GCSE Media Studies <ul><li>Resource produced by D.Chart </li></ul>Comics & Narrative
Learning Objectives: <ul><li>Textual Investigation 3 </li></ul><ul><li>I’ll have to investigate comics </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing on narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Coursework title: “Explore how conventional the narrative construction or structure is in [name of comic]” </li></ul>
Key Term: = The story or plot of a text. Narrative
(b) Tvzetan TODOROV Said most stories follow 3 stages: 1. EQUILIBRIUM: Introduce setting, characters and storyline. 2. DISRUPTION of the equilibrium. Something happens to upset stage 1. 3. RESOLUTION – the problem is solved, things return to normal (?).
Apply Me! Hi, I’m Tvzetan TODOROV! Your task now is to apply my theory to the Pixar short film Presto! .
(c) Claude LEVIS-STRAUSS Binary Oppositions <ul><li>Said narratives can only move along if there’s lots of conflict . </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative can only end when conflict is resolved. </li></ul>
Oppositions can be… (a) VISUAL (things you see) Eg: Light/Darkness, movement/stillness Binary Oppositions (c) CONCEPTUAL (ideas) Eg: Love/hate, law/crime (b) AUDIO (things you hear) Eg: soundtrack, characters’ voices/accents
Applying The Theory TASK 1: List the Binary Oppositions you see in the slide show. TASK 2: Next to each one, write whether it’s visual, audio or conceptual.
Applying The Theory TASK: Apply Strauss’ ideas using Disney films. Eg: Visual: Hero wears light colours -v- villain is scruffy Audio: Upbeat for happy scenes -v- Downbeat for serious scenes Conceptual: Noble quest -v- Revenge
Warning! It’s difficult to apply these 3 theories to EVERY narrative! Some narratives deliberately defy conventions. Bending or breaking these rules can make a text more original and give the audience pleasure from this uniqueness.
Comics Glossary TASK: On the sheet, match the comic book terms to their definitions
Answers 1 = l 2 = f 3 = j 4 = a 5 = b 6 = n 7 = c 8 = e 9 = g 10 = d 11 = m 12 = h 13 = i 14 = k
Applying The Terms TASK: Apply the terms to the comic example. A B C D E F H I J K L M N P Splash page Blurb / subtitle Title Panel Splash balloon Gutter Sound effect Thought balloon Bubbles Speech balloon Pointer Bold/italic Credits Caption
Stereotypes <ul><li>Comic books rely on stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes act as a ‘shorthand’ for the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Enable us to understand a lot about a character just from what they look like </li></ul><ul><li>Task: Draw a sketch of 3 different stereotypes. Label your sketches to show how you’ve made them stereotypical. </li></ul>Think about… iconography, dress codes, gesture codes etc.
Applying Propp Q: Which of Propp’s 7 roles would your stereotype fit into? Why?
Applying Propp <ul><li>Comic books often feature super heroes </li></ul>Q: Using Propp’s theory, explain how one of these superheroes is stereotypical.
Applying Todorov <ul><li>Comic book narrative conventions: </li></ul><ul><li>Simple straightforward, easily resolved stories / themes </li></ul><ul><li>Humour, action, adventure, serious drama, information </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict and conflict resolved </li></ul>
Applying Todorov TASK: Using Todorov’s 3 part structure, outline a typical comic book narrative.
TASK: Analyse the narrative , images and language of this comic. How does it appeal to its Target Audience of boys?
TASK: How does this comic represent men and women? How would this appeal to its Target Audience?
Qs: How is the visual style and narrative of this comic more modern? What’s its Target Audience?
Developing Your Superhero Q: If you could have a superpower what would it be and why?
Developing Your Superhero <ul><li>Super heroes often have dark / tragic pasts </li></ul><ul><li>First Editions of comics often show how superheroes gained their powers / transformed from ‘ordinary’ people </li></ul>
Narrative Normal to extraordinary The dialogue Audience cue about setting. Credits Organisational details. Example: Batman - The First Cover
The title 3D font, colour, connotations? The sub title Narrative and genre? The character Body language, c olour codes, dress codes? Example: Batman - The First Cover
Developing Your Superhero TASK: Using the Batman first issue as an example, storyboard how your super hero got their powers.
Sound In Comics Comics use onomatopoeia to give a sense of sound to their narratives. TASK: Writing on the sheet, put down what emotion or action you think each word is conveying.
Your Comic Books Q1: What comic book conventions can you find? Q2: What characters have you found and how are they typical? Q3: What’s different about your comic book / what’s its unique selling point ?
Group Challenge TASK: Invent a new comic book aimed at a modern boy/girl audience. <ul><li>Include: </li></ul><ul><li>Splash page design </li></ul><ul><li>Target audience profile </li></ul><ul><li>How your comic will appeal to them </li></ul><ul><li>One comic strip from inside the magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Profiles of key characters from your comic </li></ul>
Comic Protagonists Textual analysis: 1 3 4 5 2 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Title Dress Codes Props Audience appeal Body language Position of image
Q1: How is Lara Croft a stereotypical comic book protagonist? Q2: How is she unconventional? TASK: Outline the narrative of the first comic in which she appears. Think about… How will she be introduced to the audience? What will we learn about her? Todorov’s structure
TEXT: Point Blanc by Anthony Horowitz Narrative Task TASK: Turn this extract from the novel into a comic Remember… To use all the conventions of a comic while keeping the basic characters and narrative the same as the extract