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Comparing Active Transportation 
in China and Europe 
Shawn Turner, P.E. 
Texas Transportation Institute 
OTREC Livability...
Overview 
•• Challenges 
– Behavior and behavioral change 
– Economic development 
– Chic and social acceptance 
• Conclud...
Behavioral Response: Denmark 
3
Behavioral Response: China 
4
Behavioral Response: Germany 
5
Behavioral Response: China 
6
Behavioral Response: China 
7
Tipping Point 
•• Is there a “tipping point” for behavior 
change for motorists? For cyclists? For 
pedestrians? 
• Is it ...
Economic Development - Europe 
•• Active transportation directly affects 
economic development 
9
Economic Development - China 
• Balanced transportation (auto-public 
transport-active transp.) is important for 
economic...
Economic Development - US 
•• Where does the US fall? 
• Auto mobility is necessary for economic 
development? 
• How does...
Chic – Denmark, Germany 
12
Chic – China 
13
Chic-ness: Vanity Appeal in US? 
14
Winterthur, Switzerland 
Pedestrian Priority Zone in 
Historical City Center, 2009 
15 
(Source: Presentation by Stefan Ge...
Winterthur, Switzerland 
1955 1970 
1980 2000 
(Source: Presentation by Stefan Gerber, 16 
City of Winterthur, Switzerland...
Strøget, Copenhagen, 1960 
17 
Source: Gehl and Gemzøe, New City Spaces, 2000
Strøget, Copenhagen, 2000 
18 
Source: Gehl and Gemzøe, New City Spaces, 2000
Bern, Switzerland, 1960s/70s 
19 
Source: http://www.parlament.ch
Bern, Switzerland, 2009 
20
Chang’An Street, Beijing 
21
Chang’An Street, Beijing 
22
Recap 
•• Challenges 
– Tipping point for behavioral changes? 
– Effects on economic development? 
– Chic-ness and social ...
Questions or Comments? 
24
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Comparing Active Transportation Approaches in China and Europe

Shawn Turner, Program Manager, Texas Transportation Institute, The Texas A&M University System

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Comparing Active Transportation Approaches in China and Europe

  1. 1. Comparing Active Transportation in China and Europe Shawn Turner, P.E. Texas Transportation Institute OTREC Livability Seminar Portland, OR ~ March 12, 2010
  2. 2. Overview •• Challenges – Behavior and behavioral change – Economic development – Chic and social acceptance • Concluding thoughts on change 2
  3. 3. Behavioral Response: Denmark 3
  4. 4. Behavioral Response: China 4
  5. 5. Behavioral Response: Germany 5
  6. 6. Behavioral Response: China 6
  7. 7. Behavioral Response: China 7
  8. 8. Tipping Point •• Is there a “tipping point” for behavior change for motorists? For cyclists? For pedestrians? • Is it related to numbers of users? • Is it related to street environment? • Is it related to culture/attitudes? • Most likely complex interaction of all •• What can we do about it in US?? 8
  9. 9. Economic Development - Europe •• Active transportation directly affects economic development 9
  10. 10. Economic Development - China • Balanced transportation (auto-public transport-active transp.) is important for economic development 10
  11. 11. Economic Development - US •• Where does the US fall? • Auto mobility is necessary for economic development? • How does active transportation contribute to economic development in US?? 11
  12. 12. Chic – Denmark, Germany 12
  13. 13. Chic – China 13
  14. 14. Chic-ness: Vanity Appeal in US? 14
  15. 15. Winterthur, Switzerland Pedestrian Priority Zone in Historical City Center, 2009 15 (Source: Presentation by Stefan Gerber, City of Winterthur, Switzerland)
  16. 16. Winterthur, Switzerland 1955 1970 1980 2000 (Source: Presentation by Stefan Gerber, 16 City of Winterthur, Switzerland)
  17. 17. Strøget, Copenhagen, 1960 17 Source: Gehl and Gemzøe, New City Spaces, 2000
  18. 18. Strøget, Copenhagen, 2000 18 Source: Gehl and Gemzøe, New City Spaces, 2000
  19. 19. Bern, Switzerland, 1960s/70s 19 Source: http://www.parlament.ch
  20. 20. Bern, Switzerland, 2009 20
  21. 21. Chang’An Street, Beijing 21
  22. 22. Chang’An Street, Beijing 22
  23. 23. Recap •• Challenges – Tipping point for behavioral changes? – Effects on economic development? – Chic-ness and social acceptance? • Change – Evolutionary – Revolutionary 23
  24. 24. Questions or Comments? 24

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