Indonesia: The Untold Stories

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Interesting data and facts that will make you feel more proud and love Indonesia. Premiere edition of information about Indonesia's natural wonders and potentials, what it stands and what so unique about this archipelago.

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  • God bless all of you who helped create this wonderful piece of history work! I have Indonesian family, but was never taught any history growing up in the United States. I have learned more of Indonesia in the past few ours reading this information than I have over my entire 26 yrs living! Horrible fact but I am so glad I did. I enjoyed it and I would love to own a copy printed out on paper! Thank you. - Michael
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Indonesia: The Untold Stories

  1. 1. DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC COMMUNICATION MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA INDONESIAT H E U N T O L D S T O R I E S
  2. 2. WORDS OF REMARKS INDONESIA THE UNTOLD STORIES The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology is proud to present this publication to the public containing various treasure the country has that perhaps many of us know little about. That is why we title this publication as Indonesia; The Untold Stories. Over many years of development and in pursuit of our own identity, we have come to realize that many information, history, geography, anthropology, culture, national treasure and many more nation’s belongings we learnt from the west. In fact, our existence as a nation which dated back to thousands of years ago had very little place in the world history. Only after foreign settlement in Indonesia, we then began our nation and all its vast diversity being told to the public. Naturally we have been grateful to all those explorer, historians, and many more foreign discoverers who have been passionate enough to write about our country. Nevertheless, to further give us a sense of unity or our own identity, the Ministry aims at publishing this book to seek wisdom from our own identity. It is with this purpose we hope to accomplish a clear path towards our destiny and help develope a direction for the future path towards prosperity. We hope this publication will bring about pride and joy to everyone who simply never ceases to be amazed about this country, what it stands for and what make it so special to all of us. Enjoy reading and God Bless Indonesia. FREDDY H. TULUNG DIRECTOR GENERAL OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC COMMUNICATION INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES i
  3. 3. FOREWORD Geography is destiny. This book called INDONESIA THE UNTOLD STORIES is the premiere series of publication about the country’s best kept secrets information that astonishes not just every Indonesian, but the world alike. This coffee table style and format is designed to ease and entertain readers with picturesque and easy to digest content of all ages and walks of life. Indonesia which spans over 5,000 kilometers from east to west or equivalent range of Vladivostok to Sweden is a country of endless wonders and diversity waiting to be discovered. Out of 17,500 islands less than 6% even have names. No wonder if Indonesia is called with many precious phrases; from the jewels of equator, the amazon of the sea, the most diverse rainforest, and most of all the custodian of coral reef triangle. Our oceans contribute over 30% of air all creatures breathe in this planet. With so much to write about this country, we are confident that we will follow production of the next series and will welcome contributions, critics or even some photographic materials to enrich our library. We wish to acknowledge a special friend from Good News From Indonesia movement who relentlessly strive to spread the good news about this country. Please also join us in wishing all of Indonesian the very best and may this book brings the best of us; today, tomorrow and beyond. DEDET SURYA NANDIKA DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND PROVISION INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES ii
  4. 4. INDONESIA THE UNTOLD STORIES EDITOR IN CHIEF Freddy H. Tulung REDACTOR Dedet Surya Nandika EDITOR Rosmiati WRITERS Teguh Imawan Akhyari Hananto (GNFI) Dimas Aditya Nugraha Suminto Yuliarso Farida Dewi Maharani Riana Riskinandini Nuniek Aprianti Wibowo Renita Sukma Yusri Sinambela Titania Nurrahim Bayu Dwi Purnomo Dadang Sutrisna Agus Setia Budiawan SECRETARIAT Heryadi Naca Tri Murwanti Syafaat Rokayah Lucy Tri Amintasari Yudi Syahrial Hanrosboy Atikah Aida Susilowati GRAPHIC DESAINER Agus Kustiwa M Sabur Danang Firmansyah TRANSLATORS Ermiel Thabrani Muhammad Azhar Iskandar Zainal Septa Dewi Anggraeni Donum Theo Filmon Leonard Warouw Penni Patmawati Rusman Rina Alexandra Siti Chodijah Sugiarti Wilda Stiana Directorate of Information Management and Provision Directorate General of Information and Public Communication Ministry of Communication and Information Technology Republic of Indonesia d i t p p i @ m a i l. ko m i n f o.g o.i d w w w. ko m i n f o.g o.i d INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES iii
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENT WORDS OF REMARKS FOREWORD 46 YEARS TRAVELING AROUND INDONESIA INDONESIA IS AS LARGE AS EUROPE THERE ARE 707 LANGUAGES IN INDONESIA 5 MOST SPOKEN LANGUAGES IN INDONESIA INDONESIANS FOR MANKIND RUN ISLAND, MOLUCCAS, MORE VALUABLE THAN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK SPICES TO SPICE UP LIVES MOUNT TAMBORA ERUPTION THE LAND OF WEDHUS GEMBEL LIVING HARMONIOUSLY WITH CALAMITY LAKE TOBA, ONE OF THE WORLD’S TOP TEN DEEPEST LAKE TROWULAN, TEMPLE OF THE LARGEST KINGDOM IN SOUTH EAST ASIA PINISI, THE CONQUEROR OF SEVEN OCEANS A GLIMPSE OF INDONESIAN OVERSEAS HERBAL INDONESIA INDONESIAN APHRODISIAC BLEND LUWAK COFFEE, THE MOST EXPENSIVE COFFEE IN THE WORLD THE GREEN GOLD OF INDONESIA GIGANTIC LEAVES BIODIVERSITY THE LAST JURASSIC ANIMAL ON EARTH INDONESIA: THE WORLD’S GREATEST FAUNA HABITAT i ii 1 3 5 7 9 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 40 41 45 47 49 51 52 53 55 56 57 59 61 63 65 66 67 69 71 75 77 79 80 81 83 85 87 INDONESIA’S CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS WORLD PEACE THE ROLE OF INDONESIA IN INTERNATIONAL FORUM CHAMPION OF DEMOCRACY INDONESIA DEMOCRACY INDEX (IDI) BENGAWAN SOLO, AND TO THE DISTANT THE RIVER FLOWS ECHOES OF GAMELAN UNDER THE FEET OF EIFFEL TOWER INDONESIAN TRADITIONAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS PENCAK SILAT FOR THE WORLD CIMANDE VILLAGE, THE BIRTHPLACE OF FAMOUS PENCAK SILAT OLD TRADITIONS NEVER FADE AWAY NELSON MANDELA PROMOTED BATIK IN UNITED NATIONS KOTEKA AND PAPUA INDIGENOUS INDONESIAN QUAKEPROOF TRADITIONAL HOUSES TRI HITA KARANA, ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION TRADITION INDONESIA, A NATION OF 1000 TEMPLES STANDING THROUGH THE TEST OF TIME TRIBUTES TO THE LATE AND ETERNAL SOULS INDONESIA CYBER WAVESCAPE ON-LINE CONTINUOUS CONNECTIVITY DINAMIKA MEDIA MASSA MUTAKHIR BANGKA AND BELITUNG’S TIN ON WORLD’S PHONES INDONESIA: A TREASURE ISLAND LIST OF ILLUSTRATION SOURCES INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES iv
  6. 6. 92 frontier small islands THE WORLD LARGEST ARCHIPELAGO BETWEEN TWO CONTINENTS; ASIA AND AUSTRALA INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 1 If we take one day trip on every island, it will take 46 years to end the trip across the archipelago. The distance between the tip to the top of Indonesia is longer than the continental US. 46 YEARS TRAVELING AROUND INDONESIA
  7. 7. Inhabited Uninhabited islands registered at the United Nations Total number of islands Sources: Ministry of Marines Affairs and Fisheries Affairs 87.62% 12.38% 13,466 17,480 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 2 INDONESIAN ARCHIPELAGO : 7.7 MILLIONKM2 COASTLINES 95,181 KM 1.9 MILLION KM2 (25%) LAND AREA 5.8 MILLION KM2 (75%) SEA AREA
  8. 8. BORNEO 539,460 KM2 1 SUMATERA 443,066 KM2 2 JAVA 138,794 KM2 5 10 PROVINCES 119 REGENCIES 34 CITIES 6 PROVINCES 85 REGENCIES 34 CITIES 5 PROVINCES 47 REGENCIES AND 9 CITIES NAGARI SIKABU- KABU TANJUANG HARO PADANG PANJANG, IN LIMA PULUH KOTA REGENCY, WEST SUMATERA PROVINCE, is THE LONGEST NAME FOR ADMINISTRATIVE AREA IN INDONESIA BANTEN, WEST PAPUA, EAST BORNEO, NORTH BORNEO AND NORTH MOLUCCAS are Indonesian provinces THAT DO NOT MAKE THEIR BIGGEST CITIES THEIR CAPITAL CITIES INDONESIA IS AS LARGE AS EUROPE INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 3 The archipelago stretches farther than the the continental of US
  9. 9. 6 BALI & NUSA TENGGARA CELEBES 180,681 KM2 4 PAPUA 421,981 KM2 3 3 PROVINCES 37 REGENCIES 4 CITIES 6 PROVINCES 65 REGENCIES 11 CITIES MOLUCCAS & PAPUA: 4 PROVINCES 57 REGENCIES 6 CITIES MERAUKE DISTRICT is THE FAR EAST DISTRICT IN INDONESIA, AND ALSO THE BIGGEST (45,071 KM2), or more than 14 TIMES LARGER THAN YOGYAKARTA SPECIAL DISTRICT’S AREA (3,185,80 KM2 ) INDONESIA 34 PROVINCES 410 REGENCIES 98 CITIES Source: Ministry of Home Affairs INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 4 1. Greenland : 2,166,086 km² 2. Papua Island (including New Guinea) : 890,000 km² 3. Borneo Island (Including Malaysia & Brunei) : 743,330 km² 4. Madagascar 587,041 km² 5. Baffin Island 507,451 km² 6. Sumatera : 443,065.8 km2 7. Honshu : 230,500 km² 8. Great Britain : 218,595 km² 9. Victoria Island: 217,291 km² 10. Ellesmere Island: 196,235 km2 OF INDONESIA’S MAJOR ISLANDS ARE IN THE TOP TEN LARGEST ISLANDS IN THE WORLD
  10. 10. The world speaks over 7,105 languages and 10% or 707 of them are spoken in Indonesia. One single island Papua New Guinea is home to 836 languages and dialects. All these come with vast cultural and ethnic diversity. THERE ARE 707 LANGUAGES IN INDONESIA languages in the world languages in Europe languages in Indonesia languages in Asia7,105 2,304 284 707 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 5
  11. 11. According to www.internetworldstat.com Bahasa Indonesia is the most popular language in cyberspace. LANGUAGE CENTERS Bahasa Indonesia or Indonesian Language is taught in “Selamat malam hadirin sekalian, selamat berpisah dan sampai bertemu lagi di lain waktu (Good night people, goodbye and until we meet again)” is the voice of ILYAS HARUN, speaking in Bahasa Indonesia, taped in a gold record in VOYAGER I spaceship. The ship was launched by NASA in 1977 and has now reached the outer border of our solar system. The record was put in Voyager I spaceship as an anticipation of alien encounter, if the ship is accidently caught by extraterestrial beings. 8 MOST Sources : Summer Institute of Linguistics International; global.britanica.com SPOKEN LANGUAGE IN THE WORLD BAHASA INDONESIA IS THE IN 48 COUNTRIES SINCE DECEMBER 1997, BAHASA INDONESIA HAS BECOME THE IN HO CHI MINH CITY, VIETNAM. It means that Bahasa Indonesia is equal to English, French, and Japanese, as prioritised second languages. SECOND OFFICIAL LANGUAGE Right now, there are over than in Bahasa Indonesia. IT WILL BE INCREASED BY 5,000 FROM NEW ADOPTED WORDS. 93,000 VOCABULARIES TH TH INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 6
  12. 12. BORNEO The number of dialects is CELEBES The number of dialects is In Sumatera, every 50 Km apart, a different language or dialect is spoken. In February 20013, Balinese language is added to Google translation feature in addition to the existing Javanese and Bahasa Indonesia SUMATERA The number of dialect is 5 MOST SPOKEN LANGUAGES IN INDONESIA JAVA & BALI The number of dialects is INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 7
