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Pedestrian and
Bicycle
Connections to
Transit
LESSONS FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF
A GUIDEBOOK ON PEDESTRIAN AND
BICYCLE CONNEC...
Presentation Outline
Background on Guidebook
Access Sheds
Station Areas
Pedestrian Access
Bicycle Access
Planning and Impl...
Making the case for walking and
biking connections
Access for users of all ages and
abilities
Tools, examples and best
pra...
Benefits of Ped/Bike Connections to
Transit
Provides Benefit to
Transit
Agency Riders Everyone
Transit depends on safe ped...
Key Resources
Around the Stop or
Station
FTA Policy on First and Last Mile
Connections
The Federal Transit Administration’s 2011 Final Policy Statement on Eligibil...
Key Concept: Access Sheds
“as the crow flies” access sheds
Source:Atlanta Regional CommissionsWalk. Bike.Thrive! plan
Access Sheds: Network Distances
Source: NCTCOG ActiveTransportation Routes to Rail study
Bike Shed Example
Source: San Bernardino Associated Governments Improvement to Transit Access for Cyclists and Pedestrians...
Making Network Connections
Strategy / Approach
Sidewalks - adding, repairing, widening
Lighting, shade, trees/landscaping,...
Making Network Connections
Strategy / Approach
Crossings – grade separated, RRFB, marked crossings,
raised crossings, in-s...
Station area concepts
for pedestrians and
bicyclists
Safety and Security
Emergency Call box, Expo LineTrail, Santa Monica Camera and lighting, Metro bus stop, St. Paul
Comfort
North Hollywood Red Line BRT stop Culver City Expo Line Stop
Universal Design
A Line Rapid Bus stop, St. Paul
Wayfinding to the Stop or Station
MARTA wayfinding,Atlanta
Art andVibrancy
Photo:Transportation Alternatives Data Exchange16th Street BART station, San Francisco
Twin Cities – A Line stop features
Source:
metrotransit.org/
a-line-faq
Pedestrian Access
Pedestrian Suitability
Santa Monica Draft Pedestrian Plan
Sidewalks
Sidewalks
Crossings
Crossings
Full signal,
Minneapolis
Case Study Lessons:
Safety, Comfort, and
Access to Bus Stops
Atlanta – Buford Highway (before)
Source:Google StreetView
Atlanta – Buford Highway
Atlanta – Buford Highway
Bicyclist Access
Wayfinding to Station or Stop
NearTriMet MAX Orange LineNear LA Metro Silver Line, Los Angeles
Bikes on Transit
Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops
Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops
MARTA Station in Atlanta Metro Transit Station in
Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops
SE Tacoma Avenue Station, MAX Orange LIne
Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops:
Alternatives
SE Park Avenue Station, MAX Orange Line
Bicycle Parking at Stations and
Stops: Alternatives
Bikehub at El Monte Station, Los Angeles
Case Study Lessons:
Bike Share andTransit
Bike Share and Transit
•Coordinating public
information
•Coordinating fare
systems (Goal)
Bike Share and Transit: Coordination
NiceRide Bikeshare at a Metro Transit Green Line Station in Downtown St. Paul, Minnesota
LA Metro Bikeshare Breeze Bikeshare in Santa Monica at an Expo Line Station
Planning for Pedestrian
and Bicycle
Connections toTransit
Common Plan Elements
Existing conditions, including
opportunities and
constraints
Toolkit of treatments or
strategies
Reco...
Facility Prioritization
Twin Cities - Metro, Bicycle and Pedestrian Connections toTransit Infrastructure Study, 2009
cont.
Facility Prioritization
Twin Cities, Hennepin County Bottineau LRT Bicycle Study, 2016
Bicycle Improvement Prioritization ...
Pedestrian access plans
• Sidewalks
• Crossings
• Stop/stations access
points/locations
• Seating, shelter, and lighting
T...
Bicycle access plans
• Bicycle network connections
• Parking at stop locations
• Onboard accommodations
for bicycles
BART ...
First Mile Last Mile Plans
Improving conditions for
pedestrians and cyclists in the areas
around the origin and destinatio...
Implementation
Agency / Organization Roles
MPOs
Convening; Agenda Setting; Capacity Building;
Long Range Planning; Regional Planning;
Tra...
http://www.advocacyadvance.org/docs/FirstMile
LastMile_August2014_web.pdf
Funding
http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicy...
Prioritize walking and bicycling
for transit access
Clarify agency policies and
staffing
Leading by example
Agency Priorit...
