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Mass Incarceration

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References Michelle Alexander's book, The New Jim Crow, Pfaff's Locked In, the Marshall Project, Vox, Common Justice, Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE), and more.

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Mass Incarceration

  1. 1. MASS INCARCERATION
  2. 2. What is The “Old” Jim Crow?
  3. 3. What is The New Jim Crow?
  4. 4. Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The New Jim Crow?
  5. 5. 2012
  6. 6. Michelle Alexander at Northwestern University
  7. 7. 762 531 323 153 119 63 58 USA Cuba Ukraine England China Japan Syria Prisoners per 100,000 citizens
  8. 8. 1970 - 2000
  9. 9. Why?
  10. 10. The War on Drugs
  11. 11. The War on Drugs October, 1982
  12. 12. The War on Drugs September, 1989
  13. 13. 759 7965 457 825 98,082 12,423 5785 20,483 1545 80 7477 13,427 32,088 A B C D E F G H I J K L M Federal Bureau of Prisons - OFFENSES
  14. 14. DRUGS IMMIGRATION WEAPONS A B C D E F G H I J K L M Federal Bureau of Prisons - OFFENSES
  15. 15. The War on Drugs
  16. 16. “White Girl to be Tried as a Black Man” (The Onion)
  17. 17. Who’s the target? What’s the “low-hanging fruit”?
  18. 18. 45% of non-whites are frisked when pulled over compared to only 29% of whites, even though whites are 70% more likely to carry a weapon. (NY Times)
  19. 19. Whites are 2.5 times less likely to have their car searched when pulled over than non-whites. (IDOT)
  20. 20. Who’s Behind Bars? White men, ages 18 or older
  21. 21. Who’s Behind Bars? White men, ages 18 or older 1 in 106
  22. 22. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 18 or older
  23. 23. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 18 or older 1 in 15
  24. 24. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 20 to 34
  25. 25. Who’s Behind Bars? African-American men, ages 20 to 34 1 in 9
  26. 26. MYTH: Nearly half of all US prisoners are incarcerated for drug offenses. FACT: the most common offenses are violent crimes (like murder, assault, and robbery), which nearly 40 percent of the prison population is in for.
  27. 27. Danielle Sered
  28. 28. The Core Drivers of VIOLENCE: 1) Shame 2) Isolation 3) Exposure to violence 4) Inability to meet one’s economic needs Danielle Sered
  29. 29. The Core Features of PRISON: 1) Shame 2) Isolation 3) Exposure to violence 4) Inability to meet one’s economic needs Danielle Sered
  30. 30. “And so we’ve baked into our central response to violence exactly the things that generate it.” Danielle Sered
  31. 31. What’s your ACE score? ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES
  32. 32. As the number of ACEs increases, so does the RISK for the following: (Risk for) intimate partner violence Multiple sexual partners Alcoholism and alcohol abuse Sexually transmitted diseases Chronic pulmonary disease Smoking Depression Suicide attempts Fetal death Unintended pregnancies Health-related quality of life Early initiation of smoking Illicit drug use Early initiation of sexual activity Ischemic heart disease Adolescent pregnancy Liver disease (Risk for) sexual violence Poor work performance Poor academic achievement Financial stress
  33. 33. Frontline / 7:50
  34. 34. #cut50 movement
  35. 35. #cut50 activity
  36. 36. Opportunity costs
  37. 37. “The Beast” / 2:02
  38. 38. “All people make mistakes. All of us are sinners. All of us are criminals. All of us violate the law at some point in our lives. In fact, if the worst thing you have ever done is speed ten miles over the speed limit on the freeway, you have put yourself and others at more risk of harm than someone smoking marijuana in the privacy of his or her living room. Yet there are people in the United States serving life sentences for first-time drug offenses, something virtually unheard of anywhere else in the world.”

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