  13. 13. JAVANESE LANGUAGE (75.5 MILLION) SUNDANESE LANGUAGE (27 MILLION) MALAY LANGUAGE (20 MILLION) MADURANESE LANGUAGE (13.6 MILLION) MINANGKABAU LANGUAGE (6.5 MILLION) NUSA TENGGARA The number of dialects is MOLUCCAS The number of dialects is PAPUA The number of dialects is 154 Source : Summer Institute of Linguistics International MOST SPOKEN DIALECTS INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 8 ETHNIC DIALECTS SPOKEN BY LESS THAN 10 PEOPLE : • Lengilu • Hoti • Piru • Hukumina • Hulung • Bonerif and • Woria
  14. 14. INDONESIANS FOR MANKIND Distinguished scholar, scientists and former President of Indonesia made remarkable contribution to mankind. BACHRUDDIN JUSUF HABIBIE Indonesia’s third President is also a renown aeronautic engineer who holds 46 global patents. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 9
  15. 15. “HABIBIE THEOREM” In the history of aircraft making, until Habibie’s theory of CRACK PROGRESSION was discovered and published, it was not exactly known that an aircraft overtime can produce a metal fatigue which can be fatal if early detection method was not in place. His theory has made air travel safer, more efficient and easier to maintain. His theory also further extend the cruising capacity of an airline (longer distance), fuel efficiency and carrying capacity. All this is because his theory improve the aircraft weight factor. In other words, the weight of an aircraft is reduced but the carrying capacity and distance coverage is increased. It makes a lot of economic sense, because less is more. VERTICAL PLANE Habibie was entrusted to design a whole new aircraft alone. One of his masterpiece is the PROTOTYPE DO-31, a first propeller plane which is capable of taking off and landing vertically. This project was developed by HFB and Dornier industry. The design was later purchased by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration USA (NASA). WORLD-CLASS CEO He was the only non German native who sat as the second in command in the biggest aircraft manufacturer located in Hamburg, Germany. A BRAIN BEYOND. Habibie’s IQ is 200; far more superior than the world greatest intellects, Albert Einstein who scored 160, higher than Galleleo (165) or even Sir Isaac Newton (190). STANDING BY FOR THE R80 TO FLY Habibie who is now almost 80 never loses his passion and drive to invest a better aircraft product. Now, he is undertaking a project called R80. This aircraft is ideal to help Indonesia bridge its thousand islands because it can take off and land at short runways and on short flights (hoppers). It is expected to begin its maiden flight in 2016. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 10
  16. 16. WIWEKO SOEPONO, THE INVENTOR OF TWO CREW COCKPIT DESIGN In the past, wide-body commercial aircraft was typically flown by 3—5 people in the cockpit. It was Wiweko Soepono who initiated the idea to fly a wide-body airplane with a crew of two in the cockpit. Mr. Soepono who was also the first Asian to fly over the Pacific using a single engine plane invented: Forward Facing Crew Cockpit (FFCC) on Airbus A300-B4. This allows a wide body aircraft flown by two people instead of commonly by 3-5 people. SOSROBAHU, TJOKORDA RAKA SUKAWATI’S ROAD CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE Rotating fly over road construction is a technique invented by Tjokorda Raka Sukawati and it is called Sosrobahu method or tehnique. This technique allows traffic underneath to flow undisturbed thus easing up the road congestion which otherwise is caused by the construction. Patents have been registered worldwide. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 11
  17. 17. THE GUERRILLA WAR STRATEGY OF ABDUL HARIS NASUTION Abdul Haris Nasution, a 5-star General with years of guerrilla combat experience against foreign colonialism wrote a fascinating text book on guerrilla warfare and used as a mandatory learning reference in many of the world’s elite military schools including the West Point, USA. This book is available in various world’s languages. KHOIRUL ANWAR’S 4G TECHNOLOGIES Dr. Eng. Khoirul Anwar is the inventor of and, at the same time, holds the patent of two FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) technologies used for high-speed satellite and 4G (Uplink). This method is able to solve the problem of the future wireless transmission that requires both low energy and high accuracy. This technology has become the world standard, namely the International Telecommunication Union Recommendation (ITU-R) No. ITU-R S.1878 and ITU-R S.2173 Sources : indonesiasetara.org; runway-aviation.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 12
  18. 18. RUN ISLAND BANDA ISLAND NAIRA ISLAND AI ISLAND INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 13 In late 17th century, a far away little island called Run in Moluccas was heavily disputed by the Dutch and the British; all in the interest of dominating the world’s major spices. The two eventually ceased fighting and signed a treaty and agreed to exchange Manhattan Island in New York (formerly New Amsterdam) with Run Island, the world’s top nutmeg producer. Nutmeg was then more valuable and much more needed than gold. RUN ISLAND, MOLUCCAS, MORE VALUABLE THAN MANHATTAN, NEW YORK
  19. 19. R(H)UN ISLAND is one of the smallest islands of the Banda Islands, Indonesia. Run Island is LESS THAN TWO MILES LONG AND THREE QUARTER OF A MILE WIDE. Source : business.time.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 14
  20. 20. M uch of Indonesian history recorded on the global history is founded on the explorers’ pursuance of exotic goods and trading materials. The European fleet of merchant ships went to Indonesia in the 16th century was primarily attracted because of the abundance of spices particularly in the tip eastern part of Indonesia. No wonder this country is called the Spice Islands. These spices were not just in high demand in Europe, some of them were even more precious than gold. Exotic goods from far away islands were considered perfect gifts for their Majesties, Kings or Queens of these European Kingdoms. Famous explorer such as Columbus, Marco Polo, Magellan and Vasco de Gama were among thousand of others who journeyed a world and beyond and set foot on these islands SPICES TO SPICE UP LIVES INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 15
  21. 21. Source: business.time.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 16 INDONESIA, PARTICULARLY THE NORTH CELEBES, MOLUCCAS AND NORTH MOLUCCAS SUPPLY OVER THREE QUARTER OF THE WORLD’S NUTMEGS NEEDS. Columbus believed he had reached the East Indies (now Indonesia and beyond or Nusantara) which was his predetermined destination. He called the islanders as INDIOS which was later more popular as INDIAN.
  22. 22. MOUNT TAMBORA ERUPTION WAS RECORDED AS THE WORLD’S MOST CATASTROPHIC DISASTER IN MODERN HISTORY INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 17 THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY CLASSIFIED THE ERUPTION OF MOUNT TAMBORA AS THE MOST POWERFUL VOLCANIC ERUPTION IN MODERN HISTORY. AS THE RESULT OF TAMBORA ERUPTION, THE EARTH WAS COVERED BY DARKNESS, WHICH INSPIRED THE BIRTH OF LEGENDARY MYSTERY NOVELS SUCH AS ‘DARKNESS’ BY LORD BYRON, ‘THE VAMPYRE’ BY DR. JOHN PALIDORI AND ‘FRANKENSTEIN’ BY MARY SHELLEY. TAMBORA SPEWED OUT ASH, DUST, AND NO LESS THAN 400 MILLION TONS OF SULPHURIC GASES INTO THE AIR, UP TO 27 MILES PERPENDICULAR TO THE STRATOSPHERE, FAR ABOVE THE CLOUDS. THE ERUPTION OF TAMBORA IS 10 TIMES MORE POWERFUL THAN THE ERUPTION OF KRAKATOA, AND 10,000 TIMES MORE POWERFUL THAN THE ERUPTION OF EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL IN ICELAND IN 2010. 400 MILLION TONS 27 MILES 10.000 X
  23. 23. Sources : nationalgeographic.co.id; Fresh Water Ecology INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 18 YEAR WITHOUT SUMMER, DATES BACK TO 1816—1818, TRIGGERED CROP FAILURES AND DEATHS IN MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD. THOMAS JEFFERSON BECAME THE FIRST FORMER US PRESIDENT WHO WAS SENT INTO DEBT DUE TO CROP FAILURES IN VIRGINIA AS A RESULT OF BIZARRE WEATHER CAUSED BY MOUNT TAMBORA ERUPTION. RESULTING IN NAPOLEON’S DEFEAT IN THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO DUE TO EXTREME WEATHER IN 1815. A 34-YEAR-OLD GERMAN, KARL FREIHERR VON DRAIS, INVENTED DRAISINE, A TWO-WHEELED WOODEN TRANSPORTATION AS A SUBSTITUTE OF HORSE AT THE TIME OF TAMBORA ERUPTION.
  24. 24. THE LAND OF WEDHUS GEMBEL MOUNT KRAKATOA in 1883. THE ERUPTION WAS EQUIVALENT TO 13,000 TIMES THE HIROSHIMA ATOMIC BOMB. MOUNT TAMBORA, West Nusa Tenggara, in 1815, spewed out 1.7 MILLION TONS OF ASH that covered the atmosphere as far as Europe for a long period of time. THE TWO LARGEST VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS EVER RECORDED IN THE WORLD HISTORY : INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 19
  25. 25. WEDHUS GEMBEL M ount Merapi’s Wedhus Gembel is a hot cloud that could vaporize human body with the burning effect similar to that of high voltage electric shock or a lightning strike. Mount Merapi which is still active now often burst its ashes high up in the sky forming a dense cloud resembling the shape of goat or lamb fur. This cloud differs from ordinary cloud. It is very dense and curly and can be seen from miles away. The Javanese believes that such a great natural power must be named wisely as not to reflect fear. Sources : indonesia.travel; esdm.go.id INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 20
  26. 26. I ndonesia is situated in The Ring of Fire where many active volcanoes are located. Its marine seabeds are home of the world’s most active tectonic plates and always on a constant collision. They are Euro-Australian, Euro- Asian and Pacific plates. Indonesian must learnt to adapt, adopt and mitigate with its geographic nature which more often produce more wealth and goodness than disasters if we all know how to live in harmony with our environment. LIVING HARMONIOUSLY WITH CALAMITY INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 21
  27. 27. Sources : bappenas.go.id; nationalgeographic.com; indonesia.travel; INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 22 Almost all earthquakes including the most catastrophic ones occur in the span of ring of fire. INDONESIA HAS 129 ACTIVE VOLCANOES AND THREE MAJOR TECTONIC PLATES COLLISION THAT OCCURS FREQUENTLY. This creates a constant phenomenon and trend of tectonic, and seismic earthquakes. Everyday, thousands of earthquakes take place in this archipelago. Fortunately, most of them scored low on Richter scale because most occur very deep under the oceans’ beds. Thus, the effect is less devastating. But when a major collision occurs in shallow water, a giant tsunami and aftermath is felt thousands of miles away.
  28. 28. TOTAL AREA OF LAKE TOBA: 1,130 KM² LAKE TOBA DIMENSION: 100 KM LONG; 35 KM WIDE DEPTH OF LAKE TOBA: 505 M(RANKED 9TH IN THE WORLD’S DEEPEST LAKE) SAMOSIR ISLAND ELEVATION: 1,000 M ABOVE SEA LEVEL SAMOSIR ISLAND SURFACE AREA: 630 KM² Lake Toba, in which Samosir Island is located, is THE DEEPEST AND THE BIGGEST VOLCANIC-FORMED LAKE IN THE WORLD. This was actually a caldera from a Super Eruption of an extinct Mount Toba. The uplift magma surfacing from the deep is a volcanic activity that form Samosir island. ONE OF THE WORLD’S TOP TEN DEEPEST LAKELAKE TOBA, INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 23 There are OVER 1,500 LAKES IN INDONESIA with 840 LARGE ONES AND THE REMAINING SMALL ONES. Lake Toba is located IN SUMATERA, THE 5TH LARGEST ISLAND IN THE WORLD.
