Edson Aparecido | Metro to Macro Development in São Paulo | Global Cities Initiative


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Edson Aparecido | Metro to Macro Development in São Paulo | Global Cities Initiative

  2. 2. MACROMETROPOLIS OF SÃO PAULO IN NUMBERS 50 thousand square kilometers 173 municipalities– 200 km average distance from the city of São Paulo Metropolitan Regions São Paulo, Baixada Santista, Campinas and Vale do Paraíba and Litoral Norte Urban Agglomerations Jundiaí, Piracicaba and Sorocaba Microrregions Bragantina and São Roque More than 30 million inhabitants 73% of the population of the State of São Paulo 15% of the population of Brasil GIP – (2009) US$ 450 billion 83% of the State 28% of Brasil
  3. 3. GIP – MM OF SÃO PAULO In US$ billlions - 2009 Campinas 43 Baixada Santista 20 Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte 28 Jundiaí 14 Piracicaba 15 Sorocaba 17 Bragantina 3 São Roque 2São Paulo 307 Fonte: IBGE
  4. 4. METROPOLITAN REGION OF SÃO PAULO INFRASTRUCTUREInternational AirportsCongonhas and GuarulhosRegional AirportCampo de MarteHub of important highway axis ofmobility and economical expansionof the State:Highway Systems Anchieta/Imigrantesand Anhanguera/BandeirantesHighways Pres. Dutra, AyrtonSenna, Carvalho Pinto, CasteloBranco, Fernão Dias and RegisBittencourtBeltway Rodoanel Mário CovasMetro System/metropolitan trains
  5. 5. METROPOLITAN REGION OF SÃO PAULO - DRIVERS FOR THE ECONOMICAL GROWTH Size of GIP (2009) – US$ 307 billlion Principal and most modern industrial center of the State and the Country Biggest scientific and technological complex of the Country Biotechnology, nanotechnology and software development industries Industrial sectors of chemicals and drugs, electronic and communications material, transportation material; machines and equipment and clothing Biggest distribution and retail center of the Country Headquarter of the main banks and financial groups of the Country
  6. 6. METROPOLITAN REGION OF CAMPINAS INFRASTRUCTUREViracopos International AirportFirst in volume and import value of the CountryGas and Oil Pipeline NetworkRoad network relevant to logisticoperations Important regional transport structure(System Anhanguera/Bandeirantes, Highways: D.Pedro I, Ademar de Barros, Santos Dumont)Regional Railway System
  7. 7. METROPOLITAN REGION OF CAMPINAS – DRIVERS FOR THE ECONOMICAL GROWTH Diversified industrial profile – Third biggest industrial park of the Country. Chemicals, textiles, metalmechanic, electronic material and communications equipment, transportation material and autoparts, food and beverages complexes Agroindustrial complexes of sugar cane, orange and coffe, with great weight over Brazilian exports Biggest national flowers producer Research Institutions and Centers of national and international reference – Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento (CPqD), Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (IAC), Instituto de Tecnologia de Alimentos (ITAL) , Laboratório Nacional de Luz Sincroton (LNLS) Important Petrochemical Center, HQ of the biggest refinery in the Country (Refinaria de Paulínia) Service sector featuring universities, life’s sciences and logistic services
  8. 8. METROPOLITAN REGION OF BAIXADA SANTISTA - INFRASTRUCTURE Biggest Port complex of South America - Port of Santos -export the agricultural and industrial production of the State, of other production centers in the country and of the Mercosul -has a financial volume of 25% of the FOB value of the country’s foreign trade Modern highway network composed by the Anchieta/Imigrantes system and a system of secondary highways Integration with railways (Ferroban and MRS – Logística S.A) – Important role in the regional economical development
  9. 9. METROPOLITAN REGION OF BAIXADA SANTISTA - DRIVERS FOR GROWTHGIP (2009) – US$ 20 billionSantos Basin – Oil and natural gas exploration in the pre-salt layerPetrochemical hub centered around Presidente Bernardes Refinery & PetrobrasDynamic industrial structure, of which the most expressive segments are oilrefining, basic metallurgy and the chemical branchIndustrial plants of intermediate goods (Companhia Siderúrgica Paulista –Cosipa)Fabrication of food and beveragesSummer vacations tourism
  10. 10. METROPOLITAN REGION OF THE VALE DO PARAIBA & LITORAL NORTE - INFRASTRUCTURERoutes of regional acessHighways: Presidente Dutra,dos Tamoios (acess to the Ports ofSantos & São Sebastião),Carvalho Pinto and Ayrton SennaMRS Logística SA Railway -links with the states of Minas Gerais &Rio de JaneiroTechnological ParksAirportProfessor Urbano Ernesto Stumpf -São José dos Campos
