Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Pacifier &thumb sucking


Published on

Pacifier &Thumb sucking is it good or bad?

Many parents and doctors express concern over their child's thumb sucking or use of a pacifier. Often worried about affects on teeth and language development In fact, it has been shown that embryos actually suck on their thumbs while in the mother's womb. Thumb sucking and pacifier use both help children become comfortable with their environment, as well as offer children a sense of security. Most children should grow out of thumbsucking and pacifier use by age 3 or 4. As long as the habit is discontinued before their permanent teeth come in (around ages 4-5) your child will be fine. If, however, they continue this habit as their permanent teeth come in it is best to help your child discontinue their habit.
In this presentation we will put spotlight on advantages and disadvantages of both pacifiers & thumb sucking trying to answer is it good or bad?

Dr.Osama Arafa Abd EL Hamed

M. B.,B.CH - M.Sc Pediatrics - Ph. D.
Consultant of
Pediatrics &Neonatology
Head of pediatrics department Port-fouad hospital
E mail;

¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬Tel:- Mob. 010 5196625
Clin. 066 3423252
Hom. 066 3412624

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Pacifier &thumb sucking

  1. 1. Pacifier &Thumb sucking is it ? good or bad By Dr.Osama Arafa Abd EL Hamed .M. B.,B.CH - M.Sc Pediatrics - Ph. D Consultant of Pediatrics & NeonatologyHead of pediatrics department Port-fouad hospital
  2. 2. Many parents and doctors express concern over their childsthumb sucking or use of a pacifier. Often worried about affects .on teeth and language developmentParents usually ask us can I give him a pacifier? if it is ok?when I have to stop itMy baby sucking his finger should i try to stop or leave him??and for how long
  3. 3. Infants have strong, pre-determined sucking and rootingreflexes. Finding an object to suck on is an extension of this.normal behaviorAbout 90 percent of infants in Western cultures engage inwhats termed "non-nutritive sucking" (or sucking for purposesother than feeding), on thumbs, fingers, pacifiers, blankets, or.other objectsAbout half of these children will stop on their own by six orseven months of age, but as many as one-third will continue. beyond the preschool years
  4. 4. Thumb suckingInfants may use pacifier or thumb or fingers to soothe themselvesThumb sucking is a behavior found in humans,chimpanzees, and other primates. It usuallyinvolves placing the thumb into the mouth andrhythmically repeating sucking contact for aprolonged duration. It can also beaccomplished with any piece of skin withinreach (such as the big toe) and is be soothing and therapeutic for the person
  5. 5. Thumb sucking can start as early as15 weeks of growth in the uterus orwithin months of being born. Prior to12 weeks, the foetus has webbeddigits. Most thumb-suckers stopgradually by the time they are four.years oldmany older children will retain thehabit, some into adulthood. Thumbsucking in adults may be due tostereotypic movement disorder
  6. 6. Problems with thumb sucking in infants and toddlersFingers can become sore and even infected.Bacteria can be introduced into the mouth by.dirty fingersThere is also the concern that infants andtoddlers, happy with their mouths busysucking, will be less inclined to babble orimitate the sounds around them. When theydo attempt to talk around a thumb or pacifier,.they are less likely to be understood
  7. 7. Insecurity and damage to a childs self-esteem result fromcriticism from adults and other children, however. This leads tomore stress for the thumb-sucking child, which only generates.a greater need to suck to relieve this stressAmerican Academy of Pediatrics Most children suck theirthumbs or fingers at some time in their early life. The only timeit might cause concern is if it goes on beyond 6 to 8 years ofage or affects the shape of the childs mouth and the position of.teethAmerican Dental Association Children suck on objects as anatural reflex; however, during and after the eruption of thepermanent teeth, such sucking may cause problems with the.skeletal development of the mouth and alignment of the teeth
  8. 8. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistrys "Policy onThumb, Finger and Pacifier Habits" says: "For most childrenthere is no reason to worry about a sucking habit until the."permanent front teeth are ready to come inProblems can actually begin in the preschool years, at aroundage of five. A number of negative effects can eventually beseen, but the most common is a type of malocclusion calledan anterior overbite. Upon closing the mouth, there is a gapbetween the upper and lower front teeth, with the upper teeth extending out in front A second potential dental problem is a protrusion of the upper two front teeth. Teeth that protrude are more likely to .be damaged or fractured in falls and accidents
  9. 9. Also there is a concern over premature loss of baby teeth.Normally, pressure on the roots of the primary (baby) teethfrom the permanent teeth above them causes them to be.resorbed into the body. Without its root, a tooth falls outThere is some evidence that excessive pressure put on babyteeth from sucking also causes root resorption, and loss ofprimary teeth before the permanent teeth are ready toreplace them. This can lead to abnormal tooth spacing and.other problems
  10. 10. A pacifier (known as a dummy in English speaking countriesoutside North America and Ireland - where it is known as botha dummy and also a soother) is a rubber, plastic, or silicone.nipple given to an infant or other young child to suck uponIn its standard appearance it has a teat, mouth shield, andhandle. The mouth shield and/or the handle is large enough to.avoid the danger of the child choking on it or swallowing itOver the years the pacifier has taken on ageneral standard appearance, e.g. teat, mouthshield and handle, but in reality the pacifiercan be anything that soothes the baby.Indeed the pacifier of today, evolved from the. teething soothers of yesteryear
  11. 11. ?Are pacifiers good or badAlthough the answer to thatquestion is often debated, theAmerican Academy of Pediatrics. gives pacifiers the green lightThe decision to use a pacifier— or not — is up to you.Consider the pros and cons asyou decide whats best for you. and your baby
  12. 12. The prosFor some babies, pacifiers are the key to contentment:between feedings. Consider the advantages. A pacifier may soothe a fussy baby.Some babies are happiest when theyre sucking on something.A pacifier offers temporary distractionWhen your babys hungry, a pacifier may buy you a fewminutes to find a comfortable spot to nurse or to prepare a. bottleA pacifier may also come in handy during shots, blood tests or. other procedures
  13. 13. .A pacifier may help your baby fall asleepIf your baby has trouble settling down, a pacifier might do .the trickPacifiers may help reduce the risk of sudden infant deathsyndrome (SIDS). Researchers have found an associationbetween pacifier use during sleep and a reduced risk of .SIDS. Pacifiers are disposableWhen its time to stop using pacifiers, you can throw themaway. If your child prefers to suck on his or her thumb or.fingers, it may be more difficult to break the habit
  14. 14. A proven medical benefits linked to pacifiers have been seen inpreterm babies. Preemies who suck on pacifier gain weightfaster, according to a 2005 study published in the Swedishjournal Acta Pediatrica. Other research has found thatpreemies who use pacifiers shortly after birth show earliersucking patterns and experience fewer health complications.“Sucking promotes oral-muscle function and muscle,” development Overfeeded colicky babies with persistent vomiting & frequent motions can be improved by regulation of the time of feeding .with pacifier use