  29. 29. LAKE GUNUNG TUJUH IN JAMBI IS THE HIGHEST LAKE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, LOCATED AT AN ALTITUDE OF 1,960 MASL. LAKE MATANO IN SOROWAKO (SOUTH CELEBES) WITH 600 METERS DEEP IS THE DEEPEST LAKE IN SOUTHEAST ASIA AND THE 9TH DEEPEST LAKE IN THE WORLD. LAKE KELIMUTU (FLORES ISLAND, EAST NUSA TENGGARA, INDONESIA) CONSISTED OF THREE COLORED CRATER LAKES NAMELY TIWU ATA POLO, TIWU NUAMURI KOO FAI, AND TIWU ATA MBUPU. EACH OF THE THREE LAKE HAS DIFFERENT COLOR NAMELY RED, BLUE, AND WHITE. LAKE KAKABAN IN DERAWAN ISLAND, EAST BORNEO, IS THE WORLD’S LARGEST JELLYFISH LAKE WHICH COVERS AN AREA OF 5KM2. THERE ONLY TWO COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD WHICH HAS JELLYFISH LAKE, NAMELY PALAU AND INDONESIA. THERE ARE 7JELLYFISH LAKES IN INDONESIA, NAMELY: 1. LAKEKAKABAN, KAKABAN ISLAND OF THEDERAWAN ISLANDS, EAST BORNEO 2. LAKEHAJIBUANG, MARATUA ISLAND, EAST BORNEO 3. JELLYFISH LAKE LOCATED IN KARAWAPOP, MISOOL ISLANDS, RAJA AMPAT, WEST PAPUA 4. JELLYFISH LAKE LOCATED IN SUMALELEN, MISOOL ISLANDS, RAJA AMPAT, WEST PAPUA 5. JELLYFISH LAKE LOCATED IN BATANPALE, RAJA AMPAT, WEST PAPUA 6. LAKE MARIONA, TOGEAN ISLAND, CENTRAL CELEBES 7. LAKELANDU, EAST NUSA TENGGARA IN 2007, LAKE PANIAI, PANIAI REGENCY, PAPUA, WAS RECOGNIZED BY 157 COUNTRIES ATTENDED THE WORLD LAKE CONFERENCE HELD IN INDIA, FOR ITS BEAUTY. LAKE PANIAI IS AN ENDEMIC HABITAT OF PAPUA SHRIMP WHICH IS KNOWN AS “UDANG SELINGKUH” (OR LITERALLY TRANSLATES AS “CHEATING SHRIMP” OR CHERAX ALBERTISII) -A SHRIMP WITH BIG CLAWS/ FLOPS SIMILAR TO CRAB- THE POPULATION OF THIS CREATURE IS NOW CONSIDERED ENDANGERED. LAKE SENTANI, PAPUA, HAS ITS OWN ENDEMIC SPECIES OF FRESHWATER SHARK WHICH IS COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS SAW SHARK OR SENTANI SHARK. Sources : worldatlas.com; geology.com; INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 24
  30. 30. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 25 OVER REIGNED IN INDONESIA 807kingdoms
  31. 31. MAJAPAHIT • While Italy has Pompeii, Peru has Machu Pichu, Jordan has Petra, Cambodia has AngkorWat, Greece has the Acropolis, INDONESIA HAS TROWULAN; THE RUINS OF THE CAPITAL CITY OF THE LARGEST KINGDOM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, MAJAPAHIT. • Majapahit was the last Hindu-Buddhist Empire that ruled the archipelago and became the largest empire in the history of Indonesia. IT GAINED POWER OVER JAVA, SUMATRA, MALAY PENINSULA, BORNEO, TO EAST INDONESIA. • INDONESIA’S FLAG COLOR RESEMBLED TO MAJAPAHIT FLAG which is RED OVER WHITE. • KALI MAJAPAHIT, a newly emerged martial art popular in the Philippines was actually originated from Majapahit war troops. Kali Majapahit means the Kris (dagger-like weapon) of Majapahit. In the manuscript of Majapahit in Negarakertagama is called Sundang Majapahit which a form of martial art using Kris and swords as its lethal weapons. Source : indonesia.travel INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 26 TROWULAN, TEMPLE OF THE LARGEST KINGDOM IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
  32. 32. PINISI, THE CONQUEROR OF SEVEN OCEANS PINISI IS A BUGINESE TRADITIONAL SHIP THAT WAS JOURNEYING THE WORLD’S GREATEST OCEANS SINCE 14TH CENTURY. Pinisi average Death Weight Tonnage or DWT is between 100 to 200 TONS and is hand built by master craft men and ship builders using the best available wooden materials from the islands. INDONESIA’S OCEAN VOYAGE LEGACY WAS MADE POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF PINISI. It is one among other prominent signs of a true marine nation. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 27
  33. 33. Indonesia’s renown marine tribes, THE BUGINESE TRAVELED AS FAR AS AUSTRALIA IN 17TH CENTURY BEFORE EUROPEAN SET FOOD ON THIS CONTINENT. A proof of this journey was well recorded in THE ABORIGINES PAINTING. This painting must be a manifestation of an important historical event because Aborigines were land lock not marine tribe. There is place in CAPE TOWN SOUTH AFRICA CALLED MACCASSAR (now called Makassar, the capital city of South Celebes). This is a landmark and legacy of Buginese settlement and voyages. Source : wikipedia INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 28 We can find Buginese villages almost in all Indonesian regions. THE SPREADING OF BUGINESE OCEANIC VOYAGES HAD REACHED ASIA PACIFIC AND BEYOND.
  34. 34. 1 OUT OF 20 PEOPLE IN THE WORLD IS INDONESIAN AND THEY ARE EVERYWHERE. No less than 8 MILLION Indonesian Overseas spread all over the world. This number is equal to the population of Sweden and Austria or even twice of Singapore’s population. Indonesian overseas annually contributes to Indonesian foreign exchange up to US$ 7BILLION, OR NEARLY RP.70TRILLION. This amount is almost equal to the annual allocation for special autonomy fund in 2012 State Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBN) which transferred by central government to local governments. There are currently 56 INDONESIAN OVERSEASNETWORK (IDN) BRANCHES IN 26 COUNTRIES. A GLIMPSE OF INDONESIAN OVERSEAS INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 29 THE AVERAGE INCOME of Indonesian citizen in the The United States is HIGHER than an average The United States citizen.
  35. 35. SURINAME DURING 1890-1939 OVER 30 THOUSANDS FORCE LABORS WERE BROUGHT TO SURINAME FROM JAVA BY THE DUTCH to work on sugar cane plantation. They have since blended with local natives and form a mixed culture of Javanese and Surinamese. TODAY, A CLEAR SIGNS AND LEGACY OF JAVANESE ARE EMBEDDED IN VARIOUS LANDMARKS OF THE COUNTRY. Many places have been named in Javanese meanings and language. This is most eminent in the names of Surinamese people who are natively Javanese Sources : setkab.go.id; indonesiadiaspora.com.au; INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 30 Javanese people in Suriname are STILL USING JAVANESE LANGUAGE for naming a person or a village. KAWANUA is Minahasa people who do not live in the land of Minahasa. Kawanua in Minahasa language is often interpreted as inhabitants of the land or the united Wanuas or “MINAESA” (MINAHASA PEOPLE)
  36. 36. INDONESIAN HERBS INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 31 INDONESIA HAS THE 2ND LARGEST BIODIVERSITY IN THE WORLD AFTER BRAZIL. 75% OF ENDEMIC PLANT SPECIES CAN BE FOUND IN INDONESIA. THE FACULTY OF PHARMACY OF UNIVERSITY OF GAJAH MADA IN YOGYAKARTA IS THE ONLY UNIVERSITY IN INDONESIA THAT TEACHES HERBAL PHARMACY
  37. 37. 940 species have been identified 7,500 are medicine plants 283 species have been registered as jamu (traditional medicine) at Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM)1,845 species have been inventoried 2012 US$ 1.1 BILLIONS 2015(DOMESTIC MARKET) US$ 1.8 BILLIONS 2015(FOREIGN MARKET) US$ 1.5 BILLIONS 40,000 plant species 90,000 plant species have been used as herbal medicine. Indonesia has been voiced by APEC ECONOMIES as THE CENTER FOR TRADITIONAL MEDICINE AND HERBAL DEVELOPMENT Sources : Research and Development Ministry of Agriculture; National Agency of Drug and Food Control; Ministry of Health. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 32 HERBAL MEDICINES MARKET
  38. 38. TANGKUR BUAYA, MAKES YOU AS STRONG AS A CROCODILE Tangkur Buaya or Croc’s genital is a rare commodity and must not be harvested from wild crocodile. This is men’s supplement for an increased love appetites. Countless herbal plants and spices grow in these lush tropical islands. any are known to be aphrodisiac. PURWOCENG, JAVANESE APHRODISIAC Grows in high altitude of Dieng plateau. It warms the human body and helps blood circulation thus improving reproduction system and libido. INDONESIAN APHRODISIAC BLEND INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 33
  39. 39. PASAK BUMI, INDONESIAN FOREST APHRODISIAC Pasak Bumi or loosely translated as earth pillar is an earth Aphrodisiac growing over 30 feet underground. The herbal is best consumed with tea, ginger and a twist of lemon. MADURESE HERBAL BLEND, NEXT ROUND COMES AROUND Madura, an island off Surabaya coast is well known for its herbal aphrodisiac. A blend of ginger, tumeric, eggs, honey and fish oil is a natural way of maintaining healthy vitality and love scent. Sources : Research and Development Ministry of Agriculture; National Agency of Drug and Food Control; Ministry of Health. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 34
  40. 40. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA This coffee costs US$ 160/pound. You must be wondering how it tastes. Luwak coffee is natural coffee beans blended in the stomach of a Civet (mongoose family). These beans can only be found in the faeces of these animals. It was told that during the early colonial plantation region of Indonesia, the plantation workers were only allowed to drink these Luwak coffee. Only recently, the world’s coffee connoisseur realized that this coffee is exotic and has a special taste found in no other coffee beans families. LUWAK COFFEE, THE MOST EXPENSIVE COFFEE IN THE WORLD 35 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES
  41. 41. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA 2.000.000 coffee stakeholder 1.300.000 hectares of coffee plantation 1,6 billions is Indonesian coffee export value 350,000 p/a Exportis Indonesian coffee export volume. robusta coffee (85%)and arabica (15%) 4th largestin the world after Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia. 50 export destination countries of Indonesian coffee with USA, Japan, Germany, Italy, and United Kingdom as the main destinations. 950 gr/capita local consumption 750.000 tons The amount of coffee production in Indonesia 96% of coffee plantation in Indonesia are individually owned by local farmers, the other 4% belongs to private plantations and government (PTP Nusantara) Indonesia is the PRIVATE PLANTATIONS AND GOVERNMENT PEOPLE’S PLANTATION 4th largest coffee producing country in the world. Sources : therichest.com; aeki-aice.org 36 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES
  42. 42. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA PATCHOULI SUGAR- CANE PALM TREE COCONUT CACAO COFFEE JATROPHA CURCAS CLOVE SUNAN PECAN RUBBER PEPPER TEA 15 PRIMARY PLANTATIONS IN INDONESIA COTTON TOBACCO CASHEW INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 37 THE GREEN GOLD OF INDONESIA
  43. 43. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA PALM TREE INDONESIA IS THE LARGEST PALM OIL PRODUCER IN THE WORLD. In Indonesia, the spreads are in the region of Aceh, the east coast of Sumatra, Java, and Celebes. STATE FOREIGN EXCHANGE FROM THE EXPORT OF CRUDE PALM OIL (CPO) IS 13.5 TRILLION RUPIAH RUBBER Indonesian rubber production is almost 100% in the form of semi-finished upstream industry products: Ribbed Smoke Sheet, Standard Indonesian Rubber, Unsmoked Sheet, and Concentrated Latex. While for downstream production, Indonesia still has very limited number of producers, including PT Industri Karet Nusantara which is a subsidiary of PT Perkebunan Nusantara III Medan, North Sumatra. A total of 95% cacao plantations owned by individual farmers covering about 1.7 MILLION FARMERS in Indonesia FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTRIBUTED REACHED US$ 1.05 BILLION IN 2012 The total of national production of cacao beans in 2012 REACHED 712,000 TONS Indonesia is the world’s LARGEST PRODUCING COUNTRY of natural rubber after Thailand Indonesian natural rubber production in 2012 reached 3.27 MILLION TONS Indonesia controls ±27% - and Thailand ±30% - of the world’s demand of natural rubber. CACAO Indonesia is 18% cacao producer in the world which is number 3 after Ivory Coast and Ghana 95% of cacao plantation is owned and harvested by 1.7 MILLION local farmers. This resonates a significant livelihood for smallholders. Source: Ministry of Agriculture 2ND INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 38
  44. 44. THE SANG LEAVES (JOHANNESTIJSMANIA ALTIFRONS) belongs to the the palm family (Arecaceae). Indonesia’s diversity of palm ranks first in the world which reached 477 SPECIES, 225 SPECIES OF WHICH ARE ENDEMIC. GIGANTIC LEAVES 6 M 1,7 M Sources : www.goodnewsfromindonesia.com www.pacsoa.org.au INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 39 IN LANGKAT district of NORTH SUMATRA particularly in the mountain scape of LEUSER, you will find A PALM LEAF LIKE MEASURING UP TO 4 TIMES THE HEIGHTS OF AN ADULT HUMAN. The locals call it DAUN SANG OR JOEY PALM. This one is the DIAMOND OF JOEY PALM and endemic to this habitat. These leaves are a common BUILDING MATERIALS in these areas.
