Women & power 2L1 English


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Women & power 2L1 English

  1. 1. * Women and Power Presented by :  Inas Mnebhi  Nadia el Fadil  Chaimaa Afiss  Yassine Kadouri  Abdelrahim Oussi Study in Mohamed VI HighSchool 2L1 English
  2. 2. * Women’s position In The Arabic World *Nowadays, we all notice that women’s position in the Arabic country has greatly changed in society. Their efforts have been crowned by getting an equal position to men in all domains. Women could not go to school and stayed with their parents at homes. Thus they were regarded illiterate and ignorant as well. Their jobs were looking after their husbands, cooking daily meals and washing dishes as machines. They were not allowed to vote and were under the authority of men. Everything has now changed, women have become aware of the significance of education, and so they go to school and get good marks. More than that, they have been appointed teachers and directresses in great schools. Because of their strong struggles, women can share with men some political posts like working in courts as judges or lawyers. In addition to that, women wear whatever they love and go to cafés as men All in all, the marginalization of women in the past led them to suffer a lot and live a difficult life. However, women struggled to show their existence in society and have finally got their rights as men.
  3. 3. *Moroccan Socity and The Woman * Women have for so long been likened to slaves, created just to serve and execute men’s orders. In some cultures, they were considered as a part of the furniture of the house. The situation is not as acute as it used to be. However, girls in some parts of the world are still unable to go to school because life in the countryside needs help even from children. Thus, illiteracy is so prevailing in rural areas. It undoubtedly affects development and prosperity. As a result, the government has launched many campaigns aiming at fighting this problem which is an obstracle in the integration of women in the development of the Moroccan society. Women in all parts of the world have struggled so as to get a place in the sun. The fruit of this hard work has been the family code. Many claim that it’s a triumph for Moroccan women. Others, however, believe that it has complicated things and has widened the gap between men and women.. The point is that women need moe rights to be able to efficiently contribute to the welfare of the society. For this reason, we witness today their emergence in political parties and organisations to raise up their voices against gender discrimination within the same society.
  4. 4. Women Grow of the Civilisation Men
  5. 5. *Angela Merkel * 56, oversees Europe's largest economy and is arguably the most influential female politician in the world. The chemist from east Germany joined the Christian Democrats, traditionally dominated by Catholic West German men, and won a seat in the Bundestag during the first post-reunification general election. Chancellor Helmut Kohl appointed her as a cabinet minister a year later in December 1990, but her career changed when Kohl was mired in scandal. She became the first former ally to publicly break with him and it propelled her to leader of the party. Pragmatic, hard working and an excellent negotiator – if not charismatic – she was extremely popular for years, but after her latest coalition with the Bavariabased Christian Social Union and the liberal Free Democratic party, squabbling and the country's economic problems have led to criticisms that she has lost her touch. But as the head of government who has had to steel herself to kiss Berlusconi, cope with Sarkozy's temper tantrums and Brown's sometime grouchiness – not to mention withstand a neck rub from George Bush, she has certainly earned her nickname as the Iron Frau.
  6. 6. *Christine Lagarde * Even as a teenager, Christine Lagarde, now 55, was a high-achiever, winning a place on the French synchronised swimming team. The sport seems to mimic how she conducts business: avoiding collisions with her counterparts, all the while looking unflappable and elegant. She rose to head the global law firm Baker & McKenzie, before becoming France's trade minister in 2005; under her watch, exports reached record levels. In 2007, she was the first woman appointed finance minister in a G8 country. Never afraid to speak out, Lagarde has said she believed the 2008 global economic crash was caused, in part, by the global banks' maledominated, aggressively testosterone-fuelled culture. This month, Lagarde plans to shepherd through France's plans to strengthen the eurozone at a vital summit. In a recent interview she complained that the euro had been given "fragile foundations" by its "founding fathers": "Founding fathers not mothers, notice. Regrettably there was no woman at the table at the time . . . We are now working on [foundations] which are bigger, stronger."
  7. 7. *Fatema Mernissi * From veils to polygamy, Islamic feminist Fatema Mernissi fearlessly tackles the most controversial customs in the Muslim world. Her first book – Beyond the Veil – was a revelation and a call to revolution. Born in Morocco in 1940, she grew up in a domestic harem, physically trapped by the traditions of the time alongside her grandmother, mother and female relatives, and only escaping through education – first a traditional Qur'anic school, and eventually as the professor of sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat. As she later said, "The [male] elite faction is trying to convince us that their egotistic, highly subjective, and mediocre view of culture and society has a sacred basis." Born in 1940, she focuses her work today on civil society, democracy and the digital revolution.
