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A Case study of a girls' physcial activity program

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It was presented at Games for Health conference (5/18-19, 2011) in Boston, MA.

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A Case study of a girls' physcial activity program

  1. 1. A Case study of a GirlsPhysical Activity Program Yoonsin Oh, Ph.D. Candidate Virginia Horne Henry Fellow University of Wisconsin-Madison
  2. 2. WHAT I’MPLAYING...
  3. 3. U.S. Children & Adolescentsin 2003-2006 32% BMI ≥ 85th percentile (Ogden, Carroll, & Flegal, 2008)
  4. 4. Girls, in general, are less active than boys (Trost et al., 2002)
  5. 5. Decline in Girl’s PA White Black (Kimm et al., 2002)
  6. 6. Decline in Girl’s PA White Black (Kimm et al., 2002)
  7. 7. Girl’s exergaming physical activity afterschool program
  8. 8. Girl’s exergaming physical activityafterschool program • Pilot study (8 weeks) • Female • Middle school aged students (6th-8th grade) • Interested in playing pokémon game in a group • Weeks ethnographic data
  9. 9. Pokémon + Pedometer 1999 2000 2010
  10. 10. Pokémon & Pokéwalker
  11. 11. C B DA E G F
  12. 12. 11 yr old C 6th grade 12 yr old 13 yr old 6th grade B D 7th grade12 yr old 13 yr old6th grade A E 7th grade 12 yr old 13 yr old G 6th grade F 8th grade
  13. 13. Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri 7th 6th 8th graders graders graders A Exer-3:30-7:00 High D C gaming schoolers (3:30-4:30 B F ) E G
  14. 14. Weekly meeting for 8 weeks except their spring break 3/18-5/13
  15. 15. Pre program BMI BMI=30.1 98th C Obese BMI=31.4 BMI=25.6 98th 93rd Obese B D OverweightBMI=42.5 BMI=17.999th 37thObese A E Healthy BMI=35.5 BMI=16.9 99th 18th G Obese F Healthy
  16. 16. Pre program BMI BMI=30.1 98th C Obese BMI=31.4 BMI=25.6 98th 92th Obese B D OverweightBMI=42.5 BMI=17.999th 37thObese A E Healthy BMI=35.5 BMI=16.9 99th 18th G Obese F Healthy
  17. 17. I am so happy! I got a good news. so my sister and her two kids lived with us like a yearBMI=42.5 and some months.99th She found her own placeObese A and finally leave. 4/8/11
  18. 18. BMI=31.4 BMI=25.698th 92thObese B D Overweight Sisters Just moved from other states live in Salvation Army shelter with 6 siblings and single mom w/o job Dropped out of Girls Inc. program
  19. 19. Mental health issue Anger problem Suspended from school BMI=35.5 99thG Obese
  20. 20. Pre program BMI BMI=30.1 98th C Obese Mom wants her to clean home Grounded at home
  21. 21. BMI=42.5 BMI=17.999th 37thObese A E Healthy BMI=16.9 18th F Healthy
  22. 22. Pokéwalker Problems “A: I didn’t wanna lose it... Sometimes it will fall off” For Girls 1. Scared of losing it 2. Easy to lose or misplace 3. Forget to wear For Researcher 1. Hard to record their step numbers 2. Hours of Playing DS required before using Pokéwalker 3. Players are never asked to link to Pokéwalker during in-game play
  23. 23. BMI=16.9 18thF Healthy
  24. 24. Physical Activity (pre program)Y: Do you walk in general?F: No.Y: Why?F: Because like, it’s kind of hard for me because it’lltake me a very long time to get to school and I will belate.Y: Do you walk outside of school when you are not in a hurry?F: No. Because like it’s still gonna take me a longtime. I am probably My mom’s probably gonna want me to be home.
  25. 25. Physical Activity (Post program)Y: How do you think you’ve changed over the eight weeks in your physical activity including walkingand general?B: I started to ride my bike more because now I ride it anywhere except to school.Y: Did you walk in general?B: Yes.
  26. 26. Gym badgesBMI=42.5 BMI=17.999th 37thObese A E Healthy BMI=16.9 18th F Healthy
  27. 27. Post program BMIBMI=44 BMI=18.899th 54thObese A E Healthy BMI=17.1 20th F Healthy
