Academic Calender 2011-2012Full time & Part Time Clinically Based Practice Oriented        Scientific Manual Osteopathic E...
Table of                                                                                                                  ...
 NAO graduates who are mem-                                                                                              ...
Mission Statement                                                                                 VisionOur Mission is to:...
The Osteopathy Oath                                  This modern version of the Hippocratic Oath for administra-          ...
“I would like to thank Dr. Pourgol,                                                                                       ...
What is Osteopathy?Osteopathy could be described insimple, lay terms as “holistic manualmedicine”. Osteopathy is a system ...
Osteopathy history                                                                          How does                      ...
What happens                                                                     How much doeswhen you visit              ...
Who can                    Osteopathy is effective for people of                    all ages, from infants to the elderly....
Academic ProgramNAO’s academic program in oste-           including anatomy, pathology, bio-                              ...
CourseRequirementsThe following course must be successfully completed before graduation.AN101 Human Anatomy               ...
a focused orthopedic examination as the basis for an tion and wellness, involving the chemistry and metabolismaccurate dia...
Career Prospects                                                                                                          ...
All students, with or without rea-                                                                                        ...
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5

National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar


Published on

National Academy of Osteopathy (, located in Toronto, Ontario is a school founded as a Canadian institution that would offer an excellent education nationally and internationally, be a catalyst for developing a unified profession, conduct research to further the scientific basis of manual osteopathy, become the home for knowledge related to manual osteopathy and be the face of the profession to governments, third party payers, and the general public..

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

National Academy of Osteopathy Academic Calendar

  1. 1. Academic Calender 2011-2012Full time & Part Time Clinically Based Practice Oriented Scientific Manual Osteopathic Education MEMBER ACCREDITED
  2. 2. Table of President’s MessagecontentsPresident’s Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 I am pleased to announce that National Academy of Osteopathy (NAO) has now expanded to 33 cities in Canada, Iran, China, USA, Spain, France, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Dominican Republic, Brazil,NAO Founder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Venezuala, Portugal, Netherlands, Germany, Turkey,Mission Statement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Greece, Mexico & Taiwan! This expansion affirmsVision. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 our commitment to providing manual osteopathyThe Osteopathy Oath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 education for students globally so everyone couldAbout National Academy of Osteopathy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 have access to manual osteopathy treatments. We areWhy Choose NAO? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 now officially the largest manual osteopathy collegeWhat is Osteopathy? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 in the world. NAO is now the single most importantOsteopathy History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 tool for manual osteopathy expansion across the globe.How does Osteopathy work?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 And I am quite proud of this.What happens when you visit an Osteopath?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 From its inception, NAO has provided leadership inHow much does an osteopathy treatment cost?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 scientific; evidence-based manual osteopathy educa-Who can benefit from Osteopathy treatments? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 tion. Our proud traditions of academic and clinicalWhy do we speak of Osteopathy as a Science and an Art? . . . . . . . . 17 excellence—preparing students for achievement andAcademic Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 success—have always been at the core of what we do, and will always remain our highest priorities. In keepingCourse Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 with our motto, “Clinically Based; Practice Oriented;Interactive Manual Osteopathy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Scientific Manual Osteopathic Education,” we comple-Career Prospects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 ment basic and clinical sciences with the art of caring Why Choose Manual Osteopathy?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 for people. Exciting Career Prospect. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24  NAO is well known as a leader in scientificAdmission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 manual osteopathy education. We only teach tech- Program Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 niques that are effective and proven through evidence Entrance Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 based research. Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27  At NAO we place heavy emphasis on business Responsibility of Applicant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 & clinical education. We prepare NAO graduates for Application Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 the real world by teaching them business principles, Selection of Candidates. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 including marketing, investment, & tax planning. Tuition Deposit Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29  NAO is the only osteopathy school in Canada Tuition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 offer ing training in physiotherapy modalities, Financial Assistance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 orthotics, support hose, decompression therapy & clinical ergonomics. Equal Opportunity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30  Because NAO graduates are expertly prepared to work in integrated care settings and to provide the highest Non Discrimination/Harassment Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 quality patient care, they are the most likely to succeed in this new environment. We graduate successful manualPrivacy Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 osteopaths.Professionalism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31  Our manual osteopathy technique labs average approximately ten students to each professor (10:1). ThisDisclaimer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 kind of low student-faculty ratio assures you will confidently enter the manual osteopathy profession afterFrequently Asked Questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 graduation, prepared to provide the best treatment for your patients.Sports Energy Technique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36  NAO is approved by International Osteopathic Association (IOA) as an accredited manual osteopathyContinuing Education Certificate Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 school. NAO students may join IOA upon graduation to receive certificate of registration.Scholarships & Awards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Stay In Touch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Return to Table of Contents 1
