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Storage And Transportation Of Art Objects


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Lecture on Art Storage and Transportation for ENGI/HUMA 240: Engineering for Art Conservation

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Storage And Transportation Of Art Objects

  1. 1. Storage and Transportation of Art Objects<br />ENGI/HUMA 240<br />Matthew Wettergreen, PhD<br />
  2. 2. Lifetime of the Art Object<br />Condition<br />Report<br />Transportation <br />(inside museum)<br />Transportation <br />(outside museum)<br />Accession<br />Storage<br />
  3. 3. Accession / Condition Report<br />
  4. 4. Condition Report<br />Falls under the Registrar<br />Report of the condition of the art object<br />Includes drawing of the object with noted abnormalities<br />Written description of damage or aging<br />Often includes imaging data<br />
  5. 5. Transportation (inside museum)<br />
  6. 6. Transportation (inside museum)<br />Uses art handling best practices<br />“Low” risk<br />Applies individual museum’s standard guidelines<br />
  7. 7. Storage<br />
  8. 8. Storage<br />“The basic principle of art storage is to keep the object in a physically secure environment but yet permit ready access for inspection”<br />Why is this needed?<br />Museum collections grow ~1.5% per year<br />Less than 10% of most collections are shown<br />
  9. 9. What does Storage do for your Museum?<br />Organizes space efficiently<br />Facilitates access to collections<br />Provides physical support <br />Provides environmental protection<br />Encourages logical organization<br />Reinforces good handling practices<br />
  10. 10. Issues with Non-Dedicated Storage<br />Crowded hallways<br />Carelessness<br />Environmental issues<br />Accidents<br />Heavy traffic<br />Empty packing crates<br />
  11. 11. Storage Planning<br />Begins with organizational requirements<br />Dependent upon size, value, composition, physical needs of art objects<br />Factors in size and nature of storage space<br />Requires decision of nature and frequency of collection usage<br />Dependent upon institution’s budget<br />1985, per year cost per object was $65<br />Optimally separate from normal traffic<br />
  12. 12. Guidelines for Storage Selection<br />Avoid false economies<br />Stable, non-reactive materials<br />Focus on modularity<br />Object requirements dictate storage choice<br />Elevate objects<br />Segregation of storage from normal usage<br />Weight, size, sensitivity<br />
  13. 13. Types of Storage<br />Open Storage<br />Closed Storage<br />Shelving<br />Vertical racks<br />Dollies<br />Pallets<br />Lockers<br />Cabinets<br />
  14. 14. Open Storage<br />Designed for objects too heavy for cabinets<br />Designed for objects too large for cabinets<br />Objects are highly visible and accessible<br />Offers zero environmental control<br />Materials<br />Wood: pallets<br />Steel: shelving<br />Aluminum: Racks<br />
  15. 15. Shelving<br />Designed for objects to large or heavy for cabinets<br />Coverings<br />Covered with plastic<br />Placed behind waterproof/dustproof curtains<br />Design<br />Uprights and horizontals<br />Baked on enamel<br />Constructed of nuts and bolts<br />Can be cantilevered<br />Advantages<br />Flexible construction<br />Varied widths<br />
  16. 16. Vertical Racks<br />Traditionally for paintings<br />Pull out racks<br />Space efficient<br />Design<br />rigid metal frame supporting a grill<br />objects are suspended on the grill<br />Advantages<br />high visibility<br />mobile racks are space efficient<br />Disadvantages<br />weight support for heavy objects<br />improper securing can result in warped objects<br />
  17. 17. Pallets /Dollies<br />Perfect for large objects<br />Boats, skulls<br />Minerals, fossils<br />Design<br />Wood or metal<br />May include casters<br />Advantages<br />cushioning from shock, vibration, abrasion<br />may be covered with a tarp<br />Disadvantages<br />Space inefficient<br />
  18. 18. Closed Storage<br />Designed for smaller objects<br />Offers environmental protection<br />Offers additional accident protection<br />Greater degree of control<br />
  19. 19. Cabinets<br />Provide the greatest protection from all manners of risks<br />Solidly constructed, gasketed, metal case<br />lockable = high security<br />solid doors = light exclusion<br />Solid construction = minimize water leaks and flooding<br />Well sealed = buffers contents<br />humidity<br />temperature<br />pests<br />particulates<br />gaseous pollutants<br />Design<br />steel with 11-16 gauge frame with 18-20 gauge skin<br />powder coated steel<br />white coating is best for temperature and display of dust<br />available in multiple sizes, depths and drawer heights<br />
  20. 20. Cabinets (continued)<br />Versatile options:<br />rollout shelves, drawers, flat trays, screens, slide-out surfaces, desiccant drawers, metal rods for tubes, bars for hanging<br />may be configured for entomology or botany<br />Gasket Design<br />poly(dymethylsiloxane), PDMS<br />poly(diphenylsiloxane), PDPS<br />ethylene vinyl acetate (closed cell), EVA<br />ethylene propylene diene monomer, EPDM<br />
  21. 21. Mobile Storage<br />Combination of open/closed<br />Augments existing storage solution<br />Highest space efficiency<br />Requires weight calculations for floor limits<br />
  22. 22. Compactors<br />Banks mounted on platforms moving along tracks<br />think of as “moving shelves”<br />Requires weight calculations of floor capacity<br />Propelling system<br />manual<br />assisted manual<br />electrical<br />Cabinets and shelving systems can be mounted onto mobile compactors<br />Lockable = added security<br />
  23. 23. Transportation (outside museum)<br />
  24. 24. Issues with Transportation<br />Vibration<br />Shock<br />Impact<br />Human error<br />Different facilities<br />Accidents <br />
  25. 25. Transportation (outside museum)<br />High risk<br />Involves the use of crates<br />Uses a principle of “most cushioning”<br />Assumes the object will experience vibration, shock, damage<br />Packed for unknown conditions and unknown handlers<br />
  26. 26. Crates<br />Wood frame<br />Individually constructed<br />Built from stock wood and fasteners<br />Inner support structure<br />Sometimes wood<br />Foam<br />Wrapper surrounding object<br />
  27. 27. Crate Design<br />
  28. 28. Anatomy of a Crate<br />
  29. 29. Anatomy of a Crate (2)<br />
  30. 30. Crate Design (3)<br />
  31. 31. Your Semester project:create your own storage system<br />
  32. 32. Picture References<br />Slide 2<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Slide 5<br /><br />Slide 7<br /><br /><br /><br />Slide 14<br /><br /><br /><br />Slide 16<br /><br />Slide 17<br /><br /><br /><br />
  33. 33. Picture References<br />Slide 20<br /><br />Slide 23<br /><br />Slide 25<br /><br />Slide 27, 28<br /><br />Slide 29<br /><br />Slide 30<br /><br />Slide 31<br /><br /><br />