. Kind of like finding out about Santa. Still, what emerged was the realization that here was a film that was made in a manner unlike any other. Sure, it was made in the same way Hollywood made films back then, but OZ was different. Everything was bigger and better, and more colorful, than anything before. I soon discovered that they really “don’t make ‘em like that anymore.” I also discovered that, although I thought OZ wasn’t a real place anymore, the film was - still is - quite magical. Another aspect of the film which I responded to, naturally, was its color and warmth. It was a safe place, and Judy Garland as Dorothy was the per- fect heroine for me. She was cute, spunky, and utterly real. She wasn’t one of those overly affected, snarky kids on sitcoms and in films. She was the embodiment of what we all were, or at least what I thought we were: Regular Mortals. She showed real courage when con- fronted by adversity, the kind of courage we all wished we had when facing life’s adversities. The adversi- ties of the kid world were comprised of bullies, dramas, kid worries, and sometimes even more adult-type issues like family strife. Sometimes these adversities were imagined and sometimes they were quite real. Yet, Dorothy and her companions were always my friends. They showed up each year and when they did, all of my troubles, trials, and tribulations (whether real or imagined) went away. Not just for the two hours it was on TV but the rest of the night and into the next day. Maybe even several days. The soundtrack record helped with that. I could listen to it over and over and imagine everything I had just seen. The fact that it was very abridged only fueled my anticipation of the next telecast. Then, and only then, was I able to enjoy all of the film in all its glory. You see, all we had back then was the MGM Records LP of the soundtrack. For many enterprising kids, including myself, that just wasn’t enough. Much later, I was happy to find out that I wasn’t the only kid who took his little cassette tape recorder, Scotch-taped the microphone Foreword 2001 Artwork by Peter Ambush CONTINUED
  8. 8. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 8 to the TV speaker, and proceeded to record all of the movie. I did this with the TV in our spare room. I’ve been told by others that they shushed everyone in their family while they recorded it from the big TV in the liv- ing room. The stress of stopping the tape at the right commercial break to flip it over and rewind that extra tape then spool the lead in to fit so as not to miss one second of the film was in- tense! But it was worth it. Iwas delighted to find out that I was not alone in all of my experi- ences above. Sure, I knew OZ spoke to millions of others as it had to me, that was obvious. But I didn’t know that others had done just what I had with their own tape recorders as well! What fun to connect with people from all over who shared my obsession (al- though I’m loathe to use that word) to the extent that they’d try to get as much of OZ as possible. Nope, I’m not the only person out there who had the audio of the whole film mem- orized by the time I was ten years old. Still do! There’s one more aspect of the film that I responded to in the biggest way possible: Judy Gar- land herself. Again, like so many others of my generation OZ was the “gateway drug” to Judy Garland fan- dom. Over the years people have asked me: “Just what is it about her that you like?” My answer: “Her voice.” That’s what spoke to me then and speaks to me now. That unusual, lovely, velvet voice of hers. The MGM Records soundtrack al- bum to OZ was my first exposure to Garland’s voice. Her rendition of “Over the Rainbow” entranced me. It’s still my favorite of all of the versions by Garland and anyone else. With OZ as my starting point, I began collecting any Judy Garland record I could get my hands on. This was before the home video “revolu- tion” - all that was available to a kid saving up his allowance money were records. That was fine with me be- cause it was Garland’s voice that first got to me. When I got older, videos came along, and they were a natural Foreword Vintage Tape Recorder; 1960s MGM LP
  9. 9. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 9 extension to my enjoyment of Garland’s performanc- es. Buying or renting her films was a dream come true. No more trying to stay awake in the middle of the night to catch a random broadcast of a bad print of one of her films - only to fall asleep and miss half of it anyway! I anticipated every new Garland video release as I had anticipated every yearly broadcast of OZ as a kid. Then laser discs, then DVDs, Blu-ray, and now streaming. The advancements in home media over the past several decades have been staggering. The Wizard of Oz has been gloriously restored (more than once!) and is available in high definition for everyone to en- joy in any setting at almost any location in the world. We might miss the communal aspect of the once-a- year TV airings, but that doesn’t mean the film won’t continue its hold on our imaginations and our hearts. Nor will it stop being a staple of childhood. What film does every family have in their library for their chil- dren? The Wizard of Oz, of course! This issue of Garlands For Judy is a special ex- panded edition in tribute to the 75th anniversa- ry of OZ. Obviously, due to The Judy Room’s and The Judy Garland Online Discography’s focus on home media, the focus of this issue is also on home media. So many books have been written about the making of the film, the psychology of the film, the cos- tumes (you name it) that it would be redundant to relay all of that information here. Instead, this issue is a celebration of the film. Plus, there are also wonderful articles by guest writers, photos, “fun stuff,” and more! We will continue to enjoy and celebrate OZ for years to come. Why? Because of the wonder- ful things it does - to our hearts, our minds, and our feelings. We will return again and again to pull open that curtain to discover or rediscover the greatest, most loved, most seen, most magically marvelous film of all time. Scott Brogan - July, 2014 Foreword 1955 Re-release Promotional Photo
  10. 10. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 10Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 10 If you’re looking for the best books about the making of The Wizard of Oz (and everything else you want- ed to know) here are the four that I think are the very best. The top two are technically out of print, but can be found very easily online. Click on the images to order. There is also The Judy Room’s Spotlight on OZ, which you can access by clicking on the screen grab below.
  11. 11. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 11Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 11 Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME!Forev e r Do r o thy The Gifts of Oz The Munchkin Brick The Marvelous Sets of Oz Articles J u d y o n O z Memories of Oz
  12. 12. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 12Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 12 Forever DorothyForever Dorothy by Peter Mac
  13. 13. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 13 With the 75th anniversary just down the yellow brick road, let me start off by saying that The Wizard of Oz isn’t just a film it is a way of life. It is something that we are fed almost as soon as our mother’s feed us our first spoonful of applesauce. We learn to talk, we learn to walk, we breathe it in and it becomes part of our being, at that crucial tender age when we are shown (if we are lucky enough) MGM’s classic 1939 film based on L. Frank Baum’s Beloved children’s book. What is the everlasting appeal of the film? There are so many possible and plausible answers. Yes, there is the universal theme of L. Frank Baum’s story, “There’s No Place Like Home” which is certainly a component. We can all relate to Dorothy’s three companions at one time or another in our lives. Hoping to be a little wiser, wanting to be a little more compassionate and share love, and more often than not trying to find our courage and be a little braver. How many of us know people who make great promises, pretend to be more than what they really are and turn out to be nothing but a humbug? But at the helm, at the core of all of it lies not with “the man behind the curtain,” but rather in the girl behind the gingham dress, the film’s star, Judy Garland. I have said this many times and with all due reverence but I do not believe that we would be celebrating the film as widely and lo these many decades later had it starred the late, great Shirley Temple. “From now on you’ll be history!” exclaims the Mayor of Munchkinland to Dorothy Gale after her house squishes the Wicked Witch of the East. Lyricist Harold Arlen could not have known just how prophetic he would be with that one simple lyric. It’s everlasting and definitive impact the role would Forever DorothyForever Dorothy by Peter Mac CONTINUED
  14. 14. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 14 have on Judy Garland’s career and her legendary legacy ever after. Judy Garland is to Dorothy Gale, what Julie Andrews is to Mary Poppins, or Clark Gable is to Rhett Butler. A perfect fit. And Judy’s incredible talent notwithstanding so pivotal was the crucial piece of direction that she was given by the films (third but brief) director George Cukor, “Remember that you are just a little girl from Kansas.” And so from that integral piece of advice from director to Actress we the audience are seeing everything through Dorothy’s eyes; male or female, gay or straight, 1 or 101 we are all, that little girl from Kansas. We are on that journey with her. I do not believe that any of us ever quite get over that feeling of being a frightened child or an adolescent for that matter. Whether it is living on the grey Kansas prairies or in my case Elmont, Long Island. A dreadful suburb for which I cannot even give the credit of even being black and white, let alone sepia toned! It was too much to hope for a cyclone to come and lift my house away. The closest we ever got were some pretty wild hurricanes. The Wizard could have made just as easy an escape by filling his balloon with all the hot air spewed from the close minded, right wing conservative bigoted homophobic Republicans in my neighborhood. I certainly identified with that little girl in the blue gingham dress. Yearning to escape the dullness of my surroundings where I was not understood or appreciated. And lord knows, I donned one of my Grandma’s aprons on more than one occasion and ruined several pairs of sneakers by attempting to glue red glitter to them, an old Easter basket dangling over my arm just so I could skip down the yellow brick road (our cement driveway) in my imagination. I would click those encrusted sneakers 300 times and all I got was a red sparkly mess in our driveway. I was around 4 or 5 when I first saw OZ on television for the first time. To say that it was a religious experience would be a gross understatement, but there is some truth to that declaration, if you consider the fact that for the last 12 years I have been practicing, what several of my friends jokingly refer to as, “Judy- ism” on stage. Via my one person tribute show “Judy Garland: Live in Concert (www.FriendOfJudy.com)”. Each and every time at one of my cabaret shows without fail the audience springs to life when “Judy” starts to recollect about her time in OZ. A rush of enthusiasm bursts through the audience as she leads them into an impromptu a Capella sing a long of “We’re Off to See the Wizard.” August 27, 1938 Judy endured several hair, make-up and dress tests. Forever DorothyForever Dorothy by Peter Mac CONTINUED