  3. 3.  NAO graduates who are mem- NAObers of IOA may practice in most National Academy of Osteopathy has been registered on June 02, 2010 by Dr.countries of the world; including Shahin (Shawn) Pourgol, who since then continues to be its president andCanada, USA, England, Australia, Iran, one of the professors. NAO is licensed by the province of Ontario (license Founder # 200607893) and the Canadian government (license # 757053-8).China, Brazil, India, Jamaica, Russia, Dr Pourgol ( is also founder, director and CEO of UnionLatvia, Ukraine, Poland, Philippines, Ergonomics (; the fastest growing new health franchiseVenezuela, Costa Rica, Peru, Mexico, in Canada (40 franchise clinics in Canada & USA as of November 2010) and the& Italy. number one provider of ergonomic services to Canadian workers as well as being  NAO graduates are eligible to the number one provider of orthopaedic shoes to welfare recipients in Ontario.receive manual osteopathy malprac- Another franchise project of Dr. Pourgol is the revolutionary franchise: Spinal Traction Clinic ( which was registered in Augusttice insurance from Holman Insur- 2010. This is the only franchise with zero monthly expenses; a franchise whereance at a preferred rate. owners pay no monthly expenses. This franchise`s main service is providing  NAO is approved by Canadian decompression traction therapy to patients suffering from low back pain. As ofManual Osteopathy Examining November 2010; there are 17 Spinal Traction Clinics in Canada.Board (CMOEB). NAO graduates may sit for board exams upon Dr. Pourgol’s outstanding education and accomplishments began in 1989 whengraduation. he attended Eastern High School of Commerce in Toronto and became Ontario  NAO is affiliated with Union Ergonomics & Spinal Traction Clinic. and Toronto scholar of the same year. Later on, in his continuous pre-doctoral education at Ryerson University in Applied Chemistry and Biology, he managedWith 57 franchises in this group; they are the #1 provider of ergonomic to obtain the highest academic average of 97% (A+) between 11,000 universityservices to Canadian workers; the #1 provider of orthopaedic shoes to students, for which he was rewarded with the Merit Award, from Honourablewelfare recipients and the leader in providing affordable back pain relief David Peterson, the premier of Ontario. Subsequently, Dr. Pourgol was acceptedthrough decompression traction therapy. to Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College where he finished program for a NAO is proud of the leadership and rich heritage it contributes Doctor of Chiropractic (DC) Degree. Dr. Pourgol also has post graduate trainingto the manual osteopathy profession. The future of health care will in physical rehabilitation, sports medicine, osteopathy, ergonomics and work related injuries program. Since 1995, Dr. Pourgol has practised chiropractic medicinefocus on integrating disciplines, preparing competent professionals, and is a licensed chiropractor in the province of Ontario.providing effective care, and promoting health. National Academy of Since 1995,Dr. Pourgol has practised chiropractic medicine and is a licensedOsteopathy will prepare you to fill the rapidly evolving role of the chiropractor & manual osteopath in the province of Ontario. He is currentlymanual osteopath. I invite you to become part of our vision of manual a professor at National Academy of Osteopathy teaching manual osteopathyosteopathy’s growth and a future of serving patients in need of our skills & techniques classes.unique healing art and science. Dr. Pourgol is a member of major osteopathy, chiropractic, safety and ergo- nomic organizations in Canada and USA such as: International Osteopathic Association, Association of Canadian Ergonomists, Canadian Society of SafetyDr. Shahin Pourgol, DC, DMO, CDTT, CCE Engineering, International Association of Safety Professionals, and Human Fac-Founder, President & Professor tors And Ergonomics Society. Dr. Pourgol has passed examinations administeredNational Academy of Osteopathy by Canadian Manual Osteopathy Examining Board, Canadian Chiropractic Examining Board and National Board of Chiropractic Examiners and is a reg- istered licensed member of College of Chiropractors of Ontario.Dr. Pourgol is also a well known sports specialist in Portugal and Toronto, where he served as a doctor of Football Club of Porto (FCP) in Portugal and Iftin Football Club and Arya Football Club in Toronto. Dr. Pourgol established himself as an editor, health spokesperson, and as a “The National Academy of Osteopathy has been an excellent experience thus well known international and local author. He is a past founder and editor of far! Hands down, this is the best practical training I have received. Dr. Pourgol the Chiropractic Medicine Journal and past president and founder of Iranian does a great job demonstrating the techniques on each of the students so that we Chiropractic Association (Canada). Dr. Pourgol is an author of numerous can experience the technique first hand and know what we are supposed to feel. published articles everywhere in the world and he is also author of the books “Clinical Ergonomics: Joint Specific Exercises” and “Canadian Guide to This allows us to communicate with the other students to see how our technique Healthy Feet and Legs”. compares to the instructors. I am really enjoying the program and I look forward Dr. Pourgol appeared as a health spokesperson on radio and Live on TV health to going into class each day! “ shows in Toronto. Dr. Pourgol’s continuous involvement with many charities has Kyle Perks led him to become a regularly invited spokesperson for seminars presented to seniors, workers and students regarding ergonomics and other health related issues. Full Time Student-Class of 2011 Dr. Pourgol can be reached at Return to Table of Contents 3
