Does Bullying Vary Between Genders• I decided on this question because I thinks girls are the root of all evil and they created bullying.• I did extensive pre searching I looked through a series of library catalogs and databases. I also had a lot of help from my group members and from the best teacher at UWG Professor CRITTEN!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Boys bully physically, girls bullypsychologically Argument Question• My argument is that boys • I answered my research bullying in a more question by finding physical and animalistic information in books way trying to be the alpha articles and websites. male. Girls try to be the alpha female also but they do it through mental and psychological control or bullying.
My Research • The Article: "Affective and Cognitive Empathy as Mediators of Gender Differences in Cyber and Traditional Bullying This article hit my topic right on the head by trying to distinguish the different types of bullying by genders. The article did a study on a large group of teenagers ranging from thirteen to eighteen. It measured the role of cognitive and affective empathy. This is how they were able to find out witch technique was being used. • The book: Bullying: the bullies, the victims, the bystanders. I chose to use this book because both authors engage on all of the different types of bullying in school and how each person involved is affected, which includes the bully, the bullied, and the bystander. Each author reports their results of many studies including personal research. Their personal research is used to discuss actual incidences of bullying at school and they list many sources to try and help prevent and reduce this bullying behavior. • The website:<http://www.josephswan.org.uk/?page_id=3296>. This website was packed with information about bullying. It was very helpful o get another persons point of view on the broad topic of bullying. but it also broke is down into sub categories of bullying. •Image:Moviefan, Unknown.Rebecca1917version. N.d. Public Domain,Wikimedia Commons. Foter.com. Web. 5Nov. 2012.
Evaluation process• Credibility• The article and the book were both written by professors and scholars from universities and the website was done by a novelist with twenty five years of experience.
What are the effects of cyberbullying on teenagegirls?• The reason that I chose this research question is that cyberbullying has become more prevalent with the growth of social media. I chose to focus on teenage girls specifically , because they tend to be more critical of their self image, reputation, etc. I was able to narrow my research question from “What is cyberbullying and what are its effects” as I feel that understanding the effects of cyberbullying amongst teenage girls is geared towards helping us come to a solution for this problem.
Because teenage girls are often most targeted bycyberbullying, knowing the effects on teenage girls mayhelp lead to prevention.• My approach to cyberbullying is this: ▫ Twice as many females are affected, therefore, studying how cyberbullying affects them as a whole may help us to fully understand why cyberbullying occurs and how best to prevent it.• Self image, confidence, and reputation may be affected by cyberbullying.• In most serious cases, individuals are driven to inflict self harm.
Research• Book –Willard, Nancy E., Cyberbullying and cyberthreats: responding to the challenge of online social aggression, treats, and distress. Champaign, I11.: Research Press, 2007. Print.• Website – Aftab, Parry. “STOP Cyberbullying.” Wired Safety Group. Web 19 Nov 2012. http://www.stopcyberbullying.org/index2.php.• Article –Snell, Patricia A., and Elizabeth K. Englander. “Cyberbullying Victimization And Behaviors Among Girls: Applying Research Findings In the Field.” Journal Of Social Sciences (15493652)6.4 (2010):508-512. Academic Search Complete. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
Evaluation Process• The sources that I used to support my argument discussed the problem at hand, how to identify the problem, and the necessary steps to prevent/ resolve cyberbullying problems.• The sources I used were peer reviewed, published within the last five years, and written by authors who are knowledgeable in this field.
“The psychological effects ofbullying”• I believe that this question was important in order to understand the psychological problems that come from bullying even after the bullying has stopped. Also to show the different types of bullying that victims go through and there effects. I was able to narrow the question from effects of bullying which include the physical aspect of bullying to the psychological effects of bullying . I believe this would be a more interesting topic as these effects can be long lasting and can go unnoticed if a cause such as bullying is unknown and not addressed correctly.
By revealing the psychological effectsof bullying, the public can see thevalue of bullying prevention.• My position is to bring awareness and explain the psychological effects of bullying in order to allow others to see problems that can come from it. Consequences form bullying can affect the mental state of a child and reduce his ability to perform successfully in school. To bring awareness to it’s problems and how serious they can be in hopes of more people taking action and working on solutions on reducing bullying in school. Bullying can be overt but also take more subtle forms in which the effects aren’t as apparent even to the victim(s) but can still have long-lasting effects .
Research• Book - Failing Grades: This book speaks mainly on the effects of bullying on a victim’s school success and therefore their future success.• Website - www.bullyonline.org: A detailed website with much information on bullying overall and it’s many psychological effects on the individual.• Article - Wolke D, Woods S, Bloomfield L, et al. Bullying involvement in primary school and common health problems. Arch Dis Child. 2001;85:197–201
Evaluation Process• All of the resources I choose were relevant to the position that was proposed more so then other’s that dealt with bullying and listed it’s psychological effects and problems associated with it.• I also looked to sources of authority such as www.bullyonline.org which as an information source is ranked highly over other website sources.• The author’s credibility was also important with many having PHD’s and/or serving high positions in organizations dealing with the topic.
What are the Long-Term Effects ofBullying on the victim?• I decided on this question: ▫ Because I was curious about the topic ▫ I have an interest in self esteem. ▫ I broadened it from “How bullying effects self esteem”
The effects of bullying last wellbeyond childhood• Carrying characteristics of being victimized can hinder job market success.• Being bullied in the past and effect how academic environments are approached in the future.
Book• Kevorkian, Meline M., and Robin Antona. 101 Facts about Bullying: What Everyone should Know. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2008. Print.• Learned Behavior• Meline M. Kevorkian and Robin Antona cite their sources and case studies.
Website: Stopbullying.gov Long-Term Effects on the Victim • Depression/ Sadness/ • Loss of interest in Loneliness activities they used to • Anxiety issues enjoy • Changes in sleep/eating • Decrease in academic patterns achievement • Hindered social developmentU.S. Department of Health & Human Services. "Effects of Bullying."StopBullying.gov. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services,n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. <http://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/effects/index.html>. Credibility: It is a government website
Scholarly Article• ADAMS, FRANK D., and GLORIA J. LAWRENCE. "Bullying Victims: The Effects Last Into College." American Secondary Education 40.1 (2011): 4-13. Academic Search Complete. Web. 4 Oct. 2012.• Don’t know how to stand up for themselves when people say hurtful things. ▫ Frank D. Adams and Gloria J. Lawrence are experts who cite different case studies.