“Tobacco’s older than the gummint itself!”
Jamestown, Va. (1607)
Kentucky, 1792
Jamestown, Va. (1607)
England’s Slow Start
Why?
Why?
Why?THE SPANISH ARMADA
(1588: RIP)
problem of finance
joint-stock company
!"#$"#%&"'%"(%)*(+*#*,%&"'%
Plans for Virginia
“The chief Design of all Parties
concern’d was to fetch away
the Treasure from thence,
aiming more at sudden Gain
than to ...
trading posts
trading posts
Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
mining
mining
mining
citrus fruits
citrus fruits
citrus fruits
“The Stinking Weed”
80%
80%
“The Starving Time”
“thatt notheinge was Spared to
mainteyne Lyfe and to doe those
things which seame incredible, as to
digge upp deade corpes...
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
“that nothing was Spared
to maintain Life and to do those
things which seem incredible, as to
dig up dead corpses out of g...
Sir Thomas Dale
(1610s)
martial law
Sir Edwin Sandys
(1618-19)
“headright” system
“headright” system
indentured servants
families
“one hundredth and fiftie [pounds]
of the best leafe Tobacco”.
colonial assembly (1619)
House of Burgesses (1619)
Indian Relations
Massacre of 1622
dissolved
royal colony
Slavery
1619
1670
1619
1619
“20. and odd Negroes”
treatment?
Interpretation #1
indentured servants
December, 1662
“Whereas some doubts have arisen
whether children got by any Englishman
upon a Negro woman should be slave ...
December, 1662
“Whereas some doubts have arisen
whether children got by any Englishman
upon a Negro woman should be slave ...
Interpretation #2
Interpretation #2
1625 Muster
Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of
Arrival
Muster
Date
Notes
servant
servant
servant
servant
“Indentured servitude, appears from both
positive evidence (much higher
evaluations in wills and inventories and
anonymous...
“Indentured servitude, appears from both
positive evidence (much higher
evaluations in wills and inventories and
anonymous...
Conclusions
Predictions?
-,."#/0%123244*"#%
!"#$%#&'()*+$,+)-#$
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
Virginia and Kentucky
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Virginia and Kentucky

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An introduction to Robert Schenkkan's The Kentucky Cycle for American Studies.

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Virginia and Kentucky

  1. 1. “Tobacco’s older than the gummint itself!”
  2. 2. Jamestown, Va. (1607)
  3. 3. Kentucky, 1792
  4. 4. Jamestown, Va. (1607)
  5. 5. England’s Slow Start
  6. 6. Why?
  7. 7. Why?
  8. 8. Why?THE SPANISH ARMADA (1588: RIP)
  9. 9. problem of finance
  10. 10. joint-stock company !"#$"#%&"'%"(%)*(+*#*,%&"'%
  11. 11. Plans for Virginia
  12. 12. “The chief Design of all Parties concern’d was to fetch away the Treasure from thence, aiming more at sudden Gain than to form any regular Colony.” – Robert Beverly, 1705
  13. 13. trading posts
  14. 14. trading posts
  15. 15. Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
  16. 16. Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
  17. 17. Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
  18. 18. Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
  19. 19. Indians, Settlers, Women, Slaves?
  20. 20. mining
  21. 21. mining
  22. 22. mining
  23. 23. citrus fruits
  24. 24. citrus fruits
  25. 25. citrus fruits
  26. 26. “The Stinking Weed”
  27. 27. 80%
  28. 28. 80%
  29. 29. “The Starving Time”
  30. 30. “thatt notheinge was Spared to mainteyne Lyfe and to doe those things which seame incredible, as to digge upp deade corpes outt of graves and to eate them. And some have Licked upp the Bloode which hathe fallen from their weake fellowes.”
  31. 31. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  32. 32. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  33. 33. “that nothing was Spared to maintain Life and to do those things which seem incredible, as to dig up dead corpses out of graves and to eat them. And some have Licked up the Blood which had fallen from their weak fellows.”
  34. 34. Sir Thomas Dale (1610s)
  35. 35. martial law
  36. 36. Sir Edwin Sandys (1618-19)
  37. 37. “headright” system
  38. 38. “headright” system
  39. 39. indentured servants
  40. 40. families
  41. 41. “one hundredth and fiftie [pounds] of the best leafe Tobacco”.
  42. 42. colonial assembly (1619)
  43. 43. House of Burgesses (1619)
  44. 44. Indian Relations
  45. 45. Massacre of 1622
  46. 46. dissolved
  47. 47. royal colony
  48. 48. Slavery
  49. 49. 1619
  50. 50. 1670
  51. 51. 1619
  52. 52. 1619
  53. 53. “20. and odd Negroes”
  54. 54. treatment?
  55. 55. Interpretation #1
  56. 56. indentured servants
  57. 57. December, 1662 “Whereas some doubts have arisen whether children got by any Englishman upon a Negro woman should be slave or free, be it therefore enacted and declared by this present Grand Assembly, that all children born in this country shall be held bond or free only according to the condition of the mother…”
  58. 58. December, 1662 “Whereas some doubts have arisen whether children got by any Englishman upon a Negro woman should be slave or free, be it therefore enacted and declared by this present Grand Assembly, that all children born in this country shall be held bond or free only according to the condition of the mother…”
  59. 59. Interpretation #2
  60. 60. Interpretation #2
  61. 61. 1625 Muster
  62. 62. Name Muster Status Location Corporation Age Ship Date of Arrival Muster Date Notes servant servant servant servant
  63. 63. “Indentured servitude, appears from both positive evidence (much higher evaluations in wills and inventories and anonymous entries in censuses) and negative evidence (absence of contracts and unrecorded ages or dates of arrival) to have been an unlikely status for most of Virginia’s blacks” (157). – Alden T. Vaughan
  64. 64. “Indentured servitude, appears from both positive evidence (much higher evaluations in wills and inventories and anonymous entries in censuses) and negative evidence (absence of contracts and unrecorded ages or dates of arrival) to have been an unlikely status for most of Virginia’s blacks” (157). – Alden T. Vaughan
  65. 65. Conclusions
  66. 66. Predictions? -,."#/0%123244*"#% !"#$%#&'()*+$,+)-#$

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