  4. 4. Mission Statement VisionOur Mission is to: To provide the best »» be recognized for excellence in osteopathy education; possible clinical based scientific osteopathy »» prepare tomorrow’s osteopathic manual practitioners to be competent and successful members of the health care team; and education in order to improve the health »» offer dynamic and innovative clinical based scientific osteopathy program. of society.4 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 5
  5. 5. The Osteopathy Oath This modern version of the Hippocratic Oath for administra- tion to osteopathic college graduates began as a suggestion by Dr. Frank E. MacCracken, DO, of California to his state society. Within a year, the suggestion went from the state to the nation- al association, and a committee was formed under the Associat- ed Colleges of Osteopathy to prepare the text. Members of that committee included Dr. MacCracken, as chairman, and Drs. R.C. McCaughan, Walter V. Goodfellow, and Edward T. Abbott. The first version was used from 1938 until 1954, at which time minor amendments were adopted. This version has been in use since 1954. I do hereby affirm my loyalty to the profession I am about to enter. I will be mindful always of my great responsibility to preserve the health and the life of my patients, to retain their confidence and respect both as a healer and a friend who will guard their secrets with scrupulous honor and fidelity, to perform faithfully my professional duties, to employ only those recognized methods of treatment consistent with good judgment and with my skill and ability, keeping in mind always nature’s laws and the body’s inherent capacity for recovery. I will be ever vigilant in aiding in the general welfare of the community , sustaining its laws and institutions, not engaging in those practices which will in any way bring shame or discredit upon myself or my profession. I will give no drugs for deadly purposes to any person, though it may be asked of me. I will endeavor to work in accord with my colleagues in a spirit of Dr. Andrew Taylor Still progressive cooperation and never by word or by act cast imputations Founder of Osteopathy upon them or their rightful practices. I will look with respect and esteem upon all those who have taught me my art.To my college I will be loyal and strive always for its best interests and for the interests of the students who will come after me. I will be ever alert to further the application of basic biologic truths to the healing arts and to develop the principles of osteopathy which were first enunciated by Andrew Taylor Still.6 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 7
  6. 6. “I would like to thank Dr. Pourgol, founder of National Academy of Oste- opathy, for trusting in my knowledge and for having me as a member of the teaching team of NAO. I always dreamed of teaching at academic level, as there is so much joy and pleasureAbout in this profession. The applause from the students at the end of each lectureNational is the fuel that fills up my engine for the rest of my day. To me, to learn and never be filled, is wisdom; and to teachAcademy of and never be weary, is love! At National Academy of Osteopathy, we do our job with love and passion. At the NAO, weOsteopathyNational Academy of Osteopathy Manual Osteopathy Examining Board teach, we demonstrate, and we practise. Here the students are clinically trained in manual osteopathy, and at the same time they learn basic & clinical sciences(NAO), located in Toronto, Ontario (CMOEB). Upon successful comple- & are updated with the latest trend inis founded as a Canadian institution tion of the board exams; NAO gradu- health sciences. NAO students learnthat would offer an excellent educa- ates may join International Osteopathic business skills such as marketing, tax Why choose nao?tion nationally and internationally Association (IOA) to receive certificate planning, investments, patient reten-be a catalyst for developing a unified of registration. NAO graduates who are tion, motor vehicle accident patientprofession, conduct research to further members of IOA may practice manual management, multidisciplinary referral At NAO we teach the art, science and learning experience. Their teachingthe scientific basis of manual oste- osteopathy in Canada, USA, England, systems, osteopathy rehab, and other philosophy of osteopathy with pas- methods ensure a blend of strongopathy, become the home for knowl- Australia, Iran, China, Brazil, Taiwan, practice related matters directly from sion and pride.We welcome research theoretical knowledge with ampleedge related to manual osteopathy Columbia, India and most other coun- Dr. Pourgol; one of the most successful and support patient centred, evidence application of hands-on experience,and be the face of the profession to tries. NAO graduates adhere to the osteopaths in the world. Therefore, if informed scientific health care. We providing students with in-depthgovernments, third party payers, and code of ethics and clinical guidelines you are looking for a promising pro- attract the best and brightest appli- understanding in a nurturing andthe general public. established by IOA. fession in health care, you are always cants, hire faculty who are experts dynamic environment. We are a fully accredited, profes- We conduct research that is welcomed at National Academy of in their fields, and work continu- Our Clinic offers students ansional educational institution with recognized for its contr ibution Osteopathy”. ously to improve our curriculum.We opportunity to gain rewarding hands-professional faculty and staff who are to manual osteopathy. We provide Dr. Abazar Habibinia, teach techniques that are scientific on experience within our diverseexperts in their fields. NAO offers a manual osteopathic care for patients MD, CDTT, CSN & proven effective through evidence community based settings. As oste-four months condensed full time and in our teaching clinic in North York. Professor based research. We prepare students opathy interns, NAO students assumea part time (nine months) profes- We support manual osteopathic Department of for the real world by teaching busi- patient care under the supervision ofsional program leading to a Diploma practitioners with the knowledge, Clinical Sciences (NAO) ness principles. We aim to make our clinical faculty—most of whom alsoin Manual Osteopathy (DMO). NAO resources and services to help their students the most successful manual operate clinical practices outside ofis licensed by the province of Ontario businesses thrive, and we advocate osteopaths in the world NAO.(license # 200607893) and the Cana- to influence education and health Our Faculty are highly qualified Our Students are dedicated,enthusiastic,dian government (license # 757053-8). care policies that affect these health and come from all disciplines and and dynamic.Being part of this high energyNAO graduates are permitted to sit care practitioners. backgrounds to bring students a rich group is motivating and inspiring.for exams administered by Canadian8 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 9
