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  1. 1. [1] Nick Oravec & Cheney Molloy December 4 , 2009 Robotics
  2. 2. Table Of Contents <ul><li>What is robotics </li></ul><ul><li>Origins </li></ul><ul><li>Components of robots </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is robotics? Robotics is the science or study of the technology associated with the design, fabrication, theory, and application of robots. [2] </li></ul><ul><li>What are robots? Robots are a mechanical device that sometimes resemble a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance. [2] </li></ul>
  4. 4. Origin <ul><li>Who Invented the </li></ul><ul><li>First Robot? </li></ul><ul><li>The first robot was probably invented in 100 A.D. or earlier by a man called Heron of Alexandria. </li></ul>[1]
  5. 5. Origin Heron a Greek mathematician, physicist and engineer invented the first steam engine called the aeolipile, steam sphere, or wind ball. He used this to open temple doors. Heroin invented over a hundred other [1] automated machines which include a wind organ and a coin-operated holy water dispensing machine. [1]
  6. 6. Components of Robots <ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Power Source </li></ul><ul><li>Actuation </li></ul><ul><li>Sensing </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Locomotion </li></ul><ul><li>Other methods of locomotion </li></ul>
  7. 7. Components of Robots <ul><li>Structure: </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly Mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>Called a (Kinematic Chain) </li></ul><ul><li>This chain is formed of links (its bones), actuators (its muscles), and joints (which allow one or more degrees of freedom) [4] </li></ul><ul><li>Power Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Lead- acid batteries (main source) </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources: </li></ul><ul><li>Hydraulics (compressed liquids) </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumatic (compressed gases) [4] </li></ul>
  8. 8. Components of Robots <ul><li>Actuators: </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles of a robot </li></ul><ul><li>Convert potential energy into kinetic energy </li></ul><ul><li>Electric motors are the most </li></ul><ul><li>widely used </li></ul><ul><li>[4] </li></ul>
  9. 9. Components of Robots Cont’d <ul><li>Sensing: </li></ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul><ul><li>Robotic/ Prosthetic hands </li></ul><ul><li>research has developed a tactile sensor array that mimics mechanical </li></ul><ul><li>properties and touch receptors of human fingertips. </li></ul><ul><li>- sensor array is made up of a rigid core,conductive fluid contained by an </li></ul><ul><li>elastomeric skin. </li></ul><ul><li>- SmartHand: this is a prosthetic hand which functions like a real hand, it has sensors which allow the patient to sense real feeling in its finger tips. [3] </li></ul>
  10. 10. Components of Robots Cont’d <ul><li>Manipulation: </li></ul><ul><li>Pertains to robots that work in </li></ul><ul><li>the real world which require some way </li></ul><ul><li>to manipulate objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Robot manipulator –movable chain of </li></ul><ul><li>links interconnected by joints. One is </li></ul><ul><li>fixed to the ground and a hand or end </li></ul><ul><li>effector which moves freely in space is </li></ul><ul><li>attached to the other end. </li></ul><ul><li>[4] </li></ul>
  11. 11. Components of Robots Cont’d <ul><li>Locomotion: </li></ul><ul><li>-Rolling </li></ul><ul><li>-Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Other methods of locomotion: </li></ul><ul><li>- Flying </li></ul><ul><li>-Climbing </li></ul><ul><li>-Snaking (Land/Water): </li></ul>
  12. 12. Snaking (Land/Water): [5] YouTube - Amphibious Robot Snake
  13. 13. Control <ul><li>Mechanical structure of a robot must be controlled to perform tasks .[4] </li></ul><ul><li>There are three distinct phases in robot control: </li></ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul><ul><li>Control Theory: A theory that deals with </li></ul><ul><li>influencing the behavior of dynamical systems. [4] </li></ul>
  14. 14. HealthCare <ul><li>Script Pro: Is a Company that manufactures a robot designed to help pharmacies fill prescriptions that consist of oral solids in pill form. [4] </li></ul><ul><li>McKesson’s Robot RX: Is another healthcare robotics product that helps pharmacies dispense thousands of medications daily with little or no errors. [4] </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome of these types of robots-saves many resources like staff members that are unavailable in a resources scarce industry. [4] </li></ul>
  15. 15. Summary/Conclusion <ul><li>In today’s society we find most robots working for people in industries, factories, warehouses, and laboratories. They are useful in many ways. They boost economy because businesses need to be efficient to keep up with the industry competition. Robots do better and faster jobs than humans, e.g. robot can built, assemble cars, assist in research and industry. As technology improves, there will be new ways to use robotics which will bring new hopes and new potentials. </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>[1] </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Robotics: About the Exhibition. The tech museum of innovation. Retrieved 2009-11-28 </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Wettels N, Santos VJ, Johansson RS, et al. (2008). Biomimetic tactile sensor array. Advanced Robotics, 22,829-849. </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Imitation of Life: A history of the first robots </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Swimming snake robot: </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thank You
  18. 18. Questions?