Image: LADOT - http://peoplest.lacity.org/category/parklets/
Case Study Lessons:
Culture Shift - Show, Don’tTell
Source: CicLAvia Los Angeles Flickr
November 2009 December 2012
Photo:Atlanta BeltLine, Inc.
Photo:Atlanta BeltLine, Inc.
Questions?
PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY PROJECT TEAM:
JENNIFER DILL
LYNN WEIGAND
NATHAN MCNEIL
DREW DEVITIS
RUSSELL DOUBLEDAY...
Lessons from the Development of a Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Transit
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Lessons from the Development of a Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Transit

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Nathan McNeil, Allison Duncan and Drew DeVitis; Portland State University

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Lessons from the Development of a Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Transit

  1. 1. Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections to Transit LESSONS FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF A GUIDEBOOK ON PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE CONNECTIONS TO TRANSIT
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Background on Guidebook Access Sheds Station Areas Pedestrian Access Bicycle Access Planning and Implementation
  3. 3. Making the case for walking and biking connections Access for users of all ages and abilities Tools, examples and best practices Integrating bike share and transit How to plan and implement Guidebook Goals
  4. 4. Benefits of Ped/Bike Connections to Transit Provides Benefit to Transit Agency Riders Everyone Transit depends on safe pedestrian access   More Equitable  Extend the Reach of Transit   Gives Riders more Options  Supports Mulitmodal trips  Alleviates Crowding   Helps in cases of Transit Outages    Improves Health    Reduces Congestion   
  5. 5. Key Resources
  6. 6. Around the Stop or Station
  7. 7. FTA Policy on First and Last Mile Connections The Federal Transit Administration’s 2011 Final Policy Statement on Eligibility of Pedestrian and Bicycle Improvements Under FederalTransit Law states: all pedestrian improvements located within one-half mile and all bicycle improvements located within three miles of a public transportation stop or station shall have a de facto physical and functional relationship to public transportation. Pedestrian and bicycle improvements beyond these distances may be eligible for FTA funding by demonstrating that the improvement is within the distance that people will travel by foot or by bicycle to use a particular stop or station.
  8. 8. Key Concept: Access Sheds “as the crow flies” access sheds Source:Atlanta Regional CommissionsWalk. Bike.Thrive! plan
  9. 9. Access Sheds: Network Distances Source: NCTCOG ActiveTransportation Routes to Rail study
  10. 10. Bike Shed Example Source: San Bernardino Associated Governments Improvement to Transit Access for Cyclists and Pedestrians Final Report
  11. 11. Making Network Connections Strategy / Approach Sidewalks - adding, repairing, widening Lighting, shade, trees/landscaping, seating Shared lanes and roadways, bike routes Bike Lanes, Buffered bike lanes Bike Boulevards Separated Bike Lanes Trails and paths Traffic calming – speed humps, traffic circles, road narrowing, diverters Wayfinding Benefits
  12. 12. Making Network Connections Strategy / Approach Crossings – grade separated, RRFB, marked crossings, raised crossings, in-street crossing signage, high visibility crossing signage, staggered crossings Signalization - Signalized crossing, HAWK signal, bike signal, scramble signal, leading pedestrian interval Intersection treatments – areas for turning and/or queueing, advance stop lines, reduce curb radii Reducing crossing distances – median refuge, curb extension Accessibility features – audible cues, detectable warning surfaces, curb ramps Benefits
  13. 13. Station area concepts for pedestrians and bicyclists
  14. 14. Safety and Security Emergency Call box, Expo LineTrail, Santa Monica Camera and lighting, Metro bus stop, St. Paul
  15. 15. Comfort North Hollywood Red Line BRT stop Culver City Expo Line Stop
  16. 16. Universal Design A Line Rapid Bus stop, St. Paul
  17. 17. Wayfinding to the Stop or Station MARTA wayfinding,Atlanta
  18. 18. Art andVibrancy Photo:Transportation Alternatives Data Exchange16th Street BART station, San Francisco
  19. 19. Twin Cities – A Line stop features Source: metrotransit.org/ a-line-faq
  20. 20. Pedestrian Access
  21. 21. Pedestrian Suitability Santa Monica Draft Pedestrian Plan
  22. 22. Sidewalks
  23. 23. Sidewalks
  24. 24. Crossings
  25. 25. Crossings Full signal, Minneapolis