  7. 7. What is Osteopathy?Osteopathy could be described insimple, lay terms as “holistic manualmedicine”. Osteopathy is a system of There are eight major principleshealth care that focuses on diagnosisand treatment of the physical body’s of osteopathy that are widelystructure in order to optimise physi- taught throughout theological functioning. Manual palpa-tion and Osteopathic Manipulative international osteopathic community.Therapy (OMT) are used in conjunc-tion with biomechanical, orthopaedic 1) The body is a unit.and neurological clinical assessment. 2) Structure and function are reciprocally inter-related. Osteopathy is best know for treat-ment of musculo-skeletal disorders 3) The body possesses self-regulatory mechanisms.such as back and neck pain, sciatica,sporting injuries and postural strain. 4) The body has the inherent capacity to defend andPut simply, optimising structural bal- repair itself.ance allows the physiology to perform 5) When the normal adaptability is disrupted, or when envi-optimally. ronmental changes overcome the body’s capacity The practice of osteopathy com- for self maintenance, disease may ensue.bines current medical knowledge 6) The movement of body fluids is essential to thewith the osteopathic philosophy. maintenance of health.Scientific plausibility and evidence-based outcomes have a high priority 7) The nerves play a crucial part in controlling the fluidsin patient treatment and case manage- of the body.ment. Osteopathy is a patient centred 8) There are somatic components to disease that are not onlyapproach to health care rather than manifestations of disease, but also are factors that contributedisease centred. to maintenance of the disease state. Osteopathic manual practitionersassess and treat the whole person,not just the symptomatic region. an holistic assessment.These principles (WHO) recognised the OsteopathicSo for example if a patient presents are thought to be the underpinnings concept of somatic dysfunction aswith headache they will be structur- of the osteopathic philosophy on being scientifically proven, and theally assessed from head to toe. This health and disease. Osteopathy is not British Medical Association alsois because the primary cause may just a set of techniques; rather it is a recognised Osteopathy as a discretebe remote from the symptoms. For philosophy based on these principles. medicinal disciplineexample; Unilateral pes plannus (flat This philosophy is simple and sen-feet) > functional leg length discrep- sible. When applied in practice, oste-ancy> pelvic torsion> scoliosis> opathy can make profound changescervicogenic tension headache. This in a person’s health. cause would only be detected with The World Health Organisation10 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 11
  8. 8. Osteopathy history How does The American Osteopathic Asso- ciation was formed in 1901 to regu- late the profession. In 1962, doctor of osteopathy (D.O.) was recognized Osteopathy work? Dr. Andrew Taylor Still believed that for full practice rights in all 50 states many disease or illness began with (provided they obtain a license in any structural problems in the spine. Long given state). By 1973, the California nerves connect the spine to various Medical Association invited osteo- organs in the body. According to Dr. paths to join and become voting Still, when there is a problem with members. the spine, the nerves send abnormal Today, doctors of osteopathy get signals to the body’s organs. Still the same basic training as medical called these spinal problems “osteo- doctors (M.D.), but they also learn pathic lesions” (“osteo” for bone and manipulation (hands-on adjustments “pathic” for diseased), and created of muscles, bones, and ligaments) and osteopathic manipulation techniques use this along with more conventional (OMTs) to treat them. These treat- medical treatments. Most D.O.s are ments, he believed, would return primary care practitioners, specializing the nerves to their normal function An osteopath’s role lies in diagnosing in family medicine, internal medicine, and allow the blood to flow freely and treating the factors that inhibit obstetrics/gynecology, or pediatrics. throughout the circulatory system. D.O.s practice in all specialties of With structure restored, the body’s health thus restoring balance in the Osteopathy was founded in 1874 by medicine ranging from emergency own natural healing powers would body through natural, non-invasive, Dr. Andrew Taylor Still. Dr. Still was a medicine and cardiovascular surgery be able to restore full health. Missouri medical physician who had to psychiatry and geriatrics. D.O.s Osteopathy recognizes the relation- hands-on techniques. become frustrated with what he saw trained in various specialty areas take ship between structure and function. as the ineffective nature of remedies a whole patient (holistic) approach. A simple analogy is the garden hose. »»Stretching and releasing connective tissues, at that time. He believed that the According to the American Osteo- If it is twisted (distorted structure) it e.g. muscles, tendons and fascia that inhibit mobility doctor’s role in fighting disease was pathic Association, there are more can’t function optimally. Similarly if »»Strengthening unstable joint through muscle conditioning to restore the body’ s proper muscu- than 64,000 osteopathic physicians our human structure is compromised loskeletal function. Still founded the practicing in the United States today. due to posture, injury, traumatic or »»Enhancing circulation and lymphatic drainage American School of Osteopathy in Although osteopathic manipulations lifestyle patterns then our physiology Missouri in 1892. The school taught were once used to treat all forms of is compromised. Circulation, nerve »»Improving nerve supply manual manipulation, nutrition, and disease, now they are considered useful supply, hormone secretion etc are »»Educating about diet, exercise and lifestyle choices. lifestyle modifications rather than mostly for musculoskeletal conditions compromised. So when our body is surgery and drug therapies. (such as back pain). “tuned well” it performs well.12 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 13