  15. 15. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 15 I am convinced that it must trigger off the memories they have of when they first saw the film or even the wonder they saw in their little ones eyes as they watched it with them for the first time. I rarely don “Dorothy” regalia or more aptly “Re-Gale-ia” when I perform as Judy. When the film had its first Blu-ray release, a bunch of my friends urged me to attend a screening in Burbank as Judy. Wearing Judy’s act two Carnegie Hall outfit but trading out the black flats for red sequin pumps I reluctantly indulged them. There was some murmuring when we walked into the theater just before show time. But on the way out we had a rush people wanting to get pictures with “Judy” including Moms and Dads who asked if their kids could take a picture with “Judy. The icing on the cake was when actress Mary Jo Catlett (best known as Pearl the housekeeper on Different Strokes) came up and asked for one. She went on to say to the crowd of people who had gathered, “Well, gang didn’t this just make the night?! We didn’t just watch The Wizard of Oz we got to watch it with Judy Garland in the audience,” and she gave me a big hug. I was so honored to be a part of conjuring up Judy for them and to quote the Cowardly Lion, “Shucks folks, I’m speechless!” I recently watched an OZ documentary in which one of the interviewees declared that Judy Garland was nothing like Dorothy Gale in “real life” (whatever real life is). I beg to differ. Dorothy Gale was not a far stretch from Judy’s own life at all, now whether she was conscious of it or not may remain to be seen. Let us examine the cold hard facts. by Peter MacForever DorothyForever Dorothy CONTINUED
  16. 16. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 16 Here we have a little country girl whisked into the brilliant Technicolor world of Hollywood, where there are all too many phonies pulling the levers behind the green velvet curtain and a plethora of wicked witches armed with fireballs and flying monkeys helping to carry out their dirty work. Hmm, sound familiar? As for The Wizard of Oz, one of the “wonderful things it does” is that it generally serves as a spring board for future full-fledged ardent Judy Garland fans. It is our introduction to her and generally leads us to want to know more about “Dorothy”. That certainly was my experience. At the age of twelve I came across an audio cassette. Anyone remember those? Which simply read “Judy Garland-Over The Rainbow.” The lady on the case cover looked like “Dorothy” but a little bit older and much more glamorous and my Mom informed me that yes, in fact, “Dorothy” went on to make other movies, had a television series, played Carnegie Hall, have children and yes, a recording career. My simple twelve-year-old response was, “Dorothy made records? Like cool!” And I was hooked! Many a fan has asked the question, would Judy have catapulted into such legendary status if she hadn’t played Dorothy? Well, I can think of what George Jessel said when talked about the changing of her name. “You couldn’t have hid that great talent if you called her ‘Tel Aviv Windowsill.’” Surely, if she had been passed over for OZ MGM would have found another property to show case her in. There is no question that with that voice and that ability Judy still would have rose to stardom even if she had not played “Dorothy.” But how fortunate for the world that she did. I firmly believe that being Dorothy was part of her destiny, it was the star that had been hung over her head. Corny though it may sound, it is what we call fate. Perhaps Carl Reiner summed it up best when guesting on Judy’s television series for a segment of her Tea for Two reminiscences, “You can get to be 80 years old, lady and they’ll still think of you as “Dorothy” and they’ll go “Oh, Bubbeleh!” (where he proceeds to pinch her cheeks). While Judy sadly did not live to see her 80th year, Mr. Reiner’s statement was anything but apocryphal. Yes, she will always be “The World’s Greatest Entertainer” and “Miss Show Business” but above and beyond those splendid and well deserved sobriquets Judy Garland was, is and always will be “Dorothy” forever. Forever DorothyForever Dorothy by Peter Mac CONTINUED
  17. 17. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 17 Peter Mac has been paying tribute to Judy Garland via his cabaret show “Judy Garland: Live in Concert!” for over a decade. In 2002 he penned his autobiographical play, Judy and Me. The play recounted his adolescence in a narrow minded long Island suburb and the bullying and homophobia he faced through out, all of which was made bearable through the music, wisdom and wit of Judy Garland. In 2012 he received the Southern California Motion Picture Council Golden Halo Award for “Outstanding Achievement in Live Performances of the Great Judy Garland”. He was selected for the honor by Miss Garland’s co-star in Meet Me in St. Louis and Academy award winner, Margaret O’ Brien and was presented the award by both Miss O’ Brien and Garland’s long time friend the late great, Mickey Rooney. At the core of Mac’s tribute to Miss Garland is his mantra “Imitation is supposed to be the sincerest form of flattery, not battery !” Choosing to celebrate Miss Garland’s career and legacy rather than get cheap laughs off of her frailties as a human being. He made his Off Broadway debut at the age of 16 as Archie in the Jazz Musical, Ferryboat. He returned Off Broadway as Ricky in Ronnie Larsen’s hit dramedy Making Porn (a role he reprised in the national tour). Other favorite roles include Tony/West Side Story, Judas/Godspell and Peter Van Dam in the dramatic musical Anne Frank: A Voice Heard. In 2007 he wrote his play Mrs. Scrooge for Lara Parker (who starred as Angelique Collins on Dark Shadows). That same year he published his first book, “Cinema Salem”.He currently writes for The Huffington Post. Being a celebrity tribute artist is his first love, aside from performing as La Garland he impersonates 29 other legendary (and some not so legendary) ladies. He shares his life with his husband, Dr. John Schaefer and their two adorable 3 year old cats (Born on June 10th !), Thelma and Louise. Forever DorothyForever Dorothy by Peter Mac
  18. 18. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 18Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 18 The Marvelous Sets of Oz MGM put all of its formidable resources behind The Wizard of Oz, including one of its most important aspects, the sets. Everything was filmed within the confines of the easily controlled, MGM soundstages. Cedric Gibbons and his army of artists and craftsmen came together to create the first live-action fantasy masterpiece in color. In the end, every major soundstage at the studio was utilized. The following pages put the spotlight on these wonderful, amazing, and marvelous sets. Panorama created by Scott Brogan L-R: Matte painting; soundstage; final screen image by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  19. 19. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 19Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 19 The Marvelous Sets of Oz Here is a map of the fabled MGM soundstages (courtesy of the book “MGM - Hollywood’s Greatest Backlot”), where endless hours of fantasy and magic were created during Hollywood’s Golden Age. The list below notes all the soundstages (that we know of) that were the locations of the various sets (including a few that were either never built or never used, or both). A few sets were located on two different soundstages, which makes sense considering the various retakes that were required for some scenes/shots as well as process/special effects shots. The information here has been gleaned from the multitude of Oz-related books, surviving studio blueprints, and reference sheets. STAGE 4 Witch’s Castle (effects shots only) STAGE 14 Various Effects Shots STAGE 15 (the largest) Emerald City STAGE 25 Crossroads (Stages 25 & 26) Jitter Trees (Stages 25 & 26) STAGE 26 Apple Orchard & Tin Woodman’s House Cornfield Crossroads (Stages 25 & 26) Draw Bridge (Stages 26 & 28) Exterior Hilltop (Newcombe Shot) Haunted Forest STAGE 26 (continued) Lion’s Forest Palace Corridor (Emerald City) Top of Rocks STAGE 27 Cottonwoods & Spring Emerald City Munchkinland Rock at Gates STAGE 28 Draw Bridge (Stage 26 & 28) Wash & Brush Up Company Witch’s Entrance Hall Witch’s Tower Room Montage Song (Yellow Brick Road) STAGE 29 All of the Kansas sets Poppy Field CONTINUED
