A Nation at War

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Northern vs. Southern advantages. Why did the North win?

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A Nation at War

  1. 1. A Nation at War
  2. 2. Why did the North win?
  3. 3. NORTHERN ADVANTAGES?
  4. 4. population
  5. 5. industry
  6. 6. transportation
  7. 7. navy
  8. 8. SOUTHERN ADVANTAGES?
  9. 9. A defensive war
  10. 10. better generals
  11. 11. Robert E. Lee & “Stonewall” Jackson
  12. 12. versus
  13. 13. Gen. George B. McClellan
  14. 14. Gen. George B. McClellan “nothing more than a well-meaning baboon”, a “gorilla”, and “ever unworthy of...his high position.”
  15. 15. “If General McClellan does not want to use the army, I would like to borrow it for a time.”
  16. 16. Ulysses S. Grant & William T. Sherman
  17. 17. CONCRETE OBJECTIVES
  18. 18. vs. IDEALS
  19. 19. “Union”
  20. 20. “anti-Slavery”
  21. 21. united & determined
  22. 22. 20%
  23. 23. FOREIGN OPINION
  24. 24. N S
  25. 25. OPPOSITION TO LINCOLN
  26. 26. “Copperheads” (Peace Democrats)
  27. 27. Clement Vallandigham “Peace Democrat”
  28. 28. GENERAL ORDER #38 “The habit of declaring sympathy for the enemy will not be allowed in this department. Persons committing such offenses will be at once arrested with a view of being tried. . .or sent beyond our lines into the lines of their friends. It must be understood that treason, expressed or implied, will not be tolerated in this department.”
  29. 29. Election of 1864
  30. 30. 45%
  31. 31. Why did the North win?
  32. 32. NEUTRAL
  33. 33. (1) South
  34. 34. European WC
  35. 35. 1862 1863
  36. 36. “[A]ll persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free…”
  37. 37. Trent Affair
  38. 38. PIVOTAL BATTLES
  39. 39. Bull Run, 1861; VA
  40. 40. Antietam, 1862; MD
  41. 41. Gettysburg, 1863; PA
  42. 42. population
  43. 43. war of attrition

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