  28. 28. Lesson1. Pay attention to girls’ life C B D A G
  29. 29. Lesson2. Be prepared to lose equipment
  30. 30. Lessons3. Make it easier for participants to contribute
  31. 31. Lessons4. Incentives
  32. 32. thank you Virginia Horne Henry Fellowship www.yoonsinoh.org
  33. 33. ReferencesKimm, S., Glynn, N. W., Kriska, A. M., Barton, B. A., Kronsberg, S. S., Daniels, S. R.et al. (2002). Decline in physical activity in black girls and white girls duringadolescence. The New England journal of medicine, 347(10), 709.Ogden, C. L., Carroll, M. D., & Flegal, K. M. (2008). High body mass index for ageamong US children and adolescents, 2003-2006. JAMA: the journal of the AmericanMedical Association, 299(20), 2401.Trost, S. G., Pate, R. R., Sallis, J. F., Freedson, P. S., Taylor, W. C., Dowda, M. et al.(2002). Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity inyouth. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34(2), 350-355.
  34. 34. Photo CreditsSlide 2: Pokémon Heartgold: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/7/75/Pokemon_HeartGold_Version_box.jpg/256px-Pokemon_HeartGold_Version_box.jpgPokémon Soulsilver: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_aKIwBO1p12Y/TKX43z5tFkI/AAAAAAAAC4c/y3ia61iVe1A/s400/pokemon-soul-silver.pngAnimal Crossing Wild World: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/3/34/Animal-crossing-wild-world-20060323091032903.jpg/256px-Animal-crossing-wild-world-20060323091032903.jpgChibi-robo!: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c6/Chibi_Robo.jpgPokéwalker: http://media.nintendo.com/nintendo/bin/6h3SVCh4LpHmuce8lBfQOZnMK5mscR64/wwZ-bVaI29En9Z7EOkCNO4DG-DINcgb5.jpgKatamari Damacy: http://dsmedia.ign.com/ds/image/article/956/956583/korogashi-puzzle-katamari-damacy-20090224080909380.jpgTrade Nations:http://epic-gamer.com/files/2010/11/trade_nations.jpgWe Rule Quest!: http://www.ngmoco.com/we-rule/files/2010/10/loading_phone_lock_screen_final-297x183.pngDance Central: http://www.ifc.com/news/assets_c/12092010_Dance_Central_DLC.jpgEarthBound: http://starmen.net/mother2/images/screenshots/title.pngTeam Fortress 2: http://features.cgsociety.org/stories/2007_11/team_fortress/banner01a.jpgSlide 6: Graph from Kimm, S., Glynn, N. W., Kriska, A. M., Barton, B. A., Kronsberg, S. S., Daniels, S. R. et al. (2002). Decline in physical activity inblack girls and white girls during adolescence. The New England journal of medicine, 347(10), 709.Slide 7: Girls Inc. logo: http://www.girlsinc-online.org/sites/all/themes/gio/logo.pngSlide 8: Pokémon female trainers: http://static.desktopnexus.com/thumbnails/233909-bigthumbnail.jpgSlide 10: http://pallettribune.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/pikachu.pngSlide 11: See Slide 2Slide 12: http://www.el33tonline.com/images/cache/6605.jpgSlide 13: See Slide 2Slide 16: See Slide 7Slide 24: Pokémon trainer: http://img3.lln.crunchyroll.com/i/spire1/08162008/e/4/4/a/e44a8dc032b980_full.pngSlide 25: See Slide 2Slide 29: Gym Badge: http://www.craigrom.com/badges/wp-content/uploads/Pokemon%20Heart%20Gold%20Badges.jpgSlide 30: See Slide 24Slide 32: Leash :http://lh3.googleusercontent.com/public/ZZ0O2x09B_rf-1ySPkyOvt9d6vQfkUKroe5eyDCDtXHjncKNaFjAYe5yity_0CwA0h__R-Ol6fyrz1VaQHBHq3HbGlmzX35DmSmMr_1dd915CBqx17Jbp7T1vIzB_GDCJoK5wx7lakgnxJkL2v5vi-sDJjU-eEwV3Z9S_3sNFKXHuTI3XATHD-F9Pokéwalekr: See slide 2Slide 34: Gift boxes: http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/6748514/2/istockphoto_6748514-gift-boxes.jpgSlide 35: GLS logo: http://www.gameslearningsociety.org/TEN logo: http://exergaming.pbworks.com/f/1261007362/TEN-logo-4-reduced-size.jpgUniversity of Wisconsin logo: http://www.uc.wisc.edu/brand/templates-and-downloads/print-logos.php

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