  45. 45. 60% of the world’s rattan species can be found in Indonesia. 350 OF 600 SPECIES OF THE WORLD’S RATTAN grow in Indonesia’s tropical rain forest habitat. BIODIVERSITY INDONESIA HAS THE LARGEST RAINFOREST IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. The total area of tropical forest in Indonesia REACHED 98.56 MILLION HECTARES or 52.4% of the total land in Indonesia. Indonesia ranks 8th out of 10 countries with THE LARGEST NATURAL FOREST AREA IN THE WORLD INDONESIA IS A COUNTRY WITH THE SECOND LARGEST BIODIVERSITY IN THE WORLD, REACHING 20,000 SPECIES, 40% are endemic or native plants in Indonesia. THE WORLD’S SMALLEST ORCHID • Orchids (Orchidaceae) reached 6,000 SPECIES OF ORCHIDS • The Indonesian Scientific Institution (LIPI) duirng the period of 2009-2013 found 9 NEW ENDEMIC species of ORCHIDS. • Oberonia sp, THE SMALLEST ORCHID IN THE WORLD, native to Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra and SUGARCANE ORCHID (GRAMMATOPHYLLUM SPECIOSUM) SPREAD across the islands of Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Celebes, Moluccas, and Papua. RAFFLESIA, THE WORLD’S LARGEST FLOWER From 32 species of Rafflesia in Southeast Asia, 17 can be found in Indonesia. RAFFLESIA ARNOLDI IS THE LARGEST FLOWER IN THE WORLD with ALMOST 1 METER IN DIAMETER AND WEIGHING UP TO 11 KG, endemic in Bengkulu, Indonesia. Indonesia has the most diversed species of Meranti or shorea Dipterocarpus in the world, with more than 400 species. 350 60% 40% Sources: Indonesia Forest Statistics 2011, Ministry of Forestry; lartas-kemendag.net; www.panda.org; ditjenbun.deptan.go.id; blog.sivitas.lipi.go.id; fwi.or.id; uplmps.unsoed.ac.id; SPECIES INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 40
  46. 46. THE LAST JURASSIC ANIMAL ON EARTH Sumber : menlh.go.id nationalgeographic.com world.new7wonders.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 41 Komodo is the last Jurassic animal on earth. IT SURVIVE OVER 36 CLIMATE CHANGES IN THE LAST 200 MILLION YEARS. This giant monitor lizard is ONLY FOUND IN KOMODO ISLANDS is also known as the LARGEST CRAWLING DRAGON EVER KNOWN to mankind.
  47. 47. KOMODO, THIS LIZARD IS BELIEVED TO BE THE ONLY THE PRE-HISTORIC DINOSAUR THAT - SURVIVED UP TO THIS MOMENT. Local people living near Komodo Island, its habitat, called this giant animal as ORA. Komodo has an average length of 2-3 meters. THE LARGEST KOMODO EVER EXISTED WAS 3.13 METERS LONG AND 166 KILOGRAMS WEIGH. In 1986, KOMODO NATIONAL PARK WAS AWARDED AS UNESCO’S WORLD HERITAGE SITE KOMODO NATIONAL PARK KOMODO IS ONE OF THE WORLD NEW NATURAL SEVEN WONDERS. KOMODO ISLAND IS PART OF THE KOMODO NATIONAL PARK WHICH COVERS THE AREA OF 173 THOUSAND HECTARES. The largest part of the Komodo National Park is marine. The sea floor of Komodo National Park’s marine water is the best diving sites in the world. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 42
  48. 48. LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLE (DERMOCHELYS CORIACEA) • The few last remaining marine creature from the time of dinosaur roamed the earth. This species spawn in Indonesian waters and journey around the world from Papua to African peninsula. • Leatherback Sea Turtle body weight can reach 900 kg with a body length of about one and a half to two meters. • Habitat: tropical waters to sub-polar regions and regularly spawn on beaches in tropical regions. • There are very few places in the world they choose to spawn. One of their spawning grounds is in the Jamursba Medi Beach and Warmon Beach located in the North of West papua Province’s Bird’s Head, Abun District, Tambarauw Regency. TRENGGILING OR PANGOLIN • Has been existed since the Oligocene and Miocene era, about 33 million to 23 million years ago. • Habitat: tropical rainforest in the lowlands. Trenggiling can be found in Southeast Asia. The Trenggiling found Indonesia is known as Trenggiling Java (Manis javanica) and can be found in the mountainous regions of Sumatra, Borneo, Java, and Bali. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 43 Sources : www.iucnredlist.org; www.bk.menlh.go.id; www.penyu.org; www.seaturtle.org
  49. 49. COELACANTH FISH (IKAN RAJA LAUT – NORTH CELEBES) • Coelacanth fish is estimated to have existed since the Devonian era of about 380 million years ago. • This fish is believed to have gone extinct since the end of the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago, but was rediscovered in the waters of North Celebes in 2007. • In Indonesia, ancient Coelacanth fish can be found in the waters of Talise, North Minahasa and Malalayang waters, the Bay of Manado, North Celebes. AROWANA FISH • This fish has existed on earth since 220 million years ago. This fish can be found in the Amazon, in some parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia. Arowana Fish (Scleropagus sp.) can be found in the freshwater area in Indonesia, especially in upper Kapuas River and Lake Sentarum in West Borneo. This fish thrives in the peat primitive forest water ecosystem. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 44 Sources : www.wwf.or.id; www.bk.menlh.go.id
  50. 50. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 45 TARSIUS PRIMATE (TARSIUS PUMILUS OR PYGMY TARSIER) This is THE SMALLEST PRIMATE IN THE WORLD and is only a PALM SIZE OF A MAN. SUN BEAR (HELARCTOS MALAYANUS) This is THE SMALLEST BEAR IN THE WORLD, endemic to Borneo. This bear is HALF THE SIZE of a grown adult. INDONESIA: THE WORLD’S GREATEST FAUNA HABITAT Sources: www.indonesia.travel; www.bk.menlh.go.id
  51. 51. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 46 • Bird species in Indonesia IS THE FOURTH MOST POPULOUS IN THE WORLD. • From the 1,598 SPECIES OF BIRDS in INDONESIA, 381 SPECIES ARE ENDEMIC. • BIRD OF PARADISE (Paradisea Rubra, Paradigalla Carunculata, Dyphilodes Respublica) is the prettiest and most beautiful birds in the world because of THE STRIKING FEATHER COLOR. • Endemic in the Bird’s Head region (Arfak Mountains) and THE WEST JAYAWIJAYA MOUNTAINS in Papua. • THE SMALLEST COCKATOO is THE PYGMY PARROT with a length of ABOUT 8 CM and lives in Papua and surrounding islands. • INDONESIA is ranked first IN THE WORLD FOR THE LARGEST NUMBER OF SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLIES SPECIES. • A TOTAL OF 121 SPECIES FOUND IN INDONESIA and 44% OF THEM ARE ENDEMIC. • THE SECOND LARGEST BUTTERFLIES IN THE WORLD, THE GIANT BUTTERFLY (ORNITHOPTERA GOLIATH) which lives in the forests of Papua MEASURING ABOUT 13 TO 15 CENTIMETERS. JAVAN RHINOCEROS (RHINOCEROS SONDAICUS) • TOTAL POPULATION OF NO MORE THAN 50 ANIMALS in Ujung Kulon National Park on the most western tip of Java. • INCLUDED IN THE RED LIST OF THE IUCN WORLD CONSERVATION AGENCY, which is in the category of critically endangered. Sources: menlh.go.id; nationalgeographics.com, world.new7wonders.com, Ministry of Forestry
  52. 52. INDONESIA’S CONTRIBUTION TOWARDS WORLD PEACE INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 47 THE CURRENT PRESIDENT (2009-2014) SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO, was a Brigadier General commanding a UN Chief Military post (UNPF) during peace mission in Bosnia in 1995 SINCE 1957, a total of Indonesian United Nations troops participating in peace missions in a number of countries reached 24,284 PERSONNEL. Indonesia ranks 15 OUT OF 177 countries which are the most frequent to send world peacekeeping force. Indonesia peace- keeping forces named Garuda has been deployed on UN sanctioned war areas as many as 79 TIMES.
