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Role of UTC Research in Informing Policymakers


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Role of UTC Research in Informing Policymakers

  1. 1. Role of UTC Research in InformingPolicymakers B. Starr McMullen Professor of Economics Oregon State University
  2. 2. Two levels of research•Helping with specific policies at local/statelevel•Contributing to the “state of the art” that canbe more generally applied
  3. 3. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS:A Critical Factor In Making InformedPolicy Decisions
  5. 5. Example 1: RUFTF LegislativeMandate “To develop a design for revenue collection for Oregon roads and highways that will replace the current system for revenue collection” VMT Fee Suggested
  6. 6. Motivation Vehicle Mile Fee Recommendation from state RUFTF was meeting opposition based on hypothesized equity/distributional considerations
  7. 7. Techniques For Assessing The Socio-economic Effects Of Vehicle MileageFees (ODOT And OTREC), 2009B. Starr McMullen & Lei Zhang)
  8. 8. Results Revenue neutral tax increases increases regressivity very slight/insignificant---not anywhere near impact of higher gasoline prices or higher fuel taxes. No negative impact on rural versus urban areas (actually rural areas benefit slightly).
  9. 9. Oregon HB 2328  Introduced in the current (2011) State t Legislature  Requires persons operating electric motor vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric motor vehicles to pay vehicle road usage charge.  Recommended for passage, has not yet come to vote
  10. 10. Example 2: GHG Mandates10 The Oregon State legislature:  GHG levels 10% below 1990 levels (2020) and 75% below 1990 levels (2050). Washington State legislature:  Reduce per capita VMT 25% below 1990 levels (2035) (Winkelman 2009). Federal Surface Transportation Policy and Planning Act of 2009:  Annuallyreduce national per Transportation GHG  capita VMT, increase public reduction  transportation usage, intercity Vehicle Fuel Efficienc  passenger rail services, and non-motorized transportation Fuel y Vehicle Carbon Miles (Commerce Committee 2009). Content Traveled
  11. 11. 2010-2011 OTREC Research ” The Relationship Between VMT and Economic Activity” Provide analytical results to policymakers to help forecast the effect that metropolitan GHG/VMT reduction policies will have on the local economy.
  12. 12. Study Scope Test for Causation (Granger Causality Tests) Examine How Determinants of VMT differ between Urban Areas depending on UA characteristics such as availability of transit, industry structure, urban density, etc. Results should help make informed policy choices for GHG reduction that may differ between UAs.
  13. 13. Conclusions: UTC Research Projects ProvideInformation To Help PolicymakersMake Informed Decisions UTC Projects Tend To ProduceResults That Contribute To The BodyOf Knowledge In The Field.