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Macmillan 3 booklet1

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Macmillan 3 booklet1

  1. 1. airo Governorate Department : English Nozha Directorate of Education 1st Term Nozha Language Schools “Ismailia Road” Branch Weekly Distribution for 3rd Primary Syllabus , 2009 - 2010 Weeks Macmillan Fluency The Wishing Fish Young Hand Writing 1 Dict. Quiz O. L 19 / 9 - - - 2 Pages 4 1 1 26 / 9 1 1 Part 1 2 Pages 4 1 1 3 / 10 1 - Part 1 2 Pages 4 1 2 10 / 10 2 2 P. 2 2 Pages - - 2 17 / 10 2 - P. 2 2 Pages 4 1 3 24 / 10 3 3 P. 3 2 Pages 4 1 3 31 / 10 - - P. 23 2 Pages 4 1 4 7 / 11 4 4 P. 4 2 Pages - - 4 14 / 11 4-5 5 P. 4 2 Pages 4 1 5 21 / 11 5 - P. 5 2 Pages 4 1 5 28 / 11 6 6 P. 5 2 Pages 4 1 5 5 / 12 6 - P. 6 2 Pages 4 1 6 12 / 12 7 7 P. 6 2 Pages - - 6 19 / 12 7 1 1 26 / 12 2 / 1 Rev.
  2. 2. 2 Macmillan English Unit 1 New Vocabulary : * professor ( n ) : a teacher at a college or university e.g. She's a professor of English at Cairo University . * telescope ( n ) : you look through it to make things that are far away appear bigger and nearer . e.g. I saw the stars with a telescope . * shed( n ) : a small wooden building used for keeping things or animals in . e.g. I put my bike in the shed . * smoke( n ) : the grey , white or black gas that you see in the air when something is burning . * whir( v ) : to make a continuous low sound like the parts of a machine moving. e.g. The noise of the fan whirring kept me awake all night . * machine( n ) : it has moving parts and is used for particular job . e.g. A sewing machine — A washing machine . * dial( n ) : the round part that you turn to change something . * buttons( n ) : the small part that you press to start a machine. * handle( n ) : the part used for holding or opening something . e.g. She turned the handle and opened the door . * screen( n ) : the glass surface of a TV or computer , where you can see pictures . * switch( n ) : the small button that you press up or down to turn on electricity . *space( n ) : the area which surrounds the planet Earth and the other planets and stars Cairo Governorate Nozha Directorate of Education Nozha Language Schools Ismailia Road Department : English From : 3rd primary Macmillan English
  3. 3. 3 * spacesuit( n ) : a suit with an air supply which you wear in space . * planets ( n ) : very large round objects in space that move round the sun . e.g. The Earth is a planet . * hood ( n ) : the part of the coat that you pull up to cover your head and neck in bad weather . Complete using the suitable preposition : at – above – below – on the front of – with – beside – over – under – to – in – into – on * She looked carefully ………………….. the picture . * Our plane flies ………………….. the clouds . * Don’t write ………………….. this line . * The traffic lights turned ………………….. red. * Write your name ………………….. the book . * The girl ………………….. red hair opened the door . * Omar sits ………………….. me on the bus . * The plane flies ………………….. the mountain . * The cat is ………………….. the table . * She pointed ………………….. her house . * There is a bird ………………….. the tree . * My father came ………………….. the house . * Help ! The machine is ………………….. fire .
  4. 4. 4 Grammatical Structure 1. The Past Simple Tense Used for : actions that started and finished in the past. Key words : yesterday – in the past – last – ago – in 1975 - when I was young – Once upon a time . e.g. I played tennis yesterday . Form : A) Regular Verbs : They form their past simple by adding “ed” . Notice the following : 1. If a verb ends in " e " , just add “d”. e.g. like liked 2. If a verb ends in a consonant after a vowel , double the last letter , then add “ed”. e.g. stop stopped 3. If a verb ends in a consonant + y , change “y” into “ied”. e.g. study studied B) Irregular Verbs : e.g. go went see saw ring rang Negative : Use did not/didn’t +main verb in the base form . e.g. He didn’t play football yesterday. Questions : A) Yes /No questions : Use Did + subject + the main verb in the base form . e.g. Did he play football yesterday ? Yes , he did . – No , he didn’t . B) “Wh” questions : Use Question word + did + subject + the main verb e.g. Where did he play yesterday ?
  5. 5. 5 Present Past Present Past - buy bought - leave left - blow blew - make made - bring brought - meet met - build built - put put - burn burnt - rise rose - begin began - write wrote - break broke - feel felt - cost cost - feed fed - come came - forget forgot - catch caught - fly flew - cut cut - fall fell - choose chose - grow grew - draw drew - go went - drink drank - get got - dig dug - get got - drive drove - give gave - eat ate - hit hit - fight fought - hurt hurt - know knew - hold held - lose lost - keep kept
  6. 6. 6 Past tense ( irregular verbs ) Present Past set set sleep slept think thought teach taught tell told take took understand understood wear wore win won ring rang ride rode read read run ran say said sell sold see saw steal stole sing sang sink sank swim swam speak spoke shoot shot send sent
  7. 7. 7 Adjectives & Adverbs A) Adjectives : * They describe nouns or pronouns . They have the same form in the singular and the plural . * They come before nouns . e.g. This is a poor family . * They can also be used alone after these verbs be – feel – seem – sound –touch – look – taste . e.g. They are poor . B) Adverbs : They describe verbs . They usually come after verbs . e.g. Old men walk slowly . Notice : ** The verbs ( look , smell , sound , feel and taste ) take an adjective not an adverb e.g. They look happy . He feels terrible . ** Some adverbs are irregular . e.g. fast fast late late hard hard early early good well ***************************************************** Exercises I.Choose the correct answer from between the brackets 1. Adam woke up because of a bad dream ( at – on – with ) a start . 2. " It’s time to go " said Dad , looking ( for – at – after ) his watch . 3. The cow is in the ( house – garage – shed ) . 4. She heard a strange whirring ( light – sound – flash ) . 5. I have been running around ( after – at – to ) the children the whole day . 6. Nick ( steps – step – stepped ) forward and then stopped 7. Do you know the people who live ( next – out – next to ) door ? 8. He ( stood – understood – stand ) under the tree . 9. The bus has a number on the ( roof – front – wheels ) . 10. We have a house ( in – by – with ) a garden . 11. He turned the ( dials – handle – switch ) of the radio .
