Word classes

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Word classes

  1. 1. WORDCLASSES March 22nd,2011 Meeting 2
  2. 2. Word classes• Noun• Adjectives• Adverbs• Verbs• Preposition• Conjunction• Articles• Numeral• Quantifiers• Interjections
  3. 3. NOUN• Common Noun – Countable and Uncountable• Proper Noun – Name of person, city, country, etc -Age - ance -ation -Dom - ee -ence -Ess - atte - hood -Ism - ist -ment -Ness - ship
  4. 4. Adjective• Comparison• Attributive adjective – The green door  SASCOMP• Predicative adjective – The door is green  subject attribute – We painted the door green  object attribute -Able/ ible - ful - ic/ical -Ish - ive - less -like
  5. 5. Adverb• Time  The plane arrived yesterday• Place  Peter is waiting outside• Manner  The soldiers were punished cruelly• Degree  He absolutely refused to come• To express the attitude – Honestly, I don’t have any money left• A linking between one sentence to another – She is very kind-hearted. However, she is not a fool -ly - ward(s) - wise
  6. 6. Verbs• Auxiliary Verbs – Modal Auxiliary • Can, may, must, shall, will, may, need, dare, used to, ought to – Primary Auxiliary • Do, have, be• Lexical Verbs – Complement  Intransitive & Transitive – One-word/multi-word -en - ify - ize/ise
  7. 7. Preposition• Simple At in before of Between on by since Despite until during up From with after near• Complex According to in front of as to In spite of because of in terms of By means of on account of by virtue of On behalf of in accordance with out of In addition to with regard to
  8. 8. Conjunction• Simple Complex And if As if in case Because since As long as so that Before that As soon as now that But while As though insofar as• Coordinators And but or for• Subordinators That since if whether In case as though
  9. 9. Article• Definite the• Indefinite  a / an
  10. 10. Numeral• Cardinal number – About – Almost – Approximately – Nearly – Over• Ordinal number
  11. 11. Pronouns• Personal pronoun• Reflexive pronoun• Demonstrative pronoun• Possessive pronoun• Relative pronoun• Interrogative pronoun• Reciprocal pronoun• So & one
  12. 12. Quantifiers• As the head of noun phrase Someone somebody something Anyone anybody anything Everyone everybody everything Noone nobody nothing none• Some, much, many, most phrase and determiner all As the head of noun any each Little, less, least both Either neither Few, fewer, fewer enough several• As the determiner every no
  13. 13. InterjectionAh blimey hey ouchYippee aha damn ohTut wow blast ehOho hmm err ugh

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