  20. 20. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 20Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 20 The set for the Gale Farm looks deceptively simple, yet enormous at the same time. All the care that went into the Oz sets also went into the Kansas sets. The farm took up an entire soundstage, and included a barn (“...and a running horse...”), farm animals, fences, and everything else you would expect to find on a Depression-era farm. What is brilliant about it is the fact that although it’s supposed to be a Kansas farm circa 1939, it manages to remain timeless. Kansas - The Gale Farm Above: A set reference still of the road and entrance to the Gale farmhouse. Right: An extended view showing how the set looks in the final film. Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  21. 21. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 21Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 21 Screenshots (above) and set reference stills (below) provide examples of the size and scope of this marvelous set. Kansas - The Gale Farm Panorama created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  22. 22. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 22Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 22 Kansas - The Ravine Professor Marvel’s wagon, both inside and out, is peppered with seemingly endless little details, many of which are barely seen in the final film. It all adds immensely to the slightly mysterious tone of the sequence. Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  23. 23. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 23Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 23 The twister sequence is one of the most enduring of all special effects sequences in film history. The realism still holds up against today’s CGI effects. At left is a screenshot that shows the side of the set with the barn, below is a composite of screenshots showing the cleverness of the twister effects. Kansas - The Twister Photo provided by Kurt Raymond Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  24. 24. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 24Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 24 Dorothy tries to get into the storm cellar, to no avail. Lucky for us, or there wouldn’t be a movie! The shot at the right gives us a nice look at Dorothy’s bedroom, complete with the poppy wallpaper. Kansas - The Twister Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  25. 25. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 25Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 25 Munchkinland was one of the largest sets built for the film (the Emerald City was the largest), occupying MGM’s soundstage #27. The success of the set was pivotal because it’s the audience’s first look at the Land of Oz. When Dorothy opens up her sepia door and steps into the Technicolored Munchkinland the effect is breathtaking. This wonderful panorama image, created by Kurt Raymond from multiple screenshots, shows the size and beauty of the set. Judy Garland as Dorothy looks almost as small as a Munchkin herself in comparison to the set. It must have been a awesome sight to see in person! Munchkinland Panorama created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  26. 26. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 26Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 26 Munchkinland Glinda (Billie Burke) leads Dorothy around the pond, into the center of Munchkinland, where all of the action takes place. CONTINUED
  27. 27. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 27Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 27 Munchkinland The celebration really kicks into high gear once Glinda and Dorothy reach the pond’s podium. CONTINUED
  28. 28. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 28Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 28 Munchkinland The edge of the Munchkinland set as seen from two different vantage points. Above, a set reference still and a reference frame. Below, the matte painting and the shot in the film with the painting combined with the set. CONTINUED
  29. 29. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 29Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 29 During the “Thorpe Reign” (the time original director Richard Thorpe was on the film), the Scarecrow’s cornfield was a bit different than how it looked in the final film. First off, the yellow bricks were painted, oval bricks that had a more fairy tale look. This is a reflection of Thorpe’s vision for the characters and, allegedly, his approach to the actor’s interpretations. Everything was played as a heightened fantasy. Luckily, the film was halted, Thorpe was fired, and the costumes, make-up, and sets went through major changes. Gone were the painted oval bricks, replaced by the rectangular real bricks as seen in the final film. Curbs were added to the road as well which made more sense for the more organized looking rectangular bricks. At right we see Judy in her blonde wig and different dress, and Ray Bolger in his original face mask and costume. The alterations to both after these scenes were shot made all the difference in the world to the film. Toto, naturally, stayed true to himself! The Cornfield CONTINUED
  30. 30. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 30Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 30 This widescreen combination of screenshots shows the cleaned up set as it looks in the film. The new bricks and the curbs make it appear much nicer and less messy. The Cornfield Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  31. 31. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 31Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 31 Here is another screenshot combination, this time from Ray Bolger’s deleted “If I Only Had A Brain” dance sequence. The Cornfield Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  32. 32. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 32Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 32 The Cornfield Before: Studio set reference still showing the size and scope of the set. After: The same area as seen in the film. Widescreen image created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  33. 33. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 33Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 33 Studio shots from Ray Bolger’s deleted dance sequence as well as the duo’s initial skip to see the Wizard show more details of the set. The Cornfield CONTINUED
  34. 34. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 34Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 34 Clockwise from top left: A set reference still; a candid shot of Judy and Ray Bolger between takes; the same angle as seen in the film. The toucan on the branch of the tree is just one of several birds borrowed from the Los Angeles Zoo to give the set extra flavor. Little did they know the result would be an urban legend that a Munchkin hanged himself in the background. Watching faded prints on old TV sets and early video releases blurred the reality that it was one of the big birds spreading its wings! The Apple Orchard Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  35. 35. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 35Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 35 Studio photographers captured some nice angles of the apple orchard, as well as (top right) a set reference still. The Apple Orchard CONTINUED
  36. 36. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 36Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 36 The Tin Man’s Forest Like the Scarecrow’s cornfield, the Tin Man’s forest was filmed from a variety of angles. At left is a still shot by a studio photographer during a dress rehearsal, below is a set reference still and a shot from the film of the same stretch of Yellow Brick Road. Photo provided by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  37. 37. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 37Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 37 Here are some studio shots showing more details of the apple orchard set in all its glory, including before and after shots below. The Tin Man’s Forest Photo provided by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  38. 38. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 38Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 38 The Lion’s Forest set is the most lush and I think, the most underrated set, usually overlooked in favor of the Munchkinland or Emerald City sets. The studio filled the forest with all kinds of wonderful vegetation and large trees. Although the foursome are fearsome of its darkness, for us viewers it’s a pleasant feast for the eyes. Below, two set reference stills frame a screenshot from the film. The Cowardly Lion’s Forest Widescreen image created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  39. 39. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 39Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 39 Left: The Cowardly Lion begins his pounce into movie legend in his combination of screenshots. Below: The darkened set; the corresponding matte painting; the final shot as seen in the film. MGM magic at its very best. The Cowardly Lion’s Forest Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  40. 40. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 40Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 40 Poppies will put them to sleep! One of the most incredible tracking shots in movie history introduced us to the gorgeous poppy field. In this photo, you can see the split in the field of poppies allowing for the camera (remember, these were big Technicolor cameras) to track efficiently. You’ll never see sets like this again! The Poppy Field CONTINUED
  41. 41. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 41Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 41 The Poppy Field Thanks to Kurt Raymond, here is another great image that illustrates the scope of the set. Below, our foursome waits between takes; a set reference still. Panoramic image created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  42. 42. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 42Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 42 Amatte painting and a screenshot from the film show how the breathtaking, first look at the Emerald City (just prior to our foursome’s run through the Poppy Field) was created. The Emerald City CONTINUED
  43. 43. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 43Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 43 The Emerald City Here is the second shot of the Emerald City on the horizon, as our foursome (and Toto, too!) make their way through the Poppy Field (with some help from Glinda). CONTINUED
  44. 44. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 44Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 44 The Emerald City More movie trickery: A matte painting, a partial set, a test combination, and the final shot. Long before CGI, matte paintings were used extensively and in this case the result is perfectly realized. CONTINUED
  45. 45. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 45Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 45 The Emerald City Acombination of screenshots and set reference stills show the scope of the massive Emerald City set, the largest in the film. Top left to right: First look into the Emerald City; stand-ins wait on set in the entrance; the Cabbie makes his entrance. Bottom left to right: The Cabbie and the Horse of a Different Color greet our foursome; further down the left side of the set our group makes their way to the Wash & Brush Up Company; the cast waits between takes. CONTINUED