  8. 8. 8 12. A mug has a ( button – handle – screen ) . 13. At the cinema , we had seats in the back ( line – column – row ) . 14. You can’t see him today , he’s ( free – busy – noisy ) . 15. He’s here ( in – to – at ) last . 16. The teacher said , " Come here ( on – at – in ) once . 17. My mother ran ( into – on – onto ) my bedroom . 18. When did you go shopping ? ( Tomorrow – Yesterday – Everyday ) . 19. The building was ( on – in – at ) fire . 20. Our holiday was very short . The time went ( quick –slowly –quickly ) . 21. Sidney ( helps – helped – is helping ) me with my homework last night . 22. I ( get up – woke up – got up ) at nine o'clock on Sundays 23. The babies ( was – were – have ) all asleep . 24. Did Sam have a bike ? Yes , he ( did – have – had ) a bike 25. This book isn’t yours . It's ( mine – me – my ) . 26. Salma can ( fries – fry – frying ) chips with her mum . II. Re-write the following sentences using the words in brackets : 1. It snowed heavily three days ago . ( How ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Richard could swim very well . ( not ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Your parents were on holiday in June . (Were………….? ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. He wrote a letter yesterday . ( now ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. The baker sold good cakes . (what) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. Tennis is my favourite sport. (what) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. Mrs. Bell bought some sandwiches. (any) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. Read ………………… . We can't hear you . (Adverb) 10. Ann (did) well in the exam last month. (not) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11. My brother washes his face every morning . (not) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. 9. 9 12. Tom is a careful driver. (carefully) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13. She doesn’t usually get up early . (never) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14. Ahmed went to the club yesterday . (Who…………?) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15. Jack is a very fast runner. (can) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16. She teaches us English this year. (last year) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17. Dad drove his car yesterday. (not) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18. He spells English words correctly. (How………?) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19. Women carry umbrellas in winter. (A woman) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 20. There were no biscuits in the kitchen. (any) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 21. Do you watch TV everyday ? (Does …………?) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 22. Mum cooks delicious food . ( smell ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23. He is a gentle man . ( speak ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24. This girl looks nice . ( behave ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25. He studied carefully . ( be ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. 10. 10 VI. Complete using verbs from the box in the correct form : 1. My friend and I …………………. to the cinema last Saturday . 2. The little boy was tired , so his father …………………… him . 3. I ………………… my hands ten minutes ago . 4. The children were hungry and …………………….. all the cakes . 5. It was cold yesterday , so we didn't ……………………… the windows . 6. The cat climbed the tree , but the bird …………………… away . 7. Jenny stayed at home and ……………………… her mother . 8. My father …………………… ten pounds for this book . 9. Sally …………………… up very early this morning . 10. The policeman saw a thief and ……………………… after him . Sample Test 1 I) Use Of English : A) Underline the correct word in brackets : 1. I jumped out of bed when I ( sees – see – saw ) the snake . 2. There was a ( whirring – bright – flashing ) sound in the room .I could here it . 3. “ What’s dad doing ? “ “ He ( is painting –painted – paints) the bathroom" . 4. She bought a computer three days ( yesterday – ago – last ). 5. There is a bridge ( on – over – under ) the river . 6. Jack opened the heavy door ( slowly – slow – quick ) . 7. ( What – How often – How ) does he behave in class ? Badly . 8. We saw nice pictures ( in – on – at ) the screen . 9. They ( had – have – has ) a black dog , but now they don’t 10. This sweater feels very ( softly – soft – happy ) . 11. We love our teacher and she loves ( her – them – us ) . 12. No , they ( hadn’t – didn’t have – didn’t had ) a car . Wash – open – help – pay – go – carry – wake – run – eat – fly
  11. 11. 11 B) Supply the missing letters : 1) t el--s--ope . 2) for----rds . C) Re-write the following sentences using the words in brackets : 1. Philip is a good singer . ( well ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. They had a party last week . ( When………..?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3. Lisa didn’t take any chocolate with her . ( some ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. He brushes his teeth everyday . ( not ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. II) Language Function : Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue : Sam : Grandpa , did you have a TV when you were five ? Grandpa : No , people …………………………………….TVs at that time . Sam : ………………………………………………………………………………………… ? Grandpa : They had radios . III) Reading Comprehension : Read the following passage , then answer the questions : Omar was going to bed when he heard a loud noise in the kitchen . He was alone in the house at that time and the noise made him afraid . He went to the kitchen and opened the door. Omar turned on the lights to see what was in the kitchen . He saw a broken bottle of milk on the floor and a big black cat . It jumped out of an open window and ran into the street . That will taught him to close the window before he went to sleep . A) Answer the following questions : 1. What did Omar feel when he heard a noise ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What did Omar learn ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. B) Choose the correct answer : 3. When Omar heard the noise , ……………………………………………….. a) his family was asleep. b) his sister was in the kitchen. c) he was alone . 4. The cat was ………………………………………………… a) drinking milk. b) asleep. c) eating a mouse.
  12. 12. 12 IV) Pictorial Composition : Write a sentence under each picture describing it : yesterday – hotel – fire firemen – saved ……………………………………………. …………………………………………….. ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………… kitten – first floor hotel – destroyed ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………… ………………………………………………. …………………………………………………. V) The Link Reader : ( The Wishing Fish ) A) Answer the following questions : 1. What did Omar always forget ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What did Omar’s father tell him when he was twelve ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… B) Complete the following sentences : 3. Omar lived in a …………………….. house in a small ……………………… 4. Omar didn’t like …………………………………… VI) Handwriting : Good pupils go to bed early and get up early .
  13. 13. 13 Unit 2 New Vocabulary : * building ( n ) : that has a roof and walls , such as a house , a shop or a school . e.g. There are a lot of old buildings in the street . * gate ( n ): the part of a fence or a wall that can be opened to let people in or out . * horns ( n ): the hard pointed things on animals’ heads . e.g. A goat has two horns . * bull( n ) : a male cow . * scales( n ) : the small , hard pieces that cover the body of fish and some animals . e.g. A fish has scales on its body . * paws( n ) : the feet of animals that has nails or claws , such as the dog’s paws . * claws( n ) : the curved nails on the end of animals’ or birds’ foot . e.g. Take care the cat's claws are sharp * eyebrow( n ) : the line of hair above your eye . * Fierce (adj ) : angry or frightening or strong . * throne( n ) : the chair where a king or a queen sits . * wise ( adj ) : to understand and do the right thing and can give good advice . e.g. He’s a wise man . We always ask him for advice . * whiskers( n ) : the hair grows near the mouth of some animals * spines( n ) : the row of small bones that are joined together in the middle of your back . * eyelashes( n ): the hair that grows on the edge of your eyelids. * spots( n ) : the small round marks on something . e.g. I have a blue skirt with red spots on it . * thorn( n ) : a small sharp point grows on plants and bushes . e.g. There are thorns on a rose bush .
  14. 14. 14 Choose : 1. She told us a story [ for – about – on ] Chinese children . 2. It's a book [ for – on – by ] children . 3. The Eiffel tower is [ in – on – at ] France . 4. The dragon has the ears [ of – off – on ] a bull . 5. There is a green spot [ on – in – over ] the back of the book . 6. There was mud all [ on – over – in ] the floor . 7. That ring belongs [ by – to – at ] me . 8. There are many kinds [ off – of – with ] dragons . New Structure Conjunctions A conjunction is a word used for joining other words or sentences : * and : used to join two words or sentences of the same type . e.g. I eat with a knife and a fork . e.g : I traveled to Italy .I traveled to France I traveled to Italy and France * or : used to join two negative sentences . e.g. She didn’t phone her friend . She didn't send an e-mail She didn't phone her friend or sent an e-mail . * but : used to join two words or sentences that are different or opposite . e.g. Jack doesn’t have a car , but his sister does . Ali plays tennis well , but he never wins a game . ******************************************************* Exercises I)Choose the correct word(s) from between the brackets 1. He was born in China . He is (English – Chinese – Japanese) . 2. Yesterday , I bought a book ( about – at – for ) dragons . 3. People thought that dragons came from ( mountains – rivers – Africa ) . 4. Dragons brought ( presents – food – water ) for people and animals . 5. There are black spots ( on – at – in) my dress . 6. The king of dragons isn’t weak . He is (strong – fat – tall). 7. A dragon’s head looked like a ( camel's – lizard's – lion's ) . 8. A dragon had the small ears of a ( cat – bull – goat ) .
