Hanfu 漢服• Hanfu is the historical Chinese clothing, it was worn for millennia before the establishment of the Qing Dynasty (清朝) in 1644.• It was forgotten for more than 300 years until the recent decades when some scholars embarked in the study of ancient Chinese costumes.
Ancient Times, Qin & Han Dynasties上古、秦漢 Quju Shenyi (曲裾深衣) Diagonal/spiral-shaped one-piece wrapping with loose sleeves, worn from the pre-Shang periods to the Han Dynasty.
Wei, Jin & the Southern and NorthernDynasties 魏晉南北朝 Zhiju Shenyi (直裾深衣) Straight lapels full body garments, worn from the pre-Shang periods to the Ming Dynasty.
Sui, Tang & the Five Dynasties隋唐五代 Dress style of large- sleeves silk gown with front opening, long skirt and capeConcepts of womens social rights andsocial status during the Tang era werenotably liberal-minded for the period.
Sui, Tang & the Five Dynasties隋唐五代 Dancing costume with round collar Civil official’s ceremony dress
Song Dynasty 宋朝 Over-dress made from crepe fabric Two traditional forms of Ruqun (襦裙), worn primarily by women.
Liao, Jin & the Yuan Dynasties 遼金元Liao, Jin & Yuan Dynasties were chiefly national minority regimes, established by theKhitan, Nuzhen (Manchus) and Mongols tribes. After the Mongols settled down in China,Tight-sleeved robe with left Mongolian customs and costumes also hadopening during Liao & Jin their influence on those of the Han people.
Ming Dynasty 明朝 Ming-style skirt, Ouqun (明代襖裙)Robe with square frontpatch for officials (公服) Broad-sleeved over-dress
Qing Dynasty 清朝 – The end of HanfuAfter the Manchu dynasty of Qing conquered China, Hanfu was banned and the Hanpeople were forced to shave their heads and dress like the Manchus (剃髮易服). The Manchu dress system, Qipao (旗袍) was forcibly introduced to the Han people. Qipao was later modernized after the end of Qing Dynasty.
Cultural Influences• Hanfu has heavily influenced the clothing of its neighbouring countries such as Japan, Korea, Vietnam and South East Asia. Korean Hanbok (韓服)
Cultural Influences Vietnamese Áo tứ thân (襖四身) Japanese Kimono (和服)
Cultural Influences Ming’s narrow-sleeved over-dressMalaysian Nyonya Kebaya (娘惹服)
The Revival of the Cultural Identity Hanfu movement (漢服復興運動) Buddhist robe (survived) Wearing Xuanduan (玄端) at a Confucian ceremony
The Revival of the Cultural IdentityInternational Student Activities in China 2008 Beijing Olympics Opening Ceremony Global Han Couture Design Competition (全球漢服回歸設計大獎賽)
The Revival of the Cultural IdentityVideo game, Dynasty Warriors(三國無雙) Animation, Mulan (花木蘭) Chinese Opera (survived)
The Revival of the Cultural Identity Movie, The Last Airbender Movie, Star Wars Episode I: Movie, Painted Skin The Phantom Menace (畫皮)
ResourcesBook• 5000 Years of Chinese Costumes - Zhou Xun, Gao ChunmingWebsites• http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%B1%89%E6%9C%8D• http://hancouture.ntdtv.com/• http://www.harriscaremore.com/4/post/2012/02/splendid-chinese-costumes.html• http://www.cich.org.cn/zwb/jbjd/rwsj/zgpyx/62292.htmVideos• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgVlxw6dYTY• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F5e6je4aoB0• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GzAlJEmE2Tw