  46. 46. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 46Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 46 Another combination of screenshots and set reference stills feature the fun “Wash & Brush Up Co.” set. Top left to right: The camera begins its pan at the far right of the set; reference still of right half of the set; almost identical angle seen in the film. Bottom left to right: Dorothy’s makeover; reference still; the Cowardly Lion gets a “snip-snip here, snip-snip there.” The Emerald City CONTINUED
  47. 47. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 47Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 47 The Emerald City Set design stills and screenshots make for nice “before and after” pictures that again demonstrate the creativity and genius of the set designs. CONTINUED
  48. 48. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 48Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 48 The Emerald City The hallway that leads to the mysterious Wizard’s throne room is another matte painting/set combination. Who doesn’t remember the excitement, fear, and anxiousness experienced when, as kids, we first took that seemingly endless walk into the unknown with Dorothy and her companions? CONTINUED
  49. 49. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 49Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 49 The Emerald City This widescreen image conveys the power and awe of the Wizard’s Throne Room set. Did you know that the green columns that look like they might be emerald marble are actually white sheets of cloth stretched and illuminated with green lighting? Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  50. 50. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 50Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 50 The Emerald City The “Palace Hallway” with its highly buffed and shined floor. In the film, it’s a mysterious entrance complete with doors opening ominously (above right), and an hasty exit for the Cowardly Lion (below right). Photo provided by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  51. 51. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 51Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 51 The Haunted Forest Clockwise from top left: Studio set reference still of the Jitter Bug Forest; screenshot of the Haunted Forest; promo photo taken during a “Jitterbug” dress rehearsal; screenshot briefly shows the Jitter Bug Forest. CONTINUED
  52. 52. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 52Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 52 The Witch’s Castle The highly effective matte painting of the Witch’s castle and how it appeared on film. CONTINUED
  53. 53. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 53Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 53 The Witch’s Castle Here are two more screenshots of the castle. The brilliance of the effect is the fact that the castle is very plain and dark. It’s not overly ornate as some might make it, but rather it matches the darkness of the Witch herself. Photo provided by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  54. 54. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 54Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 54 The Witch’s Castle Original director Richard Thorpe’s version of the Witch’s Tower Room was a bit different than the final film version. Seen here are two Thorpe set reference stills, plus a shot taken during the Thorpe filming, with both Judy and Margaret Hamilton in their original costume, hair and make-up designs. CONTINUED
  55. 55. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 55Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 55 The Witch’s Castle The Witch’s Tower Room as seen in the final film. Aside from the obvious changes in costume, hair, and make-up for both Judy and Margaret Hamilton, there are subtle changes in the set as well. It also looks appropriately darker than the Thorpe version. However, not having any Thorpe footage it’s unclear if the photos on the previous page are indicative of the lighting in his version as it would have looked on film or if the sets were lit for stills. Widescreen image created by Scott Brogan CONTINUED
  56. 56. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 56Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 56 The Witch’s Castle Above: The wonderful entrance to the Witch’s Castle; director Victor Fleming oversees the crashed chandelier and a few unfortunate Winkie Guards. Below: The Thorpe version of the Entrance Hall followed by the Fleming version. CONTINUED
  57. 57. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 57Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 57 The Witch’s Castle Before and after: The Thorpe version keeps Dorothy’s companions in their Winkie Guard disguises after her rescue while in the final film they’re able to remove them while chopping down the door to the Witch’s Tower Room. The chandelier has also been changed from metal to wood. CONTINUED
  58. 58. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 58Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 58 The Witch’s Castle This wonderful panorama created by Kurt Raymond shows the Entrance Hall set in all its glory in the completed film. Brilliant! Widescreen image created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  59. 59. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 59Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 59 The Witch’s Castle The courtyard of the Witch’s castle is part massive set (below) and part matte painting (right). As the behind the scenes still below proves, even a short chase scene such as this was given the same care and attention to detail as the bigger set pieces in the film. CONTINUED
  60. 60. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 60Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 60 The Witch’s Castle The “Tower & Battlement” that play such a pivotal role in the film. The image at the top left shows the care taken for just one quick shot from that vantage point in the film. Above right and below, the inside of the tower. Widescreen image created by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  61. 61. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 61Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 61 The Emerald City The deleted “Triumphal Return” sequence only exists in studio stills (below); a matte painting (above left); and a quick shot in the film’s trailer (above right). CONTINUED
  62. 62. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 62Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 62 The Emerald City The “Wizard’s Palace” set is seen again, this time revealing the marvelous control panel operated by a lovable humbug. CONTINUED
  63. 63. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 63Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 63 The Emerald City Panoramic image created by Kurt Raymond Another great panorama created by Kurt Raymond. Although the top part of the image consists of a matte painting, the lower part illustrates just how huge the Emerald City set was. It was the largest in the film, and that’s saying something! CONTINUED
  64. 64. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 64Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 64 The Emerald City Our final look at the Emerald City. Clockwise from top left: The Wizard’s balloon and farewell; set reference still of the stairs that Glinda will float down; Glinda floats! CONTINUED
  65. 65. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 65Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 65 Kansas - Dorothy’s Bedroom Dorothy’s bedroom is warm and comfortable. Add in her family & friends and the film ends on a warm and comfortable tone. The perfect ending to the perfect film.
  66. 66. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 66Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 66 Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! By Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  67. 67. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 67Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 67 It’s common knowledge actresses Margaret Hamilton and Judy Garland had a strong bond during the making of The Wizard of Oz. So much so that Judy brought Hamilton her graduation dress to show Hamilton during filming.  They would chat and talk between takes, and you would never know that the most fear- some villain in fantasy movie history and the film’s protagonist got along famously throughout the famously long shooting schedule of the most beloved movie of all time.  Reading this information at an early age (that Hamilton was so nice and so different from her evil “alter ego”) lead me  to write to her at age 10, beginning a long penpal-ship with her, and (inad- vertently) creating the stepping stones to what was to become (many years later) my own career onstage and at countless OZ events as her immortalized character of Miss Gulch/The Wicked Witch of the West. After several network TV viewings of The Wizard of Oz that began for me as a 4 year old back in 1970, I realized that there really was not a whole lot out there in terms of movie-related merchandise (ex- cept the 1970 Singer/MGM LP/Book/Poster package heavily ad- vertised on local TV stations from 1970-1976), but the MGM soundtrack LP, a few “book and record sets” that told the story (not the movie story), and a few different storybooks/noveliza- tions of the L. Frank Baum story were really the only OZ toys, etc., available to kids at that time.    But my world was to change in 1974.  The legendary toy giant  MEGO Corp. re- leased their line of film-accurate 8 inch figures/dolls based on the MGM film, including my beloved Wicked Witch.  I couldn’t believe my 10 year old eyes when seeing the ad for them on TV.  A “WICKED WITCH DOLL!”… Well, my mom and dad said a flat out “NO.”  No son of theirs was going to play with dolls.  Hmmmm....how would I get them to buy me at LEAST the Wicked Witch.  I hemmed and hawed about the witch be- ing the “bad villain guy” and not “a girl doll named Dorothy” enough that finally, when I happened to see a newspaper ar- ticle about the dolls and Margaret Ham- ilton was shown posing with them, my mom said if I got three straight ‘A’s in a row, I’d finally get my Witch doll.  Well, it took a month but I did it!  MEGO released a Witch’s Castle play set soon after. by Kurt RaymondMargaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  68. 68. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 68Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 68 I began writing to Hamilton in early 1976, much to my mother’s chagrin, who tried to sway my OZ interest to ones that were “better suited” for a little boy of the 1970’s, like Star Wars and GI Joe.  