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“Tobacco’s older than the gummint itself!”
Jamestown, Va. (1607)
Jamestown, Va. (1607)
England’s Slow Start
Why?
Why?
Why?THE SPANISH ARMADA
(1588: RIP)
problem of finance
joint-stock company
London	Co.	or	Virginia	Co.
Plans for Virginia
“The chief Design of all Parties
concern’d was to fetch away
the Treasure from thence,
aiming more at sudden Gain
than to ...
trading posts
trading posts
Indians, Settlers, Women?
mining
mining
citrus fruits
citrus fruits
“The Stinking Weed”
80%
“The Starving Time”
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
Sir Thomas Dale
(1610s)
martial law
Sir Edwin Sandys
(1618-19)
“headright” system
indentured servants
families
"one hundredth and fiftie [pounds]
of the best leafe Tobacco".
colonial assembly (1619)
House of Burgesses (1619)
Indian Relations
Massacre of 1622
dissolved
royal colony
Slavery
1619
1670
1619
1619
treatment?
Interpretation #1
indentured servants
Interpretation #2
Interpretation #2
1625 Muster
Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of
Arrival
Muster
Date
Notes
Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of
Arrival
Muster
Date
Notes
servant
servant
servant
servant
“By the time of Portuguese
colonization of South
America, the term “negro”
[negros da terra] had become
almost synonymous ...
1670 law?
October 1670 - ACT XII.
What tyme Indians to serve.
“WHEREAS some dispute have arisen
whither Indians taken in warr by any...
October 1670 - ACT XII.
What time Indians to serve.
“WHEREAS some disputes have arisen
whether Indians taken in war by any...
It is resolved and enacted that all
servants not being christians imported
into this colony by shipping shall be
slaves fo...
It is resolved and enacted that all
servants not being Christians imported
into this colony by shipping shall be
slaves fo...
Conclusions
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
Virginia: Founding of Jamestown
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Virginia: Founding of Jamestown

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Virginia: Founding of Jamestown

  1. 1. “Tobacco’s older than the gummint itself!”
  2. 2. Jamestown, Va. (1607)
  3. 3. Jamestown, Va. (1607)
  4. 4. England’s Slow Start
  5. 5. Why?
  6. 6. Why?
  7. 7. Why?THE SPANISH ARMADA (1588: RIP)
  8. 8. problem of finance
  9. 9. joint-stock company London Co. or Virginia Co.
  10. 10. Plans for Virginia
  11. 11. “The chief Design of all Parties concern’d was to fetch away the Treasure from thence, aiming more at sudden Gain than to form any regular Colony.” – Robert Beverly, 1705
  12. 12. trading posts
  13. 13. trading posts
  14. 14. Indians, Settlers, Women?
  15. 15. mining
  16. 16. mining
  17. 17. citrus fruits
  18. 18. citrus fruits
  19. 19. “The Stinking Weed”
  20. 20. 80%
  21. 21. “The Starving Time”
  22. 22. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  23. 23. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  24. 24. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  25. 25. Sir Thomas Dale (1610s)
  26. 26. martial law
  27. 27. Sir Edwin Sandys (1618-19)
  28. 28. “headright” system
  29. 29. indentured servants
  30. 30. families
  31. 31. "one hundredth and fiftie [pounds] of the best leafe Tobacco".
  32. 32. colonial assembly (1619)
  33. 33. House of Burgesses (1619)
  34. 34. Indian Relations
  35. 35. Massacre of 1622
  36. 36. dissolved
  37. 37. royal colony
  38. 38. Slavery
  39. 39. 1619
  40. 40. 1670
  41. 41. 1619
  42. 42. 1619
  43. 43. treatment?
  44. 44. Interpretation #1
  45. 45. indentured servants
  46. 46. Interpretation #2
  47. 47. Interpretation #2
  48. 48. 1625 Muster
  49. 49. Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of Arrival Muster Date Notes
  50. 50. Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of Arrival Muster Date Notes servant servant servant servant
  51. 51. “By the time of Portuguese colonization of South America, the term “negro” [negros da terra] had become almost synonymous with “slave” in the Portuguese language” (13) -- Nishida, Slavery and Identity
  52. 52. 1670 law?
  53. 53. October 1670 - ACT XII. What tyme Indians to serve. “WHEREAS some dispute have arisen whither Indians taken in warr by any other nation, and by that nation that taketh them sold to the English, are sevants for life or terme of yeares,
  54. 54. October 1670 - ACT XII. What time Indians to serve. “WHEREAS some disputes have arisen whether Indians taken in war by any other nation, and by that nation that took them sold to the English, are servants for life or term of years,
  55. 55. It is resolved and enacted that all servants not being christians imported into this colony by shipping shall be slaves for their lives; but what shall come by land shall serve, if boyes or girles, untill thirty yeares of age, if men or women twelve yeares and no longer.”
  56. 56. It is resolved and enacted that all servants not being Christians imported into this colony by shipping shall be slaves for their lives; but [who] shall come by land shall serve, if boys or girls, until thirty years of age, if men or women twelve years and no longer.”
  57. 57. Conclusions

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