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Determining Factors of Best Practices and Policies for Sexual Violence Prevention at Small Liberal Arts Colleges

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Senior comprehensive project including original research by Fatima Avellan, Urban and Environmental Policy Major 2013. Addresses the question: What are the determining factors (or “pre-conditions”) that help lead small liberal arts college to achieve best practices and policies for sexual violence prevention? Compares Occidental College, Carleton College, and Pomona.

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Determining Factors of Best Practices and Policies for Sexual Violence Prevention at Small Liberal Arts Colleges

  1. 1. STEPPING STONES TO SUCCESS:THE DETERMINING FACTORS OFBEST PRACTICES AND POLICIES FORSEXUALVIOLENCE PREVENTION ATSMALL LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGESFátima A.AvellánSenior Comprehensive PresentationUrban and Environmental Policy 2013Saturday, May 11, 2013
  2. 2. RESEARCH QUESTIONWhat are the determining factors (or “pre-conditions”) that help lead small liberal arts college toachieve best practices and policies for sexual violenceprevention?If schools have larger endowments (or more funding),then does this mean they will have the best practicesand policies for their college?Saturday, May 11, 2013
  3. 3. METHODOLOGYCase Studies: Carleton, Pomona, and OccidentalReview of LiteratureInterviewsStudents, faculty, and administratorsAdvocates and activists at non-profit organizationsParticipatory ObservationSaturday, May 11, 2013
  4. 4. HISTORICAL EFFORTS1972: Title IX becomes law1990: Jeanne Clery Act (“Clery Act”)1994: Violence Against Women Act (“VAWA”)2011: “Dear Colleague” LetterSaturday, May 11, 2013
  5. 5. SIGNIFICANCE TODAYAccording to the Department of Education:In 2013, the Office of Civil Rights has received 38complaints against IHE involving allegationsrelated to sexual harassment10 of these involve allegations specifically relatedto sexual violenceSaturday, May 11, 2013
  6. 6. CASE STUDIES:CARLETON COLLEGE,POMONA COLLEGE, &OCCIDENTAL COLLEGESaturday, May 11, 2013
  7. 7. CARLETON COLLEGENorthfield population:approximately 17,147 peopleCampus size: 955 acresUndergraduate students:approx. 1900On-campus living: requiredall 4 yearsTuition: $58,186 per yearEndowment:approx. $645.6 millionCAASHA*Saturday, May 11, 2013
  8. 8. CARLETON COLLEGE0%0%4%6%7%8%75%Ethnicity DemographicsWhiteAsianHispanic/LatinoMulti-race (not hispanic/latino)Black/African-AmericanNative Hawaiian/Pacific IslanderAmerican Indian/Alaskan Native49% 51%Gender/Sex DemographicsWomen MenSaturday, May 11, 2013
  9. 9. POMONA COLLEGEClaremont, CA population:approx. 35,143 peopleCampus size: 140 acresUndergraduate students:slightly over 1,600On-campus living: requiredfor all 1st yearsTuition: nearly $56,000 peryearEndowment: nearly $1.7 billion“Advocates”Saturday, May 11, 2013
  10. 10. POMONA COLLEGE0%8%14%18%59%Ethinicity DemographicsWhiteHispanicAsianBlack/African-AmericanAmerican Indian/Alaska Native49% 51%Gender/Sex DemographicsWomen MenSaturday, May 11, 2013
  11. 11. OCCIDENTAL COLLEGELos Angeles, CA population:approx. 3.8 million peopleCampus size: approx. 120 acresUndergraduate students:approx. over 2,100 studentsOn-campus living: requireduntil 3rd yearTuition: slightly over$60,000 per yearEndowment: slightly over$330 millionProject S.A.F.E.Saturday, May 11, 2013
  12. 12. OCCIDENTAL COLLEGE1%5%5%11%17%62%Ethnicity DemographicsWhiteAsianHispanic/LatinoMulti-race (not Hispanic/Latino)Black/African-AmericanAmerican Indian/Alaskan Native43%57%Gender/Sex DemographicsWomen MenSaturday, May 11, 2013
  13. 13. FINDINGSSaturday, May 11, 2013
  14. 14. THE SIXDETERMINING FACTORS1. Commitment and priority2. Staffing and support3. Knowledge and training4. Student and faculty involvement5. Students over lawsuits andpublic image6. Funding and resourcesSaturday, May 11, 2013
  15. 15. RECOMMENDATIONS FOROCCIDENTAL COLLEGEConsistent dedicationUse expert and research-based evidence availableSufficient and appropriate staffingFundraise for prevention and intervention resourcesPut students firstStrive to receive student inputSet up a conflict resolution between students, faculty, andadministratorsSaturday, May 11, 2013
  16. 16. THANK YOUProfessors Shamasunder and GottliebSelena Chen, Chair of the Board of Directors, SAFERAriela Migdal, Attorney for the Women’s Rights Project,ACLUMary Mayhew, Program Director, SHARPP at University of New HampshireJulie Thornton, Dean at Carleton CollegeKaaren Williamsen, Director of Gender and Sexuality Center atCarleton CollegeMeryl Seward and Natalie Daifotis, advocates at Advocates forSurvivors of Sexual Assault at Pomona CollegeShaina Campbell, Co-founder of Project S.A.F.E. at Occidental CollegeCore members of OSACAll remaining intervieweesSaturday, May 11, 2013

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