  9. 9. What happens How much doeswhen you visit an osteopathyan Osteopath? treatment cost? The cost varies from clinic to clinic.The recommended fee guide is $60 to $80 1) A case history is taken: for 30 minutes and $90 to $140 for 60 minutes sessions. It is worth checking The osteopathic manual practitioner conducts a thor- with one’s insurance plan, as most extended health plan (EHP) providers ough health survey listening to the chief complaint, any pay an annual portion for osteopathy; which is approximately $300 to $500 health issues, and other medical interventions received throughout the patient’s life. per year in the province of Ontario (coverage varies as per each individual policy). Most employees of private and public sectors as well as most full time 2) A physical assessment is performed: university and college students in the province of Ontario are covered for The osteopathic manual practitioner conducts a physi- osteopathy treatments through their EHP providers. cal examination to rule out any major health concerns and ensuring a safe treatment can be provided. The practitioner assesses all systems and structures that may be related to the area of complaint. Do health Ontario auto insurers cover oste- opathy treatments if patient is injured 3) A treatment plan is implemented: After reviewing the examination findings with the patient, plans and as a result of a motor vehicle acci- the osteopathis manual practitioner creates a treatment plan. Insurers dent.The maximum amount payable pay for for osteopathic treatment by auto 4) A treatment is given: Hands on Treatments are administered based on the osteopathy insurers in Ontario is $53.66 per session as set by Financial Service assessment, and consecutive treatments are administered as needed. services? Commission of Ontario (FSCO).14 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 15
  10. 10. Who can Osteopathy is effective for people of all ages, from infants to the elderly. It offers an approach with gentle non- benefit from invasive techniques. An osteopathic assessment is so refined that the osteo- Osteopathy pathic manual practitioner can detect dysfunction without necessarily even having the benefit of a specific com- Why do we speak treatments? plaint, often difficult to obtain from young children. of Osteopathy as a Science and an Art? Osteopathy is equally beneficial to athletes (whether professional or armature), individuals with problems stemming from a sedentary job or life style, those exposed to occupational It is a science because it rests on developed studies of anatomy, physiology, hazards, and to people suffering from biomechanics and other sciences. a wide range of traumas. It is an art because Osteopathic manual practitioners must be able to Osteopathy can be a comple- feel (in osteopathic language we speak of listening) with their hands all ment to medical care for women the responses to diagnostic tests. They should interpret tensions before throughout their pregnancy and normalizing them. to mothers immediately after the In order to be more effective, their manual therapeutic work should be delivery. In fact, osteopathy can be constantly modulating between the quantity and quality of their touch. very effective in assisting the mother’s body to restore and resume function in the post-partum period. Osteopathy assists patients to “manage” their own health so that “good health” is restored and main- tained whenever possible.The philos- ophy of osteopathy promotes ‘health’ as opposed to ‘illness’, teaches people to learn to appreciate a quality of life and encourages opportunities to live it to the fullest. Osteopathy customizes treatments for each individual according to his or her age, physical characteristics and specific reactions to treatments.16 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 17
  11. 11. Academic ProgramNAO’s academic program in oste- including anatomy, pathology, bio- ”...For me “NATIONAL ACADEMYopathy is a comprehensive and rig- mechanic, osteopathy principles and OF OSTEOPATHY” is like followingorous training that leads to a Diploma manual techniques. Students also Gandhi’s word: “Man often becomesin Manual Osteopathy (DMO). The explore how the body feels pain and what he believes himself to be. If Icurriculum is presented in a series of how to treat it, within study mod- keep on saying to myself that I cannotstudy modules – each dedicated to a ules that focus on specific symptom do a certain thing, it is possible that Ispecific anatomical region – with fac- areas – including acute onset low may end by really becoming incapableulty working together to coordinate back pain, thoracic spine pain, upper of doing it. On the contrary, if I havecontent and ensure understanding is limb pain, lower limb pain, groin/ the belief that I can do it, I shall surelycomprehensive and complete. Com- hip/pelvis pain, shoulder pain, neck acquire the capacity to do it even if Ibining lectures, labs, case studies and pain, headaches, and chronic low back may not have it at the beginning.”clinical internship provides a smooth pain. Students also develop problem And after attending some classes, I feel,transition from academic knowledge solving and clinical skills by observing I made the right choice. I am happyto problem solving for treatment and and participating in therapist-patient to be part of this journey...”management of patients’ conditions. encounters. Shahla EshmanIn this osteopathy program students Students complete the academic pro- Part time student-class of 2011learn how the human body works gram by taking part in an internshipin progressive study modules that program in NAO’s teaching clinicfocus on back/spine, head/neck, and located in North York, Ontario underupper limb. Each anatomical region the supervision of clinical explored from all possible angles18 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 19
  12. 12. CourseRequirementsThe following course must be successfully completed before graduation.AN101 Human Anatomy Introduces the historical and contemporary approach etiology and pathogenesis of the major diseases affecting Acquaints students with their rights and obligations Consists of lectures covering the human body and incor- to health emphasising aspects unique to the osteopathy each individual body system are presented. Where appli- together with, and more importantly, the rights and obliga-porates adult human gross anatomical content. All content profession. Different models of health care are explored. cable, areas of current research into the etio-pathogenesis tions of the patient. Emphasis is placed on risk manage-is presented using a case based, integrated approach. Human This is a program designed to prepare students to explore of disease are highlighted. ment, informed consent, osteopathy legal issues, ethicsAnatomy focuses on the structural and functional relation- issues related to the philosophy, art, and science, as well and the law, the patient-therapist relationship, writingships within the back, head, neck, upper and lower limb as the sociology of osteopathy. Material on profession- PH414 Systems Physiology a medical-legal report, and practice management. Thisregions. Anatomical content is closely integrated with that alism, informed consent and ethics introduces students Teaches the physiology of body fluids, blood, and the course familiarizes students with the relationship betweenof other courses presented. to a practical understanding of professional ethics and the cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, renal, and gastro- manual osteopathy practice and the law. terminology, issues, and consequences related to this area intestinal systems. The function and control of all major BM220 Clinical Biomechanics of student and professional life.The unique ethical respon- organ systems are discussed, as are cell physiology and CL628 Clinical Internship