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Feeding wildlife


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Feeding wildlife

  1. 1. Feeding WildlifeDivision of Fisheries and Wildlife
  2. 2. Issues with feeding wildlife• Damage• Disease Transmission• Habituation• Public Safety Threats• Increased Wildlife Mortality
  3. 3. Damage• Property damage – Home/garage/outbuilding/vehicle entries• Agricultural depredations – Livestock – Rabbits and chickens – Bee Hives – Crop Damage• Pet depredations
  4. 4. Disease Transmission 2• Rabies 1• Mange• Canine Distemper• Toxoplasmosis 3• Raccoon Roundworm 5 4
  5. 5. Habituation• Occurs when: – Acclimated to human presence – Lack of threats – Unnatural food sources – Behavior rewarded
  6. 6. Public Safety• Habituated individuals• Aggressive behaviors• Home entries
  7. 7. Increased Wildlife Mortality• Lethal removal of public safety threats• Lethal removal due to property damage• Death from disease (increased transmission at feeding areas)• Roadkill mortality – Crossing major roads to access human food sources – Dispersal of young into other residential areas in search of human food sources
  8. 8. Intentional /Direct INTENTIONAL Feeding -Bird feeders, squirrel Direct -Bird feeders,feeders, food piles for squirrel feeders, foodbears,for piles feeding animals bears, feeding animalsby hand by Unintentional / hand Indirect Feeding Indirect -Garbage, pet -Garbage, pet food,food, compost, picnic compost, picnic tables, tables, BBQ’s BBQ’s
  9. 9. Behavioral• Direct Feeding Changes • Habituation • Bird Feeders • Lack of threats • Home invasions • Intentionally • Visiting Neighbors attracting bears • Compost • Garbage Increased Leads to Chance of Indirect Mortality
  10. 10. Bears as an example• Northampton has many areas of excellent natural bear habitat• Allowing bears access to human-food sources dramatically increases human-bear conflicts – Environmental Police respond to more bear calls in Northampton than any other town
  11. 11. #298 2010-2011#309; 2010#323; 2010-2011#269; 2009#280; 2009
  12. 12. Bear 298 and 323Feeding Sites
  13. 13. Bear 323 – Feeding site
  14. 14. Incidents related to feeding in Northampton• Increased use of residential areas by bears• Damage to bird feeders/garbage cans reported across town• Damage to chicken coops and rabbit hutches• Attacks on pygmy goats and pigs• Home and shed break-ins• Bear eating food meant for feral cats led to denning next to I-91 and office park
  15. 15. Preventing Wildlife Conflicts• You MUST address all types of feeding – Indirect • Garbage, dumpsters, pet food, compost, etc. – Direct • Bird feeders, hand feeding wildlife, etc.• Everyone MUST participate• Enforcement will be necessary• Will take time
  16. 16. Questions? Stone Wall Drive, Today: 11am