My dad was a little more accepting, as he was the one who was able to obtain her address in Gramercy Park through the courtesy of Fred Meyer, then Secretary of the International Wizard of Oz Club.  However, after my first letters and auto- graphs from Hamilton began coming to me (it would take Ham- ilton a few months to reply back, as she would travel from New York to her summer home in Maine, and sometimes she would be a little behind in fan mail).  My first autograph was of Hamil- ton melting, with the famous three looking on with Pat Walshe and a Winkie Guard too.  I had written to Hamilton that I would run away from home had she not returned year after year during annual OZ telecasts as the Witch I loved to hate.  On the photo, she wrote: “Don’t go, Kurt, I’ll be back, warmest wishes from where I am! (in hell, presumably since she was melting), WWW and Margaret Hamilton’.   The next year (and a couple Hamilton inscribed photos later), my dad surprised me and said he would take a pic or two off the TV during that years’ CBS telecast of the film with our new Polaroid camera during the telecast of OZ.  I was shocked, and even though the couple of pics were very dark (and one had a horizontal line through it), I treasured them until I got my own Betamax copy of the film in 1980 (by selling my bicycle).  In 1978-79, I hooked up my Panasonic tape recorder’s microphone to the TV to tape the audio of the film’s CBS showings to listen over and over again whenever I wished (and as an adult, I have found that I was not the only fan to do this).  There were no DVD’s, VHS, or other such visual recording devices, so setting the microphone to the TV speaker was the ONLY way to listen Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! by Kurt Raymond Hamilton poses with the Mego figurine set CONTINUED
  69. 69. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 69Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 69 to the whole movie back then (something the 35 minute MGM soundtrack could not provide).   In addition, also in 1976-77, there was a growth spurt of MGM-ness. Doug McClel- land released his MGM photo book, the fantastic “Down The Yellow Brick Road, The Making of the Wizard of Oz” book.  Barnes and Noble AND Grossett and Dun- lap both released storybook “movie tie-in” editions of the film in hardcover and pa- perback book form, and Aljean Harmetz released her own “Making of the Wizard of Oz” book in 1977.  And, a series of OZ Knowles Collector PLATES began in 1977 as well.  All of a sudden, there was MGM OZ everywhere!  Even an OZ bed sheet was released with all the characters  in- cluding the Wicked Witch on it!  I was in OZ heaven. A year or so before, I had been told that “Dorothy,” the in- credible Judy Garland, had passed away a few years prior and it resonated with me. The tragedy of losing someone so tal- ented, so young.  It was the first time a celebrity passing really hit home, and soon after, I was given the book “JUDY” by an aunt, so I could read just exactly who Judy Garland was.  I was saddened that I would never be able to write to Judy like I could Miss Hamilton, and so I began writing to Hamilton more and more, each time I would receive an autograph or a note back, and I could tell that Hamilton DID read my letters, because they always mentioned something special that had to do with some- thing I wrote.  That was Maggie. I had no idea that many years later, I myself would carry on Hamilton’s legacy of portraying her most famous role. Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! by Kurt Raymond CONTINUED
  70. 70. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 70Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 70 It happened during an audition for an actual OZ stage produc- tion, and many of us actors were waiting to audition.  Back then in the 1980s, it was unheard of for a male to portray a charac- ter such as the Wicked Witch, so I was going to try out for the Scarecrow.  However, the other actors, to pass the time, began talking - “What role would be your alternate if you didn’t get what you wanted?” So, one by one, we all did impressions of the characters.  I chose the Wicked Witch, and as soon as my “I’ll Get You My pretty, and you’re little dog, too” came out of my mouth, the director and cast- ing director walked by and asked us; “WHO just did the Wicked Witch?” All the actors pointed to me.  The di- rector came over, and asked me what I was auditioning for, and I said “The Scarecrow,” to which she replied “Do you know how to ride a broomstick, by chance?” And the rest is history. Now, over 25 OZ productions and literally thousands of event/ party/TV/film appearances as the character later, including the 75th Warner Brothers DVD/Blu-Ray box set, here I am, still continuing to portray the Wicked Witch of the West with every bit of evil relish as Maggie did, and I must say, it’s been a thrill- ing ride these last two decades.    One of the highlights of my career came in 2009, and I was commissioned to  per- form, in Wamego, KS, a t a 70th Anniversary gala for the film.  Miss Hamilton’s son “Ham Meserve” and his wife Helen, were to attend that weekend as well, with Ham speaking about his mother to a very excited group of OZ fans for the very first time.  During the evening, Ham (on two different occasions) at- tempted to douse me with water, first with a glass of it, then with a full jug, much to the crowds roars Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! by Kurt Raymond Kurt Raymond with “Ham Meserve” CONTINUED
  71. 71. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 71Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 71 of laughter. It was so much fun, and a night I’ll never forget.  At the end of the night, Ham came up to me and warmly said “Goodbye, Mom,” waved and left with Helen, who added “Your resemblance is so perfect it’s uncanny.” Those statements nearly made me fall over. Thank you Maggie, Judy, Ray, Jack, Bert, Billie, Frank, Char- ley, Clara, Jerry, Margaret P. and Terry/Toto, because of you, I would not be who I am today. Kurt Raymond is known in the Oz community as ‘The Master Oz Impressionist’. For over 20 years, his portrayal of Margaret Hamilton’s Wicked Witch of the West has been enjoyed by Oz fans of all generations. In addition to over 25 credits as Miss Gulch/Wicked Witch in large stage productions of The Wizard of Oz, Raymond is currently featured on the recent 75th Anni- versary edition of the Warner Brothers Wizard of Oz DVD/Blu- Ray, appearing (in costume) as the Witch in the documentary/ featurette “Because of the Wonderful Things He Does, The Legacy Of Oz” for his contribution to the everlasting legacy of Hamilton in the 1939 film. In 2013, he appeared on the A&E TV show “Storage Wars”, as an authority/appraiser of Oz collect- ibles, and is an avid Oz collector himself. Margaret Hamilton, Judy Garland, and ME! by Kurt Raymond
  72. 72. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 72Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 72 The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee CONTINUED
  73. 73. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 73Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 73 THE FIRST TIME I honestly do not remember the first time I saw MGM’s The Wizard of Oz. I do know I first saw Judy Garland before I saw OZ. I first saw Judy in The Harvey Girls, sometime between the ages of three and four. Even at that young age, I knew someone special when I saw them. I thought Judy was beautiful. I loved music and I loved her singing voice. And something within me responded to the undaunt- ed spirit of her character of Susan. When she lands in the “bare and blistered end of creation” of Sandrock, Judy as Susan proclaims, “The Constitution guarantees the pursuit of happiness, but it’s up to me to do the pursuing.” I absolutely loved Judy. I think I loved her in an instant. When I first saw The Wizard of Oz, (certainly at a young age, during an annual TV broadcast on CBS or NBC) I immediately recognized Judy from The Harvey Girls. Now she was Dorothy. Still lovely, singing and spunky. And smart enough to leave Kansas when her dog Toto’s life was threatened. And she sang “Over The Rainbow,” the most beautiful song I had ever heard. The Wicked Witch who pursued Dorothy, Toto, and friends gave me serious nightmares, but I was, nevertheless, hooked for life!  I always adored the Coward- ly Lion because Bert Lahr is so vivid, bright, and funny. But I am most connected to Dorothy, Toto, and Judy Garland.   What follows is the story of my journeys through OZ (Baum and MGM) and the power of emotional connections. As a movie mesmerized child, I had no way of knowing how OZ would impact and effect my entire life. MGM’s version of OZ, actually, sent me on alternate journeys that went far beyond the rainbow and beyond the movie itself. The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee CONTINUED
  74. 74. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 74Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 74 THE EVENT OF THE YEAR Before our “instant media” age, you could only watch OZ once a year; during the annual TV broadcast. And every year as the broad- cast date approached, I was hyper-excited, screaming “IT IS COM- ING ON.” My mother usually replied with a stern, Auntie Em-like, “Calm down, now!” Next to my birthday and Christmas and Santa Claus, OZ was the EVENT of the year! My family was amused by my OZ hysteria, so the annual OZ broadcast became a family event as well. Growing up, my parents were separated. But Daddy, as I called him, stayed in the same town and was just a phone call away at any time. He always came to watch OZ with me. You see, I needed to, literally, hide behind Daddy because Margaret Hamilton’s Wicked Witch terrified me. One year, I was so freaked out when the Witch snarled, “When I gain those Ruby Slippers, my power will be the greatest in OZ!,” Daddy said, “This is only a mov- ie. If you continue like this, I’ll turn it off.” “NO! DON’T TURN IT OFF!”. Eventually, waiting for the annual TV broadcast became too painful. So I HAD to have the MGM Soundtrack  Album LP with gatefold sleeve and dialogue and music excerpts. The charming LP record album was great for an OZ fix, but it was only forty one min- utes long! Years later, I learned I wasn’t the only OZ fan who placed a tape recorder by the TV speakers to record the sound of the ENTIRE movie; to play all year long. I was even more clever. Using multiple tape recorders, I created multiple tapes with MY VOICE perfectly dubbed over Judy’s, so I could play Dorothy. By the time I dubbed my voice over Judy’s, my family knew I was “OZ CRAZY.” 1980 TV Guide Ad The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee CONTINUED