  53. 53. Sources: presidenri.go.id, un.org, dpd.go.id, republika; voi.co.id, Ministry of Foreign Affairs MEGAWATI SOEKARNO PUTRI The fifth President of Indonesia, Megawati Soekarno Putri, has been named as The 8th Most Powerful Woman from 100 women leaders in the world by the International Business Magazine, Forbes, During his presidency, his cabinet secured a lasting peace with the country’s prolonged disputes with Aceh. SOEHARTO Under his reign, Soeharto promoted the most diligent national movement called P-4. This basically a translation and transformation of the nation’s character building to maintain peace and harmony among all Indonesian and inter-faith populations. ABDURRAHMAN WAHID Indonesia’s fourth president, Abdurrahman Wahid, who was often called Gus Dur, received the World Peace Prize Award from a non-profit institution of World Peace Prize Awarding Council (WPPAC), which is based in the United States and South Korea. Gus Dur was assessed for always bringing a message of peace between religious communities, playing an active role in the campaign for pluralism, anti-terrorism and the protection of the rights of minority groups. SOEKARNO The first President of Indonesia with the world’s developing countries led the formation of Asia Africa Non-Aligned Movement and its ten principles. The first congress took place in Bandung in 1955. This congregation led to the basic peaceful coexistence among all its members. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 48
  54. 54. THE ROLE OF INDONESIA IN INTERNATIONAL FORUM Indonesia participates in regional and international forum such as ASEAN, UN, G-20, APEC, ASEM, OIC AS WELL AS WTO. The AAC or Bandung Conference in 1955, was intended to inspire Asian and African nations to liberate the states from colonialism. THE AAC WAS ATTENDED BY 29 ASIAN AND AFRICAN COUNTRIES COUNTED FOR HALF THE WORLD POPULATION AT THAT TIME. Indonesia is highly respected by member countries of OIC (ORGANIZATION OF ISLAMIC COOPERATION). Indonesia is considered AS A ROLE MODEL, and bridge builder between the West and Islam world. In addition, Indonesia is also a good role model in REPRESENTING HARMONY OF ISLAM, MODERNITY AND DEMOCRACY. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 49 Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. His speech during Asian-African Conference (AAC) in 1955: BANDUNG WOULD ALWAYS BE THE CAPITAL OF ASIAN AFRICAN STATES
  55. 55. Indonesia is among the founding member states of ASEAN and is now cochairing the New African Strategic Partnership Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was first initiated in Blake Island, Seattle USA in 1993. It began a few years earlier as a forum of Economic Ministerial Meeting among the 12 initial APEC Economies. In 1994, in Bogor the leaders agreed to pursue what is then known as Bogor Goals aimed at Free Trade and Open Economy by 2010 for developed Economies and 2020 for developing Economies. Currently APEC has 21 Economies as its members spanning from Papua New Guinea to Peru on the other side of the planet. Sources: apec.org; Ministry of Home Affairs; General Election Comission; undp.or.id; menegpp.go.id. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 50
  56. 56. In the early reformation era of 1999,( the milestone of Indonesian democracy) , the number of political party participated in the election was 48 THE AVERAGE OF ELECTION IN INDONESIA, is held in every DAYS DURING THE WHOLE YEAR, including legislative and presidential elections, as well as regional and local elections for governors, mayor, and regents. 5 IN 2012 local elections were held PARTIES 75 48 IN 2013 local elections were held 148 IN 2011 local elections were held 87 CHAMPION OF DEMOCRACY INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 51
  57. 57. IDI REFERS TO NUMERICAL FIGURES INDICATING LEVEL OF DEMOCRACY DEVELOPMENT in all provinces in Indonesia BASED ON CERTAIN ASPECTS OF DEMOCRACY, NAMELY CIVIL LIBERTY, POLITICAL RIGHTS, AND INSTITUTIONS OF DEMOCRACY. IDI is a joint cooperation between Indonesian National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas), Coordinating Ministry of Politics, Law and Security (Kemenkopolhukam), Central Statistics Agency (BPS), Ministry of Home Affairs, UNDP, Australian AID, and also provincial stakeholders including Provincial Governments, Academicians, Media and NGOs INDONESIA DEMOCRACY INDEX (IDI) INDONESIA 6.76 MALAYSIA 6.41 THAILAND 6.55 According to the Economist Intelligence Unit DEMOCRACY INDEX 2012 A directive for gender congressional participation of 30% was established in 2004, giving women more opportunities and empowerment to lead the nation together with their fellow Indonesians. SINCE THEN THE ADMISSION OF WOMEN IN THE PARLIAMENT HAS DOUBLED IN THREE ELECTION PERIODS (2004-2009, 2009-2014 AND BEYOND) 30% Democratization process is also measured by the FREEDOM OF PRESS. Indonesian press enjoyed this freedom even more than their colleagues in many developed countries including the US, Europe including Scandinavian countries and Japan. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 52
  58. 58. THIS SONG IS A MANIFESTATION OF A GREAT RIVER IN JAVA CALLED BENGAWAN SOLO STRETCHES OVER 540 KM THROUGH MAJOR PULSE OF JAVA. SINGERS AROUND THE WORLD WHO MADE A COVER OF GESANG’S BENGAWAN SOLO ARE AS FOLLOWS: TOSHI MATSUDA (JAPAN), WALDJINAH (INDONESIA), ANNEKE GRONLOH (DUTCH-INDONESIAN), REBECCA PAN (PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA), FRANCES YIP (PRC), P. RAMLEEDAN SALOMA (MALAYSIA), MAYA GOLOVNYA (SOVIET UNION), VIOLETTA VILLAS (POLAND). THE SONG HAS BEEN TRANSLATED IN 13 LANGUAGES including English, Mandarin, Russian, Japanese and many more. It has been sung by many world renown singers. THE SONG OF BENGAWAN SOLO WAS WRITTEN IN 1940 BY GESANG MARTOHARTONO IN CENTRAL JAVA. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 53 BENGAWAN SOLO WAS AND STILL IS A FAMOUS SONG CREATED BY GESANG MARTOHARTONO OF CENTRAL JAVA. THE JAPANESE AND THE POLLACK USED THESE SONGS TO AMPLIFY SENSES OF PATRIOTISM. EMPEROR HIROHITO AWARDED A SPECIAL RECOGNITION FOR THIS SONG AND ITS AUTHOR. BENGAWAN SOLO, AND TO THE DISTANT THE RIVER FLOWS
  59. 59. The river of Bengawan Solo, which inspired Gesang, is THE LONGEST RIVER ON JAVA ISLAND WITH 543,8 KM LENGTH with two headwaters from South Hills, Wonogiri and Ponorogo and ends as creek in Gresik. “BENGAWAN” IN JAVANESE MEANS “THE GREAT RIVER”. The river and its water system was formed about 4 million years ago. Sources : music.columbia.edu, wikipedia, tokohindonesia.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 54
  60. 60. Sources : guinessworldrecord.com muri.org INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 55 GAMELAN IS INCLUDED IN THE CURRICULUM AT SEVERAL SCHOOLS IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND JAPAN. MOREOVER, IT HAS BECOME A FIXED CURRICULUM AT NEW ZEALAND SCHOOL OF MUSIC (NZSM). WORLD’S FIRST GAMELAN FESTIVAL WAS HELD IN 1986 IN CANADA. ECHOES OF GAMELAN UNDER THE FEET OF EIFFEL TOWER IN 1889, JAVANESE AND SUNDANESE GAMELANS WERE PART OF THE INAUGURATION OF THE EIFFEL TOWER IN PARIS and had influenced the work of a famous french composer, Claude Debussy (1862-1918), whose later made a breakthrough in western classical music MUSIC COMPOSER FOR BOX OFFICE MOVIE “LIFE OF PI”, MYCHAEL DANNA, INSERTED THE SOUNDS OF BALINESE GAMELAN AS ITS MOVIE SOUNDTRACK.
  61. 61. KARINDING – WEST JAVA Kariding musical instrument IS MADE OF WOOD AND PALM FROND LEAF. IT IS A PEN SIZE INSTRUMENT PLAYED BY BLOWING ITS TUBE AND MOVEMENT OF FINGERS Karinding was initially USED BY SUNDANESE ANCESTORS TO DRIVE AWAY PEST AT PADDY FIELDS, OR IN THE TRADITIONAL RITUALS OR CULTURAL CEREMONIES. MURI RECORDED a national record of playing Karinding by 515 people in Sumedang. INDONESIAN TRADITIONAL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS ANGKLUNG – WEST JAVA Angklung has been registered as Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO since November 2010. GUINNESS BOOK OF RECORDS recorded THE LARGEST ANGKLUNG ENSEMBLE CONSISTED OF 5,182 PARTICIPANTS IN WASHINGTON DC. Participants were orchestrated by Indonesian angklung maestro, Mang Udjo. A.S.A.P. DRAGON FLY is a rock band that plays rock- angklung (rocklung) and has been performing around the world, such as in Tong Tong Festival XII in Den Haag, The Netherlands, Germany, Turkey, China, Shanghai, Egypt and Malaysia. KOLINTANG – MINAHASA The biggest Kolintang WAS RECORDED IN THE GUINNESS BOOK OF RECORDS IN OCTOBER 31ST 2009. It was made of a single compact car size wood of Cempaka tree. THIS INSTRUMENT ALONG WITH BAMBOO MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS also held a record of MASSIVE MUSICAL ORCHESTRA PARTICIPATED BY OVER 1200 PEOPLE IN TONDANO, NORTH CELEBES IN 2009. SASANDO – EAST NUSA TENGGARA Sasando is a traditional musical instrument that combines THREE TYPES OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, NAMELY HARP, PIANO AND GUITAR; three MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS IN ONE RHYTHM SECTION YAKKUB BULLAN once played Sasando in Indonesian Cultural Night in Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes and Instituto Superior de Artes Havana, Cuba. SASANDO HAS BEEN REGISTERED TO THE UNESCO FOR INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE , pending the announcement. Sources : muri.org; guinessworldrecord.com INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 56
  62. 62. PENCAK SILAT FOR THE WORLD A genuine and native Indonesian martial art called Pencak Silat was first introduced by King Erlangga of Sidoarjo, East Java in the early years of the first millennium. This self defense system was initially used to exhibit power and defend territory from enemy invasion INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 57
  63. 63. D uring the era of kingdoms on Java, Sumatera, BORNEO, CELEBES up to Malay Peninsula, people created various moves adapted from local animal behaviours in the environment. Those kingdoms were as follows: Kutai, Tarumanegara, Mataram, Kediri, Singasari, Sriwijaya, Majapahit During colonial era, Pencak Silat was instrumental in combating foreign forces in Indonesia. One remarkable incident was the heroic battle of Surabaya in November 1945 Today, Pencak Silat us taught in Indonesian Military Academy as well as many schools of Martial Arts in the world Source: wikipedia INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 58
  64. 64. CIMANDE VILLAGE, THE BIRTHPLACE OF FAMOUS PENCAK SILAT INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 59 PENCAK SILAT CIMANDE IS ALSO KNOWN TO CURE BONE FRACTURES AND DEFORMATION.
  65. 65. Pencak Silat is NOW ORGANIZED WORLDWIDE under PENCAK SILAT FEDERATION, and at the moment it members 40 COUNTRIES. This federation is centered towards INDONESIA’S PENCAK SILAT LEARNING INSTITUTE CALLED PADEPOKAN located in Indonesia Miniature Garden in Jakarta. THE FIRST PENCAK SILAT WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP WAS HELD IN VIENNA, AUSTRIA IN 1986. THE MOVIE “THE RAID” won various international film festivals and subsequently put Pencak Silat on the world stage. There are now at least 600 styles and moves of pencak silat in Indonesia alone. Influenced by local cultures, pencak silat is also dominant in religious nuance.Sources : tiff.net; Research and Development Ministry of Health INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 60
  66. 66. Stone jumping tradition in Nias island, North Sumatera, popularly known as HOMBO BATU OR FAHOMBO, has existed for centuries amongst megalith cultures on an island with 700,000 population, of 5,625 KM2 and surrounded by Indian Ocean. Pile of rocks that must be jumped over is 2 METERS HIGH, 90 CM WIDE AND 60 CM LONG. The top rock may not be touched and perfect landing must be performed, otherwise the risk of broken bones or muscular injuries is unavoidable. OLD TRADITIONS NEVER FADE AWAY OLYMPICS Man On the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, Charles Austin from USA jumped as high as 2,39 meters Woman On the 2004 Olympics in Athens, Slesarenko Yelena from Russia jumped as high as 2,06 meters NATIONAL Man On the 2012 National Games (PON) in Pekanbaru, Riau, Andre Dermawan jumped as high as 2.15 meters Woman On the 2012 National Games (PON) in Pekanbaru, Riau, Andre Dermawan jumped as high as 2.15 meters NIAS ISLAND INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 61
  67. 67. REOG is one of Indonesia’s numerous well-preserved traditional dances. It originates from PONOROGO, a city on northwest East Java. Thus the dance inherits its famous name; Reog Ponorogo. The dancer is believed to obtain power from mystical or supernatural realm. The male dancer wears a crowned lion mask made from peacock feathers. HE HOLDS THIS 60 KG MASK WITH HIS TEETH. He gains this powerful strength from an in-depth spiritual exercises including fasting and meditation. Sources : indonesia.travel; olympic.org INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 62
  68. 68. NELSON MANDELA PROMOTED BATIK IN UNITED NATIONS INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 63 A batik designer, NUSJIRWAN TIRTAAMIDJAJA, or known as IWAN TIRTA introduced Indonesia’s batik to the world. His batik was first WORN BY THE WORLD LEADERS DURING APEC SUMMIT IN BOGOR, INDONESIA IN 1994. Nelson Mandela ALWAYS WORE BATIK IN MANY DIGNIFIED AND MAJESTIC FORA INCLUDING IN THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY AND DURING A VISIT TO THE BUCKINGHAM PALACE.
  69. 69. WOVEN FABRIC The world famous designer house Gucci used Indonesian woven fabric as material for their fashion line. International markets have acknowledged the quality of Indonesian woven fabric. The fabric is considered valuable due to its handcrafting process. Hence an international brand like Gucci agreed to collaborate with Indonesian weaver. The woven fabric were presented on international designer runways from Milan, Paris and now in London. In 2010 Fashion Week Spring, Frida Gianini from Gucci exhibited a cocktail fashion collection with tribal style theme using ikat; a traditional woven fabric pattern from Sumbawa, Indonesia. • Sumbawa Weaving from Sumbawa WEAVING ORIGIN : • East Nusa Tenggara Weaving from Timor • Troso Weaving from Jepara • Lombok Weaving from Lombok INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 64
  70. 70. PUNCAK JAYAWIJAYA IS ONE OF THE WORLD’S SEVEN SUMMITS WITH THE HIGHEST PEAK OF AN ISLAND. It is also called by many other names such as: Mount Carstensz, Carstensz Pyramide or Carstensz Topenz. The native has its own names like Nemangkawi according to Amunkal Tribe, Ngga Pulu and Mount Sukarno. Puncak Jaya, which is located on equatorial region, has stable climate with the average 0.5 degree Celsius temperature fluctuation per year. PAPUA IS THE FOURTH HIGHEST TERRAIN AND THE LARGEST ISLAND IN THE WORLD. Its climate and topography provide diversities in ecosystem. THE ISLAND HAS COMPLETE ECOSYSTEM such as snow, tundra, savannah, mountains, rain forest valley, mangrove, wet land, lake, river, sea grass and tropical coral reef, home to the most diversed sea species in the world. KOTEKA AND PAPUA INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 65 KOTEKA is traditional male covering used in native Papua cultures. IT IS MADE FROM MARROW OUTER SKIN. Koteka is made by taking out marrow’s flesh and seed and drying the outer skin under sun. Literally, the word koteka means “clothes” and is derived from a language of one of the ethnics in Paniai. SOME PAPUA HIGHLAND ETHNICITIES CALL IT HOLIM OR HORIM.
