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Documenting and coding polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos)


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PCOS is a common condition affecting a woman’s hormone levels. The article details the symptoms, treatments and the ICD-10 codes for documenting this condition.

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Documenting and coding polycystic ovary syndrome (pcos)

  1. 1. Documenting and Coding Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) PCOS is a common condition affecting a woman’s hormone levels. The article details the symptoms, treatments and the ICD-10 codes for documenting this condition. Outsource Strategies International 8596 E. 101st Street, Suite H Tulsa, OK 74133
  2. 2. 918-221-7769 PCOS is a multifaceted hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Also known as or Stein-Leventhal syndrome, this condition affects a women’s hormone levels. Women suffering from this endocrine system disorder produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones (androgen). This hormone imbalance causes them to have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, which makes it harder for them to get pregnant. The ovaries are typically enlarged and may contain multiple small cyst-like structures (immature ovarian follicles) that fail to regularly release eggs. If left untreated, this hormone imbalance can affect everything - from a woman’s menstrual cycle and to her appearance, ability to have children and her overall health. Obstetrics and Gynecology medical billing and coding can be complex. Gynecologists/ endocrinologists who provide treatment for this hormonal disorder should ensure that the medical coding for this condition is properly done on the medical claims. Physicians should have essential medical billing and coding know-how and use the correct diagnosis and procedure codes to ensure correct and timely claim filing and reimbursement. PCOS is one of the most critical and under-diagnosed conditions affecting women’s health. Reports suggest that about 5 - 20 percent of women of childbearing age in the United States suffer from this condition. The exact cause of PCOS is not known. The high levels of male hormones may prevent the ovaries from producing hormones and making eggs normally. In addition, certain other factors that may play an active role include - genetics, excess insulin, low-grade inflammation and high levels of androgen. Know the Symptoms In most cases, the initial signs and symptoms of PCOS develop around the time of the first menstrual period during puberty. However, in some rare cases, it may develop later (for instance in response to substantial weight gain or having trouble getting pregnant). The signs and symptoms of this condition may vary and some of the common symptoms include -  Irregular periods  Heavy bleeding  Weight gain  Infertility  Acne, oily skin, and dandruff  Excessive hair growth (on face and body - including on their back, belly, and chest)  Male-pattern baldness  Headaches  Darkening of the skin  Excess androgen levels  Sleep apnea
  3. 3. 918-221-7769  High stress levels  High blood pressure  Pelvic pain  Decreased libido Some other complications associated with this hormonal disorder include - Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, miscarriage or premature birth, Type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes, endometrial cancer, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver) and other related metabolic syndromes. Diagnosis Tests and Treatment Methods There is no single test that can definitively diagnose the presence of PCOS. However, the initial diagnosis will begin with a detailed discussion with the physician, wherein he/she will evaluate in detail your previous medical history and ask specific questions relating to your menstrual periods and weight changes. Physicians will check for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance and acne. A detailed physical examination that includes - a pelvic exam and blood tests (to measure hormone, cholesterol and glucose levels) will also be conducted. In addition, an ultrasound may be used to look at the uterus and ovaries. PCOS treatment may initially focus on managing individual problems such as abnormal menstrual periods, obesity, infertility, hirsutism or acne. Treatment modality may include a combination of medications along with serious lifestyle changes. In order to regulate your menstrual cycle, physicians may recommend medications that include - birth control pills, and progestin therapy. To help women ovulate physicians may prescribe hormone medications like - Clomiphene (Clomid), Letrozole (Femara), Gonadotropins, Metformin (Glucophage, Fortamet) and Spironolactone (Aldactone). Endocrinology medical billing and coding involves using the specific ICD-10 diagnosis codes for reporting various conditions such as – polycystic ovary syndrome on the medical claims they submit to health insurers for reimbursement. With widespread coding and documentation challenges involved, the support of an experienced medical coding service provider can help in accurate submission of claims. The ICD-10 codes for coding PCOS include -  E28.2 - Polycystic ovarian syndrome In addition to undergoing the above treatment methods, incorporating serious lifestyle changes can make a real difference and help relieve many of the prominent symptoms. Eating a healthy, well-balanced diet (that includes fruits and vegetables) and engaging in regular physical exercise/activity may help maintain or reduce body weight and obesity.
  4. 4. 918-221-7769 This in turn may reduce androgen levels and lessen the risk of lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. The exact causes of PCOS are unclear, however early diagnosis can help alleviate symptoms and reduce the risk of further complications. The topic of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) holds immense significance during the month of September in the United States - as September is observed as “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Awareness Month” every year in the US. Sponsored by the National Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Association, the federally-designated event aims to improve the lives of those women affected by PCOS and take steps to help them overcome their symptoms as well as reduce their risk of suffering from life-threatening complications (such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cancer, diabetes and cardio-vascular diseases) associated with the condition. Join this month-long campaign to increase public knowledge and understanding about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and help those women/girls diagnosed with PCOS.