  15. 15. 15 9. A dragon had the ( claws – paws – body ) of a tiger . 10. This knife isn’t ( strong – long – sharp ) . It can’t cut the meat . 11. He wrote his name ( on – over – in ) the back of the paper 12. Dad drove his car ( at – in – under ) the side of the road 13. I can’t find my glasses . I’ve looked ( all – over – all over ) for them . 14. He pushed the letter ( underneath – on – backwards )the door . 15. She has ( sharp – bushy – fatty ) hair . 16. Chinese emperors had dragons on their ( heads – thrones – thorns ) . 17. Don’t take anything that doesn’t ( belong – have – is ) to you . 18. Only the ( Chinese – dragon’s – emperor’s ) family had a yellow colour on their clothes . 19. I’ve got a present ( for – to – at ) you . 20. There is a cat on the roof ( of – for – on ) the house . 21. Last week , I ( meet – met – eat ) my friend at the cinema . 22. Yesterday ( were – is – was ) a holiday . 23. They listen ( careless – careful – carefully ) to their teacher . 24. I like swimming , ( and – or – but ) I don’t like riding bikes . 25. He didn’t go to Italy ( and – or – but ) Spain . 26. They sang ( and – or – but ) danced all evening . II) Re-write : 1. She’s a good player . ( well ) ................................................................................................................. 2. They spent their summer holiday in Alex. (not) ................................................................................................................. 3. He can’t read . He can’t write . ( or - and ) ................................................................................................................. 4. Old men walk slowly . ( How ) ................................................................................................................. 5. I’m happy , because I have many friends . ( not ) ................................................................................................................. 6. When ( you – do ) your homework ? ( yesterday ) ................................................................................................................. 7. On the shelf there were ................... , but there ......... ( Fill in the blanks ) 8. This cats run after a mouse . ( these ) ................................................................................................................. 9. Please , be quiet ! ( quietly ) ................................................................................................................. 10. The sun is very hot today . ( yesterday )
  16. 16. 16 ................................................................................................................. 11. He had fish and rice for lunch . ( What ................?) ................................................................................................................. 12. This flat is narrow . ( wide ) ................................................................................................................. 13. They understood the lesson well . ( not ) ................................................................................................................. 14. She watched TV yesterday . ( everyday ) ................................................................................................................. 15. You weren’t at home last night . ( Sam ) ................................................................................................................. 16. Emma goes to the library because she likes reading . ( Why...........?) ................................................................................................................. 17. This is my book . ( mine ) ................................................................................................................. 18. He feeds his parrot twice a day . ( How often ...........?) ................................................................................................................. 19. The bird flies in the sky . ( Look ! ) ............................................................................................................... 20. Ahmed went to America . He stayed there for three years . ( and ) ................................................................................................................. * Join the following sentences using “or” , “but” or “and” : 1. The elephant is big . The mouse is little . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. The doctor got into his car . He drove quickly to the hospital . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. The sun is shining . It’s still very cold . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. She didn’t have a ball . She didn’t have a bike . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. He puts on his hat . He puts on his coat . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. Polly doesn’t like cakes . She likes chocolates . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. The sailor jumped into the sea . He swam to the ship . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8. It won’t be hot . It won’t be sunny . ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  17. 17. 17 9. These games are easy . Those games are difficult . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. Mary isn’t short . She isn’t fat . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11. Fred can sing . He can play the piano . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12. The farmer is a strong man . He can’t lift that heavy sack . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… VII) Correct the verb : 1. When the teacher came into the room , the pupils ……………… up . 2. The boy jumped into the river and ……………………. across it . 3. Tom …………………… a long time for the bus this morning . 4. Jack usually goes to school by bus , but yesterday he ……………………… . 5. The baby was hungry and …………………………….. last night . 6. Sam ………………………… a lot of homework yesterday evening . 7. Mary was ill yesterday and ………………………... at home . 8. The old man ……………………….. down and broke his leg . 9. I ……………………………… my shoes this morning . 10. Ann ……………………….. her new dress last week . ***************************************************** cry – stay – wait – wear – stand – do – walk – clean – swim – fall
  18. 18. 18 Sample Test 2 I) Use Of English : A) Underline the correct word in brackets : 1. A goat has ( scales – horns – wings ) . 2. He is a ( wise – wide – stupid ) man . He always does the right thing . 3. Grandma told us a nice story ( at – in – about ) the three bears . 4. We weren’t ( late – early – lately ) . We arrived early . 5. ( Does – Do – Is ) Tom get up at six everyday ? 6. Yesterday I ( fall – fell – fill ) asleep in the school bus . 7. There are two horses here now , but there ( aren’t – were – weren’t ) any horses a year ago . 8. These flowers smell ( nicely – nice – beautifully ) . 9. They ( has – is – didn’t have ) a robot , when they were young . 10. They have many books . These are ( they – their – theirs) books . 11.This pupil ( never – doesn’t – don’t ) studies his lessons well . 12. Karim ( likes doing – likes – is doing ) his homework everyday . B) Supply the missing letters : 1) b re–t–e . 2) – m p e r– r. C) Re-write the following sentences using the words in brackets : 1. Some pupils work hard . Others are lazy . ( but ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain . ( rained ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3. They counted the money very carefully . ( How……..? ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. The boy rang the bell . ( not ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. II) Language Function : Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue : Mother : Hello , Anna . Anna : Hi , Mum . Mother : ……………………….…………………………………the supermarket ? Anna : No , I didn’t , but I went to the baker’s . Mother : That’s all right . What did you buy ? Anna : …………………………………………………………………………………………………
  19. 19. 19 III) Reading Comprehension : Read the following passage , then answer the questions : Pets can be great fun , but they can also be a lot of work . You have to feed them . They need care and love . They take up a lot of time , but they make people happy . Fish are easy pets to care for . You may put them in a tank or even use a big bowl . You have to give them food everyday and keep their water clean , if you want them to live for a long time . Many people also have birds as pets . Some birds are kept in cages all the time Other birds can fly around the house . Some birds can also sit on your fingers . Also you can teach some birds to talk . A) Answer the following questions : 1. Why can pets be a lot of work ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Are all birds kept in cages? Give example ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. B) Choose the correct answer : 3. We can put fish in ……………………………………………… a) boxes . b) bowls . c) cages . 4. Birds can learn to ………………………………………………… a) talk . b) write . c) ride a bike IV) Pictorial Composition : Write a sentence under each picture describing it : One day – dragon – village mouth – eat people ………………………………………………… …………………………………………..... ………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. banged the drums – noise frightened – ran away - happily ……………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……………………………………………….. .…………………………………………
  20. 20. 20 V) The Link Reader : ( The Wishing Fish ) A) Answer the following questions : 1. What happened when Omar slept ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. How can Omar be a good shepherd ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… B) Complete the following sentences : 3. Omar’s …………………………… and the ………………………….. are better shepherds than him . 4. “……………………………………………………………………………” that’s what Omar always said . VI) Handwriting : A good book is a good friend .
  21. 21. 21 Unit 3 New Vocabulary : * The Aztecs (n.) : people who lived in America in the past . Ex : The Aztecs built pyramids in America . * Aztec (adj.) Ex : Most of the Aztec people lived in small houses . * Central America : the middle land between South America and North America . * empire (n.) : a group of countries ruled by one person . Ex : The Aztec empire was in Mexico . * first people : people who lived in a particular place in the past . Ex : The Pharoahs were the first people in Egypt . * Asia : one of the seven continents of the world , which are Africa , Asia , Australia Europe , South America , North America and Antarctica . Ex : China and Japan are in Asia . * tent (n.) : a large piece of cloth stretched by ropes for people to stay in . Ex : The children slept in tents when they went camping last summer . * move on (v.) : to move from one place to another . Ex : This city became very noisy and crowded . I think we should move on to another one . * lake (v.) : an area of water surrounded by land and usually fed by a river . Ex : Yesterday , we took a boat across the lake . * fresh water : water of rivers and lakes , not the saltwater of the sea . * bridge (n.) : something built over a river or a lake to carry people from one of its sides to the other . * aqueduct (n.) : a kind of bridge used to carry water to a city or a village . * palace (n.) : a large house for kings , queens and important people to live in . * mud (n.) : soft , wet earth . Ex : In some villages , people still use mud to build their houses .
  22. 22. 22 * roof (n.) : the outside covering on the top of a building . * stick (n.) : a thin piece of wood . Ex : Dad beat me with a stick , because I broke the vase * special Stones : small expensive pieces of rock used to make jewels like diamond and emerald . * cut out of (v.) : to get something out by cutting . Ex : She always cuts pictures out of the books . * feather (n.) : a thin stick with soft , hair–like material , that covers the birds’ bodies . * jewels (n.) : expensive stones used for decoration . * jewellery (n.) : decorative objects which are worn on one’s body or clothes and are usually made of expensive jewels . Ex : The queen’s jewellery is expensive . * headdress (n.) : something worn on the head for decoration , or for fun . * ladies (n.) : women . Singular : lady . * sandals (n.) : light open–sided shoes that you wear in warm or hot weather . *sweep (v.) : to clean by brushing .Past : swept . Ex : Mum swept the floor last Friday . *ordinary (adj.) : usual , common , not special or important . Ex : Ordinary Aztec People lived in small houses . * hard (adv.) : with great effort . Ex : You should study hard to get high marks . * capture (v.) : to take as prisoners . Ex : They attacked the city and captured all the soldiers * powerful (adj.) : very strong ≠ weak .
