Osteopathy vs Chiropractic vs Physiotherapy vs Massage Therapy, Differences & Similarities

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Differences and similarities between chiropractic, osteopathy, massage therapy and physical therapy.

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Osteopathy vs Chiropractic vs Physiotherapy vs Massage Therapy, Differences & Similarities

  1. 1. Similarities & DifferencesOsteopathy, Chiropractic, Physiotherapy, Massage Therapy(DO vs DC vs PT vs MT)European style Osteopathy, massage therapy & physiotherapy are offered in a diploma ordegree format, while chiropractic is offered only as a degree. These four professions have moresimilarities than differences. They all offer valuable services to patients and are great healthprofessions. In many cases and in many rehabilitation clinics, osteopaths, chiropractors,physiotherapists and massage therapists work together as a multidisciplinary team to getpatients better in the best way applicable. They each offer unique & amazing health care whichis much appreciated by patients worldwide.Osteopathy Chiropractic Physiotherapy MassageTherapyDesignation DOMP, DO, BSc (O),MSc (O)DC, BSc (C), MSc (C) BSc (PT), MSc (PT),PhD, DPTRMT, LMT, MTAverage SchoolTuition$5,000 to $100,000 $60,000 to $120,000 Free (governmentpaid) to $100,000$15,000 to $30,000Study Time forRegular StudentsFrom 1 to 4 years(depending ondiploma or degree)3 to 4 years 2 to 4 years 1 to 2 yearsAcceleratedProgram StudyTime for StudentsWith Prior HealthEducation4 months to 2 years(depending onstudent’sbackground &diploma or degreeprogram)1 to 2 yearsdepending onstudent’sbackground1 to 2 years dependingon student’sbackground4 months to 1 yeardepending onstudent’sbackgroundAverage AnnualIncome$90,000 $100,000 $80,000 $60,000Average hiringsalary for newgraduates$30 per hour $40 per hour $40 per hour $20 per hourAverage HourlyTreatment Fee(Canada)$80 to $140 $100 to $150 $80 to $150 $60 to $80Hourly Fee Set byFinancial ServiceCommission ofOntario for CarAccident Patients$57.67 $111.80 $98.86 $57.67
  2. 2. Insurance Coveragein CanadaAccepted by allmajor insurersAccepted by allmajor insurersAccepted by all majorinsurersAccepted by allmajor insurersBoard Exams Yes Yes Yes YesPractice Primary healthpractitioner. Canopen independentclinic and seepatients directlywithout supervision.Primary healthpractitioner. Canopen independentclinic and seepatients directlywithout supervision.Primary healthpractitioner. Can openindependent clinic andsee patients directlywithout supervision inmost countries. Insome places must besupervised by MDPrimary healthpractitioner. Canopen independentclinic and seepatients directlywithoutsupervision.Medical Diagnosis Yes (for degreeholders), No (fordiploma holders)Yes Yes NoManual Diagnosis Yes, both diploma &degree holders canperformosteopathicdiagnosisYes, can performchiropracticdiagnosisNo. Manual diagnosisis not taughtNo. Manualdiagnosis is nottaughtPhysiotherapyModalitiesYes (diplomaholders need extratraining)Yes Yes NOPrerequisite toEducationHigh schoolgraduation fordiploma holders &BSc (O), universityeducation for DO &MSc (O)University education High school graduation High schoolgraduationEmploymentPotentialZero unemployment Zero unemployment Zero unemployment ZerounemploymentRadiography Not permitted Able to take x-rays Not permitted Not permittedRadiology Degree holders ableto read x-rays.Diploma holders no.Able to read x-rays Not able to read x-rays Not able to read x-raysMost CommonDisorder TreatedLow back painfollowed by neckpainLow back painfollowed by neckpainLow back pain followedby neck painLow back painfollowed by neckpainFoot Orthotics Able to cast &dispenseAble to cast &dispenseAble to cast & dispense Not ableOrthopaedicBracingAble to dispense Able to dispense Able to dispense Not ableCompressionsupport hoseAble to dispense Able to dispense Able to dispense Not ableTreatment Plan Able to sign Able to sign Able to sign Able to sign
  3. 3. functional AbilitiesEvaluationDegree holderspermitted.Permitted Permitted Not permittedJob Site Analysis Degree holderspermittedPermitted Permitted Not permittedHome BasedAssessmentDegree holderspermittedPermitted Permitted Not permittedIndependentMedical EvaluationDegree holderspermittedPermitted Permitted Not permittedTreatments atHomePermitted Permitted Permitted PermittedRegulation Regulated in 7countriesRegulated in 7countriesRegulated in allcountriesRegulated in 7countriesCan OpenIndependent ClinicYes, in all countries Yes, in all countries Yes, in some countries.Elsewhere PTs mustwork in an MD ownedclinic or hospitalYes, in all countriesLargest Schools inCanadaNational Academyof OsteopathyCanadian MemorialChiropractic CollegeUniversity of Toronto Humber CollegeLargest SchoolsInternationallyNational Universityof Medical SciencesPalmer University University of SouthernCaliforniaUniversity of IllinoisFounder Dr Andre Taylor Still Dr Daniel DavidPalmerHenrique Ling UnknownFirst known school 121 years ago inUSA116 years ago inUSA100 years ago in UK Less than 100 yearsago in USALargest Association InternationalOsteopathicAssociationAmericanChiropracticAssociationAmerican PhysicalTherapy AssociationAmerican MassageTherapyAssociationOsteopathy vs Chiropractic vs Physical Therapy vs Massage Therapy

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