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Williams something from nothing TCS 2015


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Kristine Williams, University of South Florida

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Williams something from nothing TCS 2015

  1. 1. Florida’s Mobility Fee Concept Kristine M. Williams, AICP University of South Florida, Center for Urban Transportation Research Transportation and Communities Summit, Portland, OR  Sept. 15, 2015
  2. 2. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Why a Mobility fee? • Funding shortfalls and issues with concurrency • Based on roadway level of service (pm peak hour) • Available roadway capacity is free to new development • If no capacity available, development is stopped unless capacity is provided – piecemeal mitigation • Encouraged sprawl 2
  3. 3. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Florida Community Renewal Act of 2009 A mobility fee to replace transportation concurrency management systems The mobility fee should:  provide for mobility needs  ensure development mitigates its impacts proportionately  be fairly distributed among the governmental entities that maintain the impacted “roadways”  promote compact, mixed-use, and energy-efficient development 3
  4. 4. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Approaches Considered 1. A road user fee paid by all roadway users and applied statewide 2. An impact fee sensitive to vehicle miles traveled 3. A transportation utility fee assessed within an established district based upon use of the utility 4
  5. 5. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF What is the Mobility Fee? • A transportation system charge to recoup the proportionate cost of transportation demand generated by all new development. • Multimodal • Sensitive to VMT (location and type of development) • System-wide application • Intergovernmental coordination 5 Regional tier state highways, arterial corridors, regional transit, regional multiuse trails, system-wide operational enhancements (i.e., signal coordination), intermodal connections Local tier collectors, local transit, bicycle and pedestrian facilities
  6. 6. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Mobility Fee Needs a Mobility Plan • Land use and transportation plans must be coordinated • Density and transit are linked • Serve as cost basis for mobility fee • At minimum countywide • Suggested: multi-county mobility plan • Cooperative agreements • Coordinated policies, incentives and project priorities 6 Mobility fees are tied to land use and transportation plans.
  7. 7. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Jacksonville 2030 Mobility Plan LANDUSE • 5 development areas • Mobility- friendly communities TRANSPORTATION • Multimodal • Expanded transit network • Bicycle- pedestrian network FUNDING • Mobility fee • Mobility zones • Fee reduction strategies •Net residential density; •Mix of uses; •Transit service; •Ped/ bike friendliness; •Affordable and senior housing; and •Parking supply. Mobility Plan Strategies 7
  8. 8. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Jacksonville Mobility Fee A = cost per VMT (constant) B = average trip length per dev area C = project daily vehicle trips
  9. 9. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Pasco County Mobility Plan Market Area Map with Regional and Transit Nodes 9
  10. 10. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Pasco County Mobility Fee Example 10 Urban Office (50k sf) = $0 Rural Office (50k sf) = $2,347 Suburban Office (50k sf) = $1,174
  11. 11. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF PascoCounty MobilityPlan LANDUSE •Urban service area/TCEA •Market areas •TOD overlay, town centers, employment centers •Transfer of development rights TRANSPORTATION • MPO 2035 LRTP (road, transit, bike/ped) • Transit emphasis corridor FUNDING • Tiered mobility fee assessment districts • Rate “buy- down”: TIF, gas tax, sales tax Mobility Plan Strategies 11
  12. 12. CenterforUrbanTransportationResearch/USF Adapted Transportation Utility Fee 12 𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇𝑇 𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈𝑈 𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹𝐹 = (𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐 + 𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜𝑜 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐) 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔 𝑏𝑏𝑏𝑏 𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒𝑒 𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 • VMT aligned with tax assessor records (not ITE LU codes) • VMT estimated by assessor codes per sq ft and multiplied by structure size or by # of bedrooms • Alternative: • functional population – the effective population served over a day including those who live and work in the area As conceived by Arthur “Chris” Nelson and James Nicholas
  13. 13. For Further Information KristineM.Williams,AICP 813-974-9807 FloridaMobilityFeeStudyFinalReport, June2009 06FloridaMobilityFeeStudyFinal.pdf AlternativeFundingforMobilityinFlorida,2012 13