Reproductive Health BillsThe(House Bill No. 4244 and Senate Bill No. 2865)Anti- Adolescent and Family Issues Population Growth: An Issue?
Criticism: Population is not the cause of poverty. Fact #1: Global population explosion is a myth.Many countries are experiencing negative population growth (there are more old people than babies born). E.g. Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, New Zealand,Germany, Italy, Australia, and Singapore.
These countries encourage their citizens to have more children by giving them additional benefits or incentives. This isto avoid an inverted population pyramid. As of now they have a “bulging” population pyramid
Sample countries with bulging population pyramid
The Problem with a Bulging Population Pyramid A bulging population pyramid means that there are more workers whopay taxes and less dependents. It is only a matter of time before it turns into an inverted population pyramid. By then, the current workers/taxpayers wouldbecome dependents (old population) and there will be less number of taxpayers to support them.
By that time, the workers/taxpayers will be doubly burdened by supporting a big number of senior citizens while at the same time supporting the younger dependents. This will be more difficult with the increasing rate of life expectancy.
Fact #2: The Philippine population is increasing but not exploding. • The National Statistical CoordinationBoard in its website, quotes the Philippine Population Growth Rate (PPGR) for the year 2010 to be at the slowing rate ofonly 1.82 percent per annum (vs. the 2.36 percent during the census year 2000).•To maintain a stable population, TFR (the average number of children per woman) must be 2.10.•The Phil. total fertility rate (TFR) in 2010 is 2.96, a significant decline from 3.31 in 2000. (source: NCSB)
• Even without the government’spopulation control program, the TFR isexpected to decline due to factors like:more young adults chose to marry later and have lesser number of children, migration, etc. The point is, though our population isincreasing, it is not exploding. Our cities are crowded because 50% of our population live in the cities.
Fact #3: There is no evidence that population growth impedes economic growth.• Studies show that poverty is not due toover-population but because of inequality and corruption. • Countries with population density higher than the Philippines’ like Singapore, Taiwan, and Japan haveproven that population is not a hindrance to economic growth.
Nobel prize winner SimonKuznetss study concludes that “noclear association appears to exist between rates of growth of population and of product per capita.“
• Roberto De Vera, a renownedeconomist, states that from 1961–2000, as Philippine population increased almost three times, poverty decreasedfrom 59% to 34%. He stressed that themore probable cause of poor families isnot family size but the limited schooling of the household head.
Fact #4: By emphasizing the population issue, the RH billignores the root cause of poverty which is corruption, and, rather,diverts the blame to the poor who are, in fact, merely the victims.
SW # 2Population Growth in the Reproductive Health BillsPhilippines: The Primary (House Bill No. 4244 and Senate Bill No. 2865) Cause of PovertyAgree or Disagree? Why/ why not?