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18th Century Russian Fashion


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18th Century Russian Fashion

  1. 1. Russian Changes in Fashion under Peter I By: Mayra Lizett Orellana
  2. 2. Intro: Changes In Fashion <ul><li>It is not common for rulers to implement new styles of wardrobe upon their fellow country men, and when Peter I implemented new styles of clothing he shocked his nobility at the extremes of his enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>As Peter I imposed new forms of wardrobe in Russia, the Russian nobility had to abandon their former wardrobe and wear Western designs </li></ul><ul><li>When these changes were implemented, the Russian court found it difficult to adjust </li></ul><ul><li>Peter was very specific as to where the garments came from and what fabrics could come from those locations </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants and clergymen were not required to alter their wardrobe to western styles </li></ul>
  3. 3. Before Peter’s Fashion Reforms <ul><li>A sarafana had been a common form of dress </li></ul><ul><li>When Peter imposed the new fashion guidelines, nobles abandoned the sarafana, however peasants continued to wear the sarafana </li></ul>Typical sarafana costume
  4. 4. Not all was lost in Westernization <ul><li>Kokoshniks, a head piece, usually accompanied the sarafana </li></ul><ul><li>Kokoshniks were not exclusive to a specific class, i.e. royalty and peasants wore them </li></ul>Catherine II wearing a kokoshniks
  5. 5. Changes in Grooming <ul><li>Peter’s attempt to westernize Russia even included the removal of men’s beards </li></ul><ul><li>The nobility was outraged at the new requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Men who chose not to shave/cut their beards were forbidden from entering the court </li></ul>Cartoon depicting the enforcement of shaving beards
  6. 6. Peter’s Royal Attire <ul><li>Peter was very detailed orientated when it came to the styles and the location of where the garments came from </li></ul><ul><li>Peter specified that the garments had to come from Germany, France, or Saxony </li></ul><ul><li>He also specified what kind of fabric the garments had to made from </li></ul>A wax figure of Peter I wearing western clothing
  7. 7. Women at the Court <ul><li>Women who attended the court also wore European styled dresses </li></ul><ul><li>This piece depicts the Western influence on Russian fashion, quite different from the sarafana </li></ul>This robe à la française was worn in the mid 18 th century
  8. 8. Conclusion <ul><li>While the nobility was reluctant to adhere to Peter’s dress code it brought Russia closer in becoming more European </li></ul>