Plagiarism & Referencing


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A Guide to referencing and plagiarism for university students, which focuses on the Harvard referencing method & APA referencing

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Plagiarism & Referencing

  1. 1. Plagiarism & Referencing<br />Orna Farrell<br /><br />
  2. 2. Learning outcomes<br />At end of this session you will:<br />Know what plagiarism is<br />Use a referencing method<br />Understand the difference between in-text and bibliographic referencing<br />Be able to write a bibliography<br />
  3. 3. Discussion questions<br />What is referencing?<br />What is plagiarism?<br />Why should I cite and reference sources?<br />How do you avoid plagiarism?<br />What is common knowledge?<br />Which referencing style should I use?<br /> <br />
  4. 4. What is referencing?<br />Referencing is a standard method of acknowledging your sources of information<br />References enable the reader to find the sources of documents<br />There are two types of references:<br />In text<br />Bibliography/ reference list<br />
  5. 5. What is plagiarism?<br />Plagiarism is cheating. It is presenting someone else’s work or ideas as your own. These ideas may be in printed or electronic format <br />Giving credit to the original authors by citing and referencing your sources is the only way to use other people’s work without plagiarising<br />
  6. 6. Activity: Is this plagiarism?<br />Copying & pasting text from the internet<br />Passing off someone else’s work as your own<br />Failing to put a quotation in “”marks<br />Summarising or paraphrasing <br />Changing words or phrases but copying the sentence structure of the source<br />
  7. 7. Why should I cite and reference sources?<br />To acknowledge your sources<br />To add weight to your discussion<br />To show that you have read widely on a topic<br />
  8. 8. How do you avoid plagiarism?<br />At all times reference your information<br />Use your own ideas and the ideas of others sparingly<br />When taking notes & using the internet record referencing info & save your notes<br />Use quotes when directly stating another persons words<br />Include a bibliography<br />
  9. 9. What is common knowledge?<br />In all academic areas there is some information regarded as common knowledge<br />“This is generally defined as facts, dates, events and information that are expected to be known by someone studying or working in an area<br />
  10. 10. How do I know it’s common knowledge?<br />Did I know this information before I started my course?<br />Did this information come from my own brain?<br />If the answer is NO then the information is not common knowledge and you need to reference it<br />
  11. 11. When do you give a reference?<br />You must give a reference whenever you draw on a source of information:<br />As your inspiration<br />As your source for a particular theory, argument or viewpoint<br />For specific information like statistics, examples or case studies<br />For direct quotes<br />Reporting or paraphrasing an authors words<br />
  12. 12. Which referencing style should I use?<br />Dublin Business School<br />Business students: Harvard Business Method<br />Arts students: APA method<br />
  13. 13. References <br /><br />Pears, R. & Shields, G.(2008) Cite them right. Durham: Pear Tree.<br /><br />