  23. 23. 23 Grammatical Structure Singular and Plural * Singular : only one thing . Ex : a desk – a book – an apple * Plural : more than one . Ex : desks – books – apples * Generally , to change singular nouns into plural , we add “ s ” at the end of the noun . Ex : a car cars a goat goats * When the noun ends in ( ch , sh , ss , s , x , o , z ) , we add “ es “ to the endings . Ex : a fox foxes an ostrich ostriches a bus buses a tomato tomatoes Note : Some nouns that end in “ o “ , add only “ s “ to form the plural . Ex : a photo photos a piano pianos a zoo zoos a radio radios * If a noun ends with a consonant followed by “ y “ , change it into “ i “ and add “ es “ to form the plural . Ex : a baby babies a lorry lorries a fly flies a country countries * But if a noun ends with a vowel followed by “ y “ , only add “ s ” to form the plural . Ex : a key keys a toy toys a boy boys a donkey donkeys * If a noun ends with “ f “ or “ fe “ , change it into “ v “ and add “ es “ to form the plural . Ex : a shelf shelves a half halves a knife knives a wife wives But : a roof roofs
  24. 24. 24 Notice the following : a) Some nouns have no singular form : trousers – shorts – glasses – clothes – trainers – jeans – scissors . b) Some nouns have irregular plural form : PluralSingular mena man womena woman childrena child micea mouse teetha tooth geesea goose peoplea person oxenan ox sheepa sheep deera deer c) When changing a sentence into plural , notice the following changes : PluralSingular WeI TheyHe / She / It thesethis thosethat aream / is dodoes have gothas got ourmy theirhis / her / its usme themhim / her Ex : The big brown fox lives in that hole . ( singular ) The big brown foxes live in those holes . ( plural )
  25. 25. 25 Exercises Choose the correct answer from between the brackets : 1. The Aztecs had their empire in ( South – West – Central – North ) America . 2. The Aztecs people came ( to – in – from – at ) Asia . 3. ( Aren't – Was – Are – Were ) there enough grass for the sheep ? 4. Mr. John traveled to Russia ( in – at – for –about ) ten months ago . 5. We didn't like the life in the country , we are going to move ( on – to – out – of ) . 6. Last year , the boys went camping and they slept in ( houses – caves – tents – palaces ) . 7. I want to buy some sweets ( to – in – out – for ) that nice day ? 8. At last , Nina learned to ( made – make – makes – making ) a cake . 9. Farmers ( build – grow – make – learn ) plants . 10. The island we are going to visit is ( in – on – at – of ) a lake . 11. Sam learned ( of – to – about – on ) art . 12. The boat moves ( over – through – across – around ) the river to the other side . 13. ( Bridges – Aqueducts – stones – feathers ) carry fresh water to the villages . 14. Important people lived in ( tents – pyramids – palaces – small houses ). 15. The poor Aztects' houses were made of ( gold – mud – jewels – feather ). 16. The Aztecs built floating ( gardens – farm – pyramid – house ) in the lake . 17. The Aztecs looked for(headdresses – sticks – special stones – coloured feathers ) under the ground . 18. The Aztecs' books didn't have any ( words – pictures – information – stories ). 19. Women like gold ( skirts – jewellery – sandals – sticks ). 20. It's important to build ( a palace – a farm – an aqueduct – a bridge ) here to cross the river safely . 21. There were palaces ( on – in – across – around ) the pyramids . 22. They could travel between the floating gardens in ( cars – boats – trains – ships ). 23. Sue looked ( at – for – after – out ) her ring everywhere , but she couldn't find it 24. Meg is excellent in English , ( or – and – but – so ) her brother isn't . 25. Aunt Sally wears a nice bracelet with beautiful jewels ( in – by – of – on ) 26. These are the ( babies – babies' – babie's – baby's ) socks . They belong ( for – to – by – at ) them . 27. Girls don't like ( a mouse – mouse – mice – the mouse ).
  26. 26. 26 Re- write the following sentences using the words between the brackets : 1. The Aztecs were strong and powerful . " weak " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. She drew a nice picture last month . " often " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. He always answers correctly . " correct " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Paul came late . Jane came late too . " and " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. Dad drove very fast to the airport . He didn't catch the plane . " but " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. The children are fighting together now . " two days ago " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. They ware funny headdresses in the party . " What ……..? " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. My tooth hurts me . " hurt " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. The Europeans captured the king of the Aztecs . " the Aztecs' " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. At school , the boys learn about reading and writing . " learn to " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 11. He can't play tennis . He can't play football . " or " …………………………………………………………………………………………… 12. Oxen have got horns . " has got " …………………………………………………………………………………………… Change into plural 1. The wolf eats the big white sheep . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. The mosquito is a small insect . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Her baby always cries at night . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. There is a child , a man and a woman in the party . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. An ostrich runs quickly , but it can't fly . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. Is there a copybook on the shelf ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  27. 27. 27 7. The monkey is swinging on the branch of the tree . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 8. The cat chases the mouse . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 9. She learns to play the piano . …………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. I need a strawberry , a cherry and a peach to make fruit salad . …………………………………………………………………………………………… Sample Test 3 I) Use Of English : A) Underline the correct word in brackets : 1. Where ( were – do –did – are ) they live in the past ? 2. She wears nice trainers ( in – on – at – of ) her feet . 3. Meg is a clever girl . She can read ( or – and – neither – but ) write English stories 4. He always comes ( late – lately – later – latest ) . 5. I often help my mum ( on – with – at – by ) the housework . 6. People put their shopping in ( lorries – machines – trolleys – sticks ) . 7. Fresh vegetables keep you (ready – ugly – healthy – noisy) . 8. Aunt Mary wore gold ( feathers – sandals – skirt – jewellery ) in the party . 9. Nina always ( carries – sweeps – fights – builds ) the floor on Fridays . 10. Grandma ( tells – told – is telling – tell ) me a story every night . 11. This book is really useful . It ( has – gives – carries – learns ) us lots of information . 12. The poor Aztecs didn't ( lives – lived – live – living ) in palaces . B) Supply the missing letters : 1) a–ued–ct . 2) Thr––d .
  28. 28. 28 C) Re-write the following sentences using the words in brackets : 1. Tom never does his homework . ( yesterday ) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Sally sings beautiful songs . ( beautifully ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3. This is the boy’s toy car . ( These ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. Those girls are Russian . ( Russia ) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. II) Language Function : Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue : Ben : Why were you absent yesterday ? Sam : ……………………………………………………………………………………… Ben : Really ! Did you visit the dentist ? Sam : ……………………………………………………………………………………… Ben : You’re welcome . Get well soon . III) Reading Comprehension : Read the following passage , then answer the questions : At the end of the year , our class put on a play . It was called “ The Princess and the Lion “ . Our teacher , Miss Bell wrote it . All the children in the class acted in it . Andy was the king . Sue was the queen . Kim was the lion . He wore a lion costume . And I was the princess ! My costume was beautiful . I wore a long blue dress . Lots of people came to see the play . Mum , dad and my brother were there . It was a lot of fun . Everyone enjoyed it . After the play , dad said “ you were a beautiful princess , Alice ! “ A) Answer the following questions : 1. Who is the narrator of this story ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What did Alice wear ? Why ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. B) Choose the correct answer : 3. …………………… wore a king costume . a) Kim. b) Andy. c) Sue . 4. Alice’s ……………………… didn’t come to see her . a) father. b) mother. c) grandmother .
  29. 29. 29 IV) Pictorial Composition : Write a sentence under each picture describing it : Aztec lady – bake learn to – baskets …………………………………………… ……………………………………………… …………………………………………… ………………….............................. king – jewels pictures – tell a story …………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………… V) The Link Reader : ( The Wishing Fish ) A) Answer the following questions : 1. What did Omar’s mother give him ? Why ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Was Omar an obedient boy ? Why ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… B) Complete the following sentences : 3. At the market Omar saw ............................................................ …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. The fishing rod was …………………………… , because …………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… VI) Handwriting : The Aztecs were very clever people .
