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MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Multimodal Performance Measures
for Jurisdictions
Karla Kingsley
Kittelson & Associates
September 1...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
What is a Performance Measure?
• The metric we use to evaluate if our system is
functioning the way...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Vision and Goals
• Provide strategic direction for
investment and policy decisions
Objectives
• Des...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
You get what you measure
Consider lunch…
$$
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
You get what you measure
• Is your community measuring things that directly
relate to the outcomes ...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Conventional Approach - Measuring vehicle mobility
Level-of-Service
or
Volume-to-
Capacity Ratio
Mo...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Vehicle mobility focus
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD8
Protein-focused approach to lunch
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Comprehensive Approach – Measure What Matters
Safety &
Security
Environment
Economic
Vitality
Healt...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD10
Washington County Multimodal
Performance Measures Project
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Performance Measures
• Evaluated over 160 measures
for Washington County from
many sources
– Types ...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Performance Measures
• Evaluated over 160
measures for Washington
County from many sources
– Types ...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Performance measures are applied in a variety of
planning applications….
Transportation
System
Plan...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
…..In a variety of functions.
Benchmark
Alternatives
Comparison
Standards
Scenario
Evaluation
Prior...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
…..In a variety of functions.
Benchmark
Alternatives
Comparison
Standards
Scenario
Evaluation
Prior...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Not all measures can serve all purposes.
Benchmark
Alternatives
Comparison
Standards
Scenario
Evalu...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Sidewalk and Crossings
Completeness
Transportation
System
Planning
Corridor /
Project
Planning
Plan...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Bicycle Level of Traffic Stress (LTS)
– Link
• Physical separation of bike facility (+)
• Presence ...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Who does the bike facility serve?
19
Source: Roger Geller, City of Portland
Four
Types of
Cyclist
L...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Bicycle Level of Traffic Stress
Transportation
System
Planning
Corridor /
Project
Planning
Plan
ame...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Urban Streets MMLOS: Bicycle Factors
– Link
• Vehicle volume and speed in
outside travel lane (–)
•...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Urban Streets MMLOS: Pedestrian Factors
– Link
• Sidewalk presence and clear width (+)
• Vehicle vo...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Urban Streets Multimodal Level of Service
(MMLOS)
Transportation
System
Planning
Corridor /
Project...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Active Transportation-Specific Measures by Planning
Application
Source: Washington County Multi-Mod...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Coming soon… FHWA Guidebook for Evaluating, Establishing, and
Tracking Pedestrian and Bicycle Perfo...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Other Active Transportation Measures….
• Miles of bicycle or
pedestrian facilities
• Average trip l...
MOVING THINKINGFORWARD
Thank you!
Karla Kingsley
Kittelson & Associates, Inc.
kkingsley@kittelson.com
(503)228-5230
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Kingsley performance measures TCS 2015

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Karla Kingsley, Kittelson & Associates

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Kingsley performance measures TCS 2015

