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South Asia vocabulary

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South Asia vocabulary

  1. 1. South Asia Vocabulary
  2. 2. The most famous building in India, a tomb built for the wife of a Mughal emperor.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Taj Mahal </li></ul>
  4. 4. A large ancient city in the Indus River valley.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Mohenjo~Daro </li></ul>
  6. 6. A hurricane that occurs in the western Pacific Ocean
  7. 7. <ul><li>Typhoon </li></ul>
  8. 8. An inherited social class of traditional Hindu society that separates people from other classes by birth,occupation, or wealth.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Caste </li></ul>
  10. 10. A village council in India
  11. 11. <ul><li>Panchayat </li></ul>
  12. 12. Small fragments of rock or other materials that can be moved around by wind, water,or ice .
  13. 13. <ul><li>Sediment </li></ul>
  14. 14. A large landmass that is part of a continent but that has its own geographic identity.
  15. 15. <ul><li>Subcontinent </li></ul>
  16. 16. In India, a group formed in 1885 to provide a forum for Indians to discuss their problems.
  17. 17. <ul><li>Indian National Congress </li></ul>
  18. 18. Money or property given by a bride’s family to her new husband and his family.
  19. 19. <ul><li>dowry </li></ul>
  20. 20. A regional variety of language
  21. 21. <ul><li>dialect </li></ul>
  22. 22. A member of an ethnic group that migrated from what is now southern Russia, settling in India.
  23. 23. <ul><li>Aryan </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Books of Knowledge of the ancient Aryans which were the basis of Hinduism
  25. 25. <ul><li>Vedas </li></ul>
  26. 26. Indian leader who encouraged his followers to use nonviolence to resist the British and bring about social change.
  27. 27. <ul><li>Mohandas K. Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>(“Mahatma”) </li></ul>
  28. 28. A group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan’s government in 1996.
  29. 29. <ul><li>Taliban </li></ul>
  30. 30. Includes computers, software, and the Internet, that helps us process and use information.
  31. 31. <ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul>
  32. 32. A mountain range that stretches about 1,500 miles across south-central Asia.
  33. 33. <ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul>
  34. 34. A fibrous plant used to make twine, and burlap.
  35. 35. <ul><li>Jute </li></ul>
  36. 36. A language spoken in Pakistan
  37. 37. <ul><li>Sindhi </li></ul>
  38. 38. A seasonal wind brings a great amount of rain
  39. 39. <ul><li>Monsoon </li></ul>
  40. 40. A member of a group of people in India formerly known as “untouchables”.
  41. 41. <ul><li>Dalit </li></ul>
  42. 42. The classical language of India and Hinduism
  43. 43. <ul><li>Sanskrit </li></ul>
  44. 44. A temporary military rule during a time of war when the normal government has broken down.
  45. 45. <ul><li>Martial law </li></ul>
  46. 46. A religion developed in ancient India
  47. 47. <ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul>
  48. 48. Mauryan emperor who created a unified government
  49. 49. <ul><li>Ashoka </li></ul>
  50. 50. A series or chain of islands
  51. 51. <ul><li>archipelago </li></ul>
  52. 52. A movement begun in the 1960’s which introduced new farming methods to developing nations.
  53. 53. <ul><li>Green Revolution </li></ul>
  54. 54. Related to the family of languages that includes almost all European and many Indian languages.
  55. 55. <ul><li>Indo~Aryan </li></ul>
  56. 56. The official language of Pakistan.
  57. 57. <ul><li>Urdu </li></ul>
  58. 58. An empire lasting from 1526-1707 that covered most of the subcontinent of India.
  59. 59. <ul><li>Mughal Empire </li></ul>
  60. 60. A group formed by Muslims in in India in 1906 to protect their rights.
  61. 61. <ul><li>Muslim League </li></ul>

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