  71. 71. BAJOE TRIBE is also called SEA NOMADS who refuse to live on land. They are nomadic and live on boats journeying from coast to coast. They originate in South East Celebes and voyaged as far as the Philippines. THE BADUI AND ARABIC BADAWI which is world apart refuse to adopt modern living. They both are custodians of their pristine habitat. Much like the Amish in USA. TENGGER TRIBE is a native community who inhabits Mount Bromo plateau; an active volcanic mountain ridge in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, East Java. TENGGER PEOPLE ARE FAITHFUL HINDUS but unlike Balinese Hindus, the Tengger people do not worship their Hindu religion in temples or religious domes. They believe that they are the last pure descendants of Majapahit Empire. DANI is one of the tribes living in Papua Island. The community settles at Grand Baliem Valley in Wamena, Papua. THE VALLEY IS FAMOUS FOR ITS ANNUAL FESTIVAL, KNOWN AS THE BALIEM VALLEY FESTIVAL ON AUGUST. THE THREE-DAY FESTIVAL SHOWS THE RE-ENACTMENT OF WAR BETWEEN DANI, LANI AND YALI TRIBE SYMBOLLING FERTILITY AND PROSPERITY. The Danis live in a traditional house called Honai and had a unique feast named Bakar Batu (Burning Stone) where meals are roasted within special burned stones. This feast can also be found throughout Papua. INDIGENOUS INDONESIAN Sources : indonesia.travel; Ministry of Home Affairs INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 66
  72. 72. GADANG TRADITIONAL HOUSE: MINANGKABAU, WEST SUMATERA The traditional Minangkabau house is proven to have the flexibility and sturdiness to withstand tremors beyond 8 Richter Scale. It uses no nails to bind each section but a carved joint to glue it together. During the horrific earthquake on 30 September 2009, these houses remained standing and intact. Sources : theinternationaljournal.org, parisada.org, indonesia.travel, Moluccas Cultural Foundation QUAKEPROOF TRADITIONAL HOUSES T raditional houses in Indonesia are not only beautifully designed but also quakeproof. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 67
  73. 73. WOLOAN TRADITIONAL STILTS HOUSE, TOMOHON, NORTH CELEBES The stilts house is constructed from selected woods like ironwood (Eusideroxylon zwageri) and Magnolia wood. The wood structure is well known for its durability during earthquake. Since 90’s era, Woloan Stilts House is exported to overseas such as Latin America countries, Asia and even Europe. JOGLO TRADITIONAL HOUSE, YOGYAKARTA The house has its own uniqueness on the solid arch roof construction. Each room has its own individual roof. It has four main pillars to support the main structure and hold the roof. Joglo structure is made from wood logs frame which is assembled like a tent. LAHEIK TRADITIONAL HOUSE, KERINCI, RIAU Laheik or Larik in Bahasa Indonesia means lines. The house is constructed from logs which are assembled using pegs. Moreover each part is assembled using roots fibre rope. Laheik is commonly built in Lake Kerinci region which is situated on caesarean tectonic plates of Asia and Australia OMO HADA TRADITIONAL HOUSE, NIAS, NORTH SUMATERA Based on its structure, Traditional Nias house construction consisted of column (enomo) and beam (ndriwa). The columns are supported by big rocks as the foundation against strong wind. Furthermore, the diagonal column becomes the key to its steady and flexible architecture when earthquake occurs. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 68
  74. 74. One example of such tradition is TRI HITA KARANA. It is a Balinese local wisdom which highlights three main elements of harmony. The three elements are harmony between human and environment, harmony among humans and harmony between human and God. It becomes the APEC Economies sustainable tourism tagline because the purpose of development is not only to accelerate economic growth but also to preserve sustainable environment from which human gets the benefits. SUBAK is an irrigation system in Bali based on local wisdom reflecting Tri Hita Karana concept. It is a comprehensive communal water management based on cultural values, land use, water level and quality. The system based on the foundation of Hindu rules and values is the integration of landscapes, cultural values in civil society and unique faith system. Subak is one of the oldest form of democracy in the world as applied on water management for crops, pura (temple), worship places and houses. TRI HITA KARANA, ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION TRADITION Indonesia is blessed with diversed and abundant ethnics and cultures. Traditions born from Indonesian ethnic and cultural communities are still well preserved until today. Source : trihitakarana.info INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 69
  75. 75. IMPROVING VILLAGE ECONOMY Local wisdom through mutual cooperation is also reflected in warteg (street restaurant). The restaurant management is rotated amongst family or hometown friends as the reflection of: cooperation in social and economy order and for working opportunity for family and friends. This is one of much historical local wisdoms which is still practiced by some communities. TALLASA KAMASE-MASE is the principle of life for Kajang community. They were taught to live a humble, modest live and to avoid greed. Environment is seen as part of their living ecosystem, rather than lifeless foreign objects. The community living in Bulukumba Regency, South CELEBES divides the forest into three zones. The first zone is Borong Karamaka (Forbidden Forest) where the forest potentials are prohibited to be exploited. The second is Borong Batasaya (Boundary Forest) where its wood can be used but based on traditional laws. The last is Borong Luarayya (Utilization Forest) where people may plant woods like bitti or crops like cocoa. These local wisdoms can effectively preserve the sustainable environment. PELA GADONG is a concept to establish brotherhood among kampong (communities) in Moluccas particularly the Ambon Island. The idea was born from the agreements of inter-communities’ ancestors. That is still well preserved by their generations in upholding social law. Source : palingindonesia.com Sources : parisada.org, indonesia.travel INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 70
  76. 76. BOROBUDUR IS THE LARGEST TEMPLE IN THE WORLD • The temple is located in Borobudur Village, Magelang Regency, Central Java. • It is 42 metres high (10 storey) with more than 1 kilometre long reliefs. • It is estimated that Syailendra Dynasty from Ancient Mataram Kingdom (ca. 750-850 CE) took 40 years to construct. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 71 INDONESIA, A NATION OF 1000 TEMPLES
  77. 77. SUKUH TEMPLE, A HISTORICAL TRAPEZIUM ARCHITECTURE According to history books, the oldest civilization is characterized by its trapezium architecture for example Chichen Itza Pyramide in Yucatan, Mexico. Accordingly, Indonesia has Sukuh Temple with the similar architecture. 1. It is located at Sukuh Village, Karanganyar Regency, Central Java. 2. The temple relief shows erotic depiction of naked figures and headless character (Gupala Statue). 3. Known as “The Last Temple” It is the last temple built before the fall of Majapahit Empire in Central Java. Source: www.indonesia.travel/id INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 72
  78. 78. CETHO TEMPLE KARANGANYAR, CENTRAL JAVA • It is built during Hindu Majapahit Kingdom golden age in 15TH CENTURY. • “CETHO” IN JAVANESE LANGUAGE MEANS CLEARLY VISIBLE. Furthermore it means that from the village, people can observe clearly the three surrounding mountains. THEY ARE MOUNT MERBABU, MOUNT MERAPI AND MOUNT LAWU. In addition, people can see the peaks of Mount Sindoro and Mount Sumbing. • Cetho Temple reliefs are decorated with GIANT TURTLE, THE SUN (PROBABLY SYMBOL OF THE SUN OF MAJAPAHIT KINGDOM) and 2 metres long of PHALLUS SYMBOL (MALE GENITAL) with ampallang piercing. • A ROUGH CARVING OF TURTLE SHAPE symbolizes request or demands to God. MOUNT PADANG SITE • The site is located AT MOUNT PADANG, KARYAMUKTI VILLAGE, CAMPAKA DISTRICT, CIANJUR REGENCY. • Its age is estimated 4500 YEARS OLD which means IT IS OLDER THAN MESOPOTAMIA CIVILIZATION AND THE GIZA PYRAMID IN EGYPT. It is also believed as the oldest civilization in the world. • It is not a simple site but an enormous monument. THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE IS 900 SQUARE METRES IN THREE HECTARES OF TOTAL SIZE. It is ten times wider than Borobudur in Central Java. • The age is different for each stone layer. THE TOP LAYER IS ESTIMATED FROM 500 BC while the BOTTOM IS FROM 7000 BC. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 73
  79. 79. MUARO JAMBI TEMPLE COMPOUND • It is located in MUARO JAMBI TEMPLE COMPOUND, MUARO SERBO DISTRICT, MUARO JAMBI REGENCY • The compound size COVERS AN AREA OF 12 SQUARE KILOMETRES WITH MORE THAN SEVEN KILOMETRES IN LENGTH, STRETCHING ALONG THE RIVER BANK. IT IS ESTIMATED TO BE 12 TIMES LARGER THAN BOROBUDUR COMPOUND, AND TWICE THAN ANGKOR WAT COMPOUND IN CAMBODIA. • The record shows that there are 11 MAIN TEMPLES FOUND IN THE COMPOUND, some of which had been restored. THE RESTORED TEMPLES ARE GUMPUNG, TINGGI, TINGGI I, GEDONG, GEDONG I AND II, KEDATON, KOTO MAHLIGAI, ASTANO, TELUK I AND II, BUKIT SENGALO AND KEMBAR BATU. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THERE ARE STILL 82 UNEARTHED TEMPLES IN THE COMPOUND. SAMBISARI TEMPLE • The temple is situated at the north of Yogyakarta- Solo main road about 12 KILOMETRES EAST OF YOGYAKARTA CITY. • It is estimated built on 812-838 CE when Hindu Mataram or Ancient Mataram Kingdom ruled by King Rakai Garung from Syailendra Dynasty. • Sambisari is a unique temple because LOCATED ON 6.5 METRES BENEATH EARTH SURFACE. Thus it is also known as underground temple. However experts predict that it was initially above the earth level like many other temples. But the region was COVERED BY VOLCANIC MATERIALS DUE TO MOUNT MERAPI ERUPTION ON 1006 AD Source : www.indonesia.travel/id INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 74
  80. 80. STANDING THROUGH THE TEST OF TIME FORTS D espite mentioned in the history that 459 forts were built in Indonesia, only 275 forts have been identified. Those historical buildings were scattered across Indonesia, from its large islands to the smallest ones, with various physical conditions. Now the forts have been standing throughout Indonesian history. Some forts such as Fort Vredeburg in Yogyakarta, Fort Rotterdam in Makassar of South Celebes, and Fort Marlborough in Bengkulu are still standing tall in excellent physical condition, serving as important city landmark. The forts in Indonesia served not only as protection from enemy, but also as a place for trade activities. Therefore, the architecture combined military architecture with rooms for traders from office, warehouse, place of worship, hospital, to soldier barrack. The forts resemble a complex or a small town consisting of various facilities for the community living in the forts. Generally, the forts were situated along the coast near harbor, or along river banks. TROPICAL ART-DECO BANDUNG U ntil today, Bandung is still home to several best examples of Tropical Art-deco architecture in the world. These buildings in European architectural style were built in the 1920s, when the Dutch government was gradually moving its capital to Bandung. During that time, many wealthy Dutch people lived in Bandung, thus the city was named “Parijs van Java”—Paris of Java. The most famous building with deco architecture is Gedung Sate, the building which now become West Java Governor’s office. This glamorous building with antenna similar to satay combined a neo-classic style with indigenous elements, creating elegance and unique combination of West and East ambiance. Indonesia has been known as a nation rich of spices, that many other nations had been attracted to come and explore its resources since the 16th century. For several reasons foreigners like Portuguese, Dutch, and English made their effort to defend their position and monopoly trade in the country by developing their territories and forts. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 75
