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Cycling Research and Practice in Australia: Insights from a Hybrid Approach

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Marilyn Johnson, Monash University

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Cycling Research and Practice in Australia: Insights from a Hybrid Approach

  1. 1. Cycling Research and Practice: Insights from a Hybrid Approach Dr Marilyn Johnson Senior Research Fellow, Monash University Research and Policy Manager, Amy Gillett Foundation MONASH INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT STUDIES
  2. 2. • Established in 1958 • 60,000 students, 250,000 alumni • Top 100 universities “...equip yourself for life, not solely for your own benefit but for the benefit of the whole community.” Sir John Monash
  3. 3. • Transport group formed in 1969 • Research aims to contribute to the development of safe, efficient and sustainable multimodal transport systems
  4. 4. • National cycling safety organisation • Not for profit • Evidence based • Mission: safe cycling in Australia • Vision: zero cyclist fatalities
  5. 5. • Peak membership association for road safety professionals and advocates • Links members in Australia and New Zealand • Advocate for government action on road safety • Annual conference • Chapter seminars
  6. 6. research Prevent trauma on the roads practice
  7. 7. Research Practice ActiontranslationResearch Research teamPartner Orgs Findings Journal papers Conf papers PhDs Practice • Transport for Victoria • Active Transport Victoria • Vicroads • Transport Accident Commission • Local governments • Safe System Solutions • RACV International experience
  8. 8. Hello Melbourne Supported by
  9. 9. Facilitated workshop
  10. 10. Priority actions Actions now, 1 year Action Partners Develop a business case for cycling infra. CBA Vicroads, Infrastructure Victoria Include ‘safe cycling design’ in engineering degree Universities Coalition of Mayors to agree on policy + elevator pitch Local governments • What actions can we take together? • Priority actions – now, next • Personal promise
  11. 11. Translation ++ • Public seminar • International guests • Overview of Monash cycling research
  12. 12. Translation ++ Monday Tuesday Wednesday
  13. 13. Understanding and preventing road deaths using coronial investigations • Deaths on roads in Australia – all modes • Every road-related fatality = medico-legal death investigation, ~$12 billion p.a. Aim: To understand the utility and impact of coronial investigations on improving road safety policy, practice and preventing deaths on Australian roads.practice and preventing deaths on Australian roads.
  14. 14. Feedback loop: fatality to public policy (Johnson and Bugeja)
  15. 15. Research questions Pilot – 2014/15
  16. 16. 21 National study – Partner Organisations
  17. 17. 22 cycleaware.org
  18. 18. Design Road rules Behaviour/safety Left turns Hugo Nicholls Final Year Project
  19. 19. Design Road rules Behaviour/safety Left turns Hugo Nicholls Final Year Project
  20. 20. Advanced Stop Box (ASB) Advanced Stop Line (ASL) Continuous Bicycle Lane (CBL) Sharrows 2% 96% 28% 20% 0% 1% 26% 50% 98% 3% 46% 30% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Adv Stop Line Contin Bicycle Lane Adv Stop Box Sharrow Left Behind Right Cyclist position in relation to turning motor vehicle Left turns
  21. 21. Left turns MONASH INSTITUTE OF TRANSPORT STUDIES MONASH LAW
  22. 22. Left turns
  23. 23. Safety gains Finish trip Hills Maintain speed Avoid crash Stability Geometry Bike lights Confidence
  24. 24. Safety gains Finish trip Hills Maintain speed Avoid crash Stability Geometry Bike lights Confidence Source: Dreamstime.com
  25. 25. Taru Jain PhD candidate Bike share – changes over time
  26. 26. Hesara Weliwitiya PhD candidate Figure 3: Station catchment areas • cyclist intercept survey • 36 stations (n=170/326, 52.2%) • 67% lived within catchment area • commuter intercept survey • 13 stations (n=828/3890, 21.2%) • systematic sampling Bicycle access to train stations
  27. 27. MMost ccyclists in Australia ride with cars
  28. 28. • Lateral clearance • Legislation = vague – ‘sufficient passing distance’ • Education (guideline) – Driver licence handbook Minimum passing distance
  29. 29. Road rules – sustained effort for change
  30. 30. 2013 20182013 Legislation Trial Guideline only National update
  31. 31. 46 Background Food delivery industry – unsafe cycling observed Criticisms • Poor on-boarding/training • Risky riding behaviour • No consequences for unsafe behaviour
  32. 32. 47 What can Deliveroo do to improve safety for delivery riders on bicycles?
  33. 33. 48 39 recommendations Online content Australian/jurisdiction context Videos, specific road rules, e.g. bike lights; phones Crash reporting protocols Develop a Cycling Safety Policy Mandatory police check On-bike rider assessment Assessors cycling safety knowledge, road rules Wear delivery box backpack during assessment Rider safety in the rain, at night, tramlines Onboarding presentation Consistent content nationally Key safety feature images: helmet, bike light, bell More detail about personal safety (e.g. obey road rules, ride predictably, safe riding re car doors etc) Clarity about exclusions (e.g. city tunnels) Equipment Additional reflective strips on the shoulder straps Reflective strips increase biomotion visiblity
  34. 34. 49 39 recommendations – Deliveroo response 26 recommendations implemented • Australian/jurisdiction content • Cyclist safety • Bike lights • Bicycle safety • Basic bike maintenance (air, brakes, chain) • Deliveroo priority – rider safety first • Integrated safety features in rider app • Regular updates to app re safety messages (e.g. specific road rules, bike lights, tunnels etc)
  35. 35. Sharing Roads Safely
  36. 36. • 16 PhD scholarships • Interdisciplinary research • transport system • workplace • community Applications close 2 November 2018 monash.edu/muarc/Injury-prevention-grip
  37. 37. Thank you Dr Marilyn Johnson Marilyn.Johnson@monash.edu

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