  1. 1. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Multimodal Performance Measures for Jurisdictions Karla Kingsley Kittelson & Associates September 15, 2015 Transportation and Communities Summit
  2. 2. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD What is a Performance Measure? • The metric we use to evaluate if our system is functioning the way we want it to function • Evaluate our existing system • Plan our future system • Prioritize projects and programs • Set standards for development • Allocate funding
  3. 3. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Vision and Goals • Provide strategic direction for investment and policy decisions Objectives • Describe how a goal can be accomplished Performance Measures • How we know if we are meeting our objectives
  4. 4. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD You get what you measure Consider lunch… $$
  5. 5. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD You get what you measure • Is your community measuring things that directly relate to the outcomes you want?
  6. 6. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Conventional Approach - Measuring vehicle mobility Level-of-Service or Volume-to- Capacity Ratio More pavement More lanes More roads More efficiency ITS investments System management
  7. 7. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Vehicle mobility focus
  8. 8. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD8 Protein-focused approach to lunch
  9. 9. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Comprehensive Approach – Measure What Matters Safety & Security Environment Economic Vitality HealthConnectivity Livability Equity
  10. 10. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD10 Washington County Multimodal Performance Measures Project
  11. 11. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Performance Measures • Evaluated over 160 measures for Washington County from many sources – Types of goals addressed – Modes addressed – Understandability of Measures – Data Cost and Accessibility – Reflective of User Experience – Applicability to Different Planning Uses
  12. 12. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Performance Measures • Evaluated over 160 measures for Washington County from many sources – Types of goals addressed – Modes addressed – Understandability of Measures – Data Cost and Accessibility – Applicability to Different Planning Uses Can be understood intuitively from the name of the measure. Can be explained in non-technical terms to members, but is not completely intuitive. Difficult to explain to non-technical audience.
  13. 13. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Performance measures are applied in a variety of planning applications…. Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review
  14. 14. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD …..In a variety of functions. Benchmark Alternatives Comparison Standards Scenario Evaluation Prioritization Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review
  15. 15. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD …..In a variety of functions. Benchmark Alternatives Comparison Standards Scenario Evaluation Prioritization Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review
  16. 16. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Not all measures can serve all purposes. Benchmark Alternatives Comparison Standards Scenario Evaluation Prioritization Sidewalk coverage Pedestrian mode split vs.
  17. 17. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Sidewalk and Crossings Completeness Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review Easy to apply? Quantitative? Objective? Data availability? Understandable?
  18. 18. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Bicycle Level of Traffic Stress (LTS) – Link • Physical separation of bike facility (+) • Presence of on-street parking (-) • Number of through vehicle lanes (-) • Bike lane presence and width (+) • Speed limit (-) • Bike lane blockage (-) • Presence of Street Centerline (-) – Intersection • Right turn lane configuration – Crossing • Speed limit of street being crossed (-) • Number of through vehicle lanes (-) • Presence of median refuge (at least 6 feet wide) (+)
  19. 19. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Who does the bike facility serve? 19 Source: Roger Geller, City of Portland Four Types of Cyclist Level of Traffic Stress (LTS) 4 3 2 1
  20. 20. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Bicycle Level of Traffic Stress Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review Easy to apply? Quantitative? Objective? Data availability? Understandable?
  21. 21. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Urban Streets MMLOS: Bicycle Factors – Link • Vehicle volume and speed in outside travel lane (–) • Heavy vehicle percentage (–) • Pavement condition (+) • Bicycle lane presence (+) • Bicycle lane, shoulder, and outside vehicle lane widths (+) • On-street parking utilization (–) • Number of access points on right side (–) – Intersection • Cross-street width (–)
  22. 22. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Urban Streets MMLOS: Pedestrian Factors – Link • Sidewalk presence and clear width (+) • Vehicle volume and speed in outside travel lane (–) • Bicycle lane, shoulder, and outside vehicle lane widths (+) • Buffer presence and width (+) • On-street parking utilization (+) – Intersection • Permitted left turn, right-turn-on-red volumes (–) • Cross-street motor vehicle volumes and speeds (–) • Crossing length (–) • Average pedestrian delay (–) • Right-turn channeling island presence (+)
  23. 23. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Urban Streets Multimodal Level of Service (MMLOS) Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Plan amendment / Zone change Development Review Easy to apply? Quantitative? Objective? Data availability? Understandable?
  24. 24. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Active Transportation-Specific Measures by Planning Application Source: Washington County Multi-Modal Performance Measures and Standards Measure Transportation System Planning Corridor / Project Planning Development Review / Plan Amendment System Completeness Measures Sidewalk completeness    Crossings completeness    Bicycle facility completeness    Intersection completeness    System Performance Measures Bicycle Level of Traffic Stress   # of Bike/Ped Crashes   # of Severe Injury Bike/Ped Crashes   Pedestrian delay   Pedestrian crossing distance   Pedestrian MMLOS  Bicycle MMLOS  Land Use / Accessibility Measures Accessibility to destinations / diverse uses  Transit Accessibility 
  25. 25. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Coming soon… FHWA Guidebook for Evaluating, Establishing, and Tracking Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance Measures
  26. 26. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Other Active Transportation Measures…. • Miles of bicycle or pedestrian facilities • Average trip length • Connectivity indices • Route directness ratio • Crosswalk spacing And more… • Presence of street trees • Adherence to traffic laws • Access to jobs • Emissions reductions • Facility condition
  27. 27. MOVING THINKINGFORWARD Thank you! Karla Kingsley Kittelson & Associates, Inc. kkingsley@kittelson.com (503)228-5230

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