  81. 81. KERATON NGAYOGYAKARTA HADININGRAT K eraton or kraton in Javanese means palace. One of the famous keraton is Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat or Yogyakarta Palace. Until today the palace has well preserved physical building, function, tradition, and social system. Physically, the palace of Sultan Yogya consists of seven main complexes, namely Siti Hinggil Ler (North Hall), Kamandhungan Ler (North Kamandhungan) Sri Manganti, Kedhaton, Kamagangan, kamandhungan Kidul (South Kamandhungan) and Siti Hinggil Kidul (South Hall). LUBANG JEPANG, BUKITTINGGI, WEST SUMATERA L ubang Jepang (literally means Japanese Hole) is a tunnel (bunker) for shelter, built by Japanese army for defense, during Japanese occupation of Indonesia, around the year 1942. There are 21 tunnels in 1470 meters length, built by Romusha (forced laborers) who were sent from BORNEO and CELEBES. Some rooms in the tunnel were functioned as military room, torture chamber, ammunition storage room, and detention room. LAWANG SEWU L awang Sewu in Javanese means One Thousand Doors; while actually it only has 429. However, it has 1200 door leaves in either two hinges or two sliding door leaves. Source : www.indonesia.travel/id INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 76
  82. 82. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA TRIBUTES TO THE LATE AND ETERNAL SOULS “NGABEN”, BALINESE CREMATION CEREMONY N gaben is a ceremony of incineration of corpse or cremation carried out by Hindu people in Bali, Indonesia. The essence of this ceremony is to send back the spirit of the ancestors (deceased people) to its origin. The ritual is usually performed festively without mourning. For some of us death is a sacred event that needs special ceremony to honor it. In Indonesia, some rituals of death are still preserved in its people’s culture up to this moment: CEMETERY IN TRUNYAN VILLAGE, KINTAMANI, BALI T runyan is the name of a village situated at the edge of Batur Lake, Kintamani, Bali. When a villager died, the corpse would not be burried on the ground, instead, it would be laid to rest on a large stone which has 7 concaved surfaces. The dead body of the deceased will only be covered by rudimentary bamboo cages. Strangely, despite the absence of embalmment, the corpse would not cause stench. The explanation on why the corpse which is only laid on the ground do not spread stench although it is naturally decomposing lies on a tree called Taru Menyan. Taru Menyan trees produce scent that could neutralize the unpleasant odor from the dead body. Taru means tree, and Menyan means pleasant smell, it only grows in this village. Therefore, the tree Taru Menyan, which is later more popular as Trunyan, is believed as the origin of the village’s name. Their tradition arranged that the area of cemetery for the deceased villager would differ in accordance to the cause of death or their marital status. When a Trunyan villager dies naturally, the corpse would be covered in white cloth. Moreover, a funeral ceremony would be held for the deceased, and the corpse would be laid on the ground, under a big Taru Menyan tree in an area named Sema Wayah. If someone died of unnatural causes such as accident, suicide, or murder, the corpse would be laid in a different area named Sema Bantas. While for babies and children as well as unmarried adult, the deceased would be laid in Sema Muda. 77 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES
  83. 83. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA CEMETARY OF DAYAK BENUAQ, EAST BORNEO T he Benuaq or Bentian burry the body of a deceased person in a carved wooden coffin-like container which is fixed on top of a wooden post or hung on ropes. After a few years they will open the grave and exhume the bones to eventually bless them and put them in a container fixed on permanent posts. BATU LEMO, TANA TORAJA L ies in the village of Batu Lemo, Tana Toraja, is a graveyard on the face of a rock-cliff. The graves have been there since the 16th century. There are 75 holes on the rock cliff, some of which with wooden statues called tau tau displayed on balconies carved into the cliffs. The statues are symbols of social status and role when they lived as local nobles. On the side of the cliff is a hill with deep cave. Wooden coffins are arranged in groups based on family lines. KAMBIRA TANA TORAJA BABY CEMETARY As for deceased babies, the bodies are embalmed and covered in cloth for later be put in holes on big trees. The holes would then be covered by woven palm fiber. The Torajans consider the ritual as similar with returning the babies back to their mothers wombs. The place of the hole on the tree defines social strata of the family. The higher the hole, the higher the social status is. ASMAT TRIBE MUMMIFICATION A smat tribe of Papua has a custom of body mummification, They usually perform the mummification for the chief of tribe or war commander. Bodies are mummified using traditional ingredients to honor traditional heritage and religion. Currently we can find three mummies in Papua; Aikima mummy in Aikima, Jiwika mummy in Jiwika, and Purno Mummy in Asologaima. The three mummies are in Wamena. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 78
  84. 84. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA Majority of Indonesian internet users own motor vehicle. • 88.6% have motorcycles • 17.4% have cars • 16.8% have both INDONESIA INTERNET USER IS DOMINATED BY MIDDLE-CLASS SOCIETY. 6 OF 10 INTERNET USERS visit social network every month 58MILLION PERSONS Currently Indonesian mobile internet consumers reach 3 OF 10 NETIZENS claimed to replace their mobile phones in the past year 1 OF 10 NETIZENS claimed to replace their laptops or netbooks in the past year An estimation by Indonesia Internet Service Provider Association (APJII), Indonesia internet user: 2012 = 63 MILLION USERS 2013 = 82 MILLION USERS 2014 = 107 MILLION USERS 2015 = 139 MILLION USERS OR 50% OF INDONESIAN TOTAL POPULATION 40% (24.2 MILLION PERSONS) of Indonesian internet users spend more than 3 HOURS ONLINE PER DAY. 63.95% OF 63 MILLION USERS have Facebook and Twitter accounts 2,3% Majority of Indonesian internet users are youth of 15-35 YEARS OF AGE OF WORLD’S INTERNET USER IS INDONESIAN INDONESIA CYBER WAVESCAPE 79 INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES
  85. 85. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA Majority of Indonesian netizen is BARGAIN HUNTER. When they are about to do a purchase, they tend to collect as many information as possible about the product in order to avail themselves with the best product. ONLINE SHOPPING • 3.7 MILLION NETIZENS buy/sell online using various exitsting platforms from Facebook, e-Commerce site, Classified Ads forum, BlackBerry Group, Blog, to Twitter. • BANK TRANSFER is the most favorite payment method in online shopping. • Only 3.9% online shopper pay with CREDIT CARDS. • Products bought online by netizens are dominated by FASHION, APPAREL, and ACCESSORIES. • Average Budget for netizens’ online shopping is around US$ 14. • Women: APPAREL, ACCESSORIES, BAGS. • MEN: TICKETS, BOOKS, ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS SUCH AS HANDPHONE, COMPUTER, OR LAPTOP. Sources: Mark Plus Insight Netizen Survey 2012, Nielsen, Markplus, APJII, Renstra Ditjen IKP 2011-2014 Kominfo NETIZEN ARE BARGAIN HUNTER 56.4% INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 80 Did you know that in Indonesia, communication and internet have become parts of people’s primary need? A study conducted by a magazine stated that phone credit and internet connection cost have become a spending more significant than food, beverages, transportation, body care, and health expenditure. ON-LINE CONTINUOUS CONNECTIVITY
  86. 86. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA CELLULAR PHONE TELEVISIONSMARTPHONE RADIO NEWSPAPERS INTERNET MAGAZINES 104% 95%67% 47% 25% 24% 13% MEDIA PENETRATION IN INDONESIA INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA 81 Irrespective of a lower income per capita of average Indonesian, each citizen has at least one cellular phone toppled with the growing number of social and modern media, the country has a wealth of media spanning from big cities to rural villages THE DYNAMICS OF INDONESIA’S CURRENT MASS MEDIA
  87. 87. INDONESIA,PELANGIDUNIA 1 300++ 415 495 1465 737 218 69 257 10 NUMBER OF TV STATIONS PUBLIC TV LOCAL TV STATION DAILY NEWSPAPER MAGAZINE RADIO PRINT MEDIA TELEVISION ONLINE MEDIA TABLOID PRIVATE TV STATION NUMBER OF PRINT MEDIA IF HUMAN EYES COULD SEE THE FREQUENCY WAVES,COULD YOU IMAGINE HOW INDONESIAN SKY WOULD LOOK LIKE? INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 82
  88. 88. T he world’s top electronic cellular brands will not exist without Bangka and Belitung’s tins. These are islands located in the western Indonesia and contributes to one third of the world’s tin supplies. BANGKA AND BELITUNG’S TIN ON WORLD’S PHONES INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 83
  89. 89. CHINA 152,000 METRIC TONS MALAYSIA 37,800 METRIC TONS PERU 25,400 METRIC TONS THAILAND 22,900 METRIC TONS INDONESIA 52,300 METRIC TONS 26% of world production WORLD’S TIN PRODUCER (2012) WORLD’S LARGEST TIN EXPORT, 800 kilo tons of TIN RESERVES, or Sources: US Geological Survey, PT Timah Tbk. 16.6% of the world’s reserves of 4.8 MILLION TONS Indonesian Tin Exchange specialized in transaction of export tin ingots defines the world’s tin price. Tin ingots trade through exchange mechanism could prevent practice of “under invoice”, increase reception of royalty, prevent illegal tin trade, and increase Indonesia’s competitiveness. The principle of exchange trade is free and fair trade where seller and buyer are free to carry out any transaction without any restrictions. 100,876 TONS in 2012. is the world’s largest TIN company. 3rd INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 84
  90. 90. Indonesia is the world’s 2nd largest exporter with 203million tons of export. On the first position is Australia (252 million tons). China, as the world’s largest coal producer only sits on the 7th position of world’s coal exporter (47 million tons). Indonesia’s coal reserves is only 0.5 % of world’s reserves yet it is the world’s 6th largest producer with 246 million tons production. INDONESIA: A TREASURE ISLAND INDONESIA HOLDS HUGE UNDER GROUND MINERALS AND PRECIOUS COMMODITIES DEPOSITS. GOLD, COPPER, COALS, OILS, GAS, DIAMONDS, AND PRECIOUS MINERALS ARE FOUND ACROSS THE COUNTRY. COAL INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 85
  91. 91. World’s 2nd largest LNG exporter country of as much as 29.6BCF World’s 13th country with largest natural gas reserves of as much as 92.9 TCF World’s 8th largest natural gas producer country with 7.2 TCF production. World’s 18th natural gas consumer with 3.8 BCF/day of consumption. GOLD COPPER NICKEL The world’s largest gold mine is Grasberg Mine (Freeport) in Papua. It is the world’s 6th largest gold producer with 6.7% of world production It has the world’s 7th largest gold potential. 7th largest contribution to the world’s copper reserves with 4.1% Indonesia is the 2nd largest copper producer with 10.4%of world production and the world’s Indonesia has the world’s 8th largest nickel reserves with 2.9% of world’s nickel reserves. It is also the world’s 4th nickel producer with 8.6% of world production. INDONESIATHEUNTOLDSTORIES 86
