Example 1: RUFTF LegislativeMandate “To develop a design for revenue collection for Oregon roads and highways that will replace the current system for revenue collection” VMT Fee Suggested
Motivation Vehicle Mile Fee Recommendation from state RUFTF was meeting opposition based on hypothesized equity/distributional considerations
Techniques For Assessing The Socio-economic Effects Of Vehicle MileageFees (ODOT And OTREC), 2009B. Starr McMullen & Lei Zhang)
Results Revenue neutral tax increases increases regressivity very slight/insignificant---not anywhere near impact of higher gasoline prices or higher fuel taxes. No negative impact on rural versus urban areas (actually rural areas benefit slightly).
Oregon HB 2328 Introduced in the current (2011) State t Legislature Requires persons operating electric motor vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric motor vehicles to pay vehicle road usage charge. Recommended for passage, has not yet come to vote
Example 2: GHG Mandates10 The Oregon State legislature: GHG levels 10% below 1990 levels (2020) and 75% below 1990 levels (2050). Washington State legislature: Reduce per capita VMT 25% below 1990 levels (2035) (Winkelman 2009). Federal Surface Transportation Policy and Planning Act of 2009: Annuallyreduce national per Transportation GHG capita VMT, increase public reduction transportation usage, intercity Vehicle Fuel Efficienc passenger rail services, and non-motorized transportation Fuel y Vehicle Carbon Miles (Commerce Committee 2009). Content Traveled
2010-2011 OTREC Research ” The Relationship Between VMT and Economic Activity” Provide analytical results to policymakers to help forecast the effect that metropolitan GHG/VMT reduction policies will have on the local economy.
Study Scope Test for Causation (Granger Causality Tests) Examine How Determinants of VMT differ between Urban Areas depending on UA characteristics such as availability of transit, industry structure, urban density, etc. Results should help make informed policy choices for GHG reduction that may differ between UAs.
Conclusions: UTC Research Projects ProvideInformation To Help PolicymakersMake Informed Decisions UTC Projects Tend To ProduceResults That Contribute To The BodyOf Knowledge In The Field.