Diaper rashes

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Diaper rashes

  1. 1. ‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬ pediatric skin disorder DAIPER RASHES M.M. Gaber RN, MSN, PN
  2. 2. DEFINITION OF DIAPER RASHES Diaper rash (Nappy rashes) is any rash that affects the diaper area of the child.  It is a common condition in infants.  Diaper rash is usually not contagious. 
  3. 3. Risk factor babies between 8 to 10 months of age.  babies are not kept clean and dry.  babies who have frequent stools.  babies begin to eat solid foods  babies are taking antibiotics.  babies whose mothers are taking antibiotics 
  4. 4. causes Too much moisture in the diaper area.  Yeast or bacterial infection.  Skin stays in contact with urine or feces for a long period.  Allergic reaction to the material a diaper is made of. 
  5. 5. signs and symptoms  -  Skin rashes on Abdomen. Genitals. inside the skin folds of the thighs. Bottom. Redness of the skin.
  6. 6. - - painful, open sores. discomfort during changing diaper or washing diaper area.
  7. 7. Nursing care
  8. 8.  Change diaper frequently - Check the diaper about every hours; if there's wet or solid change them immediately - Make sure that the baby bottom is completely dry before closing up the fresh diaper.
  9. 9.  Increase air exposure - Keep baby bottom expose to the air as mush as possible each day. - Fasten the diaper loosely to allow air circulate between it and skin - Make holes on disposable diaper to let air in.
  10. 10.  Rinse the skin with warm water - Use mild soap only after bowel movement - Rinse skin well if there raw diaper rashes - use warm water soaks for 15 min three times per day.
  11. 11.  Night time care - at night use anew diaper with material that lock wetness in side and away from skin - Awake once during the night to change the baby diaper. - Avoid plastic pants at night.
  12. 12.  Apply creams and ointment - if the skin dry and cracked apply an ointment to protect the skin after washing off each bowel movement. - Use barrier ointment if the baby have diarrhea. - Avoid powder because of risk of pneumonia if baby inhale it.
  13. 13.  Detect yeast infection - If the rashes is bright red and not respond to 3 days of warm water cleansing and air exposure its suspect yeast infection. - Apply Antifungal cream after each bottom rinse for bowel movement.
  14. 14.  Parent education - Avoid using lotions that may contain perfumes or other additives. - Contact health care center # if baby has a diaper rash and fever. # the rash does not improve within two to three days when you treat as described. # Persistent diaper rash is present.
  15. 15. prevention
  16. 16.      Change the diaper promptly after child wets or has a bowel movement this limits moisture on the skin. Keep the diaper area dry and clean. Avoid using harsh soap. Avoid dressing your child in plastic clothes. Avoid using tight fitting diapers that could rub against the skin.
  17. 17. THANKS

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