  75. 75. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 75 The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee INSPIRED BY OZ I grew up, but never far away from “OZ.” I continued to watch the movie, but now in my own apartments, in college dorm rooms, and even group homes. I loved the OZ dolls issued in the 1970’s. Years later, I thrilled to the OZ 50th and 75th Anniversary books, and the release of OZ on VHS, DVD, and, most recently, stunning Blu-Ray. But growing up, like most OZ and Judy fans, I wanted more than the MGM movie. I’m forever grateful that the MGM movie led me to L. Frank Baum and his original OZ Books series. I always thought the MGM  movie “dream” ending was a terrible lie.  Judy even says, with intense conviction, “It wasn’t a dream. This was a real, truly live place.”   Baum’s books told me that Judy was right. OZ is “a real, truly live place” with more adventures and characters not in a single movie. But the MGM movie also took me to darker areas than OZ. I wanted to know about Judy Garland. My mother, with understandable caution, bought me a copy of Christopher Finch’s biography “Rainbow.” After that and a barrage of other biographies had dissected the ups and downs of Judy’s roller coaster existence, after the autobiographical highs and lows in A Star Is Born and I Could Go On Singing, after wonderful record albums and awe-inspiring performances on video, I easily separated Judy and Dorothy. Dorothy is a lovely role, but only an aspect of Judy’s deeper and richer legacy. Baum’s OZ Books gave me a wonderful place to dream and stay safe in when real life was too much. Judy became an inspiring muse who taught me how to survive and thrive when you must deal with, and can not escape, real life. Of course, Baum and Judy never met. But they are forever connected in an eternal time- space continuum; their individual legacies criss-crossing in 1938-1939. I like to think that Baum knows all about MGM’s OZ and he is as deeply moved by Judy Garland’s beautiful performance as we all are. CONTINUED
  76. 76. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 76Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 76 HOME, FRIENDS AND MY LITTLE DOGS, TOO Baum writes, “It was Toto that made Dorothy laugh, and saved her from growing as gray as  her other surroundings.” I had a complete connection to Dorothy. My dad was a veteri- narian and he gave me my love of animals; especially dogs. We also lived in a small, rural farming valley and, growing up, I HATED  it. I thought our valley was as dull, lifeless, and unin- teresting as Kansas. I instinctively understood why Dorothy, in MGM’s movie, would do anything to protect her “Toto darling” dog baby from the clutches of awful Miss Gulch. I understood why Dorothy wanted OUT of Kansas. Our valley was also rather windy; with bitingly cold and powerful wind gusts. I wished our wind gusts would blow up into a powerful Cyclone that would blow ME and a little black dog to the Technicolor paradise of OZ. And, once there, we would never return. I’ve always had “little black dogs.” This may have been a direct result of Baum’s influence. Tigger was my childhood dog, who protected my family with the loyalty of a saint. Decades later, Lucky Dog arrived, unplanned, into my adult life. Lucky  Dog changed everything. This was a life and soul connection. Lucky Dog was my constant companion and protector through a dra- matic, joyous, and turbulent decade. When Lucky Dog died so suddenly in 2013, I was torn apart from  the inside out. My sub- sequent depression was so severe, it was life threatening. With misgivings and duress, I finally visited a Humane Society. A small black dog named Miss Emily was placed in my lap, She fit easily and seemed comfortable there. “Oh, she looks like Lucky and Toto,” I wept. “Toto??” the volunteer asked, “The dog in The Wizard of Oz?” “Yes,” my friend told her. “It’s his favorite story.” Miss Emily and I have only begun our time together. I don’t know yet what adventures we shall have. But, like Dorothy, I have always had a small black dog by my side. Tigger, Lucky Dog, and Miss Emily are all my “Toto darling.” After a turbulent 2013, my notions of myself, home, family and friends changed drastically. I’m still in the same, small rural valley. But I appre- ciate the security and stability of my life here. I value a small group of friends. I don’t hate it  anymore, because I can escape it. The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee CONTINUED
  77. 77. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 77Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 77 Baum eventually grew tired of bringing Dorothy back and forth in the OZ books. So he put her in OZ forever in “The Emer- ald City Of Oz” giving her the best of all worlds with her OZ friends, and Aunt Em and Uncle Henry. Ozzily enough, I travel about twice a month to Seattle, WA. It is nicknamed “The Em- erald City.” I have a totally different group of friends there who work in the Seattle theatre community. A few of them have ap- peared in stage productions of MGM’s OZ. In response to my 2013 holiday note, my dear friend Greg Allen, who I first saw as the Scarecrow in 2004, wrote me, “Your Seattle family is grateful for YOU, too.” This hit me as a full-force emotional revelation. Home isn’t, and doesn’t have to be, one physical place. Home is anywhere you know yourself, where you are loved and supported unconditionally by friends who ARE family. As in Baum’s OZ books, after a long journey, I do have the best of everything. And I am eternally grateful for all The Gifts Of OZ throughout my life. 50th Anniversary VHS wooden table-top promotional display 70th anniversary DVD/Blu-ray promotional photo The Gifts of Oz By Dewey Mee
  78. 78. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 78Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 78 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt 1980s Poster Art CONTINUED
  79. 79. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 79Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 79 JUDY ON OZ “A book for which publishers have been angling for years has been signed and sealed,” proclaimed Random House in a press release dated January 4, 1960. “We expect that The Judy Garland Story will be our ACT ONE for 1960,” added publisher Bennett Cerf. What promised to be the book deal of the decade was personally negotiated by Cerf during a visit to Judy Garland’s room at Manhattan’s Doctors Hospital, where she spent seven weeks near the end of 1959. “Those great, hypnotic brown eyes of hers were not there.” recalled Judy’s ghostwriter Freddie Finklehoffe, a longtime friend and Metro- Goldwyn-Mayer scenarist. “Just little dark spots, sunken in the fat and bloat of her face. Those famous legs, the ankles of a gazelle, were fat and heavy and she had trouble getting into her shoes. . . . [The doctors] announced the verdict. Sid [Luft] told me. ‘Hepatitis and very bad.’ That’s what he told Judy. But he was lying to her as he lied to me. She had cirrhosis of the liver—and very bad.” With physicians prescribing retirement and saying she’d forever be a “semi-invalid,” the 37-year-old’s career seemed at its end. It has been said that husband Sid Luft pitched Judy’s autobiography to Bennett Cerf as soon as he realized his wife would not be fit to return to performing and touring anytime soon, and maybe never. Upon signing the book deal with Random House, Judy was reportedly paid an advance in the amount of $35,000. Cerf later recalled an advance of $20,000 to be split with Finklehoffe. Either way, Judy never saw a dime. Some say it was later that same day that Sid bet and lost the entire sum at the horse races. “There have been a lot of stories written about me . . . some of them fantastically distorted,” Judy announced in a press statement made from her hospital bed. “This book is going to set the record straight.” Still terribly ill, she was discharged on January 5, 1960, and returned to Los Angeles to begin what promised to be a lengthy recuperation period. Recalling the incident a year later, Judy said: “You want to know something funny? I didn’t care. All I cared about was that my children needed me. Suddenly the pressure was off. I just laid there, watched TV, read novels, and thought, no more pills ever, now I’m free. I’ll find a way to be happy.” by Randy L. Schmidt Image: 1993 Standee Head by Annal Bell CONTINUED
  80. 80. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 80Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 80 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt Judy may have lost the ability to sing, but it was during this time that she found another voice. Working closely with Finklehoffe, she recorded a number of stories and reminiscences on audio tape. Random House execs expected a quick turnaround, but on September 26, 1960, Cerf stated in a letter published in the Garland Gazette, a fan club journal, that he’d “not yet seen one line of manuscript of the Judy Garland autobiography.” In an effort to appease the publisher, Finklehoffe soon delivered 65 pages of rough draft, but the project with Random House soon fizzled as Judy made a full recovery, abandoned the book, and returned to work. According to Cerf, Finklehoffe “vanished into thin air. I hoarded those pages, and every once in a while, Judy would say, ‘I’m really going to finish that, you know.’ She felt very guilty about it. She’s a good girl. She doesn’t mean to do unforgivable things, but she is absolutely discombobulated between liquor and pills.” Random House eventually reclaimed its advance when it sold Judy’s story to McCall’s and Finklehoffe’s pages came together to create a two-part feature for the magazine in 1964. “We got back our money and a little bit more,” Cerf said. “But there’s no book.” February 29, 1940: Mickey Rooney gives Judy a congratulatory kiss for her Juvenile Oscar win for “The Wizard of Oz.” CONTINUED
