Aca research study into road freight transport support for new emission standards january 2013 (1)
Report into the support ofnew emissions standards within the Road Freight Transport sector Prepared by: ACA Research
Background In December 2012, ACA Research undertook a study among decision makers in the Australian Road Freight Transport sector to ascertain what level of support exists for adopting new emission standards. The following details were provided; “I would like to understand your view in regard to emissions standards and the proposal for Australia to adopt more stringent standards in line with new international standards that have been adopted. If adopted, the Euro 6 standards would reduce the maximum allowable emissions from new vehicles of Oxides of nitrogen by up to 80% and particulates by up to 66% relative to Euro 5”. The question was then asked; “Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards?” “What are the main reasons you support or oppose the introduction of the new emissions standards?”2
Stance on new emissions standards Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards? Support for the Favour introduction of the new 33% emission standards is somewhat weak. Further details concerning Neutral 31% costs and the impact of the standards may impact the stance of one third in the sector who have a neutral position. Oppose 36% n = 2053 Q1. Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards?
Stance on new emissions standards by Fleet Size Support by Number of Trucks Operated Oppose Neutral Favour Smaller operators are 46% 47% more resistant to 41% 39% 43% the introduction 33% of new emission 27% 27% 28% 29% standards 20% 20% possibly as a reflection of a lower capacity to absorb or pass 1-2 3-5 6-25 More on the expected than 25 costs. Larger operators are more likely to support new emission standards to be introduced. n = 2054 Q1. Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards?
Stance on new emissions standards by State Support by State Oppose Neutral Favour 41% 42% 42% 38% 37% 38% 34% 32% 32% 31% 31% 28% 27% 27% 19% NSW VIC QLD SA WA Across all States, support for the new emission standards are fairly consistent. Operators based in NSW are less likely to oppose the introduction. n = 2055 Q1. Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards?
Stance on new emissions standards by Purchase Intention Purchase intent for the next 12 months Favour 32% 28% Do not intend to purchase Neutral 31% 34% 40% Oppose 34% 41% Articulated Rigid Intend to purchase 60% Operators who intend to 33% 24% purchase 38% 48% 38% 54% more than 5 26% 33% new 34% 28% 38% articulated 25% 43% trucks are 41% 28% 24% 21% 24% greater supporters of Articulated Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated Rigid the new 1 truck 2-5 trucks More than 5 trucks emission standards. n = 2056 Q1. Do you support the introduction of the new emissions standards?
Reasons for stance on the new emissions standards Reasons to Support Reasons for being Neutral Reasons to Oppose Support reducing impact 84% Expense to operator 46% Expense to operator 63% on the environment Uncertainty Impact on around impact 27% 10% Information gap 31% performance of new emission standards Fuel economy 18% Improve fuel Reservations about 6% 30% efficiency emission standards Sceptical about environmental 11% concerns Should apply to Impact on performance 8% 3% Sceptical about all vehicles effectivness of new 11% standards Support reducing impact Expense to 2% 2% on the environment Current standards are operator 14% sufficient7 Q2 (n=68), Q3 (n=73), Q4 (n=63) What are the main reasons you support / oppose / support nor oppose the introduction of the new emissions standards?
In their own words Reasons to Support Reasons for being Neutral Reasons to Oppose “Im concerned about air “There are reasons for and “The truck manufacturers pollution and its effect on the cannot keep up with the against. I don’t know how environment. Ive seen the changes that leads to a shorter much it will achieve and benefits of Adblue such as engine life and a higher cost to how much it will cost.” better fuel economy.” transport.” “The extra technology is “Something has to be done to “I dont know enough always subject to extra reduce these emissions to allow information about the new cost, in addition, does it us all to lead healthier emissions standards. I also really work by reducing lifestyles.” question the reliability of the strength of carbon information I hear about this emissions.” topic.” “We have to consider the environment that we are in and if “ I think Euro 5 is a we continue like this future disaster, it makes everything generations of children will suffer. “I am concerned about the more expensive and higher There will be additional costs but effects on reliability and fuel consumption which we will have to wear this” additional maintenance again costs more.” costs.” “Less emissions means less fuel use. I “It would increase fuel consumption think it is good that everyone in the “I was quite in favour, but because of high operating industry should clean their act and get now that it seems like we temperatures, engine equipment that uses less fuel and will receive no wear, complications for servicing produces less emissions. The newer compensation, my stance and more chances for problems. the truck, the more efficient it is.” has moved to the middle.” Greener not really leaner.”8
Sample profile Telephone interviews took place between in November, 2012, among 205 fleet managers and decision makers from road freight transport companies. State Fleet Size NSW 30% 1-2 27% VIC 25% 3-5 21% QLD 20% 6-10 20% SA 13% WA 13% 11-25 17% Total Kilometres Travelled Per Year Primary Freight Movement Local service Intrastate (100km+ Less than 200,000 25% (less than 100 KM) principally within 35% one state) 200,000 - 999,999 38% 35% 1 million + 38% Interstate (regularly crossing state borders) 30%10 n= 205
About ACA Research ACA Research is a full service market research consultancy with expertise in customised research and multi-client studies. Established in 1993, with offices in Sydney and Singapore, we conduct studies throughout Australia, New Zealand and Asia. Through our high level of business and research experience, industry expertise and focus on high quality outputs, we effectively support business thought leaders in their decision-making. Our core value proposition is supported through our values of: • Integrity in business and the research process • Enthusiasm in everything we do • Team member growth and development • Effective and meaningful client relationships • Participative and communicative work environment • Positive creative abrasion The ACA Research executive team are full members of the AMSRS (Australian Market & Social Research Society).11
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