  8. 8. *Oprah Winfrey * Being black and a woman has not stopped Oprah Winfrey becoming one of the most powerful people in the world and her claim to influence lies on stronger foundations than her ability to get stars such as Tom Cruise over-sharing on her couch. The importance of an appearance on her talkshow was underlined when the then President-elect Barack Obama was a guest – it was seen as providing a boost to his profile not hers. She rose to become the world's first black female self-made billionaire from a childhood so poor it sounds like a punchline for a joke – she adopted two cockroaches as pets and wore sackcloth as her grandmother could not afford to buy her clothes. Her willingness to talk about her years of being sexually abused, her teenage pregnancy and the loss of her baby, her constant battle with her weight and childhood poverty have made her a hero to millions of viewers around the world. Her endorsements can make careers (books she mentions routinely become bestsellers) and she doesn't always pick perfectly (Jenny McCarthy appeared on her show to explain why she thinks vaccination caused her son's autism), but her support for gay rights, Aids awareness, sexual abuse victims and literacy campaigns are impressive and consistent. As is her philanthropy: she founded a school in South Africa, Oprah's Angel Network, which gives educational grants, and personally donated $10m to rebuild homes after Hurricane Katrina. At 57, she's hardly self-effacing – her latest venture is her own television channel to add to a magazine called O, The Oprah Magazine – but few have done as much to put women, poor black ones at that, on the international map.
  9. 9. *Nawal El Saadawi * This year, at the age of 80, Nawal El Saadawi was back on the streets with her fellow Egyptians in the protests that brought about the end of President Mubarak's rule. The doctor, psychiatrist, feminist and university lecturer who has published almost 50 novels, plays and short stories first cut her teeth during the demonstrations against the British rule of Egypt. After undergoing female genital mutilation at the age of six, and seeing the damage it could do during her work as a village doctor, she campaigned against the practice – which led to her losing her job as director general of public health. Her writing takes on controversial issues such as prostitution, domestic violence and religious fundamentalism. Most recently her criticism of patriarchal religion led to an unsuccessful legal attempt to strip her of her nationality and dissolve her marriage.
  10. 10. *Margaret Thatcher * On her election in 1979, she said: "The women of this country have never had a prime minister who knew the things they know. And the things that we know are very different from what men know." But it never became clear what those things were. Thatcher froze child benefit and refused to invest in affordable childcare, instead criticising working mothers for raising a "crèche generation". With the exception of Baroness Young, she promoted no women to her cabinet and no women above junior minister. She made statements such as "the battle for women's rights has largely been won", while the UK had among the worst maternity rights in Europe. Her template for the archetypal career woman – 18-hour working days, four hours' sleep, all while giving the appearance of perfect wife and mother – set impossible standards that women today are still trying to live up to. And yet she is also an inspiration, partly for showing that the daughter of a greengrocer could progress through education, determination and hard work. After becoming a chemist, paid less than her male colleagues, she studied part-time to become a lawyer, while looking after twins. She doggedly convinced the Conservative selection panel to let her stand as an MP, and quickly rose through the ranks, fighting a bloody battle to become leader in 1975. Having a woman in the most important job in the country for the first time changed the cultural idea of what was possible for women. Thatcher was ambitious, tough and uncompromising, qualities rarely associated with, or admired in, women before her. She may not have done much for the careers of individual women, but she didShe changed the way female politicians were thought of – her decisions, such as waging war on the unions, or in the Falklands, may have been ruthless, but nobody now questions whether women politicians can be strong.
  11. 11. *Hillary Clinton * From fielding questions about what designer clothes she wears (her reply: "Would you ever ask a man that question?") to supporting victims of rape in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Hillary Clinton, 63, has always been outspoken about her feminism. Her early years may have seen her canvassing for Republican politicians (from the tender age of 13) and hoping to become an astronaut. But once at University, the death of Martin Luther King and the Vietnam war turned her into a Democrat and her rebuke of a Republican senator in her graduation speech won her notice in Life magazine as a voice for her generation. She apparently joined Yale law school after feeling insulted by a professor at Harvard who told her they didn't need more women. There she met Bill Clinton , in the library, marching up to him and announcing, "If you're going to keep staring at me, I might as well introduce myself." While her husband was governor of Arkansas she became the first female partner at her law firm and was appointed to the board of the Legal Services Corporation (which provides free legal assistance), by President Carter. Her critics complained that whilst her husband was in power she had too much influence over public policy - during a campaign speech he had said voters would get "Two for the price of one," if he was voted in. She refused to be broken by the scandal over her husband's affairs and his subsequent impeachment, instead running for Senate. Now secretary of state, she has outlasted her critics to become more popular than ever. And despite her support of the Iraq war and the failure to get her healthcare legislation through (since remedied by Obama), she works tirelessly for women across the globe, saying that women's rights are "the signature issue" for this administration's foreign policy. She has pressed the subject of the gender imbalance in China, sexual violence as a weapon of war, and even the importance of safe cooking stoves – which other politicians have ignored or downplayed. And according to a reader: "She has refused to be overshadowed by her husband, maintaining a highly active political career while he was in the White House. Her own political achievements have been outstanding, and as a representative of New York State and now as secretary of state she is an inspiration to women throughout the world."
  12. 12. *Park Geun-hye * 63.is the eleventh and current President of South Korea. She is the first woman to be elected as President in South Korea, and is serving the 18th presidential term. She also is the first woman head of state in modern history of Northeast Asia. Prior to her presidency, she was the chairwoman of the conservative Grand National Party (GNP) between 2004 and 2006 and between 2011 and 2012 (the GNP changed its name to "Saenuri Party" in February 2012). Park was also a member of the Korean National Assembly, and had served four consecutive parliamentary terms as a constituency representative between 1998 and 2012; starting her fifth term as a proportional representative from June 2012.