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Analysis of the Innovation Outputs in mHealth for Patient Monitoring

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In the last decade, mobile health (mHealth) has developed as a natural consequence of the advances in mobile technologies, the growing spread of mobile devices, and their application in the provision of novel health services. mHealth has demonstrated the potential to make the health care sector more efficient and sustainable and to increase the healthcare quality. Considering the boost to the healthcare area which will be provided by mHealth, many organizations and governments have engaged in innovating in this area. In this context, this work investigated the role of innovation in the area of mHealth for patient monitoring in order to determine the trends and the performance of the innovation activities in this domain. Proxy indicators, like intellectual property statistics and scientific publication statistics, were utilized to measure the outputs of innovation during the period of time from 2006 to 2015 in Europe. Two studies were performed to provide quantitative measures for the indicators measuring innovation outputs in the domain of mHealth for patient monitoring and three main conclusions were observed. First, even if there was a lot of research in Europe in mHealth for patient monitoring, the vast majority of the enterprises did not protect their inventions. Second, a strong research collaboration in the area of mHealth for patient monitoring took place between researchers affiliated to institu- tions of different European countries and even with researchers working in Asian or American institutions. Finally, an increasing trend on the number of published articles about mHealth for patient monitoring was identified. Therefore, the findings of the studies demonstrated the great interest that has arisen the field of mHealth and the huge involvement in innovation activities in the area of mHealth for patient monitoring.

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Analysis of the Innovation Outputs in mHealth for Patient Monitoring

  1. 1. Analysis of the Innovation Outputs in mHealth for Patient Monitoring C. Villalonga, H. Pomares, O. Baños SUT4Coaching – IUCC16 15/12/2016
  2. 2. 1 Introduction
  3. 3. mHealth … “medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as mobile phones, patient monitoring devices, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and other wireless devices” World Health Organization (2011). mHealth: new horizons for health through mobile technologies: second global survey on eHealth
  4. 4. “… also includes applications such as lifestyle and wellbeing apps that may connect to medical devices or sensors (e.g. bracelets or watches) as well as personal guidance systems, health information and medication reminders provided by sms and telemedicine provided wirelessly” European Commission (2014) . Green Paper on mobile Health
  5. 5. Potential to boost the healthcare sector, making it more efficient and more sustainable, and increasing the healthcare quality.
  6. 6. “Analysis of the trends of innovation in the domain of mHealth for patient monitoring”
  7. 7. Measuring Innovation 2
  8. 8. Innovation indicators: Innovation input - Resources devoted to R&D Innovation output - Intellectual property statistics - Scientific publications statistics Innovation impact - Turnover - Employment OECD and Eurostat (2005). Oslo Manual OECD (2015). Frascati Manual OECD (2015). OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015
  9. 9. Studies: Patents in mHealth Scientific publications in mHealth 1 Scope: European market 2006-2015 (10 years) 2
  10. 10. Patents in mHealth Scope: European market 2006-2015 (10 years)
  11. 11. Data collection from EPO’s database 150 patents about mobile patient monitoring Data processing (manual classification) 54 patents about mHealth for patient monitoring Data analysis Patents in mHealth
  12. 12. Patents in mHealth Trends - 6 inventions monitored glucose level - 5 inventions monitored ECG or heart rate - 12 inventions proposed a method for signaling alerts when the monitored data reached certain conditions Geographical location Evolution Type
  13. 13. Scientific publications in mHealth Scope: European market 2006-2015 (10 years)
  14. 14. Data collection from Scopus’ database Scientific publications in mHealth Data processing (manual classification) Data analysis 366 journal articles and book chapters about mHealth 114 journal articles and book chapters about mHealth for patient monitoring
  15. 15. Trends - 17 publications monitoring ECG or heart rate - 12 publications monitoring the glucose level - 11 publications sensing movement to detect activities or falls Scientific publications in mHealth Evolution Type
  16. 16. Scientific publications in mHealth International collaborations … in 40 (out of 114) publications … 25 with non-EU countries … 15 with other EU countries Geographical location (institution of the first author) Remarks Scientific production of EU institutions is considerable but European inventions are mostly not protected.
  17. 17. Conclusions 3
  18. 18. Trends & performance of innovation in mHealth for patient monitoring Proxy indicators of innovation outputs Patent statistics Scientific publications statistics measured via
  19. 19. Great interest in mHealth and huge involvement in innovation activities in mHealth for patient monitoring • High scientific production • Low protection of inventions • Strong collaboration between EU and North America and Asia
  20. 20. Questions Oresti Banos Telemedicine Cluster, Biomedical Signal and Systems Group Center for Telematics and Information Technology University of Twente o.banoslegran@utwente.nl

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