Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Coal-Water Slurry Fuel {new location: }


Published on

***** new location is here: *****
Coal-Water Slurry is a liquid form of coal and could be used as gas and oil. CWS is cheap and effective fuel which substitutes oil&gas

Published in: Technology, Business

Coal-Water Slurry Fuel {new location: }

  1. 1. WATERCOAL<br />Clean and Effective Coal NOW<br />1<br />Ecologically Clear and Effective Liquid fuel from coal<br /><ul><li>District Heating
  2. 2. Power stations
  3. 3. Industry production</li></ul>Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />
  4. 4. Technology Description<br /> <br />WCF (or other words – Coal Water Slurry – CWS) is very similar to heating oil (mazut) by viscosity and density and could be used on existing coal and gas (or oil) boilers and power stations.<br />Combustion of coal in a form of WCF allows to utilize coal up to 99% (combustion efficiency). High efficiency reduces the cost price of produced energy (Gcal, Btu, kW*h), reduces emissions into the atmosphere.<br />Comparing to layer-to-layer coal combustion WCF saves from 15% to 30% of coal.<br />Comparing to pulverized coal combustion WCF reduces NOx and SO2 emissions, reduces sensitivity to quality of initial coal, has other handling benefits.<br />2<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />WaterCoal Fuel (WCF) consists of fine-dispersive mixture of powdered coal, water and (sometimes) plasticizer. <br />WCF = Coal (58%...70%) + Water (29%…40%) + Additives(&lt;1%)<br />
  5. 5. History of WCF<br />Initially WCF was considered in USSR as an opportunity to:<br />Reduce delivery expensesfor moving coal from mines to consumers<br />Way to utilize coal slurries (sledges)<br />Since 1989 to 1993 coal pipeline Belovo-Novosibirsk (262 km length) was constructed in Russia.<br />WCF was produced in Belovo, then transported to Novosibirsk through the coal-pipeline and combusted in TEC-5 (power station of Novosibirsk)<br />Combustion of WCF in Novosibirsk confirmed ecological and economical advantages of WCF comapring to regular coal combustion.<br />Project was postponed in Russia because of extremely low oil&gas price in Russia<br /> Since 2004 Moscow company JSC “Amalthea” gathered all knowledge about WCF technology and developed it from scientific researches to commercial-ready product.<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />3<br />
  6. 6. WCF Characteristics<br />4<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />Additives may not required<br />55…68%<br />32...45%<br />&lt;1%<br />
  7. 7. Raw Coal for preparing WCF<br />Coal of almost any types could be used as a raw for WCF: lignite, flame and gas flame coals, anthracites. Brown coal could also be used.<br />Coal waste slurries could be used for preparing WCF<br />Desirable ash:<br />Less than aprox. 10% for using on gas/oil boilers <br />No limits if using in coal boilers<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />5<br />
  8. 8. Raw for WCF<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />6<br />
  9. 9. WCF preparation<br />WCF preparation consists of three major stages<br />Crushing till 10…25mm<br />Wet milling and homogenization<br />Intermediate storage<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />7<br />
  10. 10. Equipment for Preparing<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />8<br />
  11. 11. Characteristics of mini-production WCF factory<br />Production: <br />Up to 10 per hour<br />Up to 3200 t per month<br />Required power<br />About 300kVA<br />Water Consumption <br />Up to 4cubic m per h<br />Required square<br />WCF production – up to 360 sqm, module construction<br />Coal storage – 1000..1500 sqm(for 1 month)<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />9<br />
  12. 12. WCF advantages<br />10<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />
  13. 13. WCF combustion<br />WCF could be used on a wide range of existing steam and waterheating boilers.<br />WCF combustion could be organized standard furnace with modified burner or with organizing swirl combustion.<br />Common combustion of WCF and gas or oil is possible<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />11<br />
  14. 14. Ecology<br />WCF combustion reduce on 30…50% NOx emissions comparing to regular pulverized coal combustion.<br />Coal utilization while WCF combustion is about 99%. It means that only 1% of uncombusted coal exists in ash.<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />12<br />Image of WCF-ash particle which is produced after WCF combustion.<br />Pores in ash particle have a size about 1.5…2mkm. Ash particle has a complicated geometrical structure.<br />
  15. 15. Economic: Fuel additive into a Gcal price<br />13<br /><ul><li>Used average prices of coal, oil and gas in Europe. To be corrected in each specific case.</li></ul>Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />
  16. 16. WCF efficiency comparing to Gas<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />14<br />
  17. 17. WCF in Murmanskaya region (Russia): Functional Scheme<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />15<br />
  18. 18. Example of small heating station on WCF<br />Waterheating station for district heating<br />Module construction: 12*7,2*3,3м (including WCF storage).<br />Power: 0,7…1,2Gcal/h.<br />Supposed that WCF is delivered with autotrucks<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />16<br />
  19. 19. Boiler on WCF<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />17<br />Waterheating boiler, 0,4MW(construction process)<br />
  20. 20. About company<br />Amaltheais an engineering company which provides full complex of solutions for WCF implementations:<br />engineering&design<br />supervising;<br />High-effective CWS-production equipment <br />Technical know-hows for CWS combustion<br />Amalthea put together the best experience in a field of Coal Water Slurries and has now effective solutions as for big energy sites so for small&medium scale heating stations<br />Company has it’s own developments in a field of WCF preparation and combustion. All inventions and technology solutions are patented.<br />Amaltheais the only company now which passed the whole process from initial object review (technical and economical) to design, construction and final commissioning (including with local regulation organs).<br />18<br />LLC Amalthea-Service<br />Moscow, Russia<br />T: +7 905 556 3322<br />T/F: +7 499 530 1258<br />Email:<br />Web:<br />Amalthea, Group of Company,<br />