  11. 11. METROPOLITAN REGION OF THE VALE DO PARAIBA & LITORAL NORTE - ECONOMY GIP (2009) – US$ 28 billion Aeronautic & aeroespace complex centered around ITA – Instituto Técnico de Aeronáutica, linked to CTA – Centro Técnico Aeroespacial and to INPE – Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, and around EMBRAER – Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica Superior Learning & Research Institutes Hub (ITA – Unifesp – Univale) Biggest center of high technology dedicated to research, development and aerospace productionin Brazil Two Technological Parks (Sistema Estadual de Parques Tecnológicos) Big industrial companies of the petrochemical, automotive, chemical, military, drugs, veterinarian, electroelectronics and telecommunications sectors
  12. 12. BARRIERS AND BOTTLENECKS- URBAN MOBILITYFACTS: 954 thousand persons enter daily in the city of São Paulo coming from other cities of the state, to study/work , which represented 1/3 of all the occurrences in the state in 2010 In the city of São Paulo, the population increased 7,9% in 10 anos and the vehicles’ fleet increased 68%Mobility index in the collective mode: 0,71 in the MRSP and of 0,42 na MRBS in 2007Mobility index in the individual mode: 0,58 (MRSP) and 0,17 (MRBS)Motorization rate: 184 (MRSP) e 121 (MRBS) Necessity of a new model of mobility for the collective transport of passengers, prioritizing different modal systems, operating in distributed, interlinked and integrated networks, to promote the movement of the population safely and reducing travel time
  13. 13. SOLUTIONS - URBAN MOBILITYSOLUTIONS: Expansion of the Metrorail network – investiments of US$ 22,5 billlion until 2015 Implantation of the Phase II of the Line 4 Yellow – 12,8 Km - 5 stations - 970 thousand passengers/day Line 5 Lilac Phase II – 11,7 km - 11 stations -700 thousand passengers/day Line 2 Green – Extension Line 17 Gold – Implantation of line – 18 Km - 18 stations Modernization of the regional railway links improving connectivity in the following trips: São Paulo/Sorocaba, São Paulo/Baixada Santista and the trip from Campinas/São Paulo/São José dos Campos, in the MMP, with the city of Rio de Janeiro Implantation of the Rail BeltwayImplantation of the Light Rail Train (LRT) in the MRBSConclusion of the Northwest Corridor in the MR of Campinas
  14. 14. BARRIERS AND BOTTLENECKS – LOGISTICS & CARGO TRANSPORTFACTS: 50% of cargo is concentrated in the Macrometropolis Predominance of general cargo (83% of the total) Unbalanced model: 93% through highways mode and only 5,2% through railwaysmodeSaturation of all highway axis arriving at the MRSP (from 2020) Late and incomplete application of benchmarks by the federal government (railways and ports) Necessity of an intermodal frame, reorienting the cargo transportation logistics, with the implantation of new roadways and logistic distribution centers, as well as the adoption of a multimodal system, involving railways, hydroways, roadways and pipelines
  15. 15. SOLUTIONS– LOGISTICS & CARGO TRANSPORT Substitute the disperse logistic model by the structured model - This reorganization willdeliver a big decrease in the circulation of heavy cargo, with environmental and economical gains forthe MMP Multimodal frame – The predominance of general cargo requires : Construction of a physical infrastructure Institutional modernization Ability to move big volumes of unitized cargo (containers) CONSTRUCTION OF THE RAIL BELTWAY CONCLUSION OF THE HIGHWAY BELTWAY IMPLANTATION OF THE LOGISTIC DISTRIBUTION CENTERS CARGO EXPRESS TRAINS
  16. 16. SOLUTIONS - BELTWAY Castello BrancoRaposo Tavares S. B. CAMPO RODOANEL Trecho Oeste Trecho Sul Trecho Norte + Leste
  17. 17. SOLUTIONS – RAILWAY BELTWAY LEGENDA Rodovias CAMPINAS Boa MRS Vista Tramo Norte ALL Jundiaí CPTM Campo Limpo Ferroanel Sul Ferroanel Norte Ferroanel Noroeste Estações Manuel Feio SÃO PAULO Barra Funda Ermelino Brás Matarazzo Osasco Lapa Amador Bueno Calmon Viana IpirangaMairinque Tramo Sul Vila Califórnia Rio Grande Tramo da SerraNoroeste SANTOS Evangelista de Souza
  18. 18. BARRIERS & BOTTLENECKS– HOUSINGFACTS: The habitational deficit is 1,1 million residences, representing 8% of the total residences ofthe state of São Paulo Inadequacy (residences with needs that may be solved with corrective action) is of 24%, or3,1 million 68% of the deficit and 67% of the inadequacy are within the 4 Metropolitan Regions There are 174 thousand residences within risk areas, being 92% in the macrometropolisCHALLENGES: to promote the construction of new housing projects for the population with low income, to promote the recovery of urban and environmental liabilities to foster institutional development and partnerships.