  81. 81. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 81Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 81 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt It was an angry, bitter, and obviously over medicated Judy who revisited the idea of an autobiography during the spring of 1964, following the cancellation of her CBS television series. “I’m going to talk,” she demanded. “And somebody’s going to print this. Even if I have to put up the money myself, I’ll print it in a little book . . . maybe somebody will read it . . . and maybe somebody will learn a little of the truth of this so-called legend! That’s what I’m supposed to be, a legend. Judy Garland. Alright, then read about her. Read the truth, though!” Again, during the summer of 1966, Judy took time to record more of her memories and thoughts to tape. “I think that I have every right to write a book,” she said. “I think I’m interesting. I have perspective about me.” The earliest recordings made during this period were thoughtful and honest, but quickly took on a more jaded and resentful tone. “I’d like to expose a lot of people who deserve it [. . .] and I’d also like a few questions answered . . . questions that I’m sure I’ll find my own answers to by talking about things that I’ve buried within myself too long. . . . Why? Why did the agents do this? Why did M-G-M behave the way they did? Why have the newspapers printed such idiotic and messy stories? Why was I not allowed to talk? Why was I overworked? Why was I . . . I think I know why. I just don’t think anybody’s ever taken the time to listen.” At times Judy was clearly in a narcotized state and even became enraged. She took to screaming and shouting into the recorder, saying, “I’m not something you wind up and put on the stage that sings Carnegie Hall album and you put her in the closet [. . .] I’m gonna write a book, and I’m gonna talk, because I can do something besides sing, you know. I don’t always have to sing a song. There is something besides ‘The Man That Got Away’ or ‘Over the Rainbow’ or ‘The Trolley Song.’ There’s a woman. There are three children. There’s me! There’s a lot of life going here. I wanted to believe and I tried my damnedest to believe in the rainbow that I tried to get over and I couldn’t. SO WHAT!” Judy phoned Cerf again in 1966, but her pleas for another book deal were not met with any sort of monetary advance from the publisher as she hoped. “I’ve always loved Judy Garland,” Cerf said the following year. “She is an irresistible little woman— 2013 “Bobble Head” CONTINUED
  82. 82. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 82Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 82 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt but one of the most tragic in the world. I’m sure that one day she’s going to do herself in.” That would be Judy’s last effort to tell her own story. Discouraged, but easily distracted, she put the elusive book project back on the shelf. “When you have lived the life I’ve lived,” she explained in 1967, “when you’ve loved and suffered, and been madly happy and desperately sad—well, that’s when you realize you’ll never be able to set it all down. Maybe you’d rather die first.” For all the chaotic tirades, there were moments of passion and tenderness, too, with Judy seeming genuinely determined and eager to tell her story. “I can guarantee you,” she said in her final tapes, “even if I have to form a new publishing company and write this book, it’s going to be one hell of a great—everlastingly great—book with humor, tears, fun, emotion, and love.” She even toyed with ideas for a book title. She wittily told daughter Liza Minnelli her story would be titled Ho-Hum: My Life, and revealed to others that it might be called simply Judy, or So Far So Good, or And Now, Ladies and Gentlemen, Miss Judy Garland. “How’s your autobiography coming?” Judy was asked in 1968. “It’s been quite a packed-in life,” she answered. 2009 Kansas Lottery Ticket CONTINUED
  83. 83. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 83Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 83 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt “It will take years.” Fueled by episodes of despair, stalled in moments of hope, Judy’s efforts to compose an autobiography were inadequate and never resulted in much more than a few tapes of recorded rants and reminiscences. She abandoned her work repeatedly, and even Finklehoffe’s sixty-five-page manuscript for Random House never amounted to much more than a disarranged transcription of the tapes the two made in 1960. With all such ventures incomplete, stalled, or suspended by the time of her death in 1969, it seemed as though Judy’s telling of her life story would never come to fruition—until now. Judy Garland on Judy Garland: Interviews and Encounters is the closest we will come to experiencing and exploring the legend’s planned autobiography. Collecting and presenting the most important Garland interviews and encounters that took place between 1935 and 1969, this work opens with her first radio appearance under contract with Metro-Goldwyn- Mayer, and concludes with her last known interview, one taped for Radio Denmark just months before her death. What makes this collection unique is that it places Judy in the role of storyteller. She wrote a number of essays for various publications and sat for countless print, radio, and television interviews. These and other autobiographical efforts she made are proof that Judy Garland wanted her story told in her own words. Behind the scenes CONTINUED
  84. 84. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 84Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 84 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt For this special OZ issue of Garlands for Judy, here’s a preview of the new book. The following are some of my favorite quotes of Judy’s relating to The Wizard of Oz — ENJOY! “Of course I want to be beautiful! And Adrian—he’s doing my costumes— says I am going to be beautiful in [The Wizard of Oz]! And I want to grow up to be very beautiful, too. Only I probably won’t. But I do try.” — Hollywood, 1938 “[Oz] was always my favorite story, only I never dared even dream that someday I’d be playing Princess Dorothy on the screen. And to make things even better, I’m willing to be a blonde. I’ll bet every girl in the world with dark hair wishes she could have long, golden tresses. Well, I’ve tried mine on, and I can’t even recognize myself in the mirror. I begged Mr. [Jack] Dawn, head of the makeup department, to let me wear my blonde hair to school but he thought it would be better to wait and spring it as a surprise when the picture starts. I suppose he’s right.” — Picturegoer, 1939 “Billie Burke is Glinda, the Good, so beautiful you’ll gasp! She comes into all the scenes in a big, glittery pink bubble, and it’s just breathless! Don’t ask me how it’s done. I still don’t know. I really half believe in magic after Oz! All of the scenes in Oz are in Technicolor, you know—such colors as even rainbows never dreamed of!” — Child Life, 1939 “Ever since The Wizard of Oz, I’ve been accused of being twelve years old. You should see some of the disappointed looks I get, when people lay eyes on me in person. They expect someone in gingham, with braids, to come out singing ‘Over the Rainbow.’ And out I come, instead. I think some of them are pretty angry with me, too, for not wearing braids, and not dressing like Dorothy, and not being eleven or twelve. They’ve written in about it.” — Motion Picture, 1940 “I wanted to stay like Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz. Life wasn’t as complicated then. But I can’t help growing up. No one can. Time won’t stop and life won’t stand still. But I have a feeling that if I just look backward once in a while at Dorothy, if I am off beat in any way, I’ll get back on the sound track again. . . . Dorothy and I thought a lot alike when I made The Wizard of Oz. I like to think we still do.” — Unknown publication, April 1944 CONTINUED
  85. 85. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 85Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 85 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt “That entire production is precious to me. It aroused my imagination and it all seemed like a fairy dream come true. Also, it is ever the reminder of the most sensational moment of my career—the night of the Academy Award dinner when Mickey Rooney presented me with the golden Oscar. The lump in my throat was so big when I sang ‘Over the Rainbow’ that I sounded more like ‘Flip the Frog’ than the most excited girl in all Hollywood. And I’ll never forget how Mickey came to my rescue, for I was so nervous I thought I’d faint. He practically held me up through the second chorus.” — Movie Life, 1952 “They recorded [‘Over the Rainbow’] and I sang it, and then they shot the scene. And then when the picture was finished, you know, they take pictures out and preview them; sneak previews here and there in different towns. And they didn’t think that it was a very good idea to have the song in the movie. They seemed to feel that it would hold things up. So I think after possibly four or five previews with the song out they finally thought, Well, OK, we’ll leave it in.” — Make Believe Ballroom, radio interview, 1962 “Both men and women connect me with Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, and they have a protective attitude toward me, which is rather sweet.” — McCall’s, 1964 “I suppose the song ‘Somewhere Over the Rainbow’ in The Wizard of Oz is what people most associate with me. But most people associate a rainbow with the fairytale crock of gold. I never sought for gold. What I have sought is what the little girl I portrayed in the film was searching for in that land over the rainbow—happiness, contentment and peace of mind. During these last few months, I seem to have found them.” — Titbits, 1965 Behind the scenes CONTINUED
  86. 86. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 86Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 86 JUDY ON OZ by Randy L. Schmidt “One of [the actors playing Munchkins] who was about 40, a gentleman, asked me for dinner. And I couldn’t say, ‘I don’t wanna go out. I can’t because you’re a midget.’ I just said, ‘No, my mother wouldn’t like it.’ And he said, ‘Ah, come on. Bring your ma, too!’ — A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Hollywood, TV interview, 1967 “[Am I] tired of ‘Over the Rainbow?’ Listen, it’s like getting tired of breathing. The whole premise of the song is a question. A quest. At the end, it isn’t, ‘Well, I’ve found my world and I am a success and you and I will be together.’ The lyric is having little bluebirds ‘fly over the rainbow. Why, oh, why can’t I?’ It represents everyone’s wondering why things can’t be a little better.” — Press conference, 1967 “I have three children and even I have had to reassure them when I’m sitting beside them that I haven’t been stolen by the witch. It’s a wonderful movie, though. They show it every year in America.” — Radio Denmark interview, 1969 Judy Garland on Judy Garland: Interviews and Encounters (ISBN: 9781613749456) is the latest book in the “Musicians in Their Own Words” series from Chicago Review Press, and is due out September 2014! For more information, please visit www.randylschmidt.com or search for the book’s Facebook page.