  30. 30. 30 Unit 4 New vocabulary : desert ( n ) : a large sandy land , where there is little rain and there isn't many plants . Gobi Desert : a large , famous desert in Asia . herd animals : groups of animals of the same kind which live and feed together herdsman ( n ) : the man who looks after a herd of animals . yak : a very strong , long – haired ox . It lives in central Asia . valley ( n ) : the land between two lines of hills or mountains , often with a river running through it . load ( v ) : to put heavy things on or in something . bushy ( adj ) : used for hair that grows thickly . eyebrow ( n ) : the line of hair above each of the two eyes . row ( n ) : a tidy line of people or things side by side . eyelash (n ) : the hair on the edge of the skin covering of the eye . nostril ( n ) : one of the two openings at the end of the nose . hump. ( n ) : a round part on the camels' back to keep fat in . store ( v. ) : to keep something to use in the future . fat ( n ) : something under human's and animals' skins to keep them warm and give them energy . keep out ( v) : to let something or someone stay outside . live off ( v ) : to get food from .
  31. 31. 31 fill up with ( v ) : to make something completely full with something . thorn ( n ) : a hard sharp point on same plants . spiky ( adj ) : having sharp points . bactrian camel : a camel with two humps . coat ( n ) : a covering of animals ' bodies . It can be fur , wool or hair . drop off ( v) : to become fewer . wild animals : animals which have no one to look after them . They find their food by themselves . leap ( v ) : to jump through the air to a different place . adult ( adj ) : grown – up . fur ( n ) : soft,thick hair that coveres the body of some animals like birds,rabbits.... whitish ( adj ) : almost white . balance ( n ) : to keep parts of something equal to move easily , without falling . hunt ( v ) : to catch animals or birds for food or sport . bush (n ) : a small low tree . attack (v) : to use power to hurt someone or something protect ( v) : to keep save .
  32. 32. 32 Grammar Adjectives : are describing words . They come : 1. before nouns to describe them . e.g : It's a beautiful dress . 2. after verbs :be , look , feel ,smell , taste , sound e.g : Monkeys are funny . 3. after nouns that show measurements . E.g : Sam is ten years old . - If two people / things are similar (equal ) in a certain adjective , we use as ……as to express this case , as follows . as + adjective + as Ex : Ahmed weighs 30 kgs .Mona weighs 30 kgs too Ahmed is as fat as Mona Negative : Tilly isn't as tall as Nina . It means that : Nina is taller than Tilly. Comparison of adjectives To compare two things / people that share the same adjective ,we use the comparative form of adjective . It's formed as follows : 1. Short adjectives : Add " er " at the end of the adjective followed by the word " than " Adjective + er + than Ex : Meg is faster than her sister . Notice that : a- If the adjective ends in " e " , we only add "r " large larger than nice nicer than safe safer than b- If the adjective ends in " a " consonant followed by " y " , we change " y " into " ier " easy easier than heavy heavier than pretty prettier than
  33. 33. 33 c- If the adjective ends in a vowel , followed by a consonant , we double the last letter , then add " er " hot hotter than big bigger than fat fatter than But of course there are some exceptions : deep deeper than new newer than slow slower than d- Some adjectives are irregular , they are changed completely ; good better than bad worse than far farther than 2. Long adjectives : Comparative form of long adjectives are formed by putting "more " before the adjective and " than " after the adjective . more + adjective + than Ex : Lio
  34. 34. 34 Exercises : I- Choose the correct answer ; 1. ( Firemen – Policemen – Herdsmen – Fishermen ) look after sheep and goats . 2. ( Sheep – Yaks – Goats – Leopards ) aren't herd animals . 3. That donkey carries heavy loads ( at – in – over – on ) its back . 4. Camels live in ( forests – deserts – jungles – rivers ). 5. Camels have ( narrow – small – big – wide ) nostrils and bushy ( beard – eyebrows – humps – fur ) . 6. Mum covers the food to keep the insects ( in – out – at – on ) . 7. Don't forget to take your baby brother ( at – with – by – over ) you . 8. ( Yaks – Lions – Sheep – Leopards ) aren't as strong as camels . 9. Camels have humps to ( hunt alone – keep sand out – carry heavy loads – store fat and water ) 10. He can drive his car ( in – about – for – at ) three hours . 11. Bactrian camels have thick hair in ( summer – spring – autumn – winter ). 12. I always fill ( in – up – on – over ) my flask with cola . 13. Yesterday , he finished his homework ( on – in – for – within ) four hours . 14. She always travels to Alex . ( on – at – in – by ) summer . 15. These flowers ( in – on – with – at ) colourful leaves are ours . 16. Desert plants have sharp ( hooves – knives – thorns – horns ). 17. Leaves drop ( on – in – off – of ) in autumn . 18. Camels have ( hair – fur – coats – eyelashes ) in their ears to keep sand out . 19. Rabbits live ( in – off – out – at ) carrots and lettuce . 20. In ( summer – spring – winter – autumn ) herdsmen take their animals to the new grass . 21. ( Domestic – Wild – Herd – Zoo ) animals find their own food . 22. ( Sheep – Yaks – Camels – Gazelles ) are faster than leopards . 23. A ( two hour – two day – two week – two month ) old gazelle can't jump. 24. It's a fast horse . It can leap ( on – in – across – at ) 40 kph . 25. Lions hunt ( on – of – for – to ) gazelles and zebras . 26. ( Gazelles – Leopards – Camels – Yaks ) have thick soft whitish fur . 27. Snow leopards have long strong legs to ( hide among the rocks – keep them warm – jump quickly – hunt wild sheep ). 28. Hunter catch elephants ( to – with – by – for ) their tusks .
  35. 35. 35 Re-write using the words between the brackets : 1. The policeman catches the thief . [ catch ] …………………………………………………………………………….. 2. Mary isn't as fat as Tom . [ Tom ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 3. He visited his grandma twice a week . [ How ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 4. Mum cooks good food . [ Mum's ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 5. He never does his homework . He never studies his lessons .[ or ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 6. Monkeys are one intelligent than donkeys . [ Donkeys ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 7. The school is nearer than the hospital . [ The hospital ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 8. We can see some women carrying white geese . [ I ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 9. These apples are good . [ taste ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 10. Billy has some work . [ not ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 11. The children are singing loudly . [ loud ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 12. John isn't as good as his cousin . [ better ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 13. The leaf falls from the tree . [ fall ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 14. Omar isn't watching T.V now . [ never ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 15. Gorillas are uglier than gazelles . [ more …….than ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 16. Ali and Mona are seven years old . [ as ………as ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 17. He's a good footballer . [ well ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 18. Can I have a strawberry , please ? [ some ] …………………………………………………………………………….