  92. 92. PAGE PHOTO/ PICTURE DATE & DOWNLOAD TIME AUTHOR LINK 6 INDONESIAN MAP ILLUSTRATION 20140507 10.44 Wikipedia: Indigo https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Ensiklopedia- Indonesia.jpg 9 BACHRUDDIN JUSUF HABIBIE 20140507 13.30 Office of the Vice President The Republic of Indonesia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bacharuddin_ Jusuf_Habibie_official_portrait.jpg 11 SOSROBAHU TECHNIQUE 20140507 13.45 Jafkhairi http://download.antarafoto.com/search-result/ dom-1398239101 11 TWO CREW COCKPIT DESIGN 20140507 14.00 Ministry of Transportation http://m.dephub.go.id/read/berita/direktorat- jenderal-perhubungan-udara/persyaratan-pilot- asing-oleh-maspakai-penerbangan-nasional- diperketat-15880 12 THE GUERRILLA WAR TECHNIQUE 20140507 14.30 Punt / Anefo http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Abdul_Harris_ Nasution.jpg 14 PULAU R(H)UN 20140507 14.45 Lencer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Banda_Islands_ en.png 16 COLOMBUS 20140507 15.00 Sebastiono del Piombo http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Christopher_ Columbus.PNG http://www.metmuseum.org/works_of_art/ collection_database/european_paintings/portrait_ of_a_man_said_to_be_christopher_columbus_ sebastiano_del_piombo_sebastiano_luciani/ objectview.aspx?page=1&sort=6&sortdir=asc&key word=Piombo&fp=1&dd1=11&dd2=0&vw=0&collID =11&OID=110002098&vT=1&hi=0&ov=0 16 NUTMEG 20140507 15.30 Brocken Inaglory http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nutmeg_Zanz41. JPG 17 FRANKENSTEIN 20140507 16.05 A promotional photo of Boris Karloff as Frankenstein's monster, using Jack Pierce's makeup design, Universal Studios http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Frankenstein%27s_ monster_%28Boris_Karloff%29.jpg LIST OF ILLUSTRATION SOURCES
  93. 93. 17 TAMBORA MOUNTAIN 20140508 17.03 Jialiang Gao (peace- on-earth.org) http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Caldera_Mt_ Tambora_Sumbawa_Indonesia.jpg 18 THOMAS JEFFERSON 20140508 12.14 Rembrandt Peale (1778-1860) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_ Jefferson_by_Rembrandt_Peale_1805_cropped.jpg 18 NAPOLEON 20140508 12.14 The York Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD- ROM, 2002. ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Jacques- Louis_David_017.jpg 18 DRAISINE 20140508 11.34 Wilhelm Siegrist (1797-1843) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Draisine1817.jpg 18 SUMBAWA THOPOGRAPY 20140508 11.59 Sadalmelik http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sumbawa_ Topography.png 19 GUNUNG KRAKATAU 20140509 14.27 Lithograph: Parker & Coward, Britain; Original uploader was Twinsday at en.wikipedia http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Krakatoa_ eruption_lithograph.jpg 20 WEDHUS GEMBEL 20140508, 11.22 A. Lesto P. Kusumo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Merapi_ pyroclastic_flows.jpg 23 DANAU TOBA Barry Kusuma http://indonesia.travel/en/destination/48/the- incredible-lake-toba/article/27/lake-toba-history-of- a-volcanic-mega-explosion-and-its-legend 25 TROWULAN TEMPLE 20140507 17.05 Gunawan Kartapranata http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bajang_Ratu_ Gate_Trowulan.jpg 28 AUSTRALIA CONTINENT ILLUSTRATION 20140508 16.50 Hans Braxmeier http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Reliefmap_of_ Australia.png 31 INDONESIAN HERBS 20140509 17:50 heydrienne http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/0/03/Spices_22078028.jpg 33 PURWACENG 20140508 16.30 Ministry of Agriculture http://perkebunan.litbang.deptan.go.id/wp-content/ uploads/2013/12/perkebunan_PurwocengPipru-05. jpg 34 PASAK BUMI 20140508 17.29 Hutan Lindung Sungai Wain http://sungaiwain.org/wp-content/ uploads/2012/10/pasak-bumi.jpg 34 MADURESE CONCOCTION 20140508 11.03 Miansari66 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Garam_Masala. JPG
  94. 94. 35 A GLASS OF COFFEE 20140508 12.46 Indonesia.travel http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/IMG_1293%20Kopi%20O,%20 Warung%20Kopi%20Legendaris%20Tung%20Tau. JPG 35 LUWAK 20140508 08.58 Leendertz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Luwak-Katze_in_ Kepahiang.jpg?setlang=id 35 LUWAK COFFEE 20140508 12.55 HaztechGuy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Indonesian_ farmer_shows_coffee_beans_already_digested_ by_Asian_Palm_Civet,_but_before_cleaning_and_ roasting.jpg 37 PEPPER 20131014 15.52 http://ditjenbun.deptan.go.id/tanregar/berita- 226-meningkatkan-kemitraan-dan-penguatan- kelembagaan-untuk-mensejahterakanpetani--lada. html 37 TEA 20131014 13.11 http://balittri.litbang.deptan.go.id/eng/index.php/ component/content/article/26-news/42-the-four- different-types-of-tea 37 JATROPHA CURCAS 20131014 12.11 http://cybex.deptan.go.id/category/bidang/ perkebunan/tanaman-tahunan/jarak-pagar 37 CLOVE 20131014 18.45 deptan.go.id 37 CASHEW 20131014 14.25 http://perkebunan.litbang.deptan.go.id/?p=4360 37 SUGAR-CANE 20131014 04.31 http://perkebunan.litbang.deptan.go.id/?page_ id=3755 37 COTTON 20131014 18.55 http://ditjenbun.deptan.go.id/perlindungan/berita- 189-musim-hujan-datang--penyakit-antraknosa- dan-bercak-daun-kapasmengancam.html 37 TOBACCO 20130514 05.59 http://cybex.deptan.go.id/lokalita/pelatihan- budidaya-tembakau-ram-0 37 SUNAN PECAN 20130514 15.41 http://cybex.deptan.go.id/penyuluhan/pembukaan- lahan-dan-penanaman-kemiri-sunan 37 PATCHOULI 20131014 19.55 http://ditjenbun.deptan.go.id/perlindungan/berita- 194-layu-bakteri-yang-merugikan-tanaman-nilam. html 39 RAFFLESIA ARNOLDI Kemparekraf 39 ORCHID Kemparekraf 41 KOMODO Kemparekraf 43 LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLE Fiqman Sunandar ANTARA FOTO
  95. 95. 43 LEATHERBACK SEA TURTLE ANTARA FOTO 44 COELACANTH 20140508 12.08 Qwertzy2 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/ ff/Latimeria_menadoensis.jpg --- http://opencage. info/pics/Latimeria_menadoensis.asp disclaimer: to share & to remix per 07052014 44 AROWANA 201405 09.13 Marcel Burkhard alias cele4 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ b4/Arowana.jpg 45 TARSIUS PRIMATE 20131014 19.55 http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkas:Tarsius_tarsier_ Tandurusa_zoo.JPG 45 SUNBEAR 20140508 18.21 Ryan Poplin http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ a0/Sun_Bear_7.jpg wikimedia commons. Disclaimer: to share and to remix 46 BUTTERFLY Yusran Uccang ANTARA FOTO 46 JAVAN RHINOCERUS 20140508 13.15 http://www. rhinoconservation.org http://indonesia.travel/en/news/detail/778/ sumatran-baby-rhino-expected-to-be-born-in-the- way-kambas-national-park 46 JAVAN RHINOCERUS 20140508 17.14 http://ppid.dephut.go.id/photos/news/ratubadak1. jpg 46 BIRD OF PARADISE 20140508 18.12 Herry Wijayanto http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/cendrawasih%20by%20herry%20 wijanto.jpg 47 GARUDA CONTINGENT Istimewa Penerangan Konga XXIII-H dan G/UNIFIL 47 SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO UN Istimewa Ani Yudhoyono 48 SOEKARNO Setkab 48 SOEHARTO Setkab 48 ABDURAHMAN WAHID Setkab 48 MEGAWATI Setkab 49 JAVAHARLAL NEHRU Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-61849-0001 / CC-BY-SA http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/d/d7/Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-61849- 0001%2C_Indien%2C_Otto_Grotewohl_bei_ Ministerpr%C3%A4sident_Nehru_cropped.jpg 53 BENGAWAN SOLO RIVER 20131014 19.55 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bengawan_ Solo_in_Solo.JPG 54 BENGAWAN SOLO PAINTING 20101014 19.55 Abraham Salm (Schilder) Nederlands: Litho. Litho naar een oorspronkelijk schilderij van A. Salm.. De rivier de Solo Link: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ c1/COLLECTIE_TROPENMUSEUM_De_rivier_de_ Solo_TMnr_3728-417.jpg
  96. 96. 55 EIFFEL TOWER 20140508 16.10 Brian Bibbets http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/ da/MG_8998.jpg Free License 55 CANADIAN FLAG 20131014 19.55 http://www.pch.gc.ca/ eng/1363356053583/1363342021822 55 GAMELAN Tony Kemparekraf 56 KARINDING Agus Bebeng ANTARA FOTO 56 ANGKLUNG Marshal Kemparekraf 56 SASANDO Bambang Widjanarko Kemparekraf 56 KOLINTANG Jessica Helena Wuysang ANTARA FOTO 57 PENCAK SILAT 20140506 16.05 Maril Gafur http://download.antarafoto.com/search-result/ dom-1399265701 59 CIMANDE VILLAGE http://www.disparbud.jabarprov.go.id/wisata/ fimages/Kampung_Pulo.JPG 60 PADEPOKAN PENCAK SILAT 20140508 12.05 Gunawan Kartapranata http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ be/Padepokan_Pencak_Silat_Gate.jpg 60 PENCAK SILAT COMPETITION www.kemlu.go.id/brussels/picture/pencak.jpg 60 POSTER THE RAID 20140507 16.15 http://www.indonesia.travel/id/news/detail/681/ memajukan-film-indonesia 61 STONE JUMPING NIAS 20140508 14.12 Fanny Octavianus http://www.antarafoto.com/peristiwa/ v1252159004/lompat-batu 62 REOG 20140508 12.56 Sapto Budiarso http://www.indonesia.travel/en/news/detail/723/ tall-ship-dewaruci-reaches-miami-harbor-u-s-a- rendezvous-with-indonesian-community 63 ANI YUDHOYONO 20140508 13.30 Anung http://www.presidenri.go.id/ibunegara/index.php/ galeri/album/thumb/detail/129/602/ 63 NELSON MANDELA 20140508 12.41 South Africa the Good News http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/1/14/Nelson_Mandela- 2008_%28edit%29.jpg 64 WOVEN FABRIC 20140508 08.39 Kemparekraf 65 KOTEKA 20140508 19.56 http://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koteka#mediaviewer/ Plik:Koteka.jpg 65 PUNCAK JAYA ( PIRAMID CARTENZ) 20140508 12.26 http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/501/ carstensz-pyramid 66 BADUI TRIBE 20140507 10.31 Hafidzh Mubarak http://www.antaranews.com/berita/409154/warga- baduy-inspirasikan-praktik-kearifan-lokal
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  98. 98. 73 CETHO TEMPLE 20140507 11.44 Kembangraps http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/8/8c/Ceto_tampak_depan.jpg (By: Kembangraps) 73 MUARO JAMBI TEMPLE http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/_MG_2201%20Candi%20Gedong%20 II.jpg 74 SAMBISARI TEMPLE 20140507 10.27 Crisco 1492 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/5/53/Sambisari_Panorama_%2829_ December_2013%29.jpg (By: Crisco 1492) 74 ROTTERDAM FORT http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/fort%20rotterdam3.jpg 75 GEDUNG SATE http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/1_bandung_gedungsate.jpg 75 KRATON NGAYOGYAKARTA HADININGRAT http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/Keraton%20Yogya%202.jpg 76 LUBANG JEPANG http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/Lampu%20menerangi%20Lobang%20 Jepang%20Bukittinggi.jpg 76 LAWANG SEWU http://indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/lawangsewu2.jpg 76 NGABEN Agus Kustiwa 77 CEMETERY IN TRUNYAN 20140508 18.43 Yusuf IJsseldijk http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/7/71/Human_skulls%2C_Trunyan%2C_ Lake_Batur%2C_Bali.jpg 77 CEMETARY OF DAYAK BENUAQ 20140508 19.47 Tropenmuseum http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/4/41/COLLECTIE_ TROPENMUSEUM_Een_Benua_Dajak_ kamponghoofd_%28petinggi%29_van_Tanjongjan_ Borneo_TMnr_10001683.jpg 78 BATU LEMO, TANA TORAJA 20140508 15.33 http://www.indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/Toraja-07.jpg 78 ASMAT TRIBE MUMMIFICATION 20140508 12.41 http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/471/the- wamena-highlands 78 Batu Lemo-Tana Toraja 20140508 15.33   http://www.indonesia.travel/public/media/images/ upload/poi/Toraja-07.jpg 78 Mumi Suku Asmat 20140508 12.41   http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/471/the- wamena-highlands

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