Introduces clinical biomechanical principles and proper- sibilities of the health professional student and practitioner mechanisms at the cellular and subcellular levels. Muscle As manual osteopathy interns, students assume patientties of the spine. Students are introduced to the mechanical are explored. performance, training, and fitness assessments are also care under the supervision of primary clinical facultyconcepts of basic body mechanics, as well as some advanced discussed. The course encourages problem solving and members within NAO’s clinic. NAO operates a studenttopics involving moment calculation. Emphasis is placed on MO318 Manual Osteopathy Clinical Practice the application of physiological principles to manual clinic in North York, these principles apply to manual osteopathic therapy. Begins with a comprehensive introduction to the struc- osteopathy practice. In addition to developing and maintaining a patientThe biomechanics of osteopathy techniques are covered ture and function of NAO’s clinical teaching environment, practice under the supervision of registered clinicians, thethrough examination of research publications.The biome- followed by instruction in the theory and application of MO420 Manual Osteopathy Techniques interns attend and participate in clinical rounds wherechanics of the joints of the upper and lower limbs, lumbar, evidence based clinical practice. Students are exposed to Provides laboratory instruction to develop proficiency special interest and topics and investigative research orcervical and thoracic spine are examined to explain how the skills required to effectively retrieve, critically appraise, in general and specific spinal and extremity manual tech- issues are discussed. Clinical rounds provide opportunitiespathologies develop. Due to the preponderance of low back and apply current health care information and litera- niques. Students learn how to deliver techniques with the for the intern to engage in enhanced critical thinking andpain, detailed attention is given to lumbar spine functional ture. Throughout the program, students review selected focus on control, direction, speed and depth of pressure. application of the concepts of best practice. Complemen-anatomy, lumbar spine pathomechanics, and the concept of readings in clinical osteopathy theory. The course’s prac- Emphasis is placed on competence in conducting an tary programs are offered, such as those associated withlumbar spine stability.With these topics in mind, treatment tical component integrates skills and knowledge learned analysis (including all forms of static and motion palpation business skills.and prevention strategies which are supported by laboratory including interviewing, informed consent, and clinical procedures) of the spine, pelvis, and extremities to arrive Clinical faculty support the development of the interns’research are examined. examination skills. at a clinical impression that will enable accurate determi- written and oral communications, physical examinations nation of the appropriate manual procedure. Screening and psychomotor skills.MO221 Manual Osteopathy Skills PA366 Clinical Pathology procedures and the importance of informed consent are Coordinated with Biomechanics (BM101) and provides Presents the basic mechanisms involved in cell death, discussed, and the student is taught soft tissue therapy, OR680 Orthopaedicstutorial laboratory instruction to develop the skills neces- necrosis, inflammation and repair, and neoplasia. Patho- joint mobilization, myofascial release, facilitated positional Helps students understand the nature of normal mus-sary to locate all points of surface anatomy pertinent to a logical principles of disease processes are discussed so that release, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, neuro- culoskeletal tissues and their response to injury. Studentsphysical examination. Students learn to determine normal students may understand the clinical manifestations of muscular retraining, lymphatic, osteoarticular and other approach the musculoskeletal system regionally fromand abnormal biomechanics and to perform palpation, disease and the rationale for treatment. manual techniques. the perspective of relevant clinical anatomy, pathology,motion palpation and static joint challenge. Clinico-pathological correlations will be emphasized biomechanics, diagnostic categories, current diagnostic where applicable.This course also provides students with MO517 Manual Osteopathy Practice: Business, law, tests and treatment strategies. The laboratory section ofMO246 Osteopathy Principles and Professional Ethics an understanding of disease processes. Specifically, the Jurisprudence the course provides the student with skills in performing20 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 21
  13. 13. a focused orthopedic examination as the basis for an tion and wellness, involving the chemistry and metabolismaccurate diagnosis. of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. Interactive Manual It also presents the basic food groups and the fundamen-DS720 Diagnosis and Symptomatology tals of assessing nutritional status, and introduces clinical Teaches the general principles of clinical diagnosis examples and methods of practice implementation.through a lecture and laboratory format. Students aretaught basic skills in history-taking and physical examina- CP 872 Clinical Psychologytion procedures with an emphasis on interviewing skills This course provides students with the necessary back-and vital signs. This course emphasizes therapist-patient ground to identify psychological problems and respondinteractions, the importance of informed consent, and the to them effectively. Emphasis is placed on understanding Osteopathyuse of standard diagnostic procedures. the full spectrum of normal and abnormal behaviours For students who do not reside inT oronto teaching sessions through the internet, International NAO students may This course enables students to develop systematic with a specific focus on the syndromes most commonly (Canada); NAO offers interactive manual complete lectures on DVD, and on-site take the interactive manual osteopathyanalytical and diagnostic skills. Students work through met in osteopathy practice. Students are introduced to osteopathy program in Canada (Montreal, classroom osteopathy technique labs program on a full time basis on Februaryhistory, physical examination, special tests, and plan the clinical observation, systematic inquiry and management Quebec City,Vancouver,Winnipeg, Cal- Complete lecture series (on DVD) or September of each year (Mondays to gary, Ottawa, Edmonton), China (Beijing, will be mailed to all students. NAO Fridays 9AM to 6PM). Alternativelymanagement of several osteopathic cases under the guid- of these patients within the context of an osteopathic Shanghai, Hong Kong, Chongqing, Xian, students have access to watch live lec- they may take the 9 months part timeance of a clinician. manual practice. Shenzhen,Tianjin), Iran (Tehran), USA tures being presented at NAO Toronto course on March of each year on the Students also study the diagnosis of disorders of the var- (Los Angles), Spain (Madrid), France campus in Canada. They may interact weekends (Saturdays and Sundays 9AMious body systems at an advanced level. Emphasis is placed TE 910 Therapeutic Exercise (Paris), Italy (Rome), Mexico (Mexico with the professors online; to ask ques- to 6PM).They can listen and watch theon etiology, pathology, signs and symptoms, differential In this course students learn how to prescribe cer- City),Venezuala (Caracas), Dominican tions and to communicate for all lecture lectures online through internet; anddiagnosis, and treatment. Areas of study include disorders tain joint specific therapeutic exercises accomplish the Republic (Santo Domingo), Brazil (Sao related matters with the instructors. For they will receive a copy of the lectureof the cardiovascular, genitourinary, respiratory, gastroin- following goals: Enable ambulation, release contracted Paulo),Japan (T okyo),South Korea (Seoul), the technique labs; NAO sends manual as a video file on DVD. The onsite Portugal (Lisbon),Turkey (Istanbul),Greece osteopaths to each city mentioned above training for the osteopathy techniquestestinal and endocrine systems, as well as dermatology, muscles, tendons, and fascia, mobilize joints, improve cir- (Athens), Germany (Frankfort), Nether- to do hands on training of the osteopathy are scheduled for 14 days; 9AM to 6PM;eyes, ears, nose and throat (EENT), hematology, allergic culation, improve respiratory capacity, improve coordina- lands (Amsterdam) & Taiwan (Taipei) techniques to the international NAO in February and August of each year.reactions, and immunology. Particular attention is focused tion, reduce rigidity, improve balance, promote relaxation, through a combination of online live students in their native language.on knowledge of those disease processes which confront improve muscle strength and, if possible, achieve andthe primary contact osteopathic manual practitioner. maintain maximal voluntary contractile force (MVC), and improve exercise performance and functional capacity Interactive Start Date Finish Date Onsite OnsiteNE762 Neurology (endurance). Program Technique Exam Studies the symptoms and signs of a broad range of Classcommon neurological disorders with particular emphasis TH 980 Investigative Project - Thesison those conditions which are frequently seen by osteo- Students begin work on an investigative project to be February Term February 28, 2012 July 28, 2012 August 06, 2012 to August 21, 2012pathic manual practitioners. Students attain the knowledge finished prior to graduation. Students register a clinical (Full Time) Aug 20, 2012and skills required to conduct a neurological examination research topic. The registered research project for thisand to correlate clinical neurological findings with other class must be a literature synthesis. This course is self September Term September 28, 2011 January 28, 2011 Feb 01, 2012 to February 16, 2012diagnostic data. directed. (Full Time) Feb 15, 2012NU820 Clinical and Sports Nutrition March Term March 03, 2012 December 03, 2012 Feb 01, 2013 to February 16, 2013 The course discusses the basic principles of health, nutri- (Part Time) Feb 15, 2013 Please note all inquiries in regards to admissions should only be directed to the admissions office in Toronto, Canada at Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 23
  14. 14. Career Prospects Admission Thank you for your interest in the National Acadamy of Osteopathy (NAO).Why Choose Manual Osteopathy? Our Admissions department is eager to help you in any way we can.We inviteAre you looking for a profession and many other countries in Europe you to visit NAO and ask us any questions.We are very proud of our campusthat is patient centred, hands-on, and and Asia. ”Dear Dr. Pourgol: and our students, and welcome all visitors. ”..Dr. Pourgol’s lectures and clinicalrewarding? Do you enjoy solving Osteopathic manual practitioners I just want to thank you for all your help and National Acadamy of Osteopathy admits as students, women and men of classes are all based on his professionalchallenging problems, interacting with are community based, primary contact support during past 3 months. For the past year and half that I am in Canada good character and health who are qualified to meet its academic challenges experience in this field. Our otherothers, and serving the public? Are you health care providers. Osteopaths assessinterested in science, health, and well- disorders related to the spine, nervous I was looking to find a career not only a job and to become an osteopathic manual practitioner. professors are also on top of their and I was unsuccessful. Now that we are National Acadamy of Osteopathy seeks to select students who have strong medical fields. Their patience andness? Do you have great people skills? system and joints of the extremities, getting close to the end of this program I If so, becoming an osteopathic and provide manual, hands-on treat- feel that I have found a career that I love academic records and who demonstrate the motivational and personal charac- dedication to every student is over-manual practitioner may be in your ment for these disorders. Osteopathic and it is all because of you. teristics suitable for a career in osteopathy.Willingness to provide service and whelming. There will be a new gen-future. It’s one of the fastest growing care is directed toward restoring, Three short months ago I had no idea howhealth professions in Canada, with enhancing, improving, or maintaining a caring attitude are important characteristics of a future osteopathic manual eration of Manual Osteopaths coming to treat back or neck disorders or any othermore than 1,000 osteopaths across the the quality of life and health of the muscle or skeletal pain, but today I really feel practitioner. The Acadamy employs a rolling admissions process. Therefore, from NAO and I strongly believe wecountry providing valued health care patient. This is achieved through the that I can do a proper treatment. early application could increase an applicant’s probability for acceptance.The are being trained to be the best into many Canadians each year. While use of the osteopathic techniques and Thank you so much for the opportunity to Acadamy encourages campus visits for all applicants and reserves the right to Canada and perhaps in the world.”European style osteopathy is drug related manual medicine therapies, be a part of this academy.Y have no idea ou how much osteopathy affected my life. require an interview. Applications for admission (as well as current tuition Jay Davidfree, non-invasive health care (com- primarily to the musculoskeletalpared to American style osteopathy system, in order to affect the regula- I believe these kinds of opportunities are and fees) are available online and they may be obtained by contacting the Part Time Student-Class of 2011that uses surgery