  36. 36. 36 19. Hani has no brothers or sisters . [ any ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 20. Tilly slept at 10 o'clock . [ When …………?] ……………………………………………………………………………. 21. Sally's mother is taller than her . [ shorter ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 22. The children eat four loaves of bread . [ one ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 23. My dress is more expensive than yours . [ mine ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 24. Leopards are faster than yaks . [ as ………as ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 25. These socks are smelly . [ smell ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 26. Mary studies English on Saturdays . [ last ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 27. They are polite children . [ politely ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 28. Grandpa walks slowly . [ How ……….?] ……………………………………………………………………………. 29. Sally goes to school by bus , but Billy goes on foot . [ farther ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 30. Is there a knife next to the box of matches ? [ Are ] ……………………………………………………………………………. 31. Their car is old . our car is new . [ than ] ……………………………………………………………………………. Complete using words from the box in the correct form ; 1. The children are singing ……………………………… 2. Tom always studies ……………………………….. 3. Rabbits are ……………………than tortoises . 4. They …………….the bus . They went by taxi . 5. Monkeys are …………………..than donkeys . 6. Dally is as ……………….as her sister . They wear the same size . Catch – ride – funny – happy – fast – intelligent – give – good – hard – fat – run – walk
  37. 37. 37 7. He …………………his bike three days ago . 8. We ………………..at the moment . 9. He ……………………to school every morning . 10. Dad …………………….me a nice present last month . 11. clowns are ……………………………. . 12. David is …………………..than his cousin . He always gets the full marks . Sample Test 4 I) Use Of English : A) Underline the correct word in brackets : 1. Camels store fat in their ( hooves – humps – eyelashes – coats) . 2. Herdsmen look ( in – by – at – after ) sheep and goats . 3. Sue isn’t as clever as her cousin .She is ( worse – better – cleverer – bad ) than him . 4. ( Leopards – Yaks – Bactrian camels – Gazelles ) have soft woolly hair . 5. Did you phone your friend ? No , I ( phoned – didn’t phone – didn’t – did ) him . 6. Snow leopards have light grey fur to help them ( hide – protect – jump – hunt ) among the rocks . 7. His schoolbag always looks ( heavily – heavier – heavy – heaviest ) than it really is 8. Are there any ( knives – loaves – shelves – halves ) of bread on the table ? 9. Gazelles are ( longer – faster – heavier – stronger ) than leopards . 10. Tina’s dress is more ( cheap – nice – expensive – new ) than mine . 11. There are only 7000 snow leopards left in the world . We should ( hunt – hide – protect – eat ) them . 12. Snow leopards live in ( valleys – rivers – mountains – jungles ). B) Supply the missing letters : 1) h–rd–men . 2) l––pard. C) Re-write the following sentences using the words in brackets : 1. English exams are easier than maths exams . (difficult) …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Bactrian camels carry heavy loads on their backs. (camel) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 3. Rita wakes up early every morning . (last) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. Her baby sister is pretty . (looks) ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. II) Language Function :
  38. 38. 38 Supply the missing parts in the following dialogue : Dani : Hello , Ben ! Ben : Hello , Dani ! Dani : ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ? Ben : I’m going to the library . Dani : Why ? Ben : ………………………………………………………………………………………………… III) Reading Comprehension : Read the following passage , then answer the questions : Once upon a time , there was a turtle who loved to talk . One day , it heard two hunters say that they wanted to catch a turtle .The turtle was worried , and went to ask two birds for help . It told them to hold a stick between their beaks , then it will hold onto the stick with its mouth . The birds then can carry it away from the hunters . The birds liked the idea so much , but they told the turtle “ You must remember to keep your mouth closed tightly around the stick " . As the birds were flying up , the two hunters saw them . One of them said : Those birds are carrying a turtle . How clever they are ! “ The turtle heard them and became angry . “ It’s my idea “ , it called out .But as it opened its mouth to speak , it fell to the ground , at the feet of the hunters !! A) Answer the following questions : 1. What did the hunters want to do ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. How did the turtle run away from the hunters ? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. B) Choose the correct answer : 3. This turtle is ……………………….. a) funny b) fool c) intelligent 4. The ………………………. helped the turtle . a) hunters . b) turtles c) birds IV) Pictorial Composition :Write a sentence under each picture describing it :
  39. 39. 39 Last Friday – circus clowns – funny …………………………………………… ……………………………………………… …………………………………………… ………………….............................. put – water – buckets banana skin – fell down …………………………………………… ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………. ……………………………………………… V) The Link Reader : ( The Wishing Fish ) A) Answer the following questions : 1. Why was Omar’s mother disappointed ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. What was Omar’s wish ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… B) Complete the following sentences : 3. Omar went to the river , because …………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. The fish wasn’t ……………………………… It was …………………………….. because ………………………………………………………………………………………… VI) Handwriting : An apple a day keeps the doctor away .
  40. 40. 40 Unit 5 Vocabulary : race : a competition to see who can run , swim , walk …….the fastest massive : very large , huge , enormous festival :a) a time when everyone has a holiday from work to enjoy something such as a religious event . b) a period of time when there are many special events of a particular type a film festival , a festival of music . set off : to start a journey crowd : a large number of people . hooves ( pl ) : hoof ( sing ) the foot of a horse , cow , sheep or a goat . toss : a) to throw b) to move about or up and down . gallop : used about a horse to run very fast . snort : to force air strongly out through the nose . leap ( v ) : past leapt : to jump very high or a long way ex : The dog leapt over the fence . disappear : to go away or go out of sight suddenly . dust ( n ) : dry dirt carried in the air ex : My desk is covered with dust , I have to clean it . valley ( n ) : the land lying between two lines of hills or mountain , often with a river running through it . ex : The Nile valley . proudly (adv ) : ex : She kissed her son proudly because he came the first . perhaps ( adv ) : possibly . ex : perhaps our team will win . get to ( v ) : reach or arrive at .
  41. 41. 41 ex :They got to the club before us . remember (v ) : don't forget ex : Remember to bring your dictionary tomorrow . stamp ( v ) : to walk with noisy , heavy steps . hold ( v ) past held a head of : at a distance in front of someone or something ex : She is only about 5 steps ahead of me . Grammar Adjectives Superlative -We use adjectives in the superlative form to compare more than 2 people things or animals . Form : 1) Generally : Add est at the end of an adjective and put the before it . ex : The Nile is the longest river in the world . Tilly is the youngest of all the children . 2) If the adjective ends in e add only st . large The largest ex : My room is the largest one in the house . 3) If the adjective ends in y change it to i + est pretty the prettiest noisy the noisiest ex : Cairo is the noisiest city in the world . 4) If the adjective ends in a vowel + a consonant – double the last consonant + est fat the fattest thin the thinnest
  42. 42. 42 ex : Your sister is the thinnest in her family . 5) If the adjective is long , put the most before the adjective : The most beautiful The most expensive The most wonderful ex : My sister is the most beautiful girl in the family . 6) Irregular adj should be studied as they are : good the best bad the worst far the farthest Exercises Choose the correct word : 1. The big family live in a ( massive – waved – happy ) house . 2. When we came back , we found the chairs covered in ( trees – dust – moment ) 3. There was snow on the top of the hill but not in the ( games – desk – valley ) . 4. They were lost in the ( desert – house – school ) for nine days . 5. They went out to look for the dog which disappeared in the ( storm – cart – tree ). 6. Computers are getting ( tossed – faster – older) all the time . 7. Please , speak ( proudly – excitedly – quietly ) ; the baby is asleep . 8. Tell the children to put all their toys and ( desert – stamp – games ) away . 9. I ( waved – smelt – disappeared ) to her but she did not look at me . 10. Parachuting can be very ( more exciting – exciting – most exciting ) . 11. The school ( festival – flag – exam ) will be held on the playground next Thursday . Every one will be happy . 12. A ( cart – festival – moment ) is used for carrying goods and is pulled by a horse .