  26. 26. Case Study Lessons: Safety, Comfort, and Access to Bus Stops
  27. 27. Atlanta – Buford Highway (before) Source:Google StreetView
  28. 28. Atlanta – Buford Highway
  29. 29. Atlanta – Buford Highway
  30. 30. Bicyclist Access
  31. 31. Wayfinding to Station or Stop NearTriMet MAX Orange LineNear LA Metro Silver Line, Los Angeles
  32. 32. Bikes on Transit
  33. 33. Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops
  34. 34. Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops MARTA Station in Atlanta Metro Transit Station in
  35. 35. Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops SE Tacoma Avenue Station, MAX Orange LIne
  36. 36. Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops: Alternatives SE Park Avenue Station, MAX Orange Line
  37. 37. Bicycle Parking at Stations and Stops: Alternatives Bikehub at El Monte Station, Los Angeles
  38. 38. Case Study Lessons: Bike Share andTransit
  39. 39. Bike Share and Transit
  40. 40. •Coordinating public information •Coordinating fare systems (Goal) Bike Share and Transit: Coordination
  41. 41. NiceRide Bikeshare at a Metro Transit Green Line Station in Downtown St. Paul, Minnesota
  42. 42. LA Metro Bikeshare Breeze Bikeshare in Santa Monica at an Expo Line Station
  43. 43. Planning for Pedestrian and Bicycle Connections toTransit
  44. 44. Common Plan Elements Existing conditions, including opportunities and constraints Toolkit of treatments or strategies Recommended improvements Key Plan Elements Other recommended plan elements Incorporating accessibility Community engagement strategy Implementation plan
  45. 45. Facility Prioritization Twin Cities - Metro, Bicycle and Pedestrian Connections toTransit Infrastructure Study, 2009 cont.
  46. 46. Facility Prioritization Twin Cities, Hennepin County Bottineau LRT Bicycle Study, 2016 Bicycle Improvement Prioritization factors for new LRT Station
  47. 47. Pedestrian access plans • Sidewalks • Crossings • Stop/stations access points/locations • Seating, shelter, and lighting TriMet conducted a Pedestrian Network Analysis to develop “an objective, data-driven system for prioritizing places around the region where pedestrian infrastructure investments will provide safer and more comfortable access to transit”.
  48. 48. Bicycle access plans • Bicycle network connections • Parking at stop locations • Onboard accommodations for bicycles BART sought to “retool its stations and approach to access planning to attract thousands more bikes than cars to the system each day” which reduces the need to build costly auto parking, bolsters ridership, and encourages public and environmental health.
  49. 49. First Mile Last Mile Plans Improving conditions for pedestrians and cyclists in the areas around the origin and destination stops LA Metro’s plan introduces “The Pathway,” a “transit access network designed to reduce the distance and time it takes people to travel from their origins to stations and from stations to destinations, while simultaneously improving the user experience”
  50. 50. Implementation
  51. 51. Agency / Organization Roles MPOs Convening; Agenda Setting; Capacity Building; Long Range Planning; Regional Planning; Transit Agency Convening; Agenda Setting; Service Integration; Facilities Planning; Station Access Planning Cities, Counties Bike/Ped Route Planning and Implementation BIDs, Foundations, Partners Marketing; Fundraising; Corridor Planning and Programming Interagency Collaboration Agency / Organization Roles MPOs Convening; Agenda Setting; Capacity Building; Long Range Planning; Regional Planning; Transit Agency Convening; Agenda Setting; Service Integration; Facilities Planning; Station Access Planning Cities, Counties Bike/Ped Route Planning and Implementation BIDs, Foundations, Partners Marketing; Fundraising; Corridor Planning and Programming
  52. 52. http://www.advocacyadvance.org/docs/FirstMile LastMile_August2014_web.pdf Funding http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_ped estrian/funding/funding_opportunities.cfm
  53. 53. Prioritize walking and bicycling for transit access Clarify agency policies and staffing Leading by example Agency Priorities and Culture Transit Access Mode Hierarchy (WMATA Station Site and Access Planning Manual)
  54. 54. Image: LADOT - http://peoplest.lacity.org/category/parklets/ Case Study Lessons: Culture Shift - Show, Don’tTell
  55. 55. Source: CicLAvia Los Angeles Flickr
  56. 56. November 2009 December 2012 Photo:Atlanta BeltLine, Inc.
  57. 57. Photo:Atlanta BeltLine, Inc.
  58. 58. Questions? PORTLAND STATE UNIVERSITY PROJECT TEAM: JENNIFER DILL LYNN WEIGAND NATHAN MCNEIL DREW DEVITIS RUSSELL DOUBLEDAY ALLISON DUNCAN

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