  19. 19. SOLUTIONS - HOUSINGThe State Housing Plan defines as priorities/focus for action:  Corrective Actions: Urban recovery of insecure settlements, land regularization and urban and habitational requalifying;  Expansion of service with provision for residences  Urbanization of ‘Favelas’ – recovery of accumulated social liabilities, with urbanistic adequacy and improvement of the conditions of the urban infrastructure of existing nuclei  Public role must articulate/integrate the body of public policies related to housing and involving important themes as accessibility (with quality public transportation), offer of potable water, waste collection service and sewer treatment, solid garbage collection and disposal, recovery and/or environmental sustainability projects, etc. Example in SP - Serra do Mar Environmental Recovery Program
  20. 20. SOLUTIONS - HOUSING PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP Beginning of works: 2013 Financing term– 25 years Directed to families with gross monthly income up to 10 minimum salaries (ms), being 90% of units for for families with monthly income of up to 5 ms, working in downtown São Paulo Status: 1st phase: public tender for projects (RFP) that allow for the construction of 10 thousand residences in downtown São Paulo Partially inactive infrastructure: difference in the use of installed infrastructure is of 400% between day and night Concentrates 24% of job opportunities in the 13 central districts of the city
  21. 21. BARRIERS & BOTTLENECKS – ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATIONFACTS:General indicators are good, however, there are different stages depending on the territorial size beingconsidered:  MRBS – sewer service is still deficient, coverage reaches 75% of residences  MR Vale/ Litoral Norte - 81,5% are covered by sewer service, resulting in inadequate dipossal of sewer, in cesspools, hydroways and even in the sea  MMP – although there is ample coverage of garbage collection for the bigger part of cities, the disposal of these residues present great problems Urban drainage, the accelerated occupation process resulted in significant impacts on the water supply, specially in relation to floods and the contamination of ground and underground water, together with the urban effluentsBOTTLENECKS:  Limited institutional and financial capacity of municipalities to challenge complex and interdisciplinary problems
  22. 22. SOLUTIONS – ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION CLEAN WAVE Baixada Santista (MRBS ) - Elevation of collection indexes to 78% and 100% for treatment until 2013 Litoral Norte – elevation of sewer service up to 85% until 2016 METROPOLITAN WATER PROGRAM – Increase in the capacity of production of water in MRSP of 13,2 m3/s (current it is 67,7 m3/s) until 2014TIETÊ PROJECT - Elevation of indexes of sanitation drainage in the MRSP until2015:  Collection: from 84% to 87%  Treatment: from 70% to 84% IMPLANTATION OF HOLDING RESERVOIRS – Construction of six “big pools“until 2015
  23. 23. MAIN CHALLENGESThe main metropolitan challenges have social, economic, environmental andinstitutional origin  From the social pont of view it includes actions focusing housing, environmental sanitation, infrastructure, equipaments and communital utilities.  In the economic area, the challenge resides in increasing competitivity and productivity of cities, improving infrastructure in general and, particularly, urban transportation and mobility.  The environmental challenge implies in the betterment of sanitation conditions in the cities, addressing questions of water supply, collection and treatment of sewers, and garbage collection, as well as the reduction of water and air pollution, and the preservation of the protected areas.  In the institutional scope, one should adequate policies and instruments of urban planning and management to fulfill the needs of the population, overcoming legal, institutional, technical and bureaucratic deficiencies.