  87. 87. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 87 In the early 90’s an Oz gathering was held at the Culver Hotel, sponsored by Elaine Willingham of the Beyond-the-Rainbow collectibles newsletter. In attendance were some of the then-surviving Munchkins, who had boarded at the hotel in 1938. The artist sister of a friend had a unique way of requesting autographs of the little people; she came prepared with a number of hand-painted yellow bricks for the Munchkins to sign. Apparently they were delighted to do so. A few days later I received this autographed yellow brick as a most wonderful and unexpected gift. It has been a treasured memento all these years, especially as individual signers have passed away. The brick displays the signatures of six original Munchkins and two Munchkin spouses, i.e., “Munchkins by marriage.” It is very hard to impress my teen-aged niece, so it’s gratifying to see her handle the brick with a bit of awe and wonder in her eyes. Signatures: Elizabeth Maren, Jerry Maren Lollipop Kid, Mickey Carroll [fiddler/town crier/soldier], Ruth R. Duccini [villager], Clarence Swenson [soldier], Myrna Swenson, Karl Slover 1st Trumpeter [soldier/ sleepyhead villager] and Margaret Pellegrino [sleepyhead/flower pot] THE STORY OF THE MUNCHKIN BRICK by Randy Henderson
  88. 88. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 88Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 88 Films and the making of movies have always interested me grow- ing up. Even at a young age, I was trying to get in contact with TV stations and film companies to find out info about their films, like special effects on a Disney movie for example. Since 2005, I have been able to interview a number of different historians, authors, and impersonators who have committed part of their life to some aspect of the movie. It may be an impersonator, a character such as Dorothy or the Wicked Witch or maybe it was someone writing a book about Oz, everyone one of us has been connected some way or some how to the film. As a child - I somewhat became obsessed with the 1939 film and the Disney movie Return to Oz - not just because of the story, but because the music was so brilliantly written and the set magically transformed all of us to Oz and back home again. When Judy Garland walked out (from the sepia tone setting) the door into what was known as Technicolor, everything just seemed like you were really there! With the amazing technology now with War- ner Brothers, the film has already been released on blu-ray and most recently last fall, on to 3-D. It is hard to believe that even 75 years later a film this magical could even look this stunning in IMAX 3-D as it was presented for a week in theaters across the nation last fall. The Wizard of Oz is important to me for the reason why it connects both me and so many others, because the story never grows old. Even before the movie starts, in the opening credits it was said that it was dedicated for those of us who are young at heart. Throughout the years it has become a tradition, to have watched the movie around Thanksgiving every year. For me personally, I have been able to col- lect Oz collectibles as well as sharing my knowledge by raising money to produce a documentary about the Oz community. After speaking to friend Stephen Sisters who created a model of the Munchkinland, I was encouraged to attend additional events and film other noted Oz individuals for a documentary about the world of Oz. I spent a few years traveling, preparing, editing and working with my close friend Landon Parks who is the associate producer of the film. After starting a campaign on Kickstarter, I was able to raise over $2,000 to help underwrite production costs to create, “The Wonderful World of Oz: Celebrating the Oz Community.” The film is also professionally narrated by voice actor Jason McCoy. Those interested can go online to my Oz fan site at www.thewizardofozfilm.com for more and or to wwww.thewonderfulworldofoz.com/dvd.htm to order the film and is also available on amazon.com. Aaron Pacentine, owns the online site Fami- lyFilmsProductions. com and sells and promotes family related movies, and has a large online site focused on the Wizard of Oz at www.thewizardo- fozfilm.com More info on his Wiz- ard of Oz docu- mentary can be viewed at www. thewonder- fulworldofoz. com. He lives in Indianap- olis, Indiana and is orig- inally from southern California. OZ MEMORIES by Aaron Pacentine
  89. 89. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 89Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 89CONTINUED Home Media Through The Years
  90. 90. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 90 When The Wizard of Oz premiered in August of 1939 the “home media market” didn’t exist as we know it today. The world was still in the last few years of The Great Depression, and the only “media” common in most homes was a piano and a radio. Records had been gaining in popularity, but not to the extent that they would in the post-war years to the present. Sheet music was still the most popular form of home media. Naturally The Wizard of Oz sheet music was heavily marketing in music stores. That was pretty much it. The first OZ records were not taken from the film’s pre-recordings, but were studio recordings made at the Decca Records studios, where Judy Garland was under contract and had been recording studio versions of her movie songs and other popular songs of the day, all for release on 78rpm singles. The Decca OZ album was Garland’s first album released by the label. Two more Garland albums, plus a reissue of the Oz album, would be released before her departure from the label in 1947. “The Musical Score from Metro- Goldwyn-Mayer’s Technicolor Triumph The Wizard of Oz” was originally released by Decca Records in March 1940. Judy only appeared on the two singles included in the album: “Over the Rainbow” (Decca #DLA 1840-A) and “The Jitterbug” (Decca #DLA 1841-A), both recorded on July 28, 1939 and released in September 1939. The “vocal trio” who accompany Judy on “The Jitterbug” are none other than Harold Arlen as The Scarecrow, with Bud Lyon as The Tin Man, & Garney Bell as The Lion. The rest of the songs on the album were recorded by The Ken Darby Singers on July 29, 1939. “Over the Rainbow” peaked on The Hit Parade at #5. Decca re-released the OZ album with cover art in 1947. Albums of songs as they were recorded for the films themselves did not become a home media market until 1947. At that time, MGM Records began releasing soundtracks of their most popular musicals of just eight numbers from those films. The three to four minute maximum time on 78rpm records, and the four-record eight-sided albums, were the standard of the day. “Long playing” records didn’t appear for a few years. Finally, in 1956, and to coincide with the television premiere of The Wizard of Oz on the CBS network (the final installment of the “Ford Star Jubilee” series of specials November 3, 1956), MGM Records released “Musical and Dramatic Selections Recorded Directly from the Soundtrack of MGM’s Technicolor Picture The Wizard of Oz.” The album was a milestone. It was the first time a musical soundtrack has been released in an expanded format that included songs and dialog to create a listening experience that reflected the experience of viewing the film (MGM Record’s 1951 soundtrack of Quo Vadis was the first to include music and dialog from a film on a soundtrack). A scant 45 minutes long, it seems short by today’s standards but this was the first release of Judy’s one-of-a-kind film performance of “Over the Rainbow” on record. MGM Records re-released the soundtrack over the years until the CD era took hold in the late 1980s. Throughout the 1950s, 60s and into the 70s, the only available OZ home media were the album reissues, sheet music, and shortened 8mm film versions. Some collectors were able to get their hands on 16mm prints of the film for private home use but those were certainly not marketed as home media releases to the general public. Things changed dramatically once the 1980s hit. HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS CONTINUED
  91. 91. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 91 SHEET MUSIC - 1939 CONTINUED
  92. 92. TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ARTICLES HOME MEDIA THROUGH THE YEARS FUN STUFF GALLERIES Garlands for Judy - The Wizard of Oz 75th Anniversary Edition 92 SHEET MUSIC CONTINUED

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