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Dale Yocum, Head Mentor, Team 1540
The Flaming Chickens
dale@yocum.com
Based on presentation from
Tim Bennington-Davis, Te...
Why Use Pneumatics ?
Powerful, reliable, durable
 Applying constant force
 Linear motion

Typical Applications
Grabbers
and Arms
Typical Applications
Appendages
and brakes
Typical Applications
Shifting
What will it cost you?
Weight
 Battery power
 Space on the robot
 Logistics to get the right parts

Pneumatic System
Compressor

Regulators and gauges

Air Tanks

Regulator
Pressure Gauge,
pressure switch,
release valve

S...
Compressor
New model in 2011 – lighter, less air
Earlier model also legal (probably)
 Mount with rubber mounts to solid
s...
Safety Relief Valve
Releases at 125 psi – prevents overpressure condition. Adjust it!
 Must be placed on high-pressure si...
Air Tanks
Reservoir for pressurized air
 May use more than one
 Typically used on high-pressure side

Gauges and Regulators
Norgren regulator mandatory, regulates
high pressure side down to 60 psi
 Must have gauge on high p...
Pressure switch
Switch opens around 115 psi, closes at
95 in theory. You can’t adjust it.
 Must be connected to digital i...
Release Valve
Releases air from the system
 Must be in an obvious place

Solenoid Valves
Driven by pneumatic bumper on cRIO
 Available in single- and double-action
 Use 12v Valves

Tubing
Must have clear pressure marking
 Typically 0.25” OD
 Always cut with tubing cutter, square
end
 Freelin-Wade.co...
Actuators
Typical device is a linear ram
 Available in many sizes


 Length (throw)
 Diameter (bore)
 Mounting config...
Flow control


Flow control valves
 Mount at air inlet on actuators or in-line

 Control speed of action, not force
Fittings

www.automationdirect.com
Helpful Hints
Tradeoffs
Big cylinders use more air (stroke and
bore)
 Big cylinders are slower.
 Don’t power them in both directions i...
Pneumatics
Commandments
Thou shalt…
Not tolerate air leaks.
 Not cut pneumatic tubing with anything other than
a pneumati...
Summary


Well-suited for:
 Fast movement

 Two-position mechanisms
 Creating substantial force
 Sustained Holding

...
Great resources


FIRST website
 FIRST Pneumatics Manual
 Rules from 2013



http://team358.org/files/pneumatic/



h...
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First fare 2013 pneumatics 2013

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First fare 2013 pneumatics 2013

  1. 1. Dale Yocum, Head Mentor, Team 1540 The Flaming Chickens dale@yocum.com Based on presentation from Tim Bennington-Davis, Team 1425 Error Code Zero
  2. 2. Why Use Pneumatics ? Powerful, reliable, durable  Applying constant force  Linear motion 
  3. 3. Typical Applications Grabbers and Arms
  4. 4. Typical Applications Appendages and brakes
  5. 5. Typical Applications Shifting
  6. 6. What will it cost you? Weight  Battery power  Space on the robot  Logistics to get the right parts 
  7. 7. Pneumatic System Compressor Regulators and gauges Air Tanks Regulator Pressure Gauge, pressure switch, release valve Solenoid valves Solenoid Actuators
  8. 8. Compressor New model in 2011 – lighter, less air Earlier model also legal (probably)  Mount with rubber mounts to solid surface  Power with Spike (replace fuse with 20A circuit breaker) 
  9. 9. Safety Relief Valve Releases at 125 psi – prevents overpressure condition. Adjust it!  Must be placed on high-pressure side (prior to regulator)  Must mount on compressor 
  10. 10. Air Tanks Reservoir for pressurized air  May use more than one  Typically used on high-pressure side 
  11. 11. Gauges and Regulators Norgren regulator mandatory, regulates high pressure side down to 60 psi  Must have gauge on high pressure side, and on low-pressure side  Look for the arrow on regulator! 
  12. 12. Pressure switch Switch opens around 115 psi, closes at 95 in theory. You can’t adjust it.  Must be connected to digital input on digital sidecar – NOT in series with power 
  13. 13. Release Valve Releases air from the system  Must be in an obvious place 
  14. 14. Solenoid Valves Driven by pneumatic bumper on cRIO  Available in single- and double-action  Use 12v Valves 
  15. 15. Tubing Must have clear pressure marking  Typically 0.25” OD  Always cut with tubing cutter, square end  Freelin-Wade.com  Polyurethane Polyethylene Coiled
  16. 16. Actuators Typical device is a linear ram  Available in many sizes   Length (throw)  Diameter (bore)  Mounting configurations  3 cylinders are available at no cost but you must order them
  17. 17. Flow control  Flow control valves  Mount at air inlet on actuators or in-line  Control speed of action, not force
  18. 18. Fittings www.automationdirect.com
  19. 19. Helpful Hints
  20. 20. Tradeoffs Big cylinders use more air (stroke and bore)  Big cylinders are slower.  Don’t power them in both directions if you don’t need to.  Frequent use of air during match can outrun your compressor   If your air use is limited, you can consider charging tanks in the pit, and not mounting compressor  Save weight, cost and battery power
  21. 21. Pneumatics Commandments Thou shalt… Not tolerate air leaks.  Not cut pneumatic tubing with anything other than a pneumatics tubing cutter.  Not use a actuator bigger than you need.  Tape metal fittings up to but not including the last thread.  Optimize air storage capacity. 
  22. 22. Summary  Well-suited for:  Fast movement  Two-position mechanisms  Creating substantial force  Sustained Holding  Not so good for  Precision position control  Sustained movement
  23. 23. Great resources  FIRST website  FIRST Pneumatics Manual  Rules from 2013  http://team358.org/files/pneumatic/  http://www.pneumaticsonline.com/Calc2.as p

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