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Utrecht Mobility Hubs

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Lucas van der Linde, Gouddapel Cofeng

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Utrecht Mobility Hubs

  1. 1. Mobility Hubs Utrecht Reorganize mobility for new inner city urban development – the example of Utrecht (the Netherlands) Lucas van der Linde MSc Consultant Urban Mobility
  2. 2. Introduction • MSc Urban and Regional Planning (Utrecht University), minor Uppsala (Sweden) • Professional life: 4 years at Goudappel Coffeng (the Netherlands) • Specialization: bicycle planning and Mobility HUBs • First scientific article submitted for publication
  3. 3. Goudappel Coffeng • 50 years of experience in mobility engineering (since 1963) • Based in the Netherlands: • Rich planning tradition • Mobility really matters (dense, open economy) • Recognized for (urban) mobility planning • 250 experts to cover all relevant aspects (urban planners, traffic engineers, psychologists, process managers, IT-professionals) • Consultancy, IT-solutions, mobility services
  4. 4. International program: Excellent Cities
  5. 5. Utrecht
  6. 6. The Netherlands
  7. 7. Utrecht: facts & figures • 340,000 inhabitants → 400.000 in 2030 → 450,000 in 2035 • Hub in Dutch transport system • High share of cycling in the modal split (>50% on short distances) 29% 7% 51% 13% Car Transit Cycling Remaining
  8. 8. Utrecht: impression
  9. 9. Utrecht: city ambitions • Urbanization: necessity to build 40,000 new homes in next 15 years: • Within current city boundaries; • CO²-neutral; • High density; • Sustainable mobility pattern of future inhabitants • Neigborhood Merwedekanaalzone (9,000 houses) fits in this ambition
  10. 10. Why focusing on inner city development? 1977 2017
  11. 11. Utrecht: city ambitions • Ambition sustainable urban mobility plan: change modal split • Strong urban growth → growth transportation demand car, transit and bicycle • Usage of space all mobility modes together: +16% untill 2035 • Modal shift --> no extra space needed for mobility
  12. 12. Mobility pattern 10,000 houses suburban setting 10,000 house densification Why focusing on inner city development?
  13. 13. Why focusing on inner city development? • Physical health (heart and vascular disease, Diabetes type 2, Alzheimer) • Psychological health (depression, stress) • Social health and cohesion (city for 8 min - 80 plus)
  14. 14. Utrecht Merwedekanaalzone
  15. 15. Unique urban development project • 9,000 new houses and 80,000 m2 services • 250-500 houses/acre (super dense!) • 2 miles from downtown Utrecht • Unique collaboration: government-market
  16. 16. ‘Business as usual’ results in too much traffic business as usual = regular parking norm Evening peak hour 2030 Traffic from/to the new neighborhood (new) Through traffic Existing traffic from/to new neighborhood Capacity threshold 40%-50% traffic reduction needed in order to make an efficient transport system
  17. 17. Accommodate the rise of new mobility
  18. 18. Accommodate the rise of new mobility
  19. 19. Accommodate the rise of new mobility
  20. 20. Strategy ‘Mobility concept’ neighborhood Will I travel and where to? What time? Which mode of transport? Which route? Make trip 1. Smart urban planning 2. Smart networks 3. Smart traffic management
  21. 21. 1. Smart Urban Planning Top-quality spatial design: focus on proximity, walkability and quality urban life
  22. 22. 1. Smart Urban Planning Low parking norm • Low parking-norm 0.3 per dwelling: • In underground parking garages; • Car-sharing 0.1 car-sharing • Parking on distance: 0.2 per dwelling
  23. 23. 2. Smart Networks Next generation transportation networks • Cycling, walking and transit central, cars only allowed at the edges • Parking garages underground, max. 50 m from main road
  24. 24. 2. Smart Networks Next generation transportation networks Current Bus plus Lightrail Three public transport scenarios 1. Bus Rapid Transit system 2. Urban System Change by construction urban tram 3. Regional System Change by realization lightrail – regional bus passengers transfer to lightrail system
  25. 25. 2. Smart Networks Accessibility regime
  26. 26. • Cars/trucks inhabitants and visitors • Small package delivery • Big package delivery • Garbage collection • Moving traffic • Supply goods (stores, companies, restaurants) • Disabled people • Construction and maintenance traffic • Emergency services • Cycling • Walking • Drone/robot delivery 2. Smart Networks Accessibility regime Keep at the edge (p-garages, HUB) Exemption with timeframe (9:30 AM-1 PM) or special access on request Unlimited access
  27. 27. 2. Smart Networks – Mobility HUB Mobility as a Service Human side mobility HUB - Physical store/desk which provides services Vehicle side mobility HUB - Cars and logistics in parking garage - Car- and bike-share available in whole area - Parking on distance (incl. valet-parking)
  28. 28. Mobility HUB
  29. 29. • Wij • Vorig jaar Impression Mobility HUB
  30. 30. Mobility HUBs facilitate individual travel Through digital platform and physical store and desk
  31. 31. Future inhabitants research Who would like to live here? Young digitals Urban balancers Good citylife Freedom and space Well-deserved enjoyers
  32. 32. 3. Smart Traffic Management Dynamic Traffic Management • Creating a network in which using the ring by car is quicker than through the city • Structure flows by influencing traffic lights
  33. 33. Governance Mobility HUBs • Separation between ‘one time’ investment (developers) and exploitation of mobility HUB (government/public-private partnership/tender to private company) One-time investment mobility HUB → Developers Exploitation mobility HUB → MaaS provider Constructing access-system Creating MaaS-system (incl. IT-platform) Constructing HUB and parking garages Renting parking garages & HUB Operating mobility HUB Enforcement and maintenance
  34. 34. Research feasiblity and impact on the city use of traffic modelling • Multimodal usage of traffic modelling • Macro-modelling for city-scale • Micro-modelling for intersections • GIS-analysis for walkability and cyclability
  35. 35. Results research • Traffic generation decreases by necessary 40% • Ambitious mobility strategy results in a better balance of modes of transport Modal split ‘business as usual’ 9.000 dwellings Ambitious mobility strategy 9.000 dwellings
  36. 36. Pre-conditions start building neighborhood From the start…. 1. Top-quality spatial design with mixed-use development 2. Functioning mobility HUB with low parking-norm 3. Implement paid parking in surrounding neighborhood (1 mile radius) 4. Functioning mobility networks for every mode (including lightrail)
  37. 37. Dillemmas and upcoming research questions 1. Governance mobility HUBS – roles, liability and performance 2. Market research Mobility as a Service providers 3. Setting-up logistics system in detail 4. Do people want to live without a car? More in-depth market research 5. Cost-benefit analysis Public Transport (which of three scenarios?)
  38. 38. Potential Portland opportunity: Portland Diamond Project (8,000 houses)? • To what extent are Mobility HUBs a concept for Portland Diamond project?
  39. 39. Further questions? Contact details • Lucas van der Linde MSc • lvdlinde@goudappel.nl • +31 (0) 6 113 14 0 59

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