and medications), it the reason they call North America land of registrar’s office. The application for admission must be accompanied by a tion of the body. opportunity. Best regards.”is a respected health profession recog- non-refundable application processing fee of $150 (Canadian dollars). It is Amir H Kazeminised by statute by many insurers in (Full time student. Class of 2011) the responsibility of the applicant to read this information and comply withCanada, USA, Australia, New Zealand, all provisions and instructions. Exciting Career Prospect In today’s society there is an abundance of opportunities for osteopathic manual practitioners to utilize their professional health care credentials. Osteopathy is one of the fastest growing health professions in Canada and the World.The current employment prospects for osteopathic manual practitioners are good across the country and particularly strong in the province of Ontario. There is almost zero unemployment rate in this field as virtually all graduates find employment upon graduation. Most osteopaths work in private practice, often as sole proprietor or associate. However, the increase in multidisciplinary health care facilities and physical rehabilitation clinics in Canada has opened new opportuni- ties for osteopathic manual practitioners to collaborate with other health care professionals and benefit patients with interprofessional care. A small numbers of osteopaths also work in hospitals, health spas, sports teams, insurance companies claims services department, fitness clubs, osteopathic colleges, motor vehicle accident (MVA) assessment For both the full time and part time osteopathy program, new students are admitted centres and other institutions. at the beginning of two trimesters of the academic year: September and February.24 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 25
  15. 15. All students, with or without rea- Qualifications sonable accommodation, must carry out laboratory and clinical A student must possess the following abilities, with or without reasonable assignments, including providing accommodation, for completion of the professional diploma program osteopathy treatments to patients. in osteopathic manual practice: Qualified persons with disabilities, 1) Ability to apply manual medicine techniques and adjunctive tech- with or without reasonable ac- niques over the full range of a client’s body, including positioning commodation, must be able to pass “Dear Dr. Pourgol; clients, palpating, feeling with hands and fingers, pushing, pulling, oral, written and practical exami- In July 2010 when you told me kneading, grasping, twisting wrists, and lifting up to 10 pounds, for nations, and meet all of the clinical about osteopathy I was interested periods of up to 60 minutes without interruption; requirements of the Acadamy. in it But the thing that was always 2) Ability to determine depth and intensity of manual pressure and It is in the best interests of both the in my mind was: “Is it possible force, as applied in the performance of common manual and ad- student and the Acadamy to assess for me with no background in junctive procedures and techniques; the degree of limitation caused by Health to start this program?” 3) Ability to see and hear, with or without reasonable accommoda- disability. However, the Acadamy tion, sufficient that the student can receive and record client histo- will make the final determination You told me that you are cre- ries; document treatment plans; provide instructions to clients; and of whether or not an individual ating a program that anyone with no background in Health Program Length provide routine client safety services; meets all qualifications for study at the Acadamy. can study and learn manual NAO’s osteopathic manual practice program can be taken either part time 4) Ability to perform in all laboratory and clinical settings without osteopathy and be successful in posing a threat to herself/himself, to the safety and well-being of Persons who have been convicted or full time. This is the only osteopathy program in Canada offered in a it. Still In February 2011 when I fellow students, or to patients; of a misdemeanour of a violent condensed full time program. started osteopathy I was not sure The four months condensed full time program runs full days Mondays criminal or sexual nature or any 5) Ability and willingness to receive hands-on and adjunctive treat- about it but I did it because I to Fridays, for three months followed by a month of clinical internship. ment. Much of the technical instruction in the programs requires felony will be prohibited from trusted you. Students interested in taking NAO’s osteopathy program on a part time reciprocal application of the osteopathic techniques, including joint professional health care practice basis may complete the required courses in nine months or three years. mobilization and soft tissue therapy. In reciprocal laboratory expe- in many jurisdictions. National Now after a month that I am in riences, receiving techniques is necessary in order to learn proper Acadamy of Osteopathy will deny Classes for the nine months part time program run every weekend. Classes the osteopathy Program I am Sure procedures, and to receive and provide learning feedback; reciprocal admission to applicants with such for the three year part time program are held one weekend per month. application of technique is also useful for developing sensitivity to that with your method of teaching convictions. The Acadamy there- client needs. The Acadamy may temporarily excuse a student from the manual practice of osteopathy fore reserves the right to conduct a and the passion you have for teaching and also the curriculum Entrance Requirements receiving osteopathy treatments provided that there is a specific medical contraindication, as determined in writing by a licensed criminal background check on ap- plicants or on any enrolled student health care professional. you gather for other subjects in this Applicants must meet the following requirements: at any time in the program. 1) All students must be at least 18 years of age at the time of admission. program (anatomy,Pathology,...) IT IS possible to become a suc- 2) Students must have an earned a grade 12 high school diploma, its foreign cessful manual osteopath ONLY equivalent, or a General Educational Development diploma (GED). Stu- dents are strongly recommended to take at least one year each of high in 4 months. school biology, chemistry and physics; and mathematics. 3) Students must demonstrate sufficient maturity to undertake a health care I just want to thank you for cre- profession, including the capacity to ethically and responsibly manage pro- ating this opportunity.”. fessional boundaries. Amir Kazemi Admission to National Acadamy of Osteopathy is competitive.The Acadamy expects that Full time student-class of 2011 most, if not all, students will exceed the minimum admission requirements.26 Return to Table of Contents Return to Table of Contents 27