  43. 43. 43 13. " Stop ( stamp – stamps – stamping ) your feet Marya ! " said Moira . 14. The teacher will come at any ( valley – moment – desert ). So , finish your work . 15. I'm very ( proud – waved – angry ) of you , Ahmed . Your composition was great . 16. He read the letter and then ( raced – storm – tossed ) it into the bin . 17. The horse was ( galloping – eating – sleeping ) through the woods . Correct the adjectives : 1. Tom got the ( bad ) mark in the exam . …………………………………………………………………. 2. I had the ( little ) time to finish . …………………………………………………………………. 3. Your dictation is the in the class . ( good ) …………………………………………………………………. 4. He is the ( bad ) boy in the class . …………………………………………………………………. 5. Chicken soup is ( good ) than tomato soup . …………………………………………………………………. 6.The school is ( far ) than the club . …………………………………………………………………. Re-write the following sentences using words in brackets : 1. No other horse is faster than my horse . " fastest " …………………………………………………………………………………………. 2. The other stories are not as interesting as my story . " the " …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. Tom took his umbrella . " not " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Suzy has no homework today . " not " …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5. They ate five sandwiches . " How ……" …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6. She always watches cartoons . " now " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  44. 44. 44 7. She dressed beautifully . " dress " …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 8. Tom is not as tall as Ben . " Ben …." ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9. We went to the party in my father's car . " How " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10. The sheep has a big hoof . " have " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. Fill in the blanks with these words . 1. Their friends ……………………to them and called out greetings . 2. The other horses ………………….their hooves and ……………….their heads . 3. His father was ………………………..because he had two winners . 4. His horse ……………………strongly . 5. My horse snorted with ………………………. Sample test on unit 5 Choose the correct word : 1. His eyes were fixed [ on – in – to – by ] the massive rock . 2. Yesterday 's news was the [ more – most – much ] interesting one . 3. Ann [ rides – ridden – riding – rode ] her bike a week ago . 4. I watched the [ worse – bad – boring – worst ] film in my life yesterday . 5. He leapt [ into – under – onto – in ] his horse and disappeared quickly . 6. The children are singing [ happy – happily – lovely – friendly ] . 7. What [ do – were – did – are ] you study last night ? 8. He looks sleepy . He is [ coughing – yawning – loving – crawling ] . 9. Dad never [ smoking – smoked – smokes – smoke ] . 10. Dad set [ on – off – at – of ] on a journey round the word . Supply the missing letters d i s a p – e – r g a l – o – Stamped – proud – waved – tossed – galloped – excitement
  45. 45. 45 Re-write using the words in bracket : 1. Sloths are slow animals " crawl " ………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. The boy's race was first . " were " ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. Mona is drawing a picture now . " yesterday " …………………………………………………………………………………………. 4. Marry always studies her lessons well . " How……..? " ………………………………………………………………………………………….. Supply the parts in the following dialogue : Tom :……………………………………………………………..when I phoned you yesterday? Ben : ……………………………………………………………… at the shops with mum . Tom : …………………………………………………………………? Ben : We ……………………………………………………. a taxi , we walked to the market . Tom : …………………………………………………………………..? Ben : Yes , we bought vegetables and meat . Tom : …………………………………………………………………..? Ben : We paid 59 pounds for these things . I- Comprehension Read and answer the following questions : Yesterday at school our teacher told us a story about a friendly dinosaur . His name was Dino and he lived in a cave near a forest . The other animals didn't like Dino because most of them were afraid of him . They thought he wanted to eat them . But Dino could only eat vegetables and fruit . Poor Dino was the only dinosaur in the world and he didn't have any friends to tell secrets to .One day Dino was whistling the music to a beautiful song when suddenly he saw a fire
  46. 46. 46 burning in the forest . He saw the birds flying , the rabbits running , the frogs jumping and all the little animals and insects trying to get away . It was horrible ! Dino felt very sad but he knew that he was the only one who could do something to help .He quickly ran to the river and drank as much water as he could Then he walked to the forest and threw the water onto the fire . The forest wasn't burnt and all the animals were happy . So they knew Dino wasn't dangerous and thy wanted to be his friends . Dino left his cave and went to live in the forest with the other animals . 1. How did the animals know that Dino wasn't dangerous ? ………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………….. 2.Why didn't the other animals like Dino ? ………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………….. B. Choose the correct answer : 3. The animals were running because they saw …….. a- Dino b- a fire c- a lion 4. Dino left his cave and went to live with …………. a- other Dinosaurs . b- other animals. c- birds. 5. Dino didn't eat the animals because ………….. a- he couldn't catch them . b- he couldn't eat meat . c- he couldn't animals to eat 6. There ………………….in the world . a- was one dinosaur . b- were many dinosaurs. c- were no dinosaurs .
  47. 47. 47 Pictorial Dad – Mum – home – six a walk – by – river ………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………. ……………………………………………… …………………………………………………….. eight – have – dinner TV – living room ………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………. ……………………………………………… …………………………………………………….. Story Answer the following questions : 1. What did father ask the boys to do ? ............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................. 2. What happened as the weather was getting hotter ? ............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................. Complete the following sentences : 1. Omar knew it was his ………………..that the sheep …………………… 2. They had very little ……………………………to buy ……………………………… Handwriting : Terry never gets up late .
  48. 48. 48 Unit 6 New vocabulary : bone (n) :one of the hand parts of the body that is covered with muscles upside down (adv) : having the part which is usually at the top turned to be at the bottom . branch(n) : part of the that carries leaves . roll up into (v.) : to form into a tube or and round by curling round saber(n) : curved knife . giants : (adj) very large b) noun a very large strong man in children's stories cave (n): A hollow place under the ground or in the side of a mountain or rock . wooly ( adj ) : made of wool ( wool = the hair of the sheep ) curved (adj ): not straight . tusks ( n ): a long pointed tooth which grows outside the mouths of some animals . e.g : the elephant tusks attack (v ) : to fight against someone or harm them . crawl ( v ) : to move along the floor on your hands and knees . sloth ( n ) : an animal with long arms which moves slowly . spike (n ) : a narrow thin shape point at one end . ex : some dinosaurs had sharp spikes on their backs . hunt ( v ) : to chase and catch and kill an animal or bird for food . names of some animals . glyptodont – armadillo – wooly rhino – saber – tooth cat .
  49. 49. 49 Choose the correct word : 1. A [ saber – hunter – rhino ] is a large animal . It has a very thick skin . 2. A [ dolphin – mammoth – leopard ] is a sea animal . It is large , smooth and grey . 3. Can anybody live in a [ house – chess – cave ] now ? No , they can't 4. Cats like to [ hunt – leaf – run ] mice and birds . 5. [ Tigers – Monkeys – Armadillos ] are beautiful animals but very fierce . 6. The baby is learning to [ break – cry – crawl ] 7. A [ leopard – tiger – lion ] is smaller than a tiger and it has spotted fur . 8. A [ mammoth – tiger – leopard ] is a large hairy elephant .It lived a long time ago . 9. [ Cows – Lions – Elephants ] eat meat not leaves . 10. The [ mammoth – dolphin – armadillo ] can curl itself into a ball when it is attacked . Rewrite the following sentences : 1. Ali met Hany at the club yesterday . [ Who……………?] ……………………………………………………………………………… 2. My mother went to the market yesterday . [ not ………………….] ……………………………………………………………………………….. 3. Omar doesn't play tennis . [ never ] ………………………………………………………………………………… 4. This story is not interesting . [ is ] …………………………………………………………………………………. 5. Jana is 30 Kilos . Rana is 40 Kilos . [ is not ] ………………………………………………………………………………….. 6. Sarah usually drinks tea . [ now ] …………………………………………………………………………………… 7. The blue whale is bigger than the seal and the other sea animals . [ the ] …………………………………………………………………………………… 8. Sally is the most beautiful girl in our class . [ more ] …………………………………………………………………………………………. 9. This is our house . [ ours ] …………………………………………………………………………………………… 10. Today is Monday . [ yesterday ] …………………………………………………………………………………………….
