Cultural identity is a dynamic and acomplex feeling and sens of belongingto one or more ethnic groups. It definesthe way an individual identifies orpositions himself in different culturalcontexts.
Banks stages of ethnic identity development are an interesting framework for discussing and facilitating cultural identity formation of students , he describes the stages of cultural identity in his article "Teaching for Social Justice, Diversity, and Citizenship in a Global World" (2004) .Reference: James A. Banks. Multicultural Education: Goals and Dimensions. http://education.washington.edu/cme/view.htm
According to Bank there are six stages: ● Stage 1-Ethnic psychological captivity, people in this stage have monocultural experience, they suffer the stereotypes associated with their groups. ● Stage 2-Ethnic encapsulation, people have a defensive attitude towards their culture, the majority culture is threatning. ● Stage 3-Ethnic identity clarification, people start to reinforce their emerging cultural identity.
Tell me, which Cultural identitystage are in?What about you friends?Will you look at them the sameway, after reading this?
● Stage 4-Biethnicity: to have a strong sens of their ethnic identity , a clear understanding for your own culture, and respect for others.● Stage 5-Multi culturalism and Reflective Nationalism: understanding and comprehension for multiple groups● Stage 6-Globalism and Global competency: individual develop positive ethnic, national, and global identities, they demonstrate the necessary skills, attitudes, knowledge to be part of these ethnics cultures.