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Golub Plenary

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Aaron Golub, Portland State University

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Golub Plenary

  1. 1. Morning Plenary: Transportation Equity Roundtable This image cannot currently be displayed. This image cannot currently be displayed. This image cannot currently be displayed.
  2. 2. Transportation Equity Issues in Major Metros – in Three Acts
  3. 3. http://photos1.blogger.com/x/blogger2/1963/5667965160961/760/z/841619/gse_ multipart72497.jpg West Oakland Act 1 - Segregation
  4. 4. This image cannot currently be displayed. West Oakland Downtown Oakland North Oakland Grove Street Cypress Freeway Port of Oakland S.R. 24 7th Street West Oakland BART Station I-980 Act 2 - White Flight, Planned Divestment, Lending Discrimination, Urban Renewal and Freeway Construction
  5. 5. Act 3 – White/Middle Class Re-urbanization, Gentrification, Displacement http://oaklandlocal.com/2013/11/west-oakland-ambitious-development-projects-in-the-works-community-voices/
  6. 6. Key Dimensions of Equity • Representation / Participation in Planning • Benefits • Burdens
  7. 7. Legal and Procedural Responses
  8. 8. Title VI Lineage Executive Order 12898 (EJ Order) Lineage Title VI of the Civil Rights Act (1964), 42 U.S.C. 2000(d) et seq. Executive Order 12898 (1994): Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations . USDOT (1970) Nondiscrimination in Federally- Assisted Programs of The Department of Transportation--Effectuation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (49 CFR Part 21.) USDOT (1997) Order 5610.2 Department of Transportation Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. FTA (1998) Circular 4702.1 Title VI and Title VI Dependent Guidelines for Federal Transit Administration Recipients. FHWA (1998) Order 6640.23 FHWA Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations . FTA and FHWA (1999) Memorandum on Implementing Title VI Requirements in Metropolitan and Statewide Planning. USDOT (2012) Order 5610.2(a) Department of Transportation Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. FTA (2007) Circular 4702.1(a) Title VI and Title-VI Dependent Guidelines for Federal Transit Administration Recipients. FHWA (2012) Order 6640.23(a) FHWA Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations. FTA (2012) Circular 4702.1(b) Title VI Program Guidelines for Federal Transit Administration Recipients. FTA (2012) Circular 4703.1 Environmental Justice Policy Guidance for Federal Transit Administration Recipients.
  9. 9. • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act (1964) • “No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” • DOT Order 5610.2 (2012) (Based on EJ Order) • “Adverse effects means the totality of significant individual or cumulative human health or environmental effects, including … exclusion or separation of minority or low-income individuals within a given community or from the broader community; and the denial of, reduction in, or significant delay in the receipt of, benefits of DOT programs, policies, or activities.” (Appendix 1) Broad Guidance
  10. 10. • DOT (1970): • Where prior discriminatory practice … tends … to deny them the benefits of … any program or activity to which this part applies, the applicant or recipient must take affirmative action to remove or overcome the effects of the prior discriminatory practice or usage. • Even in the absence of prior discriminatory practice or usage, a recipient … is expected to take affirmative action to assure that no person is excluded from participation in or denied the benefits of the program or activity on the grounds of race, color, or national origin” (Sec. 21.3(b)(7)). • FTA EJ Circular (2012): • Explore whether “equivalent levels” of access to key destinations are provided for EJ and non-EJ populations (pp. 18 and 38-39). • FHWA and FTA (1999): • Does the planning process have an analytical process in place for assessing the regional benefits and burdens of transportation system investments for different socio-economic groups? • How does the planning process respond to the analyses produced? Imbalances identified? Broad Guidance (2)
  11. 11. This image cannot currently be displayed. http://www.wsws.org/en/media/photos/legacy/2009dec/d23-mta-sign-480 Even with federal guidance, solutions are complex
  12. 12. Panel Introductions Jared Franz OPAL Environmental Justice Oregon This image cannot currently be displayed. This image cannot currently be displayed. Richard Marcantonio Public Advocates Alexandra Howard City of Portland

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