  50. 50. 50 Sample test on unit 6 Choose the correct answer : 1. [ Stoth – Tiger – Dolphin – Lion ] is a very lazy animal . 2. The wooly mammoth had long [ tail – ears – tusks – fur ] 3. The giant sloth was as big as a [ mountain – bus – car – bike ]. 4. [ Rhinos – Giants – Elephants – Tigers ] appear only in children's stories . 5. The saber- tooth cat used its [ teeth – head – legs – tail ] to kill quickly . 6. The [ blue whale – elephant – lion – sloth ] is the biggest land animal . 7. A saber is a curved [ tusk – knife – tail – nail ] . 8. Reem is the [ bad – worse – good –worst ] girl in our class . 9. You are so thin that I can see your [ giant – bones – teeth – clothes ]. 10. People hunted woolly mammoths with [ knives – spears – guns – sticks ]. Supply the missing letters :- e n – r m o – s s c – l – s Re-write the following sentences : 1. The English test is easier than the maths test . " The maths test " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. The armadillo has hard scales on its back . " What ……? " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3. She dances well . " is " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4. Sarah usually helps her mother . " last night " ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. Dad bought some sweets yesterday . " any " …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  51. 51. 51 Complete the dialogue Polly : Do you like this colour ? Molly : ………………………………………………………..very nice . Polly : I paint it every year . Molly ; I think you need a new brush . Polly : No , ……………………………………………………… Molly ; When are you going to finish painting it ? Polly : ……………………………………………………………………… Molly : Good Luck . Comprehension : Read then answer the questions : A dam is a wall built across a river or a stream to control water . Dams are built to make a reservoir . A reservoir is a man – made lake in which water is stored and sent across the country in pipes so that people can use it for drinking , washing and cooking . Dams are also built to store water for irrigating fields in the dry season when there is no rain . In the past , dams were built to force water into narrow channels . Today very big dams are built to use the force of water to get electricity . 1. When do we need water from Dams ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. How can we get electricity from water ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Choose the right answer : 1. Water is stored and sent across the country in ......................... a. canals b. balloons c. pipes d. cartoons 2. Dams were built to force water into ………………….channels . a. big b. great c. wide d. narrow 3. A dam is a wall built …………..a river or stream . a. above b. around c. across d. under
  52. 52. 52 Pictorial composition : Write a sentence under each picture describing it : Yesterday – leave – bag A man – see – bag …………………………………………. …………………………………………………….. …………………………………………. ……………………………………………………. shout – give thank – money …………………………………………. …………………………………………………….. …………………………………………. ……………………………………………………. Story Answer the following questions 1. How did Omar feel when he reached the river ? Why ? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2. Was the wishing fish dead ? Why ? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. Complete the following sentences : 1. Omar …………………………and ………………………the river ………………….up with his ………………. 2. Omar made bad use of his luck because ………………………………. Handwriting : I always visit my grandparents . Unit 7
  53. 53. 53 New vocabulary flight : a journey made by air . leap : to jump high float : move with moving liquid or air rooster ; male chicken perching : sitting glows ; to shine but not brightly Grammar Future ( be + going to ) Is used to express future plans and arrangements . ex : I am going to travel to London next week . We use these words with : future - tomorrow – next Form : I am He She is going + to + base form It We You are They Question Am I he Is she It + going to + base form you Are We they
  54. 54. 54 Choose the right word ; 1. There is a [ herd – flock – bunch – team ] of sheep in the field . 2. I bought a [ herd – team – bunch – swarm ] of flowers yesterday . 3.The birds fly [ by – into – on – through ] the air . 4. Did you [ play – played – playing – plays ] tennis yesterday ? 5. There is a [ team – library – herd – swarm ] of bees in the cave . 6. I [ travel – am going to travel – traveled – am traveling ] to London tomorrow . 7. I'm going to travel to Paris [ in – at – for – to ] a holiday . 8. There [ is – are – were – be ] a library of books on the shelf . 9. The birds fly [ in – on – over – of ] green trees . 10. I am going to post a letter to my friend [ now – every week – yesterday – next week ] . Re-write the following sentences using words in brackets ; 1. I buy a new car every year . " next year " ……………………………………………………………………………. 2. I paid 70 pounds for the skirt . " How …………? " …………………………………………………………………………….. 3. The old man walks slowly . " How …………? " ………………………………………………………………………………… 4. A cat runs after a mouse . " cats " ……………………………………………………………………………….. 5. Hany intends to play tennis . " going to " ………………………………………………………………………………… 6. A bike isn't as fast as a car . "A car " ……………………………………………………………………………………. 7. This is your book . " Yours " …………………………………………………………………………………….. 8. Women carry their babies . " A woman " …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9. I had a party yesterday . " not " ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10. I 'm going to study hard . " promise " ………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  55. 55. 55 The Wishing Fish Part One New Vocabulary : - Parents : father and mother . - hates : doesn't like at all . - nap : a short sleep . - shepherd : a man who takes care of the sheep . - disappoint : to fail to do something that someone asks from you . - wander off : to walk away . - lazy : not active - feed : give them food - look after : take care of Questions on pages 4 and 5 : I- Answer the following questions : 1- Where did Omar live ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- Whom / who did he live with ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What did Omar hate ? ............................................................................................................................... 4- What did his father tell him when he was twelve ? ............................................................................................................................... 5- Who is Karim ? ................................................................................................................ 6- Why was Omar lazy ? ................................................................................................................ 7- Was Omar a good son ? ................................................................................................................ 8- Why did Omar's family lead a good life ? How do you know ? ................................................................................................................
  56. 56. 56 II- Fill in the blanks : 1- Omar lived in a ………………………… 2- Omar's parents worked very …………….. but he was very …………….. 3- Omar never ………………. his parents . 4- Omar's brothers were good ………………………………. 5- Karim said to Omar " Do not ………… me " 6- " I'm ………………….. . I'm going to sit here for a while " Omar said . Questions on pages 6 and 7 : I- Answer the following questions : 1- Why wasn't Omar a good shepherd ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- Did Omar keep his promise ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What is Hassim ? ............................................................................................................................... I- Put (T) or (F) : 1- Omar was a good shepherd . [ ] 2- Omar's father was very happy with him . [ ] 3- Omar's brothers did most of the work . [ ] 4- Omar sat for a while because he worked a lot . [ ] II- Complete the following sentences : 1- The …………………… was a better shepherd than Omar . 2- Omar's father was ……………………………. 3- Many of Omar's sheep ……………………………off . 4- Omar thought that the sheep can ………………themselves . 5- Omar as always said that he was …………………………
  57. 57. 57 Part two New Vocabulary - spices : powders that give taste to food . - snake charmer : a person who moves a snake by playing music . - magician : a person who makes magical tricks . - strange : something that you don't see all the time unusual . - fishing rod : a long thin stick of wood to catch fish . - boring : not exciting . - special : different . Questions on pages 10 and 11 : I- Answer the following questions : 1- Where did Omar go ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- What can you buy at the market ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- Did Omar love going to the market ? ............................................................................................................................... 4- Was Omar an obedient or disobedient boy ? Why ? ………………………………………………………………………………….. II- Complete the following sentences : 1- Omar's mother gave him money to buy ………………………. only . 2- At the market there were ……………………. things to buy . 3- At the market Omar saw a …………………………… man . 4- ………………………. and ……………….. are very interesting people .
  58. 58. 58 Questions on pages 12 and 13 : I- Correct the error : 1- The man was selling fishing nets . ............................................................................................................................... 2- Omar thought that fishing is interesting . ............................................................................................................................... 3- The strange man had an ordinary fishing rod . ............................................................................................................................... 4- Mother gave Omar the money to buy a fishing rod . ............................................................................................................................... II- Answer the following questions : 1- What did the strange man look like ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- What did he sell ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What does the wishing fish do ? ............................................................................................................................... 4- Did Omar do what mother told him ? How ? ............................................................................................................................... 5- How did the man convince Omar to buy the fishing rod ? .............................................................................................................................. Part Three New Vocabulary : - suddenly : something happens quickly and at once . - wonderful : very nice . - disappear : can't be seen any more . - granted : given
  59. 59. 59 Questions on pages 16 and 17 : I- Choose the correct word : 1- Omar's mother was [ disappointed – happy ] . 2- The next day Omar went to the [ market – river ] . 3- Omar felt something [ eating – pulling ] on the line . 4- The fish was very [ big – small ] . II- Answer the following questions : 1- Why was Omar's mother disappointed ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- What did Omar want to show his mother by going to the river ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What did Omar think when he saw the big fish ? ............................................................................................................................... Questions on pages 18 and 19 ; II- Fill in the blanks : 1- The fish wasn't an ……………………….. fish . It was a …………. fish . 2- The fish will make Omar's …………………. come true if he …………. 3- The fish said " your wish is …………………. " . 4- The fish …………………. into the water . II- Answer the following : 1- What kind of fish did Omar catch ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- What will the fish do to Omar if he let it go ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What was Omar's wish ? ............................................................................................................................... 4- Why did Omar have this wish ? ...............................................................................................................................
  60. 60. 60 Part four New Vocabulary : - excited : very happy . - herd : collect in a group . - sick : ill . - announcement : to say something loudly . - starve : having no food to eat . - fault : mistake . Questions on Pages 22 and 23 : I- Put (T) or (F) : 1- The next day the sheep were gone . [ ] 2- Omar had to look after the sheep . [ ] 3- The weather was getting colder . [ ] 4- Omar thought that his wish didn't come true . [ ] II- Fill in the blanks : 1- The next day Omar was very …………………………………………… 2- Omar thought that he didn't have to ……………………………….. 3- The only thing that changed was the ………………………………. 4- It was so …………………… and Omar wanted some …………… Questions on pages 24 and 25 : I- Answer the following questions : 1- What happened as the weather was getting hotter ? ............................................................................................................................... 2- What happened to the sheep ? ............................................................................................................................... 3- What did father ask the boys to do ? Why ? ............................................................................................................................... 4- How did Omar